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Registros recuperados: 9
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Agricultural Household-Firm Units: Adjustments to Change AgEcon
Findeis, Jill L.; Swaminathan, Hema; Jayaraman, Anuja.
This paper assesses agricultural household-firm unit models to determine a useful typology for agricultural policy assessment that draws upon their use. Both standard and bargaining models for analyzing household decisions, including production, consumption, labor, credit, fertility and child schooling, intergenerational transfer, among other key behaviors of households are discussed, as well as data and estimation issues often encountered with household models. Relevant dimensions of a country or region typology are then suggested, focusing on (1) the extent to which markets, particularly labor markets, are perfect, missing or mixed; (2) relevant intra-household and key demographic considerations; and (3) the differentiation of particular household-firm...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural households; Farm households; Labor; Labor adjustments; Off-farm employment; Consumer/Household Economics; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15738
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Are Italian farming households actually poorer than other non agricultural households? An empirical analysis. AgEcon
Rocchi, Benedetto; Stefani, Gianluca; Romano, Donato; Landi, Chiara.
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Income distribution; Agricultural households; Farm Problem; Italy; Consumer/Household Economics; Q12; I32.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124128
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Assets, Activities and Income Generation in Rural Mexico: Factoring in Social and Public Capital AgEcon
Winters, Paul C.; Davis, Benjamin; Corral, Leonardo.
In recent years, there has been increasing emphasis in the rural development literature on the multiple income-generating activities undertaken by rural households and the importance of assets in determining the capacity to undertake these activities. Controlling for endogeneity choice and applying Lee's generalization of Amemiya's two-step estimator to a simultaneous equation model, household returns to assets from multiple activities are explored for the Mexico ejido sector. To incorporate the multiple variables representing social and public capital into the analysis, factor analysis is used. The results indicate that the asset position of the household has a significant effect on household participation in income generating activities and returns to...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Livelihoods; Mexico; Social capital; Public capital; Agricultural households; Censored regression; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12898
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Health Care Reform and Farm Women’s Off-Farm Labor Force Participation: Evidence from Taiwan AgEcon
Liao, Pei-An; Taylor, J. Edward.
Do non-wage fringe benefits affect women’s off-farm work decisions? We test the impact of the 1995 introduction of universal National Health Insurance (NHI) in Taiwan on off-farm labor force participation (LFP) among farm wives. Our results, based on a difference-in- differences approach, indicate that employment-delinked NHI reduced farm wives’ off-farm LFP by 9.6 to 13.6 percentage points. The larger impact was for wives from small farm households. The health insurance reform had a larger negative impact on overall LFP among married women in agricultural households than in nonagricultural households.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural households; Difference-in-differences; Farm wives; Health care; Insurance; Labor force participation; Off-farm; Taiwan; Health Economics and Policy; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93218
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Multi-scale land use analysis for agricultural policy assessment International Rice Research Institute
Laborte, Alice G..
Powerpoint presentation; 44 slides
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Land use; Agricultural policies; Yields; Agricultural economics; Agricultural households; Innovation adoption; Philippines; Ilocos Norte.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10269/34
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Perpetuation of subsistence farming in Western Balkans: the role of factor market imperfections AgEcon
Latruffe, Laure; Davidova, Sophia; Desjeux, Yann.
The paper analyses the imperfections in output and factor markets in Kosovo that act as a barrier to farm commercialisation. On the one hand, agricultural households may not have access to output market due to an underdeveloped downstream sector. On the other, local producers might not be preferred to importers as their production level is small with a variable quality due to constraints in factor markets. Data from the Agricultural Household Survey 2005 are used. A conceptual framework is developed on the basis of a household model where non-separability results from a “wedge” between purchase and sale prices due to transaction costs. The share of the output sold in the total value of output is regressed over a set of explanatory variables. A truncated...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Subsistence farming; Agricultural households; Separability; Market imperfections; Kosovo; Q12.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36860
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Recommendations for Adjusting Weights for Zambia Post-Harvest Survey Data Series and Improving Estimation Methodology for Future Surveys AgEcon
Megill, David J..
The Central Statistical Office (CSO) has been conducting the Zambia Post-Harvest Survey (PHS) annually for about 15 years. This survey is one of the most important sources of data in Zambia for the annual production of crops and livestock, as well as socio-economic characteristics of agricultural households. The purpose of this report is to document the findings from this review of the PHS sampling, listing and estimation methodology and the proposed weight adjustment procedures, as well as to make recommendations for improving the methodology for the PHS and Crop Forecasting Survey (CFS) in the future.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Estimation methodology; Agricultural households; Crop Production/Industries; Q18.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54470
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Rural livelihoods in the EU new member states: subsistence production versus market integration AgEcon
Fredriksson, Lena; Davidova, Sophia; Bailey, Alastair.
Commercialisation of small farmers, of which many are subsistence farmers producing mainly for own consumption needs, is an important policy objective for the restructuring process of the farm structure in the EU New Member States (NMS). Drawing on primary survey data from five EU NMS, this paper first assesses the importance of subsistence farming in the NMS through the valuation of subsistence production at market prices. Secondly, the paper analyses the differences between subsistence and commercial households. Where previous studies normally classify households as subsistence or commercial based on a pre-defined threshold, the use of latent class regression in this paper represents a way to systematically analyse heterogeneous groups of households in a...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural households; Subsistence; Commercialisation; Market integration; Latent class regression; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Q12; Q18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94902
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Subsistence and Semi-subsistence Farming in Selected EU New Member States AgEcon
Davidova, Sophia; Fredriksson, Lena; Bailey, Alastair.
Factor and cluster analysis are used to analyse the attitudes and perceptions of agricultural households in five EU New Member States towards farming, commercialisation, and barriers to and drivers for an increased integration in agricultural markets. The contribution of unsold output to the total household income is valued. A stepwise linear regression is employed to detect important variables explaining the degree of agricultural market integration of farm households. The analysis indicates that subsistence farming is of utmost importance for the rural poor, and particularly in Bulgaria and Romania. The proportion of consumption from own production, manual cultivation techniques and distance to an urban centre negatively affect output sales. Rural...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural households; Subsistence; Commercialisation; Incomes; Cluster analysis; Stepwise regression; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Q12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52801
Registros recuperados: 9
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