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A methodological proposal for the recovery of palynomorphs from snow and ice samples Acta Botanica
Rodrigues,Luiz Antonio da Costa; Agostini,Kamila da Matta; Alencar,Alexandre Santos de; Mendonça,Cláudia Barbieri Ferreira; Carvalho,Marcelo Araújo de; Gonçalves-Esteves,Vania.
ABSTRACT The procedures for a set of techniques to recover grains of pollen 26 and spores from liquid samples are described. Liquefied samples of matrices, such as melting lakes, snow and ice, can provide a record of climatic and environmental events at different geographic and temporal scales. The need for standardization of techniques was demonstrated in research carried out with matrices of snow and water of thawing lakes and snow collected on King George and Joinville islands (Antarctica). The use of the methods described can permit increased rescue of palynomorphs from liquid matrices, thereby adding greater reliability to palynological data and its use as a biotracer of environmental events. Methods of sieving and centrifugation were tested, and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Antarctica; Ice; Spores; Snow; Technique to recover grains of pollen.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-33062018000400667
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A new deep-sea isopod from the Weddell Sea, Antarctica: Coperonus pinguis n. sp. (Crustacea, Isopoda, Munnopsidae) Naturalis
Brandt, Angelika.
A new species of Coperonus, C. pinguis, is described from the Antarctic deep sea. It is the first record of an Antarctic deep-sea species in this genus and the southernmost record of Coperonus.
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Taxonomy; Biogeography; Antarctica; Weddell Sea; Deep sea; Coperonus.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/503974
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A new mini box corer for sampling muddy bottoms in antarctic shallow waters BABT
Echeverría,Carlos Alejandro; Lavrado,Helena Passeri; Campos,Lúcia; Paiva,Paulo Cesar de.
A new Mini Box Corer (MBC-GEAMB) was developed for bottom sampling in Antarctic shallow waters down to 100 m depth from a small vessel. It consists of a detachable stainless steel box with a total sampling area of 0.0625 m², and a closing arm with a detachable blade without an external frame. MBC allowed stratified bottom sampling and good quality samples comparable to those obtained through diving. A comparison between the MBC-GEAMB and a 0.056 m²van Veen grab (VV) was undertaken for the benthic macrofaunal composition in Admiralty Bay, King George Island (Antarctica). MBC and VV samples were taken from three depths (20, 30 and 60m) in two sites. Total densities sampled with the MBC were up to 10 times higher than those obtained with van Veen grab. VV...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Mini box-corer; Antarctica; Benthos; Sampling.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132009000300015
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Actinobacteria from Antarctica as a source for anticancer discovery. Repositório Alice
SILVA, L. J. da; CREVELIN, E. J.; SOUZA, D. T.; LACERDA JÚNIOR, G. V.; OLIVEIRA, V. M.; RUIZ, A. L. T. G.; ROSA, L. H.; MORAES, L. A. B.; MELO, I. S. de.
Abstract: Although many advances have been achieved to treat aggressive tumours, cancer remains a leading cause of death and a public health problem worldwide. Among the main approaches for the discovery of new bioactive agents, the prospect of microbial secondary metabolites represents an effective source for the development of drug leads. In this study, we investigated the actinobacterial diversity associated with an endemic Antarctic species, Deschampsia antarctica, by integrated culture-dependent and culture-independent methods and acknowledged this niche as a reservoir of bioactive strains for the production of antitumour compounds. The 16S rRNA-based analysis showed the predominance of the Actinomycetales order, a well-known group of bioactive...
Tipo: Artigo de periódico Palavras-chave: Anticancer activity; Antitumoral activity; Bactéria não Patogênica; Câncer; Actinobacteria; Antarctica.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1128824
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Advanced insights into magmatism and volcanism of the Mozambique Ridge and Mozambique Basin in the view of new potential field data ArchiMer
Koenig, Matthias; Jokat, Wilfried.
