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21-Hydroxylase deficiency in Brazil BJMBR
Bachega,T.A.S.S.; Billerbeck,A.E.C.; Madureira,G.; Marcondes,J.A.M.; Longui,C.A.; Leite,M.V.; Arnhold,I.J.P.; Mendonça,B.B..
We determined the frequency of large rearrangements and point mutations in 130 Brazilian patients with 21-hydroxylase deficiency and correlated genotype with phenotype. The frequency of CYP21 deletions was lower (4.4%) than in most of the previous series described, whereas the frequency of large gene conversions was similar to the frequency reported in the literature (6.6%). The most frequent point mutations were I2 splice (41.8% in salt wasting - SW), I172N (32.6% in simple virilizing - SV) and V281L (40.2% in the late onset form - LO). The frequency of the nine most common point mutations was similar to that reported for other countries. The 93 fully genotyped patients were classified into 3 mutation groups based on the degree of enzymatic activity...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: 21-hydroxylase deficiency; Congenital adrenal hyperplasia; Brazilian patients; CYP21 mutations; Genotype; Phenotype.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2000001000011
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CYP21 gene mutations in Brazilian patients with 21-hydroxylase deficiency from the Amazon region Genet. Mol. Biol.
Carvalho,Tarcísio André Amorim de; Souza,Izabel Cristina Neves de; Yoshioka,France Keiko Nascimento; Caldato,Milena Coelho Fernandes; Torres,Nilza Nei; Garcia,Lena Stilianidi; Guerreiro,João Farias.
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency (P450c21, CYP21) accounts for about 95% of all CAH cases. The incidence of CYP21 gene mutations has been extensively studied in the last years, but in Brazil it has been investigated only in Southeast Brazilian patients. This study is the first report on the distribution of CYP21 mutations in patients from the Amazon region. Direct sequencing of the CYP21 gene identified at least one mutation in 96% of the studied chromosomes. The most common mutations found were IVS2-13A/C > G (36%), Q318X (12%), V281L (12%), 1760_1761insT (9%), Cluster E6 (7%), and P30L (7%). The worldwide most common mutations were identified among patients from the Amazon region at frequencies that may be expected...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Amazon region; 21-hydroxylase deficiency; DNA sequencing.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572008000400004
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