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Registros recuperados: 15
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Assessing sustainability is just one component of many in the quest to achieve sustainability Ecology and Society
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Response Palavras-chave: Assessing sustainability; Bushmeat; Tropical forest hunting; Resilience; Wildlife management.
Ano: 2015
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Beyond protein intake: bushmeat as source of micronutrients in the Amazon Ecology and Society
van Vliet, Nathalie; Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR); vanvlietnathalie@yahoo.com; Schor, Tatiana; Geography Department, Universidade Federal do Amazonas; tschor@ufam.edu.br; Tellez, Leady; Independent consultant; leadyjot@hotmail.com.
Wild meat is critical for the food security and income of millions of people, especially for poor rural households. Its role as a primary source of macronutrients worldwide has been recognized, but there have been few attempts to evaluate the contribution of bushmeat consumption to micronutrient intake. This is so particularly in the context of nutritional transitions induced by modernization and globalization. Here, we calculated the role of bushmeat as a source of micronutrients in the diets of urban and peri-urban inhabitants within the Tres Fronteras (Peru, Brazil, Colombia) region in the Amazon. We gathered food intake data from 35 households using 3-day 24-h food recalls combined with food weighing. Additionally, we interviewed 105 households on food...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Amazon; Bushmeat; Conservation; Food intake; Micronutrients; Nutrition.
Ano: 2015
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Bushmeat networks link the forest to urban areas in the trifrontier region between Brazil, Colombia, and Peru Ecology and Society
van Vliet, Nathalie; Center for International Forestry Research; vanvlietnathalie@yahoo.com; Jonhson Neves de Aquino, Lindon; Universidade Federal do Amazonas; lj.aquino@bol.com.br; Schor, Tatiana; Geography Department, Federal University of Amazonas; NEPECAB; tatiana.schor@gmail.com; Hernandez, Sara; Independent Expert in Environmental Economics; sarah-hernandez-p@hotmail.com; Nasi, Robert; Center for International Forestry Research; r.nasi@cgiar.org.
Recent studies have intended to quantify urban consumption and trade in Amazonian towns. However, little is still known about the different ways in which bushmeat is made available in urban areas, including commercial and noncommercial flows, and how those flows contribute to link forests to urban livelihoods. In this study we qualitatively describe the structure and functioning of bushmeat flows in terms of species, catchment area, stakeholders involved, and the motivations for their activity in the main towns of the Amazon trifrontier region between Brazil, Colombia, and Peru. We show that bushmeat trade to urban areas exists under an organized but invisible commodity chain providing a source of income to about 195 persons. Bushmeat is made available...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Amazon; Bushmeat; Exchange networks; Indigenous people; Trade; Urban areas.
Ano: 2015
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Effects of social change on wildlife consumption taboos in northeastern Madagascar Ecology and Society
Golden, Christopher D; Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health; Wildlife Conservation Society, Wildlife Health & Health Policy, HEAL (Health & Ecosystems: Analysis of Linkages) Program; golden@hsph.harvard.edu; Comaroff, Jean; Departments of African and African American Studies and Anthropology, Harvard University; jeancomaroff@fas.harvard.edu.
In Madagascar, the constellation of taboos serves as a form of informal regulatory institution and is foundational to Malagasy culture, regardless of class, ethnic group affiliation, and educational background. Many researchers have credited rapid social change as a crucial mechanism for disturbing taboos. Others suggest that taboos are innately historical. However, very little empirical research has assessed the effects of social change on taboos or quantified the stability of taboo systems over time. Here, we use a case study of the ensemble of taboos in northeastern Madagascar, still a critical aspect of social life there, as a lens through which we investigate its degree of stability over time. Our aim was: (1) to describe the food taboos of local...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Bushmeat; Conservation policy; Cultural change; Hunting; Immigration; Migration; Modernization; Religion; Wildlife.
