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A 5.3‐million‐year history of monsoonal precipitation in northwestern Australia ArchiMer
Stuut, Jan‐berend W.; De Deckker, Patrick; Saavedra‐pellitero, Mariem; Bassinot, Franck; Drury, Anna‐joy; Walczak, Maureen H.; Nagashima, Kana; Murayama, Masafumi.
New proxy records from deep‐sea sediment cores from the northwestern continental margin of Western Australian reveal a 5.3 million‐year (Ma) history of aridity and tropical‐monsoon activity in northwestern Australia. Following the warm and dry early Pliocene (~5.3 Ma), the northwestern Australian continent experienced a gradual increase in humidity peaking at about 3.8 Ma with higher than present‐day rainfall. Between 3.8 and about 2.8 Ma, climate became progressively more arid with more rainfall variability. Coinciding with the onset of the northern hemisphere glaciations and the intensification of the northern hemisphere monsoon, aridity continued to increase overall from 2.8 Ma until today, with greater variance in precipitation and an increased...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Paleoclimate; Monsoon; Australia; Runoff; Pliocene; Quaternary.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00502/61384/65035.pdf
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A cognitive psychological approach of analyzing preference uncertainty in contingent valuation AgEcon
Akter, Sonia; Bennett, Jeffrey W..
The sources of preference uncertainty in contingent valuation (CV) studies have rarely been investigated from a theoretical standpoint. This paper proposes a holistic theoretical framework of preference uncertainty that combines microeconomic theory with the theories of cognitive psychology. Empirical testing of the proposed theoretical model was carried out in Australia in the context of a national ‘Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme (CPRS)’ to be introduced in 2010. Two separate ordered probit models for a certainty score associated with CV ‘Yes’ and ‘No’ responses were estimated. The results of the estimated regression models provide evidence supporting the hypotheses drawn from the theoretical model.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Contingent valuation; Preference uncertainty; Cognitive uncertainty; Climate change; Australia.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47938
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A comparative review of fisheries management experiences in the European Union and in other countries worldwide: Iceland, Australia, and New Zealand ArchiMer
Marchal, Paul; Andersen, Jesper Levring; Aranda, Martin; Fitzpatrick, Mike; Goti, Leyre; Guyader, Olivier; Haraldsson, Gunnar; Hatcher, Aaron; Hegland, Troels Jacob; Le Floc H, Pascal; Macher, Claire; Malvarosa, Loretta; Maravelias, Christos D.; Mardle, Simon; Murillas, Arantza; Nielsen, J. Rasmus; Sabatella, Rosaria; Smith, Anthony D. M.; Stokes, Kevin; Thoegersen, Thomas; Ulrich, Clara.
This study compares the details and performance of fisheries management between the EU and a selection of other countries worldwide: Iceland, New Zealand, and Australia, which are considered in many respects to be among the most advanced in the world in fisheries management. Fisheries management in the EU, Iceland, Australia, and New Zealand has developed following different paths, despite being based on similar instruments and principles. Iceland, Australia, and New Zealand have been at the forefront of developing management practices such as stakeholder involvement, legally binding management targets (Australia, New Zealand), individual transferable quotas, and discard bans (Iceland, New Zealand). The EU has since the beginning of the 21st century taken...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Australia; Comparative review; European Union; Fisheries management; Iceland; New Zealand.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00312/42305/41699.pdf
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A Comparative Study of China's and Australia's Cotton Production AgEcon
Zhao, Xufu; Tisdell, Clement A..
After providing information about the global importance of cotton as a textile and China’s and Australia’s contribution to global cotton production, this paper examines and compares trends in the time-series of cotton production of China and Australia for the period 1980-2007. In doing so, it takes account of changes in the area planted with cotton and its yield. Correlation estimates and decomposition analysis are used to determine the relative contribution to variations in the total output of cotton of changes in the total area planted with cotton and its yield in both countries. These relative contributions are found to be quite different for Australia and China. In addition, there is a comparative analysis of fluctuations in the production of cotton,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Australia; Agricultural economics; China; Cotton production; Cotton supply responses; Fibre markets; Fluctuations in agricultural production; Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade; Q00; Q10; Q11; Q13; Q18; Q19.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90622
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A framework for efficient wastewater treatment and recycling systems AgEcon
Mekala, Gayathri Devi; Davidson, Brian; Samad, Madar; Boland, Anne-Maree.