P>A new plate tectonic model is presented which describes the emplacement of the Mozambique Ridge off southeast Africa as the result of long lasting volcanic activity (140-122 Ma) during the initial opening between Africa and Antarctica. Thus, an oceanic origin for the Mozambique Ridge is proposed. This model is based on a new and systematic high resolution magnetic anomaly data set acquired across the Mozambique Ridge and throughout the Mozambique Basin. Data from the Mozambique Basin allow the identification of Mesozoic magnetic anomalies from M0r to M26 (124.61-155.3 Ma) with previously unmatched accuracy. Small-scale fracture zones are recognized by offsets of magnetic anomalies in the westernmost part of the basin. Additionally, a bend in the major...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Magnetic anomalies: modelling and interpretation; Marine magnetics and palaeomagnetics; Oceanic plateaus and microcontinents; Large igneous provinces; Africa; Antarctica.
Ano: 2010 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00231/34261/32626.pdf
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Antarctic climate change and the environment ArchiMer
Convey, P.; Bindschadler, R.; Di Prisco, G.; Fahrbach, E.; Gutt, J.; Hodgson, D. A.; Mayewski, P. A.; Summerhayes, C. P.; Turner, J.; ACCE CONSORTIUM.
The Antarctic climate system varies on timescales from orbital, through millennial to sub-annual, and is closely coupled to other parts of the global climate system. We review these variations from the perspective of the geological and glaciological records and the recent historical period from which we have instrumental data (similar to the last 50 years). We consider their consequences for the biosphere, and show how the latest numerical models project changes into the future, taking into account human actions in the form of the release of greenhouse gases and chlorofluorocarbons into the atmosphere. In doing so, we provide an essential Southern Hemisphere companion to the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Antarctica; Biology; Environmental change; Geology; Glaciology; Southern Ocean.
Ano: 2009 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00292/40357/82998.pdf
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Antarctic icebergs: A significant natural ocean sound source in the Southern Hemisphere ArchiMer
Matsumoto, Haru; Bohnenstiehl, Delwayne R.; Tournadre, Jean; Dziak, Robert P.; Haxel, Joseph H.; Lau, T. -k. A.; Fowler, Matt; Salo, Sigrid A..
In late 2007, two massive icebergs, C19a and B15a, drifted into open water and slowly disintegrated in the southernmost Pacific Ocean. Archived acoustic records show that the high-intensity underwater sounds accompanying this breakup increased ocean noise levels at mid-to-equatorial latitudes over a period of ∼1.5 years. More typically, seasonal variations in ocean noise, which are characterized by austral summer-highs and winter-lows, appear to be modulated by the annual cycle of Antarctic iceberg drift and subsequent disintegration. This seasonal pattern is observed in all three Oceans of the Southern Hemisphere. The life cycle of Antarctic icebergs affects not only marine ecosystem but also the sound environment in far-reaching areas and must be...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Antarctica; Iceberg; Ocean noise; Seasonality; Trend.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00205/31613/30035.pdf
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Antarctic palaeo-ice streams ArchiMer
Livingstone, Stephen J.; Cofaigh, Colm O.; Stokes, Chris R.; Hillenbrand, Claus-dieter; Vieli, Andreas; Jamieson, Stewart S. R..
We review the geomorphological, sedimentological and chronological evidence for palaeo-ice streams on the continental shelf of Antarctica and use this information to investigate basal conditions and processes, and to identify factors controlling grounding-line retreat. A comprehensive circum-Antarctic inventory of known palaeo-ice streams, their basal characteristics and minimum ages for their retreat following the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) is also provided. Antarctic palaeo-ice streams are identified by a set of diagnostic landforms that, nonetheless, display considerable spatial variability due to the influence of substrate, flow velocity and subglacial processes. During the LGM, palaeo-ice streams extended, via bathymetric troughs, to the shelf edge of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Antarctica; Ice stream; Grounding-line retreat; Glacial geomorphology; Deglacial history.
