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Policy distortions in the segmented rice market AgEcon
Rakotoarisoa, Manitra A..
High production and export subsidies in developed countries and high protection in both developed and developing countries have distorted rice trade. This study estimates the impact of rice policy distortions on developing countries’ rice production and trade potential. Because rice markets are highly segmented, major rice types are differentiated to estimate the impact of current and likely policy reforms. Analysis in long-grain, high-quality rice focuses on rice import and export markets in Latin America and shows that reduction of direct and implicit export subsidies in the US will benefit regional suppliers such as Argentina and Uruguay. Analysis of Indonesia’s import market of ordinary long-grain rice, where protection is high, reveals that tariff...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Exports; Subsidies; Rice trade; Rice markets; Tariffs; Imports; Marketing.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58577
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THE EXPORT MARKET FOR DIFFERENTIATED PROCESSED AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS: THE ROLE OF FACTOR PRICES AND FIXED COSTS AgEcon
Rakotoarisoa, Manitra A.; Henneberry, Shida Rastegari; Shapouri, Shahla; Trueblood, Michael A..
The theories of monopolistic competition and ¡°love for variety¡± contend that the differences in firms¡¯ prices and market shares arise from product differentiation, which is linked to firms¡¯ fixed costs. This paper reviews these theories and their implications for prices and market shares of firms from developing countries seeking to expand their exports of processed agricultural goods. The study proposes a model showing the role of the firms¡¯ costs as a source of product differentiation. Using econometric methods, the model estimates the firms¡¯ residual demand elasticities, which indicate the degree of product differentiation and market power. The model also determines the effects of the firms¡¯ own costs and competitors¡¯ costs on the residual...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21964
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The Impact of Agricultural Policy Distortions on the Productivity Gap: Evidence from the Rice Production AgEcon
Rakotoarisoa, Manitra A..
This study determines how production and trade policy distortions affected rice productivity in thirty-three rice-producing countries. A rice-productivity index for each country is constructed, and a model linking the productivity gap with policy distortions is presented. After controlling for the differences in infrastructure, openness, and human capital, this article shows that high subsidies and protection in developed countries combined with taxation of rice farming in poor countries have widened the gap in rice productivity between rich and poor rice countries.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy distortions; Trade policies; Productivity; Rice; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6154
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