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Análisis de la situación de seguridad, soberanía alimentaria y nutricional de la Cooperativa Flor de Pancasan 8 de Marzo, durante el periodo 2006-2009. Colegio de Postgraduados
Rodriguez Flores, Edwin Francisco.
El objetivo de esta investigación fue evaluar el impacto de los procesos de intervención de entidades de desarrollo las actividades productivas en la seguridad y soberanía alimentaria y nutricional propias de los socios (as) de la cooperativa Flor de Pancasan 8 de Marzo durante el periodo 2006 – 2009. El tema se aborda en dos momentos a saber, primero el impacto que han tenido los procesos de intervención de las entidades de desarrollo que tuvieron presencia en la zona de Pancasan, y en un segundo momento, las actividades productivas desarrolladas por los socios (as) de la cooperativa en el tema. El tipo de muestreo utilizado fue el Aleatorio Simple Estratificado, obteniendo una muestra estadística de 89 entrevistas aplicándolas a 14 de las 18 comunidades...
Palavras-chave: Seguridad alimentaria; Cooperativa; Disponibilidad; Acceso; Consumo; Food security; Cooperative; Availability; Access; Consumption; EDAR; Desarrollo Rural Territorial Sustentable CP-UNAN; Maestría Tecnológica.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/365
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Biological availability of sediment-bound trace metals. ArchiMer
Luoma, S.
It has been established that direct uptake of (at least some) trace metals from sediments contributes to metal concentrations in benthic organisms. Important controls on metal uptake from sediment are the concentration of the exposure, the partitioning of the metals among components of the sediment, and the redox potential of the sediment. Important problems in ecology, physiology, geochemistry and biogeochemistry remain unresolved, however, and a concentrated interdisciplinary research effort will be necessary before a complete understanding of the fate and impact of sediment-bound metals will be possible.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bioaccumulation; Benthos; Food webs; Biogeochemical cycle; Sediments; Availability; Trace metals.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1985/acte-1302.pdf
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Copper and zinc accumulation, fractionation and migration in vineyard soils from Santa Catarina State, Brazil Bragantia
Brunetto,Gustavo; Comin,Jucinei Jose; Miotto,Alcione; Moraes,Marcel Pires de; Sete,Paula Beatriz; Schmitt,Djalma Eugênio; Gatiboni,Luciano Colpo; Melo,George Wellington Bastos de; Morais,Gildean Portela.
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to evaluate Cu and Zn migration and fractions in sandy soil of vineyards. In Urussanga (SC), Brazil, soil samples were collected from a 4-year-old and 15-yearold vineyard, and from a forested area. In the soils, the chemical characteristics of Cu and Zn were analyzed by the EDTA method, which determines the fraction available in soil; 3050B method of the USEPA for total concentrations, which represents the pseudo-soil contents in the soil; and chemical fractionation, which estimates soluble fraction, exchangeable fraction, fraction associated with clay minerals, fraction associated with organic matter and residual fraction. The results show that there is accumulation of Cu and Zn in sandy soils cultivated with...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Availability; Chemical fractionation; Toxicity; Environmental contamination; Vitisvinifera.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0006-87052018000100141
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Copper and zinc accumulation, fractionation and migration in vineyard soils from Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Repositório Alice
BRUNETTO, G.; COMIM, J. J.; MIOTTO, A.; MORAES, M. P.; SETE, P. B.; SCHMITT, D. E.; GATIBONI, L. C.; MELO, G. W. B. de; MORAIS, G. P..
The purpose of this study was to evaluate Cu and Zn migration and fractions in sandy soil of vineyards. In Urussanga (SC), Brazil, soil samples were collected from a 4-year-old and 15-yearold vineyard, and from a forested area. In the soils, the chemical characteristics of Cu and Zn were analyzed by the EDTA method, which determines the fraction available in soil; 3050B method of the USEPA for total concentrations, which represents the pseudosoil contents in the soil; and chemical fractionation, which estimates soluble fraction, exchangeable fraction, fraction associated with clay minerals, fraction associated with organic matter and residual fraction. The results show that there is accumulation of Cu and Zn in sandy soils cultivated with grapevines and...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Availability; Chemical fractionation; Environmental contamination; Vitisvinifera; Toxicity; Copper; Zinc; Vineyard soils.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1103348
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Distribución del fitoplancton en el Estrecho Bransfield, Bahía Chile y Paso Drake, durante el verano austral 1998 (Antártida) OceanDocs
Tapia, M.E.; Torres Ch., G..