Ano: 2015
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Evolving hunting practices in Gabon: lessons for community-based conservation interventions Ecology and Society
Schleicher, Judith; Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, Downing Place, Cambridge CB2 3EN, UK; School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, S Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QY, UK; schleicher.judith@gmail.com; Hymas, Olivier; Human Ecology Research Group, Department of Anthropology, University College London, UK; Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, UK; ohymas@onetel.com; Coad, Lauren; Environmental Change Institute, School of Geography and the Environment, Oxford University, UK; Center for International Forestry Research, Bogor, Indonesia; lauren.coad@ouce.ox.ac.uk.
Addressing today’s environmental challenges is intimately linked to understanding and improving natural resource governance institutions. As a result conservation initiatives are increasingly realizing the importance of integrating local perspectives of land tenure arrangements, natural resource rights, and local beliefs into conservation approaches. However, current work has not sufficiently considered the dynamic nature of natural resource governance institutions over time and the potential implications for current conservation interventions. We therefore explored how and why hunting governance has changed since the precolonial period in two ethnic hunting communities in Gabon, Central Africa, integrating various ethnographic methods with...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Bushmeat; Gabon; Historical ecology; Hunting; Natural resource governance.
Ano: 2015
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Indicators for wild animal offtake: methods and case study for African mammals and birds Ecology and Society
Ingram, Daniel J.; School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex; D.Ingram@sussex.ac.uk; Coad, Lauren; Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford; United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre; lauren.coad@ouce.ox.ac.uk; Collen, Ben; Centre for Biodiversity & Environment Research, University College London; b.collen@ucl.ac.uk; Breuer, Thomas; Global Conservation Program, Wildlife Conservation Society; tbreuer@wcs.org; Fa, John E.; Division of Biology and Conservation Ecology, School of Science and the Environment, Manchester Metropolitan University; Center for International Forestry Research; jfa949@gmail.com; Gill, David J. C.; Fauna & Flora International; david.gill@fauna-flora.org; Maisels, Fiona; Global Conservation Program, Wildlife Conservation Society; African Forest Ecology Group, School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling; fmaisels@wcs.org; Schleicher, Judith; Department of Geography, University of Cambridge; js525@cam.ac.uk; Stokes, Emma J.; Global Conservation Program, Wildlife Conservation Society; estokes@wcs.org; Taylor, Gemma; Centre for Biodiversity & Environment Research, University College London; Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London; gemma.taylor@ioz.ac.uk.
Unsustainable exploitation of wild animals is one of the greatest threats to biodiversity and to millions of people depending on wild meat for food and income. The international conservation and development community has committed to implementing plans for sustainable use of natural resources and has requested development of monitoring systems of bushmeat offtake and trade. Although offtake monitoring systems and indicators for marine species are more developed, information on harvesting terrestrial species is limited. Building on approaches developed to monitor exploitation of fisheries and population trends, we have proposed two novel indicators for harvested terrestrial species: the mean body mass indicator (MBMI) assessing whether hunters are relying...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Africa; Bushmeat; Exploitation; Harvest; Indicator.
Ano: 2015
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Managing hunting under uncertainty: from one-off ecological indicators to resilience approaches in assessing the sustainability of bushmeat hunting Ecology and Society
van Vliet, Nathalie; Center for International Forestry Research; vanvlietnathalie@yahoo.com; Fa, John; Center for International Forestry Research; jfa949@gmail.com; Nasi, Robert; Center for International Forestry Research; r.nasi@cgiar.org.
Despite the fact that sustainability of bushmeat hunting in tropical areas is of major concern for conservation and development practitioners, we still know very little about how to measure sustainability and how to put in place sustainable bushmeat hunting systems. We review the current limits of traditional methods used to investigate sustainability of bushmeat hunting, discuss the need to incorporate the characteristics of complex systems into sustainability assessments, and suggest how resilience theories could assist in understanding bushmeat sustainability and more effective conservation of wildlife in tropical areas. Traditional methods used to assess the sustainability of bushmeat hunting include demographic models of population growth, one-off...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Bushmeat; Hunting; Resilience analysis; Social-ecological systems; Sustainability; Tropical areas.
