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ABCB1 C1236T, G2677T/A and C3435T polymorphisms in systemic lupus erythematosus patients BJMBR
Gonzalez,T.P.; Mucenic,T.; Brenol,J.C.T.; Xavier,R.M.; Schiengold,M.; Chies,J.A.B..
P-glycoprotein (Pgp), the ABCB1 gene product, acts as an efflux pump that transports a large variety of substrates and is a mechanism of cell protection against xenobiotics. An increasing number of studies have shown that some ABCB1 polymorphisms may affect Pgp expression and activity, as well as affecting the development and susceptibility to diseases and pharmacological response. High activity of Pgp has been detected in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. The C1236T, G2677T/A, and C3435T are the most commonly studied single nucleotide polymorphisms in the ABCB1 gene. Therefore, their frequencies were determined in Brazilian individuals with European ancestry (N = 143) and in SLE patients (N = 137). Genotyping was performed by PCR-RFLP analysis...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: ABCB1; MDR1; P-glycoprotein; Polymorphism; Systemic lupus erythematosus.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2008000900005
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Frequency of Common Variants in Genes Involved in Lipid-Lowering Response to Statins in Chilean Subjects with Hypercholesterolemia International Journal of Morphology
Rosales,Alexy; Pacheco,Alejandro; Cuevas,Alejandro; Saavedra,Nicolás; Zambrano,Tomás; Lanas,Fernando; Salazar,Luis A.
Interindividual differences in activity and expression of the metabolizing enzymes cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 and 3A5 and the multidrug efflux pump P-glycoprotein (P-gp, encoded by ABCB1 gene) contribute considerably to lipid-lowering efficacy of statin treatment in subjects with hypercholesterolemia. Variability in the activity of CYP3A4, CYP3A5 and P-gp could be considered to result from genetic polymorphisms encoding their genes. However, the available data indicate that the frequencies of ABCB1, CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 gene polymorphisms differ significantly across populations. Thus, the aim of the present study was to determine the allelic frequency of three common variants of these genes in Chilean individuals with primary hypercholesterolemia (HC) and...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Polymorphisms; Statins; Hypercholesterolemia; ABCB1.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022011000400037
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Identification of multi-drug resistance gene (MDR1) in equine ileum Ciência Rural
Natalini,Cláudio Corrêa; Linardi,Renata Lehn.
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is a membrane transporter encoded in the Multi-drug Resistance (MDR1) gene expressed in several normal tissues and over expressed in tumor cells. P-gp was already identified in different species but not yet in equine. MDR1 gene and P-gp are able to interfere with bioavailability and disposition of several drugs, altering pharmacokinetic and pharmacodinamic of drugs. The presence of the MDR1 and P-gp in the central nervous system blocks the entry of certain drugs in this tissue and reduces drug absorption and enhances drug elimination when P-gp and MDR1 are presented in the gastrointestinal tract. This study showed that the MDR1 gene is present in equine ileum. Future studies on the impact of the P-glycoprotein encoded gene MDR1 on...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Molecular biology; Opioids; Equine; Gene; MDR1; ABCB1.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782006000100048
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Multi-drug resistance gene (MDR1) and opioid analgesia in horses Ciência Rural
Natalini,Cláudio Corrêa; Cunha,Anderson Fávaro da; Linardi,Renata Lehn.
Opioid absorption in the intestinal tract as well as its effects in the central nervous system is modulated by the P-glycoprotein (P-gp) encoded in the Multi-drug Resistance gene (MDR1) also named ATP-binding cassete, subfamily B, member 1 (ABCB1). This MDR1 gene acts as a selective pump. The expression of this protein in humans and rodents inhibits cellular uptake of substrate opioids. The presence of the intestinal iso-enzyme CYP3A4 associated with MDR1 gene decreases the opioid analgesic activity due to an increase in intestinal metabolism, with a predicted intestinal first pass extraction around 20% which significantly influences the oral availability of opioids. In the central nervous system, P-gp expression decreases opioid neuronal uptake...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Molecular biology; Opioids; Equine; Gene; MDR1; ABCB1; Analgesia.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782006000100055
Registros recuperados: 4
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