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Registros recuperados: 9
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Assessment of the strategies of organic fruit production and fruit drying in Uganda JARTS
Chongtham, Iman Raj; University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Life Sciences, Department of Agriculture and Ecology, Denmark; Neergaard, Andreas de; University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Life Sciences, Department of Agriculture and Ecology, Denmark; Pillot, Didier; Institut des Régions Chaudes, Agrinatura, Montpellier SupAgro, France.
Organic agriculture in Uganda is developing at a fast pace and despite this trend Uganda is still unable to produce enough fresh and dry organic fruits mainly pineapple to meet the exporters demand. This current research investigated the strategies of farmers at production level by assessing the pros and cons of fruit growing, organic agriculture and fruit drying in order to understand the underlying causal factor for the low production of organic dry fruits in a major fruit producing district of Uganda.The study was carried out in two separate and distinctive areas; one which only produces and export fresh organic pineapple and the other which exports dried fruits (mainly pineapple and papaya). About 10% of the farmers in the two study areas were surveyed...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agricultultural economics; Conventional agriculture; Decision; Dried fruits; Export; Household; Organic agriculture; Coffee husk.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2010082734328
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Constraints to commercialisation of smallholder agriculture in Tanintharyi division, Myanmar JARTS
Snoxell, Shaun; Lyne, Michael.
Myanmar is a country in rapid economic and political transition, with opportunities emerging for its smallholders to benefit from current economic growth. However many smallholders are trapped in semi-subsistence agriculture, disconnected from markets. Commercialisation can increase farm incomes, and - through the multiplier effect - lead to wider pro-poor growth in the rural economy. However, there are many constraints to commercialisation that prevent this process from occurring. While literature on constraints confronting smallholders abounds internationally, there is a paucity of literature on the challenges confronting smallholders in Myanmar. This study investigates constraints to commercial farming in the townships (districts) of Myeik and Palaw in...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agricultultural economics; Development economics; Burma commercial market participation rural credit rural development livelihoods farming.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/20191212867
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Factors influencing the success of animal husbandry cooperatives: A case study in Southwest Iran JARTS
Azadi, Hossein; Department of Geography, Ghent University, Belgium; Hosseininia, Gholamhossein; Department of Entrepreneurship Extension & Education, Entrepreneurship Faculty, Tehran University, Iran; Zarafshani, Kiumars; Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran; Heydari, Aligholi; Deputy of Research, Education and Extension, Ministry of Cooperative, Tehran, Iran; Witlox, Frank; Department of Geography, Ghent University, Belgium.
This survey study aimed at identifying the factors influencing the success of animal husbandry cooperatives in Southwest Iran. Using a questionnaire, the data were collected from 95 managing directors of the cooperatives who were chosen through a multi-stage stratified random sampling method. This study showed an essential need for a systemic framework to analyze the cooperatives’ success. The results showed that the “Honey Bee”, “Cattle (dairy)”, and “Lamb” cooperatives were the most successful among different kinds of the cooperatives. Also, among individual attributes, “interest”, “technical knowledge”, and “understanding the concept of cooperative”; among economic variables, “income” and “current investment”; and among external factors, “market access”...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal Husbandry; Agricultultural economics; Rural economy and farm management agricultural cooperative; Animal husbandry; Success; Southwest Iran.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2010091334568
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Learning achievements of farmers during the transition to market-oriented organic agriculture in rural Uganda JARTS
Hauser, Michael; BOKU - University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Gregor Mendel-Straße 33, A-1180 Vienna, Austria Tel. (+43-1) 47 654-3766. Fax (+43-1) 47 654-2961; Aigelsperger, Lisa; BOKU - University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria; Owamani, Amos; Tropical Soil Biology and Fertility Institute of the International Centre for Tropical Agriculture (TSBF-CIAT), c/o Kawanda Agricultural Research Institute, Kampala, Uganda; Delve, Robert J.; Catholic Relief Services, Nairobi, Kenya.
Organic agriculture requires farmers with the ability to develop profitable agro-enterprises on their own. By drawing on four years of experiences with the Enabling Rural Innovation approach in Uganda, we outline how smallholder farmers transition to organic agriculture and, at the same time, increase their entrepreneurial skills and competences through learning. In order to document this learning we operationalised the Kirkpatrick learning evaluation model, which subsequently informed the collection of qualitative data in two study sites. Our analysis suggests that the Enabling Rural Innovation approach helps farmers to develop essential capabilities for identifying organic markets and new organic commodities, for testing these organic commodities under...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agricultultural economics; Organic agriculture; Enabling innovation; Learning; Uganda.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2010082734305
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Optimising contributions of goat farming to household economic success and food security in three production systems in Ethiopia JARTS
Woldu, Tatek; Markemann, André; Reiber, Christoph; Muth, Philipp C.; Valle Zárate, Anne.
