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A Global Vision and Strategy for Organic Farming Research. First Draft. Organic Eprints
Niggli, Urs; Baker, Brian; Rahmann, Gerold; Cuoco, Eduardo; Möller, Carolin; Ssebunya, Brian; Hossain, Shaikh Tanveer; Wivstad, Maria; Chang, Jennifer; Soto, Gabriela; Gould, David; Lampkin, Nic; Chander, Mahesh; Mapusua, Karen; Wynen, Els; Qiao, Yuhui; Ardakani, M. Reza; Hartmann, Marco; Oyama, Toshio; Schmid, Otto; Willer, Helga.
Organic agriculture world-wide offers the promise of a future to produce and distribute food and other farm products in a healthy, ecologically sound, truly sustainable and fair way. The full benefits of organic agriculture are just now being realized—from ecosystem services to the provision of healthier food - yet, to reach its full potential organic farming needs to address many challenges. While organic agriculture has grown in strength and is in the most favorable position it has ever been in with respect to market conditions, government policies and international institutional support, it still does not have adequate resources to continue its expansion. The Technology Innovation Platform of IFOAM (TIPI) has developed a vision and an agenda to advance...
Tipo: Working paper Palavras-chave: Systems research and participatory research.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/27636/1/TIPI_Vision_First%20Draft%20October%202014.pdf
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Critical review of organic research world-wide Organic Eprints
Wivstad, Maria.
Short overview - capacity of organic research world-wide. Conclusions from evaluations of organic research programs in Sweden, Germany and Denmark.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Research methodology and philosophy.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/25159/1/25159.pdf
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Developing an organic research agenda with stakeholder involvement promotes increased relevance in research Organic Eprints
Wivstad, Maria; Fredriksson, Pelle; Salomon, Eva; Sundberg, Cecilia; Ullvén, Karin.
A Swedish organic research agenda was developed by EPOK, Centre for Organic Food and Farming, in an open process together with interested parties in the food chain. The main aim of the research agenda was to provide a well-supported document which would enable decision makers and research funding bodies prioritise future research calls. The agenda took on the most important future challenges and knowledge needs of the organic food chain on the road towards increased sustainability, efficiency and environmental and social benefits. Three cross-cutting themes were identified to describe the overall challenges that face organic agriculture and the organic food chain: Robust systems, Added value for the environment and society and Competitiveness and thriving...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Research communication and quality.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/23633/1/23633%20M%20Wivstad_ISOFAR%202014_Istanbul_final_MM.pdf
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Habitat manipulation – as a pest management tool in vegetable and fruit cropping systems, with the focus on insects and mites Organic Eprints
Nilsson, Ulf; Porcel, Mario; Świergiel, Weronika; Wivstad, Maria.
Today, there is increasing interest among Swedish growers in biological diversity within the agricultural landscape. Many scientific studies have highlighted the services performed by beneficial organisms, which can help to improve the quantity and quality of crops. One tremendously important ecosystem service is biological control of pest insects and mites. The question is what growers can actually do to increase the abundance and diversity of natural enemies and whether this will have an impact on the pest population and, more importantly, on yield and quality of the crop. Another question is whether biodiversity is always positive for growers or whether there are negative aspects that should be dealt with. These relevant questions are addressed in the...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions Vegetables Biodiversity and ecosystem services Fruit and berries Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30032/1/biokontrollsyntes_web.pdf
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Kemiska bekämpningsmedel i svenskt jordbruk – användning och risker för miljö och hälsa. Organic Eprints
Wivstad, Maria.
Den här rapporten är en kunskapssammanställning om användningen av kemiska bekämpningsmedel ijordbruket och trädgårdsnäringen, och om risker för miljö och hälsa. Försiktighetsprincipen och utbytesregeln är vägledande vid godkännandet av bekämpningsmedel i Sverige. Försiktighetsprincipen är dock inte lätt att tolka och vägs dessutom mot den ekonomiska nyttan av ett kemiskt ämne. Inom EU finns en gemensam reglering av användningen av bekämpningsmedel och ämnen som bedöms vara acceptabla förs upp på en positivlista. Ett tiotal ämnen som tidigare varit förbjudna i Sverige har hittills förts upp på denna lista, inget av dessa säljs dock för närvarande här. Sedan mitten av 1980-talet har olika svenska politiska handlingsprogram haft målet att minska...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health Research communication and quality.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/5574/1/kemikalieutredn.pdf
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Learning in context – improved nutrient management in arable cropping systems through participatory research Organic Eprints
Wivstad, Maria; Naetterlund, Henrik.