El principal objetivo fue de conocer la disponibilidad de la reserva alimenticia (fitoplancton), como un factor que puede influenciar la distribución y abundancia del krill antártico, registrados durante la VII Expedición Ecuatoriana a la Antártida en enero/1998 en el B/I ORION (INOCAR). La biomasa fitoplanctónica en el Estrecho Bransfield, registró altas concentraciones hacia el sur oeste del estrecho dominado principalmente por Cryptomonas spp. entre 1000.000 a 2200.000 cel/l, las menores concentraciones se registraron hacia las Islas Shetland del Sur entre 575.000 a 693.000 cel/l. compuestas principalmente por las diatomeas, Nitzschia delicatissima, N. longissima, Thalassiosira spp., y el Dinoflagelado gymnodinium spp., los cuales se presentaron...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Distribution; Availability; Abundance; Diatoms; Phytoplankton; El Nino phenomena; Distribution; Phytoplankton; Diatoms.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/3852
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Does diet in Celtic Sea fishes reflect prey availability? ArchiMer
Pinnegar, J; Trenkel, Verena; Tidd, A; Dawson, W; Du Buit, M.
Feeding preferences of Celtic Sea fishes were investigated using a database of stomach content records, collected between 1977 and 1994. The diet of cod Gadus morhua, hake Merluccius merluccius, megrim Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis, whiting Merlangius merlangus and saithe Pollachius virens changed markedly as the animals grew larger, and although large predators generally chose larger bodied prey, the variability of prey sizes consumed also increased. Large predators continued to select small, low value, benthic prey (e.g. Callionymus spp. and Trisopterus spp.) which were easier to catch, rather than larger, more energy lucrative pelagic prey (e.g. mackerel Scomber scombrus), even though these pelagic prey-fishes were nearly always available and were often...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Stomach contents; Preference; Diet; Celtic Sea; Availability.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/publication-607.pdf
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Estimating gear efficiency in a combined acoustic and trawl survey, with reference to the spatial distribution of demersal fish ArchiMer
Doray, Mathieu; Mahevas, Stephanie; Trenkel, Verena.
Few analyses have been performed to estimate the efficiency of trawls targeting demersal fish using the ratio of catches and acoustic densities. In summer 2006, acoustic and fishing data were collected simultaneously over 3 d by three fishing vessels equipped with identical pelagic trawls in the Bay of Biscay. Variography identified moderate spatial autocorrelation in the acoustic backscatter at a mean scale of 3 km, a scale slightly smaller than the mean haul length (3.5 km), indicating that fish horizontal availability did not influence trawl efficiency. Acoustic backscattering densities expressed as nautical area scattering coefficients (NASCs) recorded in the trawled layer were compared with equivalent NASC (ENASC) values calculated from the species...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Availability; Bay of Biscay; Catchability; Generalized linear model; Geostatistics; Hake; Vulnerability.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00002/11372/7980.pdf
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Iron availability in the presence of β-carotene in different mixtures Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment.
Germano,Romilda Maria de Arruda; Canniatti-Brazaca,Solange Guidolin.
Iron availability in the diet is very important because iron deficiency affects a large population in the world. The matrix where iron is present has an influence in its availability. The presence of β-carotene is a factor that alters the availability of iron. This research aims to estimate the iron availability in the presence of β-carotene in food mixtures: M1 = egg and pumpkin; M2 = spinach and pumpkin; M3 = spinach and cabbage; M4 = egg and cabbage; M5 = spinach and carrot; M6 = egg and carrot; M7 = bean and carrot; M8 = bean and pumpkin and M9 = bean and cabbage. After cooking, the following figures were determined: proximate composition, oxalic acid, phytic acid, tannin, iron, iron availability in vitro and β-carotene. The data were analyzed by Tukey...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Anemia; Β-carotene; Availability; Food combinations; Iron.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-20612011000200008
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Major causes of failure during harvesting in sugarcane chopper harvester machine CIGR Journal
najafi, payam; marzban, afshin; hormozi, mohammad ali.