Ano: 2012 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00266/37684/82771.pdf
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Antarctic Sea Ice Proxies from Marine and Ice Core Archives Suitable for Reconstructing Sea Ice over the past 2000 Years ArchiMer
Thomas, Elizabeh R; Allen, Claire S; Etourneau, Johan; King, Amy Cf; Severi, Mirko; Winton, V. Holly L.; Mueller, Juliane; Crosta, Xavier; Peck, Victoria L..
Dramatic changes in sea ice have been observed in both poles in recent decades. However, the observational period for sea ice is short, and the climate models tasked with predicting future change in sea ice struggle to capture the current Antarctic trends. Paleoclimate archives, from marine sedimentary records and coastal Antarctic ice cores, provide a means of understanding sea ice variability and its drivers over decadal to centennial timescales. In this study, we collate published records of Antarctic sea ice over the past 2000 years (2 ka). We evaluate the current proxies and explore the potential of combining marine and ice core records to produce multi-archive reconstructions. Despite identifying 92 sea ice reconstructions, the spatial and temporal...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sea ice; Antarctica; Paleoclimate; Ice cores; Marine sediments.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00595/70709/68916.pdf
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Antarctic sponges (Porifera, Demospongiae) of the South Shetland Islands and vicinity: part I. Spirophorida, Astrophorida, Hadromerida, Halichondrida and Haplosclerida Zoologia
Campos,Maurício; Mothes,Beatriz; Veitenheimer Mendes,Inga L..
The aim of this work is to redescribe 11 species of sponges collected through the Brazilian Antarctic Program (PROANTAR), at the South Shetland Islands and vicinity. New information is provided on the Antarctic sponge fauna, in regard to species richness and the geographical and bathymetric distributions of identified species. The following species were identified and are here illustrated and fully described: Cinachyra antarctica (Carter, 1872), Cinachyra barbata Sollas, 1886, Craniella leptoderma (Sollas, 1886), Tethyopsis longispinum (Lendenfeld, 1907), Polymastia invaginata Kirkpatrick, 1907, Homaxinella balfourensis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886), Suberites montiniger Carter, 1880, Halichondria (Eumastia) attenuata (Topsent, 1915), Haliclona...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Antarctica; PROANTAR; Taxonomy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-81752007000300021
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Antarctic sponges (Porifera, Demospongiae) of the South Shetland Islands and vicinity: part II. Poecilosclerida Zoologia
Campos,Maurício; Mothes,Beatriz; Veitenheimer Mendes,Inga L..
In the present study 16 species are registered for the South Shetland Islands and vicinity: Acanthorhabdus fragilis Burton, 1929, Iophon unicornis Topsent, 1907, Clathria (Axosuberites) flabellata (Topsent, 1916), Clathria (Axosuberites) nidificata (Kirkpatrick, 1907), Kirkpatrickia variolosa (Kirkpatrick, 1907), Myxodoryx hanitschi (Kirkpatrick, 1907), Iotroata somovi (Koltun, 1964), Tedania (Tedaniopsis) charcoti (Topsent, 1907), Tedania (Tedaniopsis) vanhoffeni (Hentschel, 1914), Tedania (Tedaniopsis) oxeata (Topsent, 1916), Isodictya kerguelenensis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886), Isodictya lankesteri (Kirkpatrick, 1907), Isodictya toxophila Burton, 1932, Isodictya bentarti Ríos, Cristobo & Urgorri, 2004, Latrunculia (Latrunculia) brevis Ridley...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Antarctica; New occurrences; PROANTAR; Taxonomy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-81752007000300027
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Antarctic tourism: Environmental concerns and the importance of Antarctica's natural attractions for tourists AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A..
