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Registros recuperados: 65
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A method to identify and evaluate the legal and institutional framework for the management of water and land in Asia: the outcome of a study in Southeast Asia and the People’s Republic of China. AgEcon
Hannam, Ian.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water management; Land management; Legal aspects; Environmental policy; China; Laos; Bangladesh; Philippines; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52970
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A model to determine benefits obtainable from the management of riverine fisheries of Bangladesh AgEcon
Ahmed, Mahfuzuddin.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: River fisheries; Fishery management; Fishery economics; Economic models; Bangladesh; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44726
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A Review of Milk Production in Bangladesh with Particular Emphasis on Small-Scale Producers AgEcon
Hemme, Torsten; Garcia, Otto; Khan, A.R..
The purpose of the study is to assess the economics of dairy farming in Bangladesh and the prospects for improving the dairy income for small-scale producers, which currently form the backbone of the dairy industry. The document begins with a general overview of milk production in the country, followed by a detailed study of dairy farming in the in the northern district of Sirajganj. The study applies a method of farm-level economic analysis developed by the International Farm Comparison Network (IFCN) which is based on the concept of ‘'typical farms’'. Three farm types were identified as ‘'typical'’ in the district and were subjected to detailed analysis: A two cow farm with 0.4 ha of land, a ten cow farm with 1.6 ha of land and a 25 cow farm with 1.8 ha...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Costs of production; Bangladesh; Milk; Policy; Poverty reduction; Small scale dairy; Typical farms; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23774
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Access to Microfinance: Does it Matter for Profit Efficiency Among Small Scale Rice Farmers in Bangladesh? AgEcon
Sumelius, John; Islam, K.M. Zahidul; Sipilainen, Timo.
This paper measures profit efficiency and examines the effect of access to microfinance on the performance of rice firms in Bangladesh. An extended Cobb-Douglas stochastic frontier profit function was used to assess profit efficiency and profit loss of rice farmers in Bangladesh in a survey data of 360 farms throughout the 2008-2009 growing seasons. Model diagnostics reveal that serious selection bias exists that justifies the uses of sample selection model in stochastic frontier models. After effectively correcting for selectivity bias, the mean profit efficiency of the microfinance borrowers and non-borrowers were estimated at 68% and 52% respectively, thereby suggesting that a considerable share of profits were lost due to profit inefficiencies in rice...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Stochastic frontier function; Profit efficiency; Selection bias; Bangladesh; Microfinance; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116067
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Assessing the Role of Microfinance in Fostering Adaptation to Climate Change AgEcon
Agrawala, Shardul; Carraro, Maelis.
Much of the current policy debate on adaptation to climate change has focussed on estimation of adaptation costs, ways to raise and to scale-up funding for adaptation, and the design of the international institutional architecture for adaptation financing. There is however little or no emphasis so far on actual delivery mechanisms to channel these resources at the sub-national level, particularly to target the poor who are also often the most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. It is in this context that microfinance merits a closer look. This paper offers the first empirical assessment of the linkages between microfinance supported activities and adaptation to climate change. Specifically, the lending portfolios of the 22 leading microfinance...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Microfinance; Climate Change; Financing; Adaptation; Bangladesh; Nepal; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q56; Q54; R51.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92709
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Bangladesh's Performance and the Millennium Development Goals: A Sketch of Progress AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A..
Provides a sketch of Bangladesh’s socio-economic performance in the light of the UN’s Millennium Development Goals. After providing some background on these goals and on Bangladesh, this article considers trends in the incidence of poverty and hunger in Bangladesh, access to education and gender equality in Bangladesh, child mortality and maternal health, the incidence of important diseases in Bangladesh and Bangladesh’s progress in achieving environmental sustainability, particularly in relation to its use and development of its energy resources. In addition, Bangladesh’s involvement in global partnerships providing financial and other assistance to it are considered.
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Millennium Development Goals; Bangladesh; Poverty; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Labor and Human Capital; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123454
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Case study about field trial responses of the zero energy storage system CIGR Journal
Islam, M. P.; Morimoto, T.; Hatou, K.; Hassan, L.; Awal, M. A.; Hossain, S. T..
A low cost ‘Zero Energy Cool Chamber (ZECC)’ has been developed for storing fruits and vegetables by usingpassive evaporative mechanism. This paper presents the results of a survey on the farmer’s opinion regarding the exploitationof zero energy storage system. This survey was conducted at Mymensingh district of Bangladesh from 2011 to 2012 and italso revealed that most of the farmers sell their produce to the middlemen just after the harvest. Lack of transportation facility, shortage of energy supply and lack of investment on storage, lower price of vegetables during the harvesting season, farmers in the rural areas often sell their products to the middleman or in the local market at low prices. They are not even able to get the return of invested money...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agricultural produces; Storage; Farmer’s perception; Quality; Benefit; Bangladesh.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.cigrjournal.org/index.php/Ejounral/article/view/2534
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Closing the Gender Gap in Bangladesh: Inequality in Education, Employment and Earnings AgEcon
Mohammad, Hossain; Tisdell, Clement A..