Evaluation of maintenance strategies is an issue which must widely be considered. This paper describes failure rate, mean time between failures (MTBF) and availability analysis for Austoft 7000 sugarcane harvesters series used in agro-industries in southwestern Iran. Sugarcane harvester was divided into three subsystems and the failures were studied for 1800 working hours. The failure rate of subsystems including hydraulic, mechanical and electrical were calculated 0.087, 0.052 and 0.012 h-1, respectively and the total failure rate was 0.15 h-1. MTBF after 1800 working hours were obtained 11.46 h, 19.35 h and 85.71 h for the aforementioned subsystems and machine MTBF was 6.64 h. Among the three studied subsystems, hydraulic with maximum failure rate and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Availability; Failure rate; MTBF; Sugarcane harvester.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.cigrjournal.org/index.php/Ejounral/article/view/3101
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Methods to Quantify Nickel in Soils and Plant Tissues Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo
Rodak,Bruna Wurr; Moraes,Milton Ferreira de; Pascoalino,João Augusto Lopes; Oliveira Junior,Adilson de; Castro,Cesar de; Pauletti,Volnei.
In comparison with other micronutrients, the levels of nickel (Ni) available in soils and plant tissues are very low, making quantification very difficult. The objective of this paper is to present optimized determination methods of Ni availability in soils by extractants and total content in plant tissues for routine commercial laboratory analyses. Samples of natural and agricultural soils were processed and analyzed by Mehlich-1 extraction and by DTPA. To quantify Ni in the plant tissues, samples were digested with nitric acid in a closed system in a microwave oven. The measurement was performed by inductively coupled plasma/optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). There was a positive and significant correlation between the levels of available Ni in the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Micronutrient; Availability; Mehlich-1; DTPA; ICP-OES.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-06832015000300788
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Metodologias e eficiência de extratores para zinco, cobre, ferro e manganês - DOI: 10.4025/actasciagron.v31i3.736 Agronomy
Silva, Maria Anita Gonçalves da; UEM; Muniz, Antonio Saraiva; UEM; Noda, Antonio Yoshinori; UEM; Marchetti, Marlene Estevão; UFGD; Mata, José de Deus Viana da; UEM; Lourente, Elaine Reis Pinheiro; UFGD.
Estudos de correlação foram usados para avaliar a metodologias de extração para micronutrientes em solos do Paraná, visando à padronização dos métodos. Foram avaliados extratores ácidos (Mehlich 1), na proporção solo/extrator de 1:5 e 1:10, um extrator ácido complexantes (Mehlich 3), na proporção de 1:10, e um complexante (DTPA), na proporção 1:2. O Mehlich 1 e Mehlich 3 foram extraídos: a) filtragem imediata após a agitação e b) filtragem após decantação de 16h. As correlações foram estabelecidas entre os teores no solo e em plantas de milho. Os maiores teores de Zn e Cu ocorreram com o uso do Mehlich 1 (1:10), com filtragem após decantação, e Mehlich 3 (1:10), com filtragem imediata e filtragem após decantação. Nos estudos de correlação entre os...
Palavras-chave: Micronutrients; Availability; Paraná State soils 5.01.00.00-9 Agronomia micronutrientes; Disponibilidade; Solos paranaenses.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAgron/article/view/736
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Monitoring of forage mass of native pastures in permanent plots in the Pantanal. Repositório Alice
CRISPIM, S. M. A.; SANTOS, S. A.; SORIANO, B. M. A.; DOMINGOS BRANCO, O..
2014
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Availability; Dry matter; Number of species; Soil cover; Sustainability.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/997324
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Mycorrhizal effectiveness and manganese toxicity in soybean as affected by soil type and endophyte Scientia Agricola
Nogueira,Marco Antonio; Cardoso,Elke Jurandy Bran Nogueira.
