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Agricultural Risk Management - Experiences from an Action Research Approach AgEcon
Lund, Mogens; Oksen, Arne; Larsen, Torben Ulf; Andersen, Henning.
A new model for risk management in agriculture is described in the paper. The risk model is constructed as a context dependent process, which includes four main phases. The model is aimed at agricultural advisors, who wish to facilitate and disseminate risk management to farmers. It is developed and tested by an action research approach in an attempt to make risk management more applicable on family farms. Our obtained experiences indicate that farmers don't apply probabilistic thinking and other concepts according to formal decision theory.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Risk management; Consulting; Action research; Farm families; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24291
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Collective Action to Secure Property Rights for the Poor: A Case Study in Jambi Province, Indonesia AgEcon
Komarudin, Heru; Siagian, Yuliana L.; Colfer, Carol.
This study presents an approach to analyzing decentralized forestry and natural resource management and land property rights issues, and catalyzing collective action among villages and district governments. It focuses on understanding the current policies governing local people’s access to property rights and decision making processes, and learning how collective action among community groups and interaction among stakeholders can enhance local people’s rights over lands, resources, and policy processes for development. The authors applied participatory action research in two villages, one each in the Bungo and Tanjabbar districts of Jambi province (Sumatra), Indonesia, to facilitate identification of priorities through phases of planning, action,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Decentralization; Natural resource management; Forest; Collective action; Property rights; Action research; Indonesia; Food Security and Poverty; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44363
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Facilitating Transitional Processes in Rigid Institutional Regimes for Water Management and Wetland Conservation: Experience from the Guadalquivir Estuary Ecology and Society
Amezaga, Jaime M.; Institute for Research on Environment and Sustainability, University of Newcastle; jaime.amezaga@newcastle.ac.uk.
Traditional policies for water resources management and wetland conservation are often based on command-and-control approaches. The latter tend to drive the human–wetland–water system into pathological states, characterized by more vulnerable ecosystems and rigid institutions for governance. The overcoming of these states may rest in the development of flexible and adaptive institutional regimes that rely on adaptive governance and management. Because past factors might constrain the implementation of more flexible adaptive approaches to management, it is important to understand the historical mechanisms underlying the genesis of institutional rigidity. We first present the results of a historical analysis of Doñana, which can...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Action research; Adaptive cycle; Adaptive management; Command and control; Doñ Ana; Guadalquivir Estuary; Path dependence; Rigid institutional regimes; Water Framework Directive.
Ano: 2012
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Landscape-scale Approaches for Integrated Natural Resource Management in Tropical Forest Landscapes Ecology and Society
Frost, Peter; Center for International Forestry Research; p.frost@cgiar.org; Campbell, Bruce; Center for International Forestry Research; bruce.campbell@cdu.edu.au; Medina, Gabriel; Center for International Forestry Research; gabriel.medina@waldbau.uni freiburg.de; Usongo, Leonard; World Wide Fund for Nature; lusongo@wwfcarpo.org.
Integrated natural resource management (INRM) helps resource users, managers, and others to manage resources sustainably by considering, reconciling, and synergizing their various interests and activities. Although many social and environmental problems have to be tackled at a range of scales to be resolved successfully, INRM has particular relevance at the landscape level at which the interests of local people first intersect those of the outside world. We propose eight guidelines for building successful INRM programs: focus on multiscale analysis and intervention; develop partnerships and engage in action research; facilitate change rather than dictating it; promote visioning and the development of scenarios; recognize the importance of local knowledge;...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Action research; Brazil; Cameroon; Collaboration; Extractive reserves; Integrated natural resource management; Kalimantan; Multiscale analysis; Multiple stakeholders; Tropical forest landscapes.
Ano: 2006
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Linking Collective Action to Non-Timber Forest Product Market for Improved Local Livelihoods: Challenges and Opportunities AgEcon
Komarudin, Heru; Siagian, Yuliana L..