Assesses the status of women in Bangladesh by analysing the dynamics of female participation in labour force and education as well as gender earnings differentials at the macro level. The study finds evidence of growing commercialisation of women’s work in Bangladesh. Although the bulk of the female labour force is engaged in self-employment activities in the rural area or in low-skilled textile and readymade garment industries in the urban area, women’s participation in high-skill and entrepreneurial jobs as well as various decision-making bodies is also on the rise. While the gender wage differentials have been considerably reduced in many industries, in general women tend to be paid less than men. There have been remarkable improvements in women’s...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Bangladesh; Women’s empowerment; Female labour force participation; Female education; Gender wage differentials; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Labor and Human Capital; J16; J21; J82.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/106948
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Consumer preferences and demand for livestock products in urban Bangladesh AgEcon
Islam, S.M. Fakhrul; Jabbar, Mohammad A..
Also available in the ILRI Repository on Livestock Research at http://hdl.handle.net/10568/3009
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Demand; Quality; Safety; Livestock products; Bangladesh; Consumer/Household Economics; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97972
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CONSUMPTION INSURANCE AND VULNERABILITY TO POVERTY: A SYNTHESIS OF THE EVIDENCE FROM BANGLADESH, ETHIOPIA, MALI, MEXICO, AND RUSSIA AgEcon
Skoufias, Emmanuel; Quisumbing, Agnes R..
This paper synthesizes the results of five studies using household panel data from Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Mali, Mexico and Russia, which examine the extent to which households are able through formal and/or informal arrangements to insure their consumption from specific economic shocks and fluctuations in their real income. Building on the recent literature of consumption smoothing and risk sharing, the degree of consumption insurance is defined by the degree to which the growth rate of household consumption covaries with the growth rate of household income. All the cases studies show that food consumption is better insured than nonfood consumption from idiosyncratic shocks. Adjustments in nonfood consumption appear to act as a mechanism for partially...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Bangladesh; Consumption; Ethiopia; Income; Mali; Mexico; Poverty; Risk-sharing; Russia; Vulnerability; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16424
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Corporate Governance in Developing Economies: Perspective from the Banking Sector in Bangladesh AgEcon
Reaz, Mazrur; Arun, Thankom G..
This paper highlights the corporate governance of financial institutions with particular reference to banking sector of Bangladesh. The importance of corporate governance of banks remains crucial given their contribution in economic growth through financial development. This paper has shed light on the structures of corporate governance of banks in Bangladesh involving their ownership structure, board issues, executive aspects, disclosure, and audit practices along with their associated weaknesses. The paper has also showed how political interference and failure by the regulators has contributed to the governance problems in the banks.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Bangladesh; Banking; Financial Economics; International Development.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/30545
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Credit for Alleviation of Rural Poverty: The Grameen Bank in Bangladesh AgEcon
Hossain, Mahabub.
There is a growing recognition that institutional credit plays an important role in the modernization of agriculture through technological change. It is clear that as those processes of modernization occur, incomes rise and expenditures on locally produced goods and services expand in such a manner as to increase the demand for labor and labor-intensive entrepreneurial activities. The question then arises as to what extent institutional credit can be offered to very poor people to facilitate their taking direct advantage of the developing entrepreneurial activities. Perhaps the most widely admired effort to answer this question is that of the Grameen Bank in Bangladesh. One of the commendable features of the Grameen Bank is its desire to have its...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Grameen Bank; Rural poor; Bangladesh; Small business; Financial Economics; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42590
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Credit for Alleviation of Rural Poverty: The Grameen Bank in Bangladesh AgEcon
Hossain, Mahabub.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Grameen Bank; Rural poor; Bangladesh; Small business; Agricultural Finance; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44445
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Demand for High-value Secondary Crops in Developing Countries: The Case of Potatoes in Bangladesh and Pakistan AgEcon
Bouis, Howarth E.; Scott, Gregory.
Secondary crops are of increasing interest to policymakers and planners in developing countries because of a desire to diversify economic activities and because of their proven potential to raise farm incomes and rural employment. To assess this potential, basic information on the demand characteristics for these crops is required. But, given the large number of possible crops to be studied, policy analysts require an estimation procedure that is less data-intensive and time-intensive than standard econometric estimation procedures. In this paper, a relatively new, low-cost procedure, based on demand for food characteristics, is applied, illustrating its usefulness for analysis of demand for potatoes in Bangladesh and Pakistan. In Asia, the potato should...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Economics; Methodology; Pakistan; Potatoes; Economic aspects; Crop diversification; Price Maintenance; Asia; Bangladesh; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97300
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Determinants of Participation in a Catastrophe Insurance Programme: Empirical Evidence from a Developing Country AgEcon
Akter, Sonia; Brouwer, Roy; Chowdhury, Saria; Aziz, Salina.