Mycorrhizal plants may present Mn toxicity alleviation and this depends on the plant-endophyte-environment interaction. The effectiveness of three arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) (Glomus macrocarpum, G. etunicatum, G. intraradices) and a control without AMF in two soils: Typic Rhodudalf with high Mn availability and a Typic Quartzipsamment, with low Mn availability, was evaluated in a time-course experiment at 3, 6, 9 and 12 weeks after soybean (Glycine max L.) seedling emergence. The objective was to select the most effective AMF species to enhance plant growth and to assess its effects upon Mn uptake by plants and Mn availability in the soil. For the sandy soil, AMF inoculation resulted in increased plant biomass, especially with G. intraradices and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Mn; Availability; Metal; Mycorrhiza; Toxicity; Uptake.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-90162003000200018
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Nutritional characteristics of biofortified common beans Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment.
Brigide,Priscila; Canniatt-Brazaca,Solange Guidolin; Silva,Maira Oliveira.
Iron and zinc deficiency can cause anemia and alterations in the immune response and impair work capacity. To minimize this problem, biofortification has been developed to improve and/or maintain the nutritional status of the population. Beans are an important source of carbohydrates, proteins, and minerals. The objective of this study is to characterize biofortified beans, quantify the minerals in different cultivars, and determine mineral dialysis. Grains of raw and cooked beans were analyzed for moisture, protein, lipids, fiber, minerals, and in vitro availability using four treatments and one control. The data were analyzed using ANOVA, and the Tukey test (p<0.05). The chemical composition of the raw and cooked treatments showed a moisture content...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Beans; Biofortification; Iron; Minerals; Availability; Nutrition.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-20612014000300009
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Organic acids in the rhizosphere and phytoavailability of sewage sludge-borne trace elements PAB
Pires,Adriana Marlene Moreno; Marchi,Giuliano; Mattiazzo,Maria Emília; Guilherme,Luiz Roberto Guimarães.
The aim of this work was to quantify low molecular weight organic acids in the rhizosphere of plants grown in a sewage sludge-treated media, and to assess the correlation between the release of the acids and the concentrations of trace-elements in the shoots of the plants. The species utilized in the experiment were cultivated in sand and sewage sludge-treated sand. The acetic, citric, lactic, and oxalic acids, were identified and quantified by high performance liquid chromatography in samples collected from a hydroponics system. Averages obtained from each treatment, concentration of trace elements in shoots and concentration of organic acids in the rhizosphere, were compared by Tukey test, at 5% of probability. Linear correlation analysis was applied to...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biosolid; Exudates; Heavy metals; Availability.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-204X2007000700002
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Organic acids in the rhizosphere and phytoavailability of sewage sludge-borne trace elements Repositório Alice
PIRES, A.M.M.; MARCHI, G.; MATTIAZZO, M.E.; GUILHERME, L.R.G..
The aim of this work was to quantify low molecular weight organic acids in the rhizosphere of plants grown in a sewage sludge-treated media, and to assess the correlation between the release of the acids and the concentrations of trace-elements in the shoots of the plants. The species utilized in the experiment were cultivated in sand and sewage sludge-treated sand. The acetic, citric, lactic, and oxalic acids, were identified and quantified by high performance liquid chromatography in samples collected from a hydroponics system. Averages obtained from each treatment, concentration of trace elements in shoots and concentration of organic acids in the rhizosphere, were compared by Tukey test, at 5% of probability. Linear correlation analysis was applied to...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Biosolid; Exudates; Heavy metals; Availability; Biossólido; Exsudatos; Metais pesados; Disponibilidade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/122762
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Patrón alimentario y horticultura sustentable peri-urbana en familias de Ciudad Cardel, Veracruz, México. Colegio de Postgraduados
Toral Juárez, Marco Antonio.