Ano: 2015
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Managing social–ecological systems under uncertainty: implementation in the real world Ecology and Society
Nuno, Ana; Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London; ana.nuno08@imperial.ac.uk; Bunnefeld, Nils; School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling; nils.bunnefeld@stir.ac.uk; Milner-Gulland, EJ; Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London; e.j.milner-gulland@imperial.ac.uk.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Bushmeat; Implementation uncertainty; Institutions; Knowing– Doing gap; Management strategy evaluation; Protected area management; Serengeti; Social– Ecological modeling; Social networks; Stakeholders.
Ano: 2014
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Predicting hunter behavior of indigenous communities in the Ecuadorian Amazon: insights from a household production model Ecology and Society
Maldonado, Jorge H; CEDE - Department of Economics, Universidad de los Andes; jmaldona@uniandes.edu.co.
Many indigenous communities living in the Amazon rely on hunting and fishing to meet the majority of their protein needs. Despite the importance of these practices, few studies from the region have analyzed the socioeconomic drivers of hunting and fishing at the household level. We propose a household production model to assess the effect of key economic parameters on hunting and fishing in small indigenous communities located in the Ecuadorian Amazon, whose principal source of protein is derived from hunting and fishing. The model was validated using empirical data from two communities that reflect different levels of market integration and forest conservation. Demand and supply functions were generated from household data gathered over 19 months....
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Bushmeat; Economic model; Ecuador; Fishing; Food security; Hunting.
Ano: 2015
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Ride, shoot, and call: wildlife use among contemporary urban hunters in Três Fronteiras, Brazilian Amazon Ecology and Society
van Vliet, Nathalie; Center for International Forestry Research; vanvlietnathalie@yahoo.com; Jonhson Neves de Aquino, Lindon; Universidade Federal do Amazonas; lj.aquino@bol.com.br; Ribeiro, Rairon; Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Instituto Natureza e Cultura; ribeiromae@gmail.com; Fa, John; Center for International Forestry Research; jfa949@gmail.com.
Most bushmeat studies in the Amazon region focus on hunting patterns of indigenous populations in rural settings. Our study describes the existence of urban hunters in medium-sized towns. Using a variety of data collection methods, we describe the main socioeconomic characteristics of urban hunters in Benjamin Constant and Atalaia do Norte, Brazil. We analyze the patterns and motivations of urban hunters as well as the type of prey harvested and quantities traded. All interviewed hunters are caboclos, people of mixed Brazilian indigenous and European origins from rural areas who now live in urban and peri-urban areas. Living in these more populated spaces allows these hunters better market options for their harvest and allows them to alternate hunting with...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Brazil; Bushmeat; Hunting; Subsistence hunting; Trê S Fronteiras; Urban hunters.
Ano: 2015
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Single nucleotide polymorphisms from cytochrome b gene as a useful protocol in forensic genetics against the illegal hunting of manatees: Trichechus manatus, Trichechus inunguis, Trichechus senegalensis, and Dugong dugon (Eutheria: Sirenia) Rev. Bras. Zool.
Ferreira,Paula Braga; Torres,Rodrigo A; Garcia,José Eduardo.
The identification of mitochondrial DNA polymorphisms is one of the most efficient methods for species differentiation. Genotyping of molecular markers using PCR/RFLP is a reliable, sensitive and inexpensive method for the detection of species specific mutations. The major causes of decline in Sirenia populations are accidental and intentional catches, collisions with boats and habitat loss. The goal of the present study was to identify, in silico, nucleotide mutations in the cytochrome b gene that can be used for the future development of forensic tools capable of using small tissue fragments to discriminate manatee meat from domesticated species meat commonly used as food sources (bovine, ovine, caprine and swine). DNA sequence alignments revealed two...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Bushmeat; Forensic markers; Overhunting; SNPs.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-46702011000100019
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The human health and conservation relevance of food taboos in northeastern Madagascar Ecology and Society
Golden, Christopher D.; Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health; Wildlife Conservation Society, Wildlife Health and Health Policy, HEAL (Health & Ecosystems: Analysis of Linkages) Program; golden@hsph.harvard.edu; Comaroff, Jean; Harvard University, Departments of African and African American Studies and Anthropology; jeancomaroff@fas.harvard.edu.
