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Intraspecific crosses resulting in the first occurrence of eight and nine B chromosomes in Prochilodus lineatus (Characiformes, Prochilodontidae) Genet. Mol. Biol.
Voltolin,Tatiana Aparecida; Senhorini,José Augusto; Foresti,Fausto; Bortolozzi,Jehud; Porto-Foresti,Fábio.
B chromosomes are supernumerary elements present in about 15% of eukaryotic species and are most frequently heterochromatic, behave parasitically, show a transmission rate higher than standard (A) chromosomes, and can provoke harmful effects on carriers. In the current work, Prochilodus lineatus individuals carrying eight and nine B chromosomes were obtained by induced crossing performed involving breeders with different B chromosome numbers in their cells. The high B chromosome numbers found in the offspring were recorded for the first time in this species. The use of cytogenetic techniques applied in the present study revealed that regardless of the increase in number of B chromosomes in the genome of these individuals, those elements did not presented...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Supernumerary chromosome; Heterochromatic chromosome; Cross-fertilization.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572011000200009
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Karyotypic conservatism in five species of Prochilodus (Characiformes, Prochilodontidae) disclosed by cytogenetic markers Genet. Mol. Biol.
Voltolin,Tatiana Aparecida; Penitente,Manolo; Mendonça,Bruna Bueno; Senhorini,José Augusto; Foresti,Fausto; Porto-Foresti,Fábio.
The family Prochilodontidae is considered a group with well conserved chromosomes characterized by their number, morphology and banding patterns. Thence, our study aimed at accomplishing a cytogenetic analysis with conventional methods (Giemsa staining, silver staining of the nucleolus organizer regions-AgNOR, and C-banding) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with 18S and 5S ribosomal DNA probes in five species of the Prochilodus genus (Prochilodus argenteus, Prochilodus brevis, Prochilodus costatus, Prochilodus lineatus and Prochilodus nigricans) collected from different Brazilian hydrographic basins. The results revealed conservatism in chromosome number, morphology, AgNORs 18S and 5S rDNAs location and constitutive heterochromatin...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: AgNOR; C-banding; Hydrographic basins; Conserved karyotype; FISH.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572013000300008
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