Use of un-treated/partially treated wastewater for irrigation in the dry countries of Asia and Africa and recycling of treated wastewater in the water scarce developed countries has become a common practice due to various reasons. While the lack of wastewater treatment to appropriate levels before use is a major problem in developing countries, the high cost of wastewater recycling is the major problem in developed countries. The current paper is part of a doctoral research and presents the conceptual framework for the research and the methodology that can be used to tackle the problems associated with wastewater recycling.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Water reuse; Wastewater; Recycling; Pricing; Water allocation; Cost benefit analysis; Wastewater irrigation; Developing countries; Developed countries; Case studies; India; Australia; Hyderabad; Melbourne; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Farm Management; Production Economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46387
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A History of the Organic Agriculture Movement in Australia Organic Eprints
Paull, John.
Australia’s involvement in the organic movement is dated from 1928 in this account. There have been four ‘waves’ of organic advocacy in Australia. The First Wave (1920s & 1930s) follows Rudolf Steiner’s 1924 call at Koberwitz (now Kobierzyce, Poland) for a differentiated agriculture. Australian anthroposophists, beginning with Ernesto Genoni, responded to this call by joining Steiner’s Agricultural Experimental Circle (AEC) of Anthroposophical Farmers and Gardeners which was coordinated from Dornach, Switzerland by Dr Ehrenfried Pfeiffer. Bob Williams presented the first public lecture on biodynamics at the home of Walter Burley and Marion Mahoney Griffin at Castlecrag (Sydney) in 1938. The Second Wave of organic agriculture in Australia (1940s &...
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Australia; History of organics; Country reports.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/26110/7/26110.pdf
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A new genus and species of soft coral (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea: Alcyoniidae) from Lord Howe Island, Australia Naturalis
Alderslade, P..
Lohowia koosi, a new species and new genus in the family Alcyoniidae, is described from Lord Howe Island, Australia. The new taxon has dimorphic polyps and a similar morphology to some of the flat, lobe-less nominal species of Lobophytum. The new taxon is clearly distinguished, however, by the possession of large, heavily armed autozooids, polypary surface sclerites in the form of large spindles that protrude through the surface, extremely large interior sclerites and base surface sclerites in the form of rods, spindles and ovals.
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Coelenterata; Cnidaria; Octocorallia; Alcyoniidae; Alcyonacea; Lohowia; New species; New genus; Australia; Lord Howe Island; 42.79.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/220290
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A new species of Aulacocyclus from Australia (Coleoptera: Passalidae) Naturalis
Doesburg, P.H. van.
A new species belonging to the passalid genus Aulacocyclus is described from Australia.
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Insecta; Coleoptera; Passalidae; Aulacocyclus spec. nov.; Australia; 42.75.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/319356
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A new species of Cleome from northwestern Australia (Capparaceae) Naturalis
Craven, L.A.; Lepschi, B.J.; Fryxell, P.A..
Cleome arenitensis is newly described and compared to the allied C. uncifera. An identification key is provided for the species of Cleome occurring in Australia.
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Australia; Capparaceae; Cleome; Identification key; New species.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/526028
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A preliminary molecular phylogeny of shield-bearer moths (Lepidoptera: Adeloidea: Heliozelidae) highlights rich undescribed diversity Naturalis
Milla, L.; Nieukerken, E.J. van; Vijverberg, R.; Doorenweerd, C.; Wilcox, S.A.; Halsey, M.; Young, D.A.; Jones, T.M.; Kallies, A.; Hilton, D.J..
Heliozelidae are a widespread, evolutionarily early diverging family of small, day-flying monotrysian moths, for which a comprehensive phylogeny is lacking. We generated the first molecular phylogeny of the family using DNA sequences of two mitochondrial genes (COI and COII) and two nuclear genes (H3 and 28S) from 130 Heliozelidae specimens, including eight of the twelve known genera: Antispila, Antispilina, Coptodisca, Heliozela, Holocacista, Hoplophanes, Pseliastis, and Tyriozela. Our results provide strong support for five major Heliozelidae clades: (i) a large widespread clade containing the leaf-mining genera Antispilina, Coptodisca and Holocacista and some species of Antispila, (ii) a clade containing most of the described Antispila, (iii) a clade...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Lepidoptera; Multilocus phylogeny; Taxonomy; Family-level phylogeny; Australia.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/648837
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A retrospective analysis of the effects of adopting individual transferable quotas in the Tasmanian red rock lobster, Jasus edwardsii, fishery ArchiMer
Hamon, Katell; Thebaud, Olivier; Frusher, Stewart; Little, L. Richard.
