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Registros recuperados: 5
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Land Quality and International Agricultural Productivity: A Distance Function Approach AgEcon
Malcolm, Scott A.; Soule, Meredith J..
Agricultural productivity measurement has been of great interest in recent years. Although analysts have long recognized that land quality plays an important role in agricultural productivity, land quality has been difficult to quantify and include in productivity models due to d ata limitations. Poor land quality, in the form of desertification, erosion, and poor soil quality, as well as climate and precipitation may limit growth in productivity over time. A Malmquist productivity index is proposed that decomposes productivity into efficiency change, technical change and land quality components and accounts for inter-country differences in land quality. The index is then applied to a 109-country data set covering 1980 to 2003. Many countries with lower...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25537
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RESOURCE QUALITY AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY: A MULTI-COUNTRY COMPARISON AgEcon
Wiebe, Keith D.; Soule, Meredith J.; Narrod, Clare A.; Breneman, Vincent E..
This paper builds on earlier studies of agricultural productivity by incorporating spatially referenced soil and climate data combined with high-resolution land-cover data. Econometric analysis of these data, along with panel data on agricultural inputs and outputs from 110 countries for 1961-1997, quantifies the significant impact that differences in land quality have on agricultural productivity.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21723
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RISK, GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS, AND THE ENVIRONMENT AgEcon
Roberts, Michael J.; Osteen, Craig D.; Soule, Meredith J..
Nearly all farm business ventures involve financial risk. In some instances, private and public tools used to manage financial risks in agriculture may influence farmers' production decisions. These decisions, in turn, can influence environmental quality. This bulletin summarizes research and provides some perspective on private and public attempts to cope with financial risks and their unintended environmental consequences. Specifically, it examines the conceptual underpinnings of risk-related research, challenges involved with measuring the consequences of risk for agricultural production decisions, government programs that influence the risk and return of farm businesses, and how production decisions influence both the environment and the risk and...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Risk; Agricultural production; Government programs; Environment; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33563
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RISK MANAGEMENT AND THE ENVIRONMENT: IMPACTS AT THE INTENSIVE AND EXTENSIVE MARGINS AgEcon
Soule, Meredith J.; Nimon, R. Wesley; Mullarkey, Daniel J..
Risk management programs, such as subsidized crop insurance, affect production decisions at both the intensive (input use) and extensive(land use) margins. The production decisions in turn affect the environment. This paper reviews and synthesizes the literature linking risk management policies and environmental outcomes and points to future research needs.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20670
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SOIL MANAGEMENT AND THE FARM TYPOLOGY: DO SMALL FAMILY FARMS MANAGE SOIL AND NUTRIENT RESOURCES DIFFERENTLY THAN LARGE FAMILY FARMS? AgEcon
Soule, Meredith J..
There is increasing recognition that farmers face constraints on their farming decisions depending on the their resources, stage in life, and lifestyle choices. These factors are captured in a new farm typology developed by the Economic Research Service. The farm typology's definition of small and large farms is used to test the commonly stated hypothesis that small farmers practice better land husbandry than do large farmers. The adoption of eleven different soil and nutrient management practices used by U.S. corn producers is analyzed with a bivariate logit model for each practice. The farm typology is found to be significantly associated with two of the practices – rotation with legumes and conservation tillage.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31423
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