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Analyse ausgewählter internationaler Studien und Dokumente in Hinblick auf Kosten und Potentiale der Minderung von Treibhausgasemissionen sowie des Aufbaus und der Erhaltung von C-Senken im deutschen Agrar- und Forstsektor AgEcon
Osterburg, Bernhard; Roder, Norbert; Elsasser, Peter; Dieter, Matthias; Krug, Joachim.
Zusammenfassung: In dieser Studie werden Dokumente der Europäischen Kommission zur künftigen Klimaschutzstrategie, eine Studie von McKinsey sowie ein UNFCCC-Papier in Hinblick auf Aussagen zu Klimaschutzmaßnahmen im Agrar- und Forstbereich untersucht. Die EU-Dokumente lassen einen steigenden politischen Handlungsbedarf für den Klimaschutz auch außerhalb des Treibhausgasemissions-Handelssystems (EU-ETS) erwarten. Die anderen beiden Dokumente geben Einschätzungen zu weltweiten Klimaschutzpotentialen wieder, und die Ergebnisse sind nur sehr eingeschränkt auf Deutschland anwendbar. In Kapitel 3 werden erste Ergebnisse einer Literaturanalyse zu Potentialen und Kosten von Maßnahmen im Agrarbereich dargestellt. Die Literaturanalyse ergab keine umfassenden, für...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Klimaschutz; Treibhausgase; Kosten; Landwirtschaft; Forstwirtschaft; Climate protection; Greenhouse gases; Cost; Agriculture; Forestry; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q1 (Q18); Q2 (Q23); Q5 (Q51; Q 52; Q 54).
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/104009
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IMPACT OF THE INTRODUCTION OF DECOUPLED PAYMENTS ON FUNCTIONING OF THE GERMAN LAND MARKET. COUNTRY REPORT OF THE EU TENDER: "STUDY ON THE FUNCTIONING OF LAND MARKETS IN THOSE EU MEMBER STATES INFLUENCED BY MEASURES APPLIED UNDER THE COMMON AGRICULTURAL POLICY" AgEcon
Henter, Sybille Henriette; Kellermann, Konrad; Moller, Lioudmila; Roder, Norbert; Sahrbacher, Christoph; Zirnbauer, Martin.
Against the background of the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) in 2003 the following analysis, brings into focus the responses of the agricultural sector to decoupled subsidies. In particular it addresses the impact of the Single Payment Scheme (SPS) on land sales and rent prices and therefore on farm structure. It also aims to assess the extent to which the reform advances sound and sustainable agriculture and provides incentives for market-orientated farming practices. The study is based on the analysis of statistical data and expert surveys conducted in three selected regions.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Bodenmärkte; Halbzeitbewertung; GAP; Strukturwandel; Land markets; Midterm review; CAP; Structural change.; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; Political Economy; Q15; Q18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91763
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IMPACTS OF 2003 CAP REFORM ON LAND PRICES: FROM THEORY TO EMPIRICAL RESULTS AgEcon
Kilian, Stefan; Anton, Jesus; Roder, Norbert; Salhofer, Klaus.
Based on a graphical model we analyse the impacts of the Fischler Reform on land prices and the capitalization of single farm payments (sfp) into land values. The model shows that if there are more sfp than eligible land, the capitalization ratio will not decline but rather increase due to the inclusion of animal premiums in the sfp. We can confirm our theoretical results for cross-section data on land rental prices in Bavaria in 2005. Empirical results indicate that sfp of the Fischler reform are more capitalized into rental prices than the coupled direct payments of the time prior to the reform.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land rent; Capitalisation of payments; CAP Fischler Reform; Agricultural and Food Policy; Public Economics; Q18; Q15; H22.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44808
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Integrating small farms in agent based models AgEcon
Roder, Norbert; Kantelhardt, Jochen.
In German agriculture structural change is mainly a result of the outmigration of smaller farms from the sector. The decisions of these farmers to leave or stay in the sector, are not based solely on financial data and market expectations. Other aspects are important such as the preservation of the cultural landscape, the continuation of the family tradition, or self-realisation. Only if these goals are adequately integrated into land use models, one can hope that the type and magnitude of reactions predicted by the model will be similar to that observed in reality. The main goal of this paper is to present a model approach that allows for the integration of non-monetary aspects into an agri-economic land use model. The approach is tested for a sample of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farmer attitude; Linear programming; Agent based modelling; Land market; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Land Economics/Use; Q12; Q15; R14.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52826
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REDUCING GHG EMISSIONS BY ABANDONING AGRICULTURAL LAND USE ON ORGANIC SOILS AgEcon
Roder, Norbert; Osterburg, Bernhard.
6.5% of the German UAA is located on organic soils (fens and bogs). Nevertheless, the drainage of these areas in order to allow their agricultural utilization causes roughly a third of the greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) of the German agricultural sector, being equivalent to 4% of the total German GHG emissions. Obviously, German policies trying to reduce the GHG emissions successfully must tackle this issue. The abandonment of the cultivation of organic soils would be an effective policy to reduce the GHG emissions however the question remains whether it is an efficient measure compared with the other options? In the paper we compare the land use on mineral and organic soils using the data of the farm structure survey. We assess the mitigation costs on the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91270
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Salvage the treasure of geographic information in Farm census data AgEcon
Gocht, Alexander; Roder, Norbert.
In Germany, since several decades the RAUMIS modelling system is applied for policy impact assessments to measure the impact of agriculture on the environment. A disaggregation at the municipality level with more than 9.600 administrative units, instead of currently used 316 counties, would tremendously improve the environmental impact analysis. Two sets of data are used for this purpose. The first are geo-referenced data, that are, however, incomplete with respect its coverage of production activities in agriculture. The second set is the micro census statistic itself, that has a full coverage, but data protection rules (DPR) prohibit its straightforward use. The paper show how this bottleneck can be passed to obtain a reliable modelling data set at...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Highest Posterior Density estimator (HPD); RAUMIS; Down scaling; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; C11; C61; C81; Q15.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115982
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Salvage the treasure of geographic information in Farm census data AgEcon
Gocht, Alexander; Roder, Norbert.
In Germany, since several decades the RAUMIS modelling system is applied for policy impact assessments to measure the impact of agriculture on the environment. A disaggregation at the municipality level with more than 9.600 administrative units, instead of currently used 316 counties, would tremendously improve the environmental impact analysis. Two sets of data are used for this purpose. The first are geo-referenced data, that are, however, incomplete with respect its coverage of production activities in agriculture. The second set is the micro census statistic itself, that has a full coverage, but data protection rules (DPR) prohibit its straightforward use. The paper show how this bottleneck can be passed to obtain a reliable modelling data set at...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Highest Posterior Density estimator (HPD); RAUMIS; Down scaling; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; C11; C61; C81; Q15.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114824
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Which parameters determine farm development in Germany? AgEcon
Roder, Norbert; Kilian, Stefan.
In 2005, Germany implemented the Single Payment Scheme which lead to the conversion of direct payments into tradable, production decoupled, single farm payments. The transition from coupled to decoupled support instruments may impact the rate of structural change. The rate of structural change may accelerate since farms with a high share of income derived from CAP payments will abandon farming and lease their land. However, there are also good reasons why the rate of structural change might decrease especially if farmers do not behave as profit maximizers. In Germany agricultural land use is very heterogeneous with respect to management orientation and productivity even at local level. Most of the concerns related to structural change and development of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Structural change; Data mining; Fischler Reform; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q16; Q15; R14.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44788
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