This article provides general background on the development of tourism in Antarctica and environmental concerns raised by it. However, the major part of it reports on and interprets the results from a survey of tourists visiting Antarctica on a cruise ship. Particular attention is given to the socioeconomic profiles of these tourists, their stated level of knowledge of Antarctica before and after their visit, the relative importance to these visitors of seeing different species of Antarctic wildlife and whether or not the opportunity of seeing Antarctic wildlife was of critical importance for their decision to visit Antarctica. The relative valuation by the sampled tourist of features of their Antarctic cruise is explored along with changes in their...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Antarctica; Antarctica’s natural attractions; Cruise ships in Antarctica; Environmental conservation in Antarctica; Tourism in Antarctica; Wildlife conservation in Antarctica.; Consumer/Household Economics; Environmental Economics and Policy; L83; Q26; Q57.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97469
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Antarctic Tourists: A Case Study of Their Evaluation of Antarctic Wildlife and Environmental Issues AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A.; Wilson, Clevo; Kriwoken, Lorne.
Reports the results of surveys of Antarctic cruise ship passengers on the ‘Akademik Ioffe’ who undertook their Antarctic journey in January 2003. The prime purposes of the surveys were to determine the socio-economic profile of these travellers, evaluate the importance of Antarctic wildlife for their travel, their attitude to Antarctic wildlife conservation as well as environmental issues involving Antarctica, both prior to their tourist visit to Antarctica and following it. This paper reports on the socio-economic profile of respondents, their willingness to pay for their Antarctic trip, and their knowledge of Antarctica. The comparative importance of Antarctic wildlife as a factor motivating respondents to undertake their journey is assessed and the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Antarctic wildlife conservation; Environmental issues; Willingness to pay; Antarctica; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48980
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Antarctic Tourists, Wildlife and the Environment: Attractions and Reactions to Antarctica AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A.; Wilson, Clevo.
Provides background on the development and nature of Antarctic tourism and associated environmental issues, as well as agreements and regulations affecting environmental management in Antarctica. Following an outline of the survey methodology and provision of information on the socioeconomic profiles of the respondents, results of a survey of Antarctic tourists on the Russian registered ship the ‘Akademik Ioffe’ are reported. The importance of Antarctic wildlife as an attraction for these Antarctic tourists is then given particular attention. The study considers amongst other things how important Antarctic wildlife was in convincing these tourists to undertake their trip to Antarctica, the importance to the tourists of seeing different species of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Antarctica; Tourism; Wildlife; Antarctic Treaty; Madrid Protocol; Environmental protection.; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51295
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Antibacterial activity of the Antarctic bacterium Janthinobacterium sp: SMN 33.6 against multi-resistant Gram-negative bacteria Electron. J. Biotechnol.
Asencio,Geraldine; Lavin,Paris; Alegría,Karen; Domínguez,Mariana; Bello,Helia; González-Rocha,Gerardo; González-Aravena,Marcelo.
Background The increment of resistant strains to commonly used antibiotics in clinical practices places in evidence the urgent need to search for new compounds with antibacterial activity. The adaptations that Antarctic microorganisms have developed, due to the extreme environment that they inhabit, promote them as a potential new source of active compounds for the control of microorganisms causing infections associated with health care. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial activity of an ethanol extract of the Antarctic bacterium Janthinobacterium sp., strain SMN 33.6, against nosocomial multi-resistant Gram-negative bacteria. Results Inhibitory activity against human Gram-negative bacterial pathogens, with concentrations that varied...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Antarctica; Antimicrobial; Antibiotic resistance; Bacterial pigment.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-34582014000100001
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Antropogenic radionuclides in plants, animals and their environments in Antarctica IBSS Repository
Giuliani, S.; Triulz, C.; Vaghi, M..
In the framework of the Italian National Research Program in Antarctica (PNRA), the Laboratory of Radioecology of the University of Parma developed from 1987 several researches on terrestrial and marine samples. At first the prin-cipal aim was the study of 90Sr, 137Cs, 238Pu, 239+240Pu and 241Am concentrations in samples of soil, ice, seawater and biota collected near the Italian Antarctic Base (Ross Sea, Terra Nova Bay).
