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Diaporthe: a genus of endophytic, saprobic and plant pathogenic fungi Naturalis
Gomes, R.R.; Glienke, C.; Videira, S.I.R.; Lombard, L.; Groenewald, J.Z.; Crous, P.W..
Diaporthe (Phomopsis) species have often been reported as plant pathogens, non-pathogenic endophytes or saprobes, commonly isolated from a wide range of hosts. The primary aim of the present study was to resolve the taxonomy and phylogeny of a large collection of Diaporthe species occurring on diverse hosts, either as pathogens, saprobes, or as harmless endophytes. In the present study we investigated 243 isolates using multilocus DNA sequence data. Analyses of the rDNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS1, 5.8S, ITS2) region, and partial translation elongation factor 1-alpha (TEF1), beta-tubulin (TUB), histone H3 (HIS) and calmodulin (CAL) genes resolved 95 clades. Fifteen new species are described, namely Diaporthe arengae, D. brasiliensis, D. endophytica,...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Diaporthales; Diaporthe; Multi-Locus Sequence Typing (MLST); Phomopsis; Systematics.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/531720
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Elucidating the Ramularia eucalypti species complex Naturalis
Videira, S.I.R.; Groenewald, J.Z.; Kolecka, A.; Haren, L. van; Boekhout, T.; Crous, P.W..
The genus Ramularia includes numerous phytopathogenic species, several of which are economically important. Ramularia eucalypti is currently the only species of this genus known to infect Eucalyptus by causing severe leaf-spotting symptoms on this host. However, several isolates identified as R. eucalypti based on morphology and on nrDNA sequence data of the ITS region have recently been isolated from other plant hosts, from environmental samples and also from human clinical specimens. Identification of closely related species based on morphology is often difficult and the ITS region has previously been shown to be unreliable for species level identification in several genera. In this study we aimed to resolve this species-complex by applying a polyphasic...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Mycosphaerellaceae; Plant pathogen; Species complex; Systematics.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/560060
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Fungal Planet description sheets: 128–153 Naturalis
Crous, PW.; Shivas, R.G.; Wingfield, M.J.; Summerell, B.A.; Rossman, A.Y.; Alves, J.L.; Adams, G.C.; Barreto, R.W.; Bell, A.; Coutinho, M.L.; Flory, S.L.; Gates, G.; Grice, K.R.; Hardy, G.E.St.J.; Kleczewski, N.M.; Lombard, L.; Longa, C.M.O.; Louis-Seize, G.; Macedo, F.; Mahoney, D.P.; Maresi, G.; Martin-Sanchez, P.M.; Marvanová, L.; Minnis, A.M.; Morgado, L.N.; Noordeloos, M.E.; Phillips, A.J.L.; Quaedvlieg, W.; Ryan, P.G.; Saiz-Jimenez, C.; Seifert, K.A.; Swart, W.J.; Tan, Y.P.; Tanney, J.B.; Thu, P.Q.; Videira, S.I.R.; Walker, D.M.; Groenewald, J.Z..
Novel species of microfungi described in the present study include the following from Australia: Catenulostroma corymbiae from Corymbia, Devriesia stirlingiae from Stirlingia, Penidiella carpentariae from Carpentaria, Phaeococcomyces eucalypti from Eucalyptus, Phialophora livistonae from Livistona, Phyllosticta aristolochiicola from Aristolochia, Clitopilus austroprunulus on sclerophyll forest litter of Eucalyptus regnans and Toxicocladosporium posoqueriae from Posoqueria. Several species are also described from South Africa, namely: Ceramothyrium podocarpi from Podocarpus, Cercospora chrysanthemoides from Chrysanthemoides, Devriesia shakazului from Aloe, Penidiella drakensbergensis from Protea, Strelitziana cliviae from Clivia and Zasmidium syzygii from...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: ITS DNA barcodes; LSU; Novel fungal species; Systematics.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/532113
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Phylogenetic reassessment of the Chaetomium globosum species complex Naturalis
Wang, X.W.; Lombard , L.; Groenewald, J.Z.; Li, J.; Videira, S.I.R.; Samson, R.A.; Liu, X.Z.; Crous, P.W..
Chaetomium globosum, the type species of the genus, is ubiquitous, occurring on a wide variety of substrates, in air and in marine environments. This species is recognised as a cellulolytic and/or endophytic fungus. It is also known as a source of secondary metabolites with various biological activities, having great potential in the agricultural, medicinal and industrial fields. On the negative side, C. globosum has been reported as an air contaminant causing adverse health effects and as causal agent of human fungal infections. However, the taxonomic status of C. globosum is still poorly understood. The contemporary species concept for this fungus includes a broadly defined morphological diversity as well as a large number of synonymies with limited...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: DNA barcode; Epitypification; Multi-gene phylogeny; Species complex; Systematics.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/607374
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