Participatory research (PR) provides opportunities to build knowledge relevant to site-specific farms conditions. This study used a PR approach to develop nutrient management strategies in stockless organic farming. A thorough problem identification process was carried out and the problem prioritised was how to combine preceding crop effects with fertilisation strategy in crop rotations. On-farm fertiliser (biogas digestion residues, chicken manure and meat-bone meal) experiments were conducted in spring wheat and winter rapeseed. Significant yield responses were achieved in spring wheat, up to 1200 kg ha-1, and they were higher than in rapeseed. The implications of the results for nutrient management at crop rotation level are discussed.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Systems research and participatory research; Production systems; Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/11864/1/11864.pdf
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On-going work of Focus Group Organic Farming Organic Eprints
Wivstad, Maria; Micheloni, Cristina.
On-going work of Focus Group Organic Farming.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Technology transfer; Research communication and quality.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/25165/1/25165.pdf
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Organic Agriculture 3.0 is innovation with research Organic Eprints
Rahmann, Gerold; Ardakani, M. Reza; Boehm, Herwert; Canali, Stefano; Chander, Mahesh; David, Wahyudi; Dengel, Lucas; Erisman, Jan Willem; Galvis-Martinez, Ana C.; Hamm, Ulrich; Kahl, Johannes; Köpke, Ulrich; Kühne, Stefan; Lee, Sang Beom; Løes, Anne-Kristin; Moos, Jan Hendrik; Neuhoff, Daniel; Nuutila, Jaakko; OLOWE, VICTOR; Oppermann, Rainer; REMBIAŁKOWSKA, EWA; Riddle, Jim; Rasmussen, Ilse A.; Shade, Jessica; Sohn, Sang Mok; Tadesse, Mekuria; Tashi, Sonam; Thatcher, Alan; Uddin, Nazim; von Fragstein und Niemsdorff, Peter; Wibe, Atle; Wivstad, Maria; Wenliang, Wu; Zanoli, Raffaele.
Organic agriculture can and should play an important role in solving future challenges in producing food. The low level of external inputs combined with knowledge on sustainablity minimizes environmental contamination and can help to produce more food for more people without negatively impacting our environment. Organic agriculture not only includes farming as a production practice but it also includes processing, trade and consumption. Nevertheless, Organic agriculture must always evolve to overcome emerging challenges. Science-based knowledge attained through dedicated research is required to strengthen organic food and farming as a means to solve future challenges. In 2010, a global discussion about Organic 3.0 was initiated to address current problems...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general Farming Systems Values; Standards and certification World Environmental aspects History of organics Knowledge management.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31279/1/Rahmann%20et%20al%202017.pdf
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Organic agriculture in Sweden Organic Eprints
Ullvén, Karin; Wivstad, Maria.
Overview of the present state of organic agriculture in Sweden
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Sweden.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/32062/1/countryposter_SE_njf17_web.pdf
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ORGANIC FOOD – food quality and potential health effects. A review of current knowledge, and a discussion of uncertainties Organic Eprints
Mie, Axel; Wivstad, Maria.
In this report, we try to approach the question “Is organic food healthier than conventional food?” from a scientific perspective. We can conclude that science does not provide a clear answer to this question. A small number of animal studies and epidemiological studies on health effects from the consumption of organic vs. conventional feed/food have been performed. These studies indicate that the production system of the food has some influence on the immune system of the consuming animal or human. However, such effects are not easily interpreted as positive or negative for health. The chemical composition of plants is affected by the production system; however, the relevance for human health is unclear, and when one focuses on single compounds such as...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/29439/1/Organic_food_quality_and_health_webb.pdf
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Regelverk – möjligheter och hinder att uppnå målen för ekologiskt lantbruk Organic Eprints
Wivstad, Maria; Milestad, Rebecka; Lund, Vonne.
Det ekologiska lantbruket i Sverige har vuxit stadigt under de senaste 20 åren, ungefär lika länge som kontrollföreningen för ekologisk odling (KRAV) har funnits. KRAV har utvecklats med det ekologiska lantbruket men även varit en av aktörerna bakom framgången. Sedan starten för KRAV år 1985 har reglerna för ekologiskt lantbruk utvecklats och förfinats. Sverige har gått med i EU och konsumenternas kunskap om och intresse för ekologiska produkter har ökat markant. KRAV-märket är känt av över 90 procent av konsumenterna i Sverige. KRAVs verksamhetsidé är att främja en hållbar utveckling genom att ta fram regler för ekologisk produktion, kontrollera att de efterlevs och informera om KRAV-märket. När KRAVs regelverk ska skärskådas, liksom i diskussionen om...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Regulation.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/2808/1/malregler_2004.pdf
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Regelverk – möjligheter och hinder att uppnå målen för ekologiskt lantbruk. Organic Eprints
Wivstad, Maria; Milestad, Rebecka; Lund, Vonne.