Individual transferable quotas (ITQ) were implemented in the Tasmanian red rock lobster fishery in 1998 and ten years later we assessed the impacts on the fishery. Particular attention was devoted to investigating the performances of the fishery with regard to three features identified as major impacts in the literature: rationalization of the fishing fleet, change in fishing strategy in order to maximise the fisher's profit and concentration of fishing rights and activity. On average, the fishery reacted as expected and reached its objective in terms of reconstruction of the biomass, but the overall assessment in terms of resulting profitability is not very conclusive. There is no evidence of decrease of the profitability over the period of the study but...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: ITQ; Economic effects; Red rock lobster fishery; Jasus edwardsii; Australia.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00000/11173/7529.pdf
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A revision of the tribe Planitorini van Achterberg (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Euphorinae), with description of a new genus from Australia Naturalis
Achterberg, C. van; Quicke, D.L.J.; Boring, C.A..
The tribe Planitorini van Achterberg (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Euphorinae) is revised. One new genus Paramannokeraia gen. n. (type species: P. gibsoni sp. n.) and five new species from Australia are described and illustrated: Mannokeraia albipalpis van Achterberg, sp. n., M. nigrita van Achterberg, sp. n., M. punctata van Achterberg, sp. n., Paramannokeraia gibsoni van Achterberg & Quicke, sp. n. and P. juliae van Achterberg, sp. n. The tribe Mannokeraiini van Achterberg, 1995, is synonymized with the tribe Planitorini (syn. n.).
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Braconidae; Euphorinae; Planitorini; Mannokeraiini; Paramannokeraia; Mannokeraia; Planitorus; Key; New genus; New species; Distribution; Australia.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/644330
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A taxonomic revision of Bulbophyllum, sections Adelopetalum, Lepanthanthe, Macrouris, Pelma, Peltopus, and Uncifera (Orchidaceae) Naturalis
Vermeulen, J.J..
A revision is presented of six sections of the genus Bulbophyllum (Orchidaceae): sect. Adelopetalum (mainly occurring in Australia), sect. Lepanthanthe, sect. Macrouris, sect. Pelma, sect. Peltopus, and sect. Uncifera (all mainly occurring in New Guinea). Together these include 110 species and 9 subspecies. Fortyseven species and 4 subspecies are new; they are either described in this revision or in precursors to this revision. The genus Dactylorhynchus is reduced to Bulbophyllum. Keys to the species, as well as synonymy, descriptions and illustrations of each species are provided. Some aspects of the morphology of the plants are discussed. A cladistic analysis of each revised section is given. A method to select the closest outgroup species from a number...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Orchidaceae; Bulbophyllum; East Malesia; New Guinea; Australia; Cladistics; Biogeography.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/509470
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Advances in research and development of mango industry Rev. Bras. Frutic.
Bally,Ian S. E..
World mango production is spread over 100 countries that produce over 34.3 million tons of fruit annually. Eighty percent of this production is based in the top nine producing nations that also consume upward of 90% of their production domestically. One to 2 percent of fruit is traded internationally in to markets in the European Community, USA, Arabian Peninsula and Asia. This paper outlines some of the recent research and development advances in mango breeding and genomics, rootstock development, disease management and harvest technologies that are influencing the production and quality of mango fruit traded domestically and internationally.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Australia; Breeding; Molecular markers; Rootstocks; Anthracnose; Harvesting; Sap-burn.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-29452011000500008
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Affinities of the family Sollasellidae (Porifera, Demospongiae). I. Morphological evidence Naturalis
Soest, R.W.M. van; Hooper, J.N.A.; Beglinger, E.; Erpenbeck, D..
Comparison of Sollasella digitata Lendenfeld, 1888, up until the present assigned to its own family Sollasellidae Lendenfeld, 1887 in the order Hadromerida, and Raspailopsis cervicornis Burton, 1959, assigned to Raspailiidae Nardo, 1833 in the order Poecilosclerida, leads to the conclusion that both should be considered congeneric and are best assigned to a single genus Sollasella. This conclusion is based on examination of habit and skeletal characters of the type material of S. digitata and both type and freshly collected material of S. cervicornis. The conclusion is strengthened by the discovery of a new species, Sollasella moretonensis n.sp. collected in North Australia (primarily in the northeastern coast, but also an isolated record from the...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Sponges; Classification; Sollasellidae; Raspailiidae; Sollasella; Raspailopsis; Australia; Oman; 42.72.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/214536
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Agricultura irrigada: desafios e oportunidades para o desenvolvimento sustentável. Infoteca-e
RODRIGUES, L. N.; DOMINGUES, A. F..
