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Biochemical polymorphisms and genetic relationships between Brazilian and foreign breeds of pigs reared in Brazil Ciência Rural
Tagliaro,Cláudia Helena; Franco,Maria Helena Lartigau Pereira; Schneider,Maria Paula Cruz; Brito,Benito Guimarães de; Barbosa,Antonio Stockler.
The genetic variability of 14 protein systems encoded by 15 structural loci was investigated in blood samples of Piau and Caruncho pig breeds. The results were compared with those obtained previously for samples of Landrace, Large White, Duroc and Mouro. The degree of genetic variability obtained for Piau (He=0.114) was similar to that estimated for other breeds reared in Brazil (Landrace, He=0.116; Large White, He=0.119; Duroc, 0.095; Mouro, He= 0.130). Caruncho showed the lowest variability (He= 0.056). The gene frequencies at the polymorphic loci were used to evaluate the usefulness of these systems for paternity testing and the combined probabilities of paternity exclusion were estimated at 58% for the Piau and 36% for the Caruncho breed. Analysis of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Swine; Protein polymorphisms; Genetic relationships.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84781999000200022
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Diversity and three-dimensional structures of the alpha Mcr of the methanogenic Archaea from the anoxic region of Tucuruí Lake, in Eastern Brazilian Amazonia Genet. Mol. Biol.
Santana,Priscila Bessa; Ghilardi Junior,Rubens; Alves,Claudio Nahum; Silva,Jeronimo Lameira; McCulloch,John Anthony; Schneider,Maria Paula Cruz; Silva,Artur da Costa da.
Methanogenic archaeans are organisms of considerable ecological and biotechnological interest that produce methane through a restricted metabolic pathway, which culminates in the reaction catalyzed by the Methyl-coenzyme M reductase (Mcr) enzyme, and results in the release of methane. Using a metagenomic approach, the gene of the a subunit of mcr (mcrα) was isolated from sediment sample from an anoxic zone, rich in decomposing organic material, obtained from the Tucuruí hydroelectric dam reservoir in eastern Brazilian Amazonia. The partial nucleotide sequences obtained were 83 to 95% similar to those available in databases, indicating a low diversity of archaeans in the reservoir. Two orders were identified -the Methanomicrobiales, and a unique Operational...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Amazonian; Archaea; Diversity; Methyl-coenzyme M reductase; Mcrα; Homology modeling.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572012000100018
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Molecular phylogeny of the genus Saguinus (Platyrrhini, Primates) based on the ND1 mitochondrial gene and implications for conservation Genet. Mol. Biol.
Tagliaro,Claudia Helena; Schneider,Horacio; Sampaio,Iracilda; Schneider,Maria Paula Cruz; Vallinoto,Marcelo; Stanhope,Michael.
The systematics of the subfamily Callitrichinae (Platyrrhini, Primates), a group of small monkeys from South America and Panama, remains an area of considerable discussion despite many investigations, there being continuing controversy over subgeneric taxonomic classifications based on morphological characters. The purpose of our research was to help elucidate the phylogenetic relationships within the monkey genus Saguinus (Callitrichinae) using a molecular approach to discover whether or not the two different sections containing hairy-faced and bare-faced species are monophyletic, whether Saguinus midas midas and Saguinus bicolor are more closely related than are S. midas midas and Saguinus midas niger, and if Saguinus fuscicollis melanoleucus and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Saguinus; Callitrichinae; ND1; Phylogeny; MtDNA; Conservation.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572005000100009
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Molecular studies of Callithrix pygmaea (Primates, Platyrrhini) based on transferrin intronic and ND1 regions: implications for taxonomy and conservation Genet. Mol. Biol.
Tagliaro,Claudia Helena; Schneider,Maria Paula Cruz; Schneider,Horacio; Sampaio,Iracilda; Stanhope,Michael.
Traditional classifications of Platyrrhini monkeys, based mainly on morphological features, are being contested by recent molecular data. The subfamily Callitrichinae (Platyrrhini, Primates) consists of a diverse group of species, many of them considered endangered. Our analysis of two DNA regions, a mtDNA gene (ND1) and a nuclear gene (intronic regions of the transferrin gene), suggests that Callithrix pygmaea may have sufficient variability to justify the existence of subspecies or even separate species. Phylogenetic dendrograms based on the ND1 region show that this species is more closely related to Amazonian than to Atlantic forest marmosets. These results reopen the discussion about diversity and conservation programs based exclusively on traditional...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Ano: 2000 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572000000400006
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Phylogenetic relationships among Brazilian howler monkeys, genus Alouatta (Platyrrhini, Atelidae), based on g1-globin pseudogene sequences Genet. Mol. Biol.
Meireles,Carla Maria; Czelusniak,John; Ferrari,Stephen F.; Schneider,Maria Paula Cruz; Goodman,Morris.
The genus Alouatta (howler monkeys) is the most widely distributed of New World primates, and has been arranged in three species groups: the Central American Alouatta palliata group and the South American Alouatta seniculus and Alouatta caraya groups. While the latter is monotypic, the A. seniculus group encompasses at least three species (A. seniculus, A. belzebul and A. fusca). In the present study, approximately 600 base pairs of the g1-globin pseudogene were sequenced in the four Brazilian species (A. seniculus, A. belzebul, A. fusca and A. caraya). Maximum parsimony and maximum likelihood methods yielded phylogenetic trees with the same arrangement: {A. caraya [A. seniculus (A. fusca, A. belzebul)]}. The most parsimonious tree had bootstrap values...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Ano: 1999 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47571999000300009
Registros recuperados: 5
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