Vi har i detta arbete analyserat KRAVs regelverk i relation till det ekologiska lantbrukets mål. Vi har bland annat ställt frågan om regelverket fungerar bra som instrument för att främja dessa mål. För att vidga perspektiven har vi också diskuterat styrkor och svagheter med frivilliga regelverk mer generellt. Ett regelverk bygger på en mängd kompromisser och kan omöjligt vara så flexibelt som man skulle önska. Regler skulle idealt behöva anpassas till i stort sett varje gård eller produktionsenhet. Det är mycket svårt att skriva regler som varken är för övergripande eller för precisa. Ekologisk produktion baserad på KRAVs regler behöver vara ett tydligt alternativ med miljöfördelar till en icke certifierad konventionell produktion för att motivera ett...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Regulation; Quality and evaluation of inputs; Consumer issues.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/5507/1/malregler_2004.pdf
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Risks and opportunities of increasing yields in organic farming. A review Organic Eprints
Röös, E.; Mie, A.; Wivstad, Maria; Salomon, E.; Johansson, B.; Gunnarsson, Stefan; Wallenbeck, Anna; Hoffman, Ruben; Nilsson, Ulf; Sundberg, C.; Watson, Christine A.
Current organic agriculture performs well in several sustainability domains, like animal welfare, farm profitability and low pesticide use, but yields are commonly lower than in conventional farming. There is now a re-vitalized interest in increasing yields in organic agriculture to provide more organic food for a growing, more affluent population and reduce negative impacts per unit produced. However, past yield increases have been accompanied by several negative side-effects. Here, we review risks and opportunities related to a broad range of sustainability domains associated with increasing yields in organic agriculture in the Northern European context. We identify increased N input, weed, disease and pest control, improved livestock feeding, breeding...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Animal husbandry; Crop husbandry; Food systems; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/35150/1/Ro%CC%88o%CC%88s2018_Article_RisksAndOpportunitiesOfIncreas.pdf
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The organic sector in the Nordic-Baltic region - what is achieved, and what is challenging future growth? Organic Eprints
Serikstad, Grete Lene; Løes, Anne-Kristin; Dýrmundsson, Ó.R.; Kreismane, Dzidra; Mikkola, Minna; Pehme, Sirli; Rasmussen, Ilse A.; Skulskis, Virgilijus; Wivstad, Maria.
This paper compiles statistics for certified organic farmland and organic consumption in the eight Nordic-Baltic countries, and describes main drivers and obstacles, focusing on policy and strategies including organic research. Significant differences are found between the countries, also between countries with relatively comparable climatic and economic conditions. Explanations are discussed. Successful examples, especially Denmark and Sweden, show that organic agriculture is an option for refreshing agriculture in general, when there is a significant political will to support this farming practice.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Baltic states; Countries and regions.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/31328/1/PROCEEDINGS-of-the-25th-NJF-Congress-in-Riga-2015.pdf
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Use of digestate from Swedish biogas production in organic agriculture – possibilities for efficient plant nutrient recycling Organic Eprints
Salomon, Eva; Wivstad, Maria.
We have conducted an extensive review of current knowledge and experiences regarding the possibilities for use of digestate from biogas production on organic farms in Sweden to improve plant nutrient recycling. The main findings of this review are presented below.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Air and water emissions; Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/23761/1/23761_MM.pdf
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Why do (don’t) we buy organic food and do we get what we bargain for? Organic Eprints
Hoffman, Ruben; Wivstad, Maria.
The market of organic foods is expanding in Sweden and for further market development it is important to know more about consumers’ motives for buying organic products, and also the barriers for not buying organic food. To understand consumer behaviour is difficult, and is complicated by the fact that consumers may have perceptions of quality characteristics of organic food products that are not guaranteed by organic certification and labelling. The organic certification regulates the production processes, not the quality of products, nor the environmental effects. EPOK has initiated this popular science know-ledge synthesis to give an overview of existing literature on consumers’ motives and discuss to what extent some of these motives can be supported by...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Markets and trade; Consumer issues.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/29445/1/konsumentsyntes_web.pdf
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