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Registros recuperados: 13
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A mezőgazdasági üzem fogalmának változása AgEcon
Szekely, Csaba; Takacs-Gyorgy, Katalin.
A köznyelvben üzemnek nevezik azt a helyet, épületet, melyben valamilyen gazdasági egység tevékenykedik, illetve valamilyen termelő tevékenységet folytatnak. Az EU tanácsi és bizottsági jogrendszere viszont az üzemet az üzemtulajdonosok által igazgatott termelőegységként definiálja. Az angolszász országokban a farm elnevezést használják, amely bármilyen típusú mezőgazdasági üzem, vállalat lehet (family farm: családi gazdaság, cooperative farm: mezőgazdasági szövetkezet, large-scale farm: nagyüzem, small-scale farm: kisüzem stb.). Véleményünk szerint az üzem fogalma alatt magát a gazdálkodó egységet célszerű érteni, függetlenül annak jogi formájától, méretétől. Az üzem mellett szinonim fogalomként lehet alkalmazni a gazdaság, vagy a mezőgazdasági...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Üzem; Üzemtan; Vállalat; Vállalkozás; Birtok; Farm; Farm studies; Business; Enterprise; Estate; Agribusiness; Farm Management; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57740
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A versenykepes virtualis (nagy)uzem AgEcon
Takacs, Istvan; Baranyai, Zsolt; Takacs, Emese; Takacs-Gyorgy, Katalin.
Economic expansion revaluates continuously the economic and social role of agriculture. Population explosion in the world generates continuously growing demand on foods and industrial raw materials. Supply of increased demand is supported by R&D, at the same time using results of it polarizes the economies. In the agriculture the technical development (i.e. development of technical, technological and biological basis of production, chemicalization, education of human resources) produces potential for increasing efficiency of production. The first period of technical development serves characteristically the supply of quantitative demand, but after it reached the equilibrium of supply and demand, then qualitative development becomes aim. Development...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Innovation; Property structure; Cooperation; Machinery rings; Műszaki fejlesztés; Üzemi struktúra; Együttműködés; Gépkörök; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Industrial Organization; Land Economics/Use; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43124
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A vidék fejlesztésének stratégiája AgEcon
Marselek, Sandor; Takacs-Gyorgy, Katalin.
Magyarország csak a vidékgazdaság megfelelő működtetésével lehet eredményes. A vidék az átalakulás időszakában elvesztette népességmegtartó képességét. Ennek a folyamatnak a megállításához új irányok meghatározása aszükséges. A cikk az új fejlesztési irányok meghatározására tesz kísérletet. --------------------------------------------- Hungary can be sxuccesssfull only if the rural areas are viable. In the alst decades the rural areas have lost a grat part of their population. To stop this process new rural development strategy is needed. The paper focus on new potential development directions.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Vidéki élhetőség; Fejlesztés; Irányok; Természeti erőforrások; Rural viability; Development directions; Natural resources; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119908
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Agricultural economics and transition: What was expected, what we observed, the lessons learned Proceedings (Volume I / II) AgEcon
Csaki, Csaba; Forgacs, Csaba; Koester, Ulrich; Liefert, William M.; Banse, Martin; Gay, Stephan Hubertus; McDonald, Scott; M'Barek, Robert; Swinnen, Johan F.M.; Kim, Hanho; An, Donghwan; Hubbard, Lionel J.; Rieger, Laszlo; Szoke, Gyula; Cristoiu, Adriana; Udovc, Andrej; Kagan, Adam; Sassi, Maria; Takacs, Istvan; Takacs, Emese; Cimpoies, Dragos; Ertsey, Imre; Kovacs, Sandor; Przygodzka, Renata; Dziemianowicz, Ryta Iwona; Magda, Robert; Borodina, Elena; Borodina, Alexandra; Gavrilescu, Dinu; Pecze, Denes; Balogh, Peter; Cechura, Lukas; Sayin, Cengiz; Cengiz, M. Nisa; Osanami, Fumio; Szabo, Gabor G.; Karaman, Suleyman; Szekely, Geza; Szczepaniak, Iwona; Szczegolska, Monika; Serova, Eugenia; Pieniadz, Agata; Barmon, Basanta Kumar; Kondo, Takumi; Becvarova, Vera; Levkovych, Inna; Hockmann, Heinrich; Bezlepkina, Irina V.; Kupavych, Alexander; Konig, Gabor; Halmai, Peter; Vasary, Viktoria; Vincze, Maria-Magdolna; Lerman, Zvi; Kolcsey, Andrea; Bokusheva, Raushan; Turtoi, Crina Sinziana; Toma, Camelia; Gavrilescu, Camelia; Davidova, Sophia; Blaas, Gejza; Antonova, Maria; Zeller, Manfred; Deininger, Klaus W.; Savastano, Sara; Carletto, Calogero; Caceres-Clavero, Francisco; Lucena-Cobos, Blanca; Latruffe, Laure; Takacs-Gyorgy, Katalin; Bandlerova, Anna; Sadowski, Adam; Gomez y Paloma, Sergio; Luca, Lucian; Cristoiu, Adriana; Ciaian, Pavel; Pokrivcak, Jan; Drabik, Dusan; Voneki, Eva; Tonini, Axel; Burger, Anna; Szep, Katalin; Majewski, Edward; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide; Maccarini, Elisa Ricci; Monasterolo, Irene; Vandeplas, Anneleen; Jongeneel, Roelof A.; Novak, Petr; Brasili, Cristina; Meyer, William H.; Kuhne, Bianka; Fanfani, Roberto; Gellynck, Xavier; Molnar, Adrienn; Gagalyuk, Taras; Traikova, Diana; Mollers, Judith; Cochrane, Nancy J.; Kazlauskiene, Natalija; Fekete-Farkas, Maria; Molnar, Jozsef; Szucs, Istvan; Popp, Jozsef; Udovecz, Gabor; Florkowski, Wojciech J.; Fritzsch, Jana; Buchenrieder, Gertrud; Kasarjyan, Milada; Podruzsik, Szilard; Korff, Rudiger; Wilkin, Jerzy; van Leeuwen, Myrna; Bartova, Lubica; Erjavec, Emil; Katona-Kovacs, Judit; Baranyai, Zsolt; Hubbard, Carmen.
