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A Review of the Stable Isotope Bio-geochemistry of the Global Silicon Cycle and Its Associated Trace Elements ArchiMer
Sutton, Jill N.; Andre, Luc; Cardinal, Damien; Conley, Daniel J.; De Souza, Gregory F.; Dean, Jonathan; Dodd, Justin; Ehlert, Claudia; Ellwood, Michael J.; Frings, Patrick J.; Grasse, Patricia; Hendry, Katharine; Leng, Melanie J.; Michalopoulos, Panagiotis; Panizzo, Virginia N.; Swann, George E. A..
Silicon (Si) is the second most abundant element in the Earth's crust and is an important nutrient in the ocean. The global Si cycle plays a critical role in regulating primary productivity and carbon cycling on the continents and in the oceans. Development of the analytical tools used to study the sources, sinks, and fluxes of the global Si cycle (e.g., elemental and stable isotope ratio data for Ge, Si, Zn, etc.) have recently led to major advances in our understanding of the mechanisms and processes that constrain the cycling of Si in the modern environment and in the past. Here, we provide background on the geochemical tools that are available for studying the Si cycle and highlight our current understanding of the marine, freshwater and terrestrial...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: C - N - O - Si isotopes; Biogenic silica; Element/Si ratios; Biogeochemical cycles; Silicon.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00431/54217/55547.pdf
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The silicon stable isotope distribution along the GEOVIDE section (GEOTRACES GA-01) of the North Atlantic Ocean ArchiMer
Sutton, Jill N.; De Souza, Gregory F.; Garcia-ibiliez, Maribel I.; De La Rocha, Christina L..
The stable isotope composition of dissolved silicon in seawater (δ30SiDSi) was examined at 10 stations along the GEOVIDE section (GEOTRACES GA-01), spanning the North Atlantic Ocean (40–60°N) and Labrador Sea. Variations in δ30SiDSi below 500m were closely tied to the distribution of water masses. Higher δ30SiDSi values are associated with intermediate and deep water masses of northern Atlantic or Arctic Ocean origin, whilst lower δ30SiDSi values are associated with DSi-rich waters sourced ultimately from the Southern Ocean. Correspondingly, the lowest δ30SiDSi values were observed in the deep and abyssal eastern North Atlantic, where dense southern-sourced waters dominate. The extent to which the spreading of water masses influences the δ30SiDSi...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00457/56881/58744.pdf
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δ11B as monitor of calcification site pH in divergent marine calcifying organisms ArchiMer
Sutton, Jill N.; Liu, Yi-wei; Ries, Justin B.; Guillermic, Maxence; Ponzevera, Emmanuel; Eagle, Robert A..
The boron isotope composition (δ11B) of marine biogenic carbonates has been predominantly studied as a proxy for monitoring past changes in seawater pH and carbonate chemistry. However, a number of assumptions regarding chemical kinetics and thermodynamic isotope exchange reactions are required to derive seawater pH from δ11B biogenic carbonates. It is also probable that δ11B of biogenic carbonate reflects seawater pH at the organism's site of calcification, which may or may not reflect seawater pH. Here, we report the development of methodology for measuring the δ11B of biogenic carbonate samples at the multi-collector inductively coupled mass spectrometry facility at Ifremer (Plouzané, France) and the evaluation of δ11BCaCO3 in a diverse range of marine...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00430/54152/55481.pdf
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