The study aims to analyse factors affecting contributions of goat farming to household economic success and food security in three goat production systems of Ethiopia. A study was conducted in three districts of Ethiopia representing arid agro-pastoral (AAP), semi-arid agro-pastoral (SAAP) and highland mixed crop-livestock (HMCL) systems involving 180 goat keeping households. Gross margin (GM) and net benefit (NB1 and NB2) were used as indicators of economic success of goat keeping. NB1 includes in-kind benefits of goats (consumption and manure), while NB2 additionally constitutes intangible benefits (insurance and finance). Household dietary diversity score (HDDS) was used as a proxy indicator of food security. GM was significantly affected by an off-take...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal Husbandry; Agricultultural economics; Dietary diversity economic success goats intangible benefits off-take rate.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2016011149582
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Rural households’ social capital and welfare: A case study of Msinga, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa JARTS
Baiyegunhi, Lloyd James Segun; Discipline of Agricultural Economics, School of Agricultural, Earth & Environmental Sciences (SAEES) – University of KwaZulu-Natal, Scottsville 3209, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa.
In a household or nations production system, social capital has been recognized as an input having major implications for project design as well as policy development. Using a structured questionnaire, household level data was obtained from a representative sample of 300 rural households in Msinga, KwaZulu-Natal. This study employed the conventional household economic behaviour model under constrained utility maximisation to examine the effect of social capital on the welfare of household, testing the hypothesis that the possession of social capital improves household welfare. The result shows that social capital endowments have a statistically significant positive effect on household welfare, in addition to the some household’s demographic and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agricultultural economics; Rural Development social capital; Welfare; Rural households; Economic behaviour; Utility maximization.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2013081343356
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Smallholder group certification in Uganda – Analysis of internal control systems in two organic export companies JARTS
Preißel, Sara; University of Kassel, Faculty of Organic Agricultural Sciences, Institute for Socio-cultural Studies, Witzenhausen, Germany; Reckling, Moritz; University of Kassel, Faculty of Organic Agricultural Sciences, Institute for Socio-cultural Studies, Witzenhausen, Germany.
The organic agricultural sector of Uganda is among the most developed in Africa in terms of its professional institutional network and high growth rates of number of certified farmers and land area. Smallholder farmers are certified organic through contract production for export companies using a group certification scheme (internal control system - ICS). The ICS is a viable and well-accepted tool to certify small-scale producers in developing countries all over the world. Difficulties in certification are still stated to be among the main constraints for Uganda’s organic sector development. Therefore, this paper reports a qualitative case study comprising 34 expert interviews in two organic fresh-produce export companies in central Uganda,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agricultultural economics; Social sciences contract farming; Group certification; Internal control systems; Organic agriculture; Organic certification; Qualitative research; Uganda.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2010082734312
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The role of NGO in informal seed production and dissemination: The case of eastern Ethiopia JARTS
Beyene, Fekadu; Department of Rural Development and Agricultural Extension, Extension, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Haramaya University, P.O. Box 161, Haramaya, Ethiopia.
Seed is the basic input to crop production. Farmer-based seed production as an alternative agricultural technology transfer is increasingly given especial attention in developing countries where food insecurity is critical. This paper aims to assess the seed production and dissemination strategy among smallholder farmers in eastern Ethiopia that has been introduced by Hararghe Catholic Secretariat (a Non-GovernmentalOrganization). A survey of 160 households in four administrative districts and focus group discussions were used to collect data. While narratives helped understand the process, logistic regressionwas used to identify determinants of land allocation to seed production. Results indicate the crucial role of informal networks and social capital as...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agricultultural economics; Rural development seed systems; Informal exchanges; Seed dissemination; Ethiopia.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2010091334547
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The role of trust and networks in developing Nicaraguan farmers’ agribusiness capacities JARTS
Landmann, Dirk Hauke; Cadilhon, Jean-Joseph.
The main focus of most programmes in developing countries carried out by NGOs is to develop small-scale farmers’ capacities. One approach hereby is to use multi-stakeholder innovation systems, such as the ‘Nicaraguan Learning Alliance’ (NLA). However, tools for the evaluation of multi-stakeholder innovation systems are rare. This paper reports on the implementation of a conceptual framework to carry out an impact evaluation of multi-stakeholder innovation systems using the NLA as the object of study. The assessment focused on the business relationship constructs of trust and capacity development. Survey interviews, in-depth interviews and focus group discussions collected data from agribusiness stakeholders linked with the NLA and from a control group of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agricultultural economics; Sociology of agriculture; Capacity development impact evaluation innovation systems Latin America value chains.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2018010454150
Registros recuperados: 9
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