Over fifteen years have elapsed since the transition from the centrally planned economic system started in the early 1990’s. During this time agricultural and rural areas of Central and Eastern Europe have undergone profound structural changes with wide variations in the degree of transformation and in the rate of success in creating a competitive market and private ownership based food and agricultural system. By becoming member of the European Union the "transition" in its traditional interpretation has been concluded in ten of the Central East European countries. The transition to market based agriculture, however, is far from completion in Southern and Eastern Europe and especially in the CIS countries. International Association of Agricultural...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Industrial Organization; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92319
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AZ AGRÁRGAZDASÁG FENNTARTHATÓSÁGÁNAK MIKRO- ÉS MAKROGAZDASÁGI DILEMMÁI AgEcon
Takacs-Gyorgy, Katalin; Takacs, Emese; Takacs, Istvan.
Sustainable development and environmental consciousness is getting more important. It is a requirement of human activity – i.e. agriculture – to use less artificial chemicals, to decrease environmental burden and to ensure the adequate food supply, by fitting the basic economic criteria. Those farming alternatives are shown in the paper that are based on different chemical use in plant production. It is investigated how the profitability will change when we make changes in former farming activity, and what should be changed to reach income turning to organic faming or precision farming. In developing countries the main question is to produce the essential food demand, but it is necessary to examine the existence of fundamental important factors, the costs...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Környezetterhelés csökkentés; Növénytermelés; Jövedelem előállító képesség; Reduction of environmental burden; Crop production; Profitability; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Production Economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43321
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Changes in cereal land use and production level in the European Union during the period 1999-2009, focusing on New Member States AgEcon
Takacs-Gyorgy, Katalin; Takacs, Istvan.
The decrease in the area of arable land has further continued in the European Union (EU) since the Millennium. Sustainable development is partially based on the sustainable use of natural resources, which is based on the limitation of land use and on the introduction of different incentives. Previous direct subsidies resulted in increased production. The reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has aimed to stop the increase in production, possibly even to decrease production. The objective of this research is to show whether such an effect on land use and on the change of production structure in the EU can be observed. Analyses have shown that agricultural and arable areas have further decreased within land use since the Millennium, continuing the...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Priority in agricultural policy; The role of cereal production; Simplification of production structure; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122444
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CHANGES IN COSTS OF PRECISION NUTRITION DEPENDING ON CROP ROTATION AgEcon
Lencses, Eniko; Takacs-Gyorgy, Katalin.
By applying precision nutrition the yield heterogeneity owing to the different features of soil spots can be taken into consideration. The planned and sprayed fertilizer adjusted to the expected yield rendered to soil spots can reduce the negative effects of artificial chemicals on soil and environment. The aim of this paper is to examine how the quantity and the cost of fertilizer (material and operational) will change on spot level on a certain plot during a five-year period, considering crop rotation, too. The following crops are in the rotation: winter wheat, corn and sunflower. Precision nutrition can be used in all the cultures mentioned above. Our earlier (static) model calculations have revealed that the threshold price of precision production was...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cost of fertilizer; Long-term model calculation; Price-sensitivity; Crop Production/Industries; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53544
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Economic Modeling of Hungarian Farms Incorporating Nature Conservation AgEcon
Acs, Szvetlana; Berentsen, Paul B.M.; Takacs-Gyorgy, Katalin; Huirne, Ruud B.M..