RESUMO: O livro está organizado em cinco partes. A parte I trás cinco capítulos técnicos, sendo os três primeiros sobre a agricultura irrigada no Brasil e os dois últimos sobre a agricultura irrigada na Espanha e na Austrália, respectivamente. O capítulo I apresenta uma abordagem geral e ampla sobre agricultura irrigada e aponta caminhos para a produção sustentável de alimento. O capítulo II destaca a evolução da irrigação no Brasil e no mundo. O capítulo III apresenta os desafios e oportunidades da agricultura irrigada no Nordeste do Brasil. O capítulo IV destaca as boas práticas e lições aprendidas da irrigação na Espanha e, por fim, no último capítulo técnico, apresenta-se uma visão da agricultura irrigada na Austrália. A parte II do livro apresenta o...
Tipo: Livro técnico (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Estado da arte; Boas práticas; Brasil; Estados Unidos; Espanha; Agricultura irrigada; Recursos hídricos; Desenvolvimento sustentável; Australia.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/1081898
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Agricultural Policy Reform and Industry Adjustment in Australia and New Zealand AgEcon
Harris, David N.; Rae, Allan N..
Some sectors of Australian and New Zealand farming have been heavily assisted in the past. New Zealand underwent an economy-wide deregulation in the mid-to-late 980s that included abrupt removal of practically all agricultural assistance. Policy reform in Australia has been more gradual and is industry focused, but in some cases substantial industry assistance has been withdrawn. Deregulation of the Australian dairy industry, and that of the sheep and beef sector in New Zealand, are discussed as case studies of these deregulations. Conclusions are drawn from these experiences, a major one being that previously-assisted farmers can successfully make the transition to market-driven agriculture.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural adjustment; Policy reform; Australia; New Zealand; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15762
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An annotated index to names of Odonata used in publications by M. A. Lieftinck Naturalis
Tol, J. van.
An index to all names of Odonata mentioned in publications of Maurits Anne Lieftinck (19041985) is provided. Lieftinck mainly published on the Odonata faunas of the Indo-Australian and Palaearctic regions. He revised many genera, described over 600 species and also examined hundreds of primary types of previously described species. He included with his descriptions and revisions accurate line illustrations and carefully composed lists of synonymies and references. The index to his works is therefore a key to nearly the full literature of Indo-Australian Odonata, as well as to valuable museum collections of, especially Indo-Australian, Odonata.
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Index; Odonata; Malesia; Australia; Palaearctic; Bibliography; Maurits Anne Lieftinck.; 42.75.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/317789
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An Assessment of the Economic, Environmental and Social Impacts of the Ricecheck Program AgEcon
Singh, Rajinder Pal; Brennan, John P.; Lacy, John; Steel, Felicity.
Ricecheck, a best management practices extension program for rice production in Australia, was developed by the NSW Department of Primary Industries advisory staff, Finley, in 1986. The program is based on eight best management practice recommendations called ‘Key Checks’ that are considered essential for achieving high yields. Economic analysis of the program reveals that there are significant financial, social and environment benefits from the adoption of the program. The results further reveal that the funds invested since 1986 by both NSW Department of Primary Industries and the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation have been sound investments.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Rice; Extension; Economic; Evaluation; Australia; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q160.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42652
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An Equilibrium Displacement Model of the Australian Sheep and Wool Industries AgEcon
Mounter, Stuart W.; Griffith, Garry R.; Piggott, Roley R.; Fleming, Euan M.; Zhao, Xueyan.
This report documents the specification of an equilibrium displacement model (EDM) of the Australian sheep and wool industries. The model is capable of estimating and comparing the potential benefits from R&D and generic promotion investments, and other policy changes, in the different sectors and markets of the Australian sheep and wool industries. Inclusive in the model are the multiple components of the Australian sheep and wool industries to account for cross-product interactions not considered in most previous studies. A high degree of industry disaggregation within the model enables estimation of the distribution of the potential benefits among the various industry sectors and across different regional environments. A number of hypothetical...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Wool; Sheep meat; Research and development; Economic; Evaluation; Australia; Agribusiness; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q160.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37663
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