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Agricultural Growth Linkages in Ethiopia: Estimates using Fixed and Flexible Price Models AgEcon
Diao, Xinshen; Fekadu, Belay; Haggblade, Steven; Taffesse, Alemayehu Seyoum; Wamisho, Kassu; Yu, Bingxin.
Accelerating growth and poverty reduction, and the ultimate achievement of structural transformation, are the critical policy challenges in present day Ethiopia. This paper examines relevant growth options in terms of their impact on overall growth and poverty reduction in the country. It deploys a fixed-price semi-input-output model and a flexible-price economy-wide multi-market model for that purpose. The paper finds that agricultural growth can induce higher overall growth and faster poverty reduction than non-agricultural growth, although the latter can also have large growth effects in some cases. Among sub-sectors within agriculture, staple crops have stronger growth linkages. Decomposition of these effects also reveals that consumption linkages are...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42419
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Grain Markets and Large Social Transfers - An Analysis of Productive Safety Net Program in Ethiopia AgEcon
Rashid, Shahidur; Taffesse, Alemayehu Seyoum.
In 2005, Ethiopia implemented a major new social transfer program, the Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) that involves some form of work requirement in exchange for either cash or in‐kind transfers (or a mix of the two), with the composition of the transfers administratively set to be uniform throughout the administrative region (wareda). In this paper, we analyze monthly data on cereal prices over 12 years, comparing price movements for areas included in the PSNP with those outside the program. We find statistically significant convergence of prices between PSNP and non‐PSNP waredas over time, but that this convergence began well before the introduction of the PSNP program. This result suggests that the impact of cash transfers in non‐integrated PSNP...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Policy; Safety Nets; Co-integration; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51764
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Heterogeneous Impacts Of Cooperatives On Smallholders’ Commercialization Behavior: Evidence From Ethiopia. AgEcon
Bernard, Tanguy; Gabre-Madhin, Eleni Z.; Taffesse, Alemayehu Seyoum.
This paper examines the impact of marketing cooperatives on smallholder commercialization of cereals using detailed household data in rural Ethiopia. We use the strong government role in promoting the establishment of cooperatives to justify the use of propensity score matching in order to compare households that are cooperative members to similar households in comparable areas without cooperatives. The analysis reveals that while cooperatives obtain higher prices for their members, they are not associated with a significant increase in the overall share of cereal production sold commercially by their members. However, these average results hide considerable heterogeneity in the impact across households. In particular, we find smaller farmers tend reduce...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Demand and Price Analysis; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Labor and Human Capital; Marketing; Productivity Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52161
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Smallholders’ Commercialization through Cooperatives: A Diagnostic for Ethiopia AgEcon
Bernard, Tanguy; Gabre-Madhin, Eleni Z.; Taffesse, Alemayehu Seyoum.
This paper examines the impact of cooperatives on smallholder commercialization of cereals, using detailed household data from rural Ethiopia. We review the involvement of cooperatives, in terms of who participates and where they are located. We then use the strong government role in promoting the establishment of cooperatives to assume that the decision of where to establish a cooperative is largely driven by external considerations, and is thus exogenous to the members themselves justifying the use of propensity-score matching in order to compare households that are cooperative members to similar households in comparable areas without cooperatives. Four conclusions are derived from the analysis. First, despite the spread of cooperatives – they existed in...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Smallholders’ marketing; Cooperatives; Ethiopia; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42377
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