Hungary's imminent entrance into the EU calls for a farm-level financial support system aiming at combining agricultural production with nature conservation targets. Within the Hungarian National Agri-environmental Programme (NAEP) for the Environmentally Sensitive Areas, a payment system was developed. For each individual region the amount of support for every environmentally friendly farming prescription package (tier) was established using the support calculation methodology of the EU. The purpose of this paper is to analyse the impact of the packages on the income of an individual mixed farm. In contrast to many other studies, in the current study the analysis was carried out with the context of the whole farm, taking into consideration the entire...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7009
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Land use and land reform in former Central and East European countries AgEcon
Takacs-Gyorgy, Katalin; Bandlerova, Anna; Sadowski, Adam.
The importance of agriculture is decreasing all over the world. The aim of the paper is to compare the ownership structure and land use in some selected former Central and Eastern European countries. The property structure and land use is in dichotomy, the production is performed simultaneously on small-size farms which produce primarily for self-consumption. The importance of farm land leases is increasing. The present paper tries to identify the main differences and similarities in land ownership and property structure, the changes in the last fifteen years, what happened and whether the expectations had been met. Furthermore the paper compares the main regulations of land ownership and tenancy in different countries, explains land market protection, and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Property structure; Land prices; Land use; Land use and ownership; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7792
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Land Use and Property Changes in Poland and in Hungary After EU Accession AgEcon
Takacs-Gyorgy, Katalin; Erdelyi, Tamas; Sadowski, Adam.
Land property, in the post socialist countries, was rebuilt in the beginning of the 90’s. The process went in different way in Poland and in Hungary. The different initial conditions are resulted in different development in the agricultural economy of these two countries. Now the agriculture had different characteristics. Despite of the fact that there are different elements of ownership structures, the importance of farm land leases is increasing in both evaluated countries. Regarding to the competitiveness of agriculture, Poland showed a developing tendency after the accession, but Hungary suffers from serious problems. The aims and means of agricultural policy have gone through numerous changes throughout the last fifty years in the history of the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land ownership and rental; Effects on tendencies; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116338
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Modeling of the Connection Between the Ecological Farming and Farm Sizes under Hungarian Conditions AgEcon
Takacs, Istvan; Takacs-Gyorgy, Katalin.
Nowadays, the spread of ecological farming occurs in an ever-accelerating rate in Europe. In the beginning of the 1990s, this process started in Hungary too. Primarily, horticultural bioproduct have appeared on the market; however, farms, which can be regarded as a sample, formed out relatively fast, and made products qualified as plough-land bulk goods, first of all for export, but a stratum in Hungary also starts to interest for these products. In our research, we looked for an answer to the question, how the economic condition system of ecological production forms out in Hungarian circumstances, on which farm sizes farming can be made profitably. We started by adapting the earlier model researches that current farm sizes in Hungary, are too small yet,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6992
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Precíziós növénytermelés növényvédőszer-használatának gazdasági hatásai AgEcon
Takacs-Gyorgy, Katalin.
A mezőgazdaság műszaki fejlesztése lehetőséget nyújt a korszerű technológiák széles körű alkalmazására. Ilyen a precíziós növényvédelem, amely egyben a fenntarthatóság kritériumai érvényesítését is szolgálja. Gyakorlati alkalmazása érdemi vegyszer megtakarítást eredményez. Modellszámítás segítségével vizsgáltam a lehetséges megtakarítás közgazdasági összefüggéseit makrogazdasági szinten. A precíziós növénytermelésre történő átállás utáni kemikália-felhasználásban az EU-25-ökben – optimista szcenáriót feltételezve – változatlan hozamszint 340 ezer tonnával kevesebb műtrágya hatóanyaggal, míg növényvédő szerből – jelenlegi dózisszinten – 30 ezer tonnával kevesebb kijuttatásával érhető el. Amennyiben az átálló gazdaságok aránya 30–60% között alakul, a teljes...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Növényvédőszer-környezetterhelés; Megtakarítás; Versenyképesség; Fenntarthatóság; Pesticide emission; Savings; Competitiveness; Sustainability; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Production Economics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99133
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Some ideas of economic aspects of precision plant production (protection) AgEcon
Takacs-Gyorgy, Katalin.
Precision farming – besides other aspects – enables the reduction of use of chemical substances in crop production while decreases farming risks, contributes to specific field-crop-plant applications, makes production processes more designable and increases profitability. The introduction of a new technology requires complex farm-management decisions, including the consideration of economic correlations (costs-yield-income). Considering the three basic meanings of sustainability, the farming strategies have to meet these requirements. There are several alternatives to reduce artificial chemical use (applying new chemicals with lower doses, chemical-free ways like organic farming, negative environmental taxes, precision farming, etc.). In Hungary the farm...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Changes in profitability; Viable size; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44045
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