The paper draws on findings from research in South Sulawesi and Jambi Provinces, Indonesia, looking at the role of collective action in helping two local community groups enhance their bargaining power vis a vis other market players (such as collectors, small- and large-scale industries) and promote an increased demand for non-timber forest products. The first group has traditionally collected rattan (Calamus sp) from surrounding forests and was struggling to sell their products at a better price amid market uncertainties and the lack of supportive government policies. The second one was involved in the propagation of another high-value rattan species, widely known as Dragon Blood (Daemonorops sp), in anticipation of an increased market demand for this...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Collective action; Market access; Smallholder; Livelihood; NTFP; Action research; Indonesia; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44346
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Methods of concensus building for community based fisheries management in Bangladesh and the Mekong delta AgEcon
Sultana, Parvin; Thompson, Paul M..
A method of consensus building for management of wetlands and fisheries using a systematic approach to participatory planning and initially developed in Bangladesh is now being applied in both Bangladesh and the Mekong delta. The method recognizes diversity in livelihoods and works through a structured learning and planning process that focuses on common interests. It works with each category of stakeholder separately to prioritize the natural resource problems that their livelihoods are largely dependent on, they then share and agree common priorities in plenary. Then the stakeholder groups separately analyze possible solutions and their impacts, before meeting in plenary to share their analysis and form a consensus on win-win solutions. The process...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Bangladesh; Vietnam; Action research; Consensus building; Participatory process; Collective action; Social capital; Wetlands; Natural resource management; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55445
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Stasis and change: social psychological insights into social-ecological resilience Ecology and Society
Hobman, Elizabeth V.; Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, University of Queensland; Elizabeth.V.Hobman@csiro.au; Walker, Iain; Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, University of Western Australia ; iain.a.walker@csiro.au.
Ecologists have used the concept of resilience since the 1970s. Resilience also features in many of the social and economic sciences, though in a less central role and with a variety of interpretations. Developing a fuller understanding of the concept of social-ecological resilience promises advances in how science can contribute to achieving better environmental outcomes, locally and globally. Such a development requires articulation of different perspectives on resilience and critical engagement across those perspectives. We present, in some detail, a particular perspective on resilience developed by the pioneering social psychologist Kurt Lewin. We suggest that Lewin’s explicit use of social-ecological systems in his framework presaged much of...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Action research; Kurt Lewin; Resilience; Social ecology.
Ano: 2015
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The dynamics of institutional innovation: Crafting co-management in small-scale fisheries through action research ArchiMer
Léopold, Marc; Thébaud, Olivier; Charles, Anthony.
This paper investigates the dynamics of institutional development and co-management performance in small-scale fisheries. The study covers different contexts and spatial and temporal scales, for nine case studies in the South Pacific. In these cases, new co-management institutions were intentionally set up from 2008 to 2016 through fishery policy intervention to address over-exploitation problems of sea cucumber resources. This was carried out in a process of adaptive experimentation, based on a collaborative and problem-solving approach to governance, and a context-based vision of sustainability issues. In order to quantitatively and empirically assess change in governance within and between cases, a multidimensional analytical framework of governance...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Action research; Adaptive experimentation; Governance; Institutional change; Small-scale fisheries; Social learning.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00482/59389/62570.pdf
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The Reflective Practitioner: Learning and Teaching in Community-based Forest Management Ecology and Society
The world's natural forests, whose rich ecosystems support wildlife and human populations, are declining. In my 17 years as an international community forester, observing this decline has hardened my resolve to look for answers "outside the box." This paper is a reflection of some of the important lessons I am learning: to keep an open mind at all times, to remember that I can never be certain of the outcome of any given effort, to control my biases, to listen carefully, and to find common ground.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Action research; Collaborative forest management; Community forestry; Community-based forest management; Development theory; Education; Joint forest management; Participatory forest management; Uncertainty..
Ano: 2001
Registros recuperados: 9
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