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Registros recuperados: 8
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Agri-Environmental Policy at the Crossroads: Guideposts on a Changing Landscape AgEcon
Claassen, Roger; Hansen, LeRoy T.; Peters, Mark; Breneman, Vincent E.; Weinberg, Marca; Cattaneo, Andrea; Feather, Peter; Gadsby, Dwight M.; Hellerstein, Daniel; Hopkins, Jeffrey W.; Johnston, Paul V.; Morehart, Mitchell J.; Smith, Mark.
Agri-environmental policy is at a crossroads. Over the past 20 years, a wide range of policies addressing the environmental implications of agricultural production have been implemented at the Federal level. Those policies have played an important role in reducing soil erosion, protecting and restoring wetlands, and creating wildlife habitat. However, emerging agri-environmental issues, evolution of farm income support policies, and limits imposed by trade agreements may point toward a rethinking of agri-environmental policy. This report identifies the types of policy tools available and the design features that have improved the effectiveness of current programs. It provides an indepth analysis of one policy tool that may be an important component of a...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Conservation programs; Environmental policy; Agricultural policy; Policy instruments; Agricultural program design; Soil erosion; Nitrogen runoff; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33983
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ENVIRONMENTAL AND NATURAL RESOURCE POLICY AND THE OPTIMAL DISPERSION OF PROPERTY RIGHTS AgEcon
Hsu, Shi-Ling; Weinberg, Marca.
Environmental policies generally address problems associated with ill-defined property rights. Our framework describes property rights "regimes" as functions of the degree of consolidation of rights to an asset and of the parties holding those rights. Efficient resource use occurs if welfare gains from regime switches offset endogenous transaction costs.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20882
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Ethanol and a Changing Agricultural Landscape AgEcon
Malcolm, Scott A.; Aillery, Marcel P.; Weinberg, Marca.
The Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 established specific targets for the production of biofuel in the United States. Until advanced technologies become commercially viable, meeting these targets will increase demand for traditional agricultural commodities used to produce ethanol, resulting in land-use, production, and price changes throughout the farm sector. This report summarizes the estimated effects of meeting the EISA targets for 2015 on regional agricultural production and the environment. Meeting EISA targets for ethanol production is estimated to expand U.S. cropped acreage by nearly 5 million acres by 2015, an increase of 1.6 percent over what would otherwise be expected. Much of the growth comes from corn acreage, which...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Biofuels; Corn ethanol; Regional crop mix; Regional environmental effects; Water quality; Water use; Cellulosic ethanol; Crop residues; Livestock; Regional Environment and Agriculture Programming (REAP) Model; Renewable fuel standard; Environmental Economics and Policy; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55671
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Flexible Conservation Measures on Working Land: What Challenges Lie Ahead? AgEcon
Cattaneo, Andrea; Claassen, Roger; Johansson, Robert C.; Weinberg, Marca.
From 1985 to 2002, most Federal conservation dollars going to farm operators have been to retire land from crop production. Yet most U.S. farmland (850 million acres) remains in active production. The Farm Security and Rural Investment (FSRI) Act of 2002 sharply increased conservation funding and earmarked most of the increase for working-land payment programs (WLPPs). The design and implementation of WLPPs will largely determine the extent to which environmental goals are achieved and whether they are cost effective. We simulate potential environmental gains as well as adjustments in agricultural production, price, and income associated with various WLPP features to illustrate tradeoffs arising from WLPP design and implementation. Competitive bidding with...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7248
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INCORPORATING INSTREAM FLOW VALUES INTO A WATER MARKET AgEcon
Murphy, James J.; Dinar, Ariel; Howitt, Richard E.; Rassenti, Stephen J.; Smith, Vernon L.; Weinberg, Marca.
We use laboratory experiments to test three different water market institutions designed to incorporate instream flow values into the allocation. The institutions are (1) a baseline with fixed minimum flow constraints, (2) an environmental agent contributing to the cost of providing instream flows, and (3) creating an instream flow right in which an environmental agent can sell the right to reduced flows. Using a "smart" computer-coordinated market, we find that direct environmental participation in the market can achieve highly efficient and stable allocations. A particularly attractive and practical feature of the third institution is that it nests the status quo in the sense that, should the environmental agent choose not to participate in the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14525
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Mitigating Climate Change: Opportunities for Farmers AgEcon
Weinberg, Marca; Horowitz, John K..
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122155
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Rewarding Farm Practices versus Environmental Performance AgEcon
Weinberg, Marca; Claassen, Roger.
A multitude of design decisions influence the performance of voluntary conservation programs. This Economic Brief is one of a set of five exploring the implications of decisions policymakers and program managers must make about who is eligible to receive payments, how much can be received, for what action, and the means by which applicants are selected. The particular issue examined here is whether to pay for conservation practices or to link payments to environmental performance.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34087
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WETLANDS, WILDLIFE, AND WATER QUALITY: TARGETING AND TRADE OFFS AgEcon
Newbold, Stephen C.; Weinberg, Marca.
Cost-effective targeting of conservation activities has only recently been addressed by economists. Most work to date has focused on finding the best locations to set aside land for the protection of biodiversity. An economic approach to the problem, where biodiversity reserve networks are delineated to maximize the number of species protected subject to a budget constraint, has been shown to be much more cost-effective than the standard approach, where reserve networks are delineated subject to an area constraint, ignoring differences in costs across sites. This paper is among the first to use spatially explicit models of production functions for ecosystem services in an optimization framework for prioritizing sites for wetlands restoration. Tradeoffs...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/22013
Registros recuperados: 8
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