Anthropologists and ecologists investigating the dialectical relationship between human environments and the cultural practices that shape and are shaped by them have been talking past each other for too long: the one looking purely at metaphor and the other purely at function. Our mixed-method data analysis set out to explore whether it was possible to determine empirically the human health and conservation value of the local Malagasy taboo system. This involved qualitative examination of the content of taboo origin stories collected through ethnographic approaches, when the story was remembered. The ethnographic substance of these stories included historicizing events, accounts of symptoms associated with breaching taboos, and incentives for abiding by...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Allergies; Betsimisaraka; Bushmeat; Hunting; Traditional epidemiological knowledge; Traditional etiological knowledge; Tsimihety; Wildlife; Zoonotic disease.
Ano: 2015
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The thrill of the chase: uncovering illegal sport hunting in Brazil through YouTube™ posts Ecology and Society
The impacts of unregulated sport hunting can severely affect populations of target game species. Because hunting in Brazil is limited by law, obtaining data on illegal sport hunting in this country is challenging. We used an unusual online resource, YouTube™, to detect the occurrence of sport hunting in Brazil, measure the impacts of the activity on the main Brazilian game species and biomes, evaluate the opinions of hunters and internet users on sport hunting, and discuss the need for policy interventions in wildlife conservation in this country. We found 383 videos related to Brazilian sport hunting on YouTube™, accounting for more than 15 million views. Most videos were produced in the Cerrado (Brazilian savannah) and approximately...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Bushmeat; Conservation; Mammals; Public opinion.
Ano: 2015
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Using fuzzy cognitive mapping as a participatory approach to analyze change, preferred states, and perceived resilience of social-ecological systems Ecology and Society
Gray, Steven A; University of Massachusetts, School for the Environment; stevenallangray@gmail.com; Gray, Stefan; Coastal & Marine Research Centre, Environmental Research Institute, University College Cork; S.Gray@ucc.ie; De Kok, Jean Luc; VITO NV, Flemish Institute for Technological Research; Jean-Luc.DeKok@vito.be; Helfgott, Ariella E. R.; Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford; ariella.helfgott@ouce.ox.ac.uk; O'Dwyer, Barry; Coastal & Marine Research Centre, Environmental Research Institute, University College Cork; B.ODwyer@ucc.ie; Jordan, Rebecca; Rutgers University, Department of Human Ecology; jordan@aesop.rutgers.edu; Nyaki, Angela; University of Hawaii Manoa, Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Management; angelsolow@yahoo.com.
There is a growing interest in the use of fuzzy cognitive mapping (FCM) as a participatory method for understanding social-ecological systems (SESs). In recent years, FCM has been used in a diverse set of contexts ranging from fisheries management to agricultural development, in an effort to generate transparent graphical models of complex systems that are useful for decision making, illuminate the core presumptions of environmental stakeholders, and structure environmental problems for scenario development. This increase in popularity is because of FCM’s bottom-up approach and its ability to incorporate a range of individual, community-level, and expert knowledge into an accessible and standardized format. Although there has been an increase in...
Tipo: NON-REFEREED Palavras-chave: Bushmeat; Fuzzy cognitive mapping; Participatory modeling; Resilience.
Ano: 2015
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Wild meat consumption on São Tomé Island, West Africa: implications for conservation and local livelihoods Ecology and Society
Rego, Francisco; Centro de Ecologia Aplicada 'Prof. Baeta Neves', Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Tapada da Ajuda, Lisboa, Portugal; fcastrorego3@gmail.com; Fa, John E.; Manchester Metropolitan University; CIFOR; jfa949@gmail.com.
The importance of wild meats for rural people is well documented in tropical forests worldwide. However, the case of oceanic islands remains relatively poorly studied. We assess the contribution made by wild meats to the diets of rural inhabitants in the Island of São Tomé, characterize the relative importance of native and introduced fauna, and discuss the implications of wild meat consumption on rural livelihoods and on the conservation of the resident fauna. Using semistructured interviews, we assessed animal protein consumption in 10 communities (716 household-weeks), around the vicinity of the island’s main protected area, Obô Natural Park. Fish and the introduced West African giant snail (Archachatina marginata)...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Bushmeat; Islands; Protein intake; Rural demand; Wealth.
Ano: 2015
Registros recuperados: 15
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