The paper presents empirical evidence of the determinants of catastrophe insurance participation in one of the poorest and most disaster prone countries in the world. In a large-scale household survey carried out in 2006 we ask 3,000 residents in six different districts in Bangladesh facing various environmental risk exposure levels about their willingness to participate in a catastrophe insurance programme. Combining factors put forward in risk theory and economics, we estimate a model of insurance participation. We show that the household decision to participate in the insurance programme differs depending on both exogenous and endogenous risk exposure levels. As predicted by micro-economic theory, ability to pay, measured in terms of household income...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Natural disasters; Catastrophe; Insurance; Participation; Risk; Bangladesh; Consumer/Household Economics; Environmental Economics and Policy; International Development; Risk and Uncertainty; Q54.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/5984
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Developing Poverty Assessment Tools Based on Principal Component Analysis: Results from Bangladesh, Kazakhstan, Uganda, and Peru AgEcon
Zeller, Manfred; Houssou, Nazaire; Alcaraz V., Gabriela; Schwarze, Stefan; Johannsen, Julia.
Developing accurate, yet operational poverty assessment tools to target the poorest households remains a challenge for applied policy research. This paper aims to develop poverty assessment tools for four countries: Bangladesh, Peru, Uganda, and Kazakhstan. The research applies the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to seek the best set of variables that predict the household poverty status using easily measurable socio-economic indicators. Out of sample validations tests are performed to assess the prediction power of a tool. Finally, the PCA results are compared with those obtained from regressions models. In-sample estimation results suggest that the Quantile regression technique is the first best method in all four countries, except Kazakhstan. The PCA...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Poverty assessment; Targeting; Principal component analysis; Bangladesh; Peru; Kazakhstan; Uganda; Food Security and Poverty; H5; Q14; I3.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25396
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Does the Participation in the Microcredit Programs Contribute to the Development of Women Entrepreneurship at the Household Level? Experience from Bangladesh AgEcon
Chowdhury, M. Jahangir Alam.
Microfinance
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Microcredit; Women Entrepreneurship Development; Bangladesh; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46546
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Does the Participation in the Microcredit Programs Increase Consumption of Participating Households? The Case of the Grameen Bank in Bangladesh AgEcon
Chowdhury, M. Jahangir Alam.
This paper assesses empirically the impact of the participation in the microcredit program of the Grameen Bank on consumption of participating households. A household level survey was carried out for collecting data (N=521). The results of the empirical estimations indicate that the participation of a household in the microcredit program of the Grameen Bank increases consumption of participating households significantly. But there is non-linearity in the increasing trend in consumption of participating households. The consumption level goes up gradually with the increase in the membership duration up to five years of membership, but the growth rate starts declining after that period of membership.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Microcredit; Consumption; Impact Assessment; Grameen Bank; Bangladesh; Agricultural Finance; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46545
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Does Workforce Participation Empower Women? Micro-Level Evidence from Urban Bangladesh AgEcon
Hossain, Mohammad; Tisdell, Clement A..
Empirical studies on the impact of women’s paid jobs on their empowerment and welfare in the Bangladesh context are rare. The few studies on the issue to date have all been confined to the garment workers only although studies indicate that women’s workforce participation in Bangladesh has increased across-the-board. Besides, none of these studies has made an attempt to control for the non-working women and/or applied any statistical technique to control for the effects of other pertinent determinants of women’s empowerment and welfare such as education, age, religion and place of living. This study overcomes these drawbacks and presents alternative assessments of the link between women’s workforce participation and empowerment on the basis of survey data...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Women; Empowerment; Bangladesh; Welfare; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123451
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Economic Parameter of Maize Sheller for Custom Hire Service in Bangladesh CIGR Journal
Milufarzana, Milufarzana; Rahman, Anisur; Alam, Md. Monjurul; Ahmed, Md. Raju.
The main purpose of the study was to determine the economic parameters for developing a maize sheller custom hire entrepreneur and effective schedules for maize sheller operation. Secondary data from various sources and some essential data were collected from primary sources through survey were used in this study. Operating costs were calculated and project financial profitability was determined by farm financial measurement techniques namely, benefit-cost ratio (BCR) and break even use. The operating cost of maize sheller for shelling was found US$ 3.4 per hour or US$ 1.41 per ton. Based on the operating cost, annual savings for replacement and a profit margin for the entrepreneur, the rent-out charge of the maize sheller is estimated as US$ 8.15 per hour...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Farm Machinery maize sheller operating cost; Economic parameter; Maize sheller entrepreneur; Bangladesh.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.cigrjournal.org/index.php/Ejounral/article/view/3205
Registros recuperados: 65
Primeira ... 1234 ... Última
 

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