En este trabajo se caracteriza el patrón alimentario de las familias peri-urbanas de ciudad Cardel, Veracruz y se determina su asociación con el nivel socioeconómico familiar, de la misma forma se identifican factores que influyen en la disposición de las madres de familia para practicar la horticultura peri-urbana y por último se estima la rentabilidad de la producción de hortalizas en diversos tipos de contenedores de material reciclados. Se realizó en dos etapas: diagnóstico y experimental. En la etapa de diagnóstico se entrevistó a 114 madres de familia clasificadas de acuerdo a su nivel socioeconómicos por el método Graffar, se analizó una serie de variables que permitieron conocer el patrón alimentario: diversidad alimentaria se determinó por el...
Palavras-chave: Hábito; Alimento; Diversidad; Disponibilidad; Rentabilidad; Madres; Habit; Food; Diversity; Availability; Profitability; Mothers; Agroecositemas Tropicales; Maestría.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/1831
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Phosphorus fractions in soil with a long history of organic waste and mineral fertilizer addition Bragantia
Couto,Rafael da Rosa; Ferreira,Paulo Ademar Avelar; Ceretta,Carlos Alberto; Lourenzi,Cledimar Rogério; Facco,Daniela Basso; Tassinari,Adriele; Piccin,Rogério; Conti,Lessandro De; Gatiboni,Luciano Colpo; Schapanski,Denis; Brunetto,Gustavo.
ABSTRACT Applications for long periods of organic animal waste as a source of nutrients to crops can contaminate the soil and the surface and subsurface waters. This study aimed to evaluate how the utilization of organic waste, after successive applications, affects P fractions in the soil and consequently environmental contamination. In an experiment conducted for 8 years, totaling 12 applications with pig slurry manure (PSM), liquid cattle manure (LCM), swine deep bedding (SDB), and mineral fertilizer (NPK), 460; 505; 1.111; and 535 kg P∙ha−1 were added to the soil through PSM, LCM, SDB, and NPK, respectively. In September 2012, soil samples were collected in the layers 0.0 – 0.04; 0.04 – 0.08; 0.08 – 0.12; 0.12 – 0.16; 0.16 – 0.20 m, prepared and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal manure; Availability; P fractionation; Environmental contamination.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0006-87052017000100155
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Reliability analysis of agricultural machinery: A case study of sugarcane chopper harvester CIGR Journal
najafi, payam; asoodar, mohammad amin; marzban, afshin; hormozi, mohammad ali.
the performance of agricultural machines depends on the reliability of the machinery used, the operating environment, the maintenance efficiency, the operating process, the technical expertise of the farmers and etc. As the size and complexity of farm equipment continue to increase, the implications of equipment failure become over more critical. Therefore, reliability analysis is required to identify the bottlenecks in the system and to find the components or subsystems with low reliability for a given designed performance. It is important to select a suitable method for data collection as well as for reliability analysis. This paper presents a case study describing reliability and availability analysis of the sugarcane 7000 series chopper harvester at...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agricultural machinery; Availability; Reliability analysis; Sugarcane harvester.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.cigrjournal.org/index.php/Ejounral/article/view/3104
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The conservation of native priority medicinal plants in a Caatinga area in Ceará, northeastern Brazil Anais da ABC (AABC)
SANTOS,MARIA O.; ALMEIDA,BIANCA V. DE; RIBEIRO,DAIANY A.; MACÊDO,DELMACIA G. DE; MACÊDO,MÁRCIA J.F.; MACEDO,JULIMERY G.F.; SOUSA,FRANCISCA F.S. DE; OLIVEIRA,LIANA G.S. DE; SARAIVA,MANUELE E.; ARAÚJO,THATIANE M.S.; SOUZA,MARTA M.A..
ABSTRACT Much of the Brazilian semiarid region faces a considerable process of degradation of natural resources, and ethnobotanical studies have collaborated with important information about the use and traditional knowledge, serving as a tool to design conservation strategies of native plant species. Thus, this study aimed to determine medicinal species meriting conservation priorities in a “Caatinga” area in the northeastern of Brazilian territory. The ethnobotanical data were collected through semi-structured interviews with key subjects selected through the “snowball” technique. The availability and species conservation priority was verified by relative density, risk of collection, local use and use of diversity in the forest fragment sampled. It was...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Availability; Biodiversity conservation; Therapeutic practices.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652017000602675
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