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Antarctica; Pollution; 137Cs; 239+240Pu; 238Pu and 241Am; Антарктика; Загрязнение Pollution Pollution http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6077.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://repository.ibss.org.ua/dspace/handle/99011/39
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Biodiversidad y distribución temporal de zooplancton gelatinoso en bahía Fildes OceanDocs
Mora, G..
El proyecto “Biodiversidad y distribución temporal de zooplancton gelatinoso en bahía Fildes”, perteneciente al Programa de Apoyo a Tesis en Temas Antárticos, organizado por el INACH, aportará información sobre la fluctuación temporal, de corto plazo, de los principales grupos de zooplancton gelatinoso (medusas, sifonóforos, quetognatos, ctenóforos y salpas) y su asociación con las variables ambientales de temperatura y salinidad.
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Zooplankton; Biodiversity; Antarctica.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/4502
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Cephalopoda as prey of juvenile Southern elephant seals at Isla 25 de Mayo/King George, South Shetland Islands Iheringia, Sér. Zool.
Burdman,Luciana; Daneri,Gustavo A.; Negrete,Javier; Mennucci,Jorge A.; Marquez,Maria E. I..
The aim of the present study was to enhance the knowledge of the feeding habits of the juvenile component of the population of Southern elephant seals [Mirounga leonina (Linnaeus, 1758)] from Isla 25 de Mayo, South Shetland Islands, age class whose diet information is scarce. A total of 60 individuals were stomach lavaged in the spring - summer seasons of three consecutive years (2003, 2004 and 2005) of which 53.3 % (n = 32) presented food remnants. The Antarctic glacial squid Psychroteuthis glacialis Thiele, 1921 was the dominant prey taxon in terms of frequency of occurrence (68.7%), numerical abundance (60.1%) and biomass (51.5%), contributing 84.1% to the total relative importance index. Other squid prey species of importance were Slosarczykovia...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Mirounga; Diet; Antarctica.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0073-47212015000100012
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Checklist of the Discomycetes (Fungi) of Patagonia, Tierra del Fuego and adjacent antarctic areas Darwiniana
Gamundí,Irma J.; Minter,David W.; Romero,Andrea I.; Barrera,Viviana A.; Giaiotti,Andreina L.; Messuti,María I.; Stecconi,Marina.
Information about fungi of the orders Cyttariales, Helotiales, Ostropales, Pezizales, Rhytismatales and Thelebolales (Discomycetes) collected in Patagonia, Tierra del Fuego and adjacent antarctic areas (Patagonia), and information about their associated organisms was located, abstracted, keyboarded, edited and validated. The largest single information sources were dried reference collections in Argentina and elsewhere, and published information as listed in this work's bibliography. Other records were derived from fresh collections, other reference collections and field observations. Information is stored in a computerized system of relational databases for taxonomic, nomenclatural, bibliographic and biological observations data. This system allows storage...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Discomycetes; Patagonia; Tierra del Fuego; Antarctica; Checklist.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0011-67932004000100006
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Chemical characterization of exopolysaccharides from Antarctic marine bacteria ArchiMer
Nichols, Carol; Lardiere, Sandrine; Bowman, John; Nichols, Peter; Gibson, John; Guezennec, Jean.
Exopolysaccharides (EPS) may have an important role in the Antarctic marine environment, possibly acting as ligands for trace metal nutrients such as iron or providing cryoprotection for growth at low temperature and high salinity. Ten bacterial strains, isolated from Southern Ocean particulate material or from sea ice, were characterized. Whole cell fatty acid profiles and 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the isolates included representatives of the genera Pseudoalteromonas, Shewanella, Polaribacter, and Flavobacterium as well as one strain, which constituted a new bacterial genus in the family Flavobacteriaceae. The isolates are, therefore, members of the "Gammaproteobacteria" and Cytophaga-Flexibacter-Bacteroides, the taxonomic groups that have been...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marine particulates; Sea ice; Marine bacteria; Antarctica; Exopolysaccharides.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-623.pdf
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