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Assessment of the strategies of organic fruit production and fruit drying in Uganda JARTS
Chongtham, Iman Raj; University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Life Sciences, Department of Agriculture and Ecology, Denmark; Neergaard, Andreas de; University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Life Sciences, Department of Agriculture and Ecology, Denmark; Pillot, Didier; Institut des Régions Chaudes, Agrinatura, Montpellier SupAgro, France.
Organic agriculture in Uganda is developing at a fast pace and despite this trend Uganda is still unable to produce enough fresh and dry organic fruits mainly pineapple to meet the exporters demand. This current research investigated the strategies of farmers at production level by assessing the pros and cons of fruit growing, organic agriculture and fruit drying in order to understand the underlying causal factor for the low production of organic dry fruits in a major fruit producing district of Uganda.The study was carried out in two separate and distinctive areas; one which only produces and export fresh organic pineapple and the other which exports dried fruits (mainly pineapple and papaya). About 10% of the farmers in the two study areas were surveyed...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agricultultural economics; Conventional agriculture; Decision; Dried fruits; Export; Household; Organic agriculture; Coffee husk.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2010082734328
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Genetic relationships among strains of the Aspergillus niger aggregate BABT
Ferracin,Lara Munique; Frisvad,Jens Christian; Taniwaki,Marta Hiromi; Iamanaka,Beatriz Thie; Sartori,Daniele; Schapovaloff,Maria Elena; Fungaro,Maria Helena Pelegrinelli.
We analyzed the genetic relationships between 51 fungal isolates previously identified as A. niger aggregate, obtained from dried fruit samples from worldwide origin and 7 A. tubingensis obtained from Brazilian coffee beans samples. Greater fungal diversity was found in black sultanas. Aspergillus niger sensu stricto was the most prevalent species. It was found in all fruit substrates of all geographical origins. Based on Random Amplification of Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and β-tubulin sequences data two groups of A. niger were found. In spite of the small number of isolates from Group IV an association between extrolite patterns and molecular clustering is speculated. A. tubingensis were the second most frequent species and this species were clearly...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Aspergillus niger aggregate; Ochratoxin A; Dried fruits; Toxigenic fungi.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132009000700031
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Oleanolic Acid and Ursolic Acid in Commercial Dried Fruits OAK
ZHANG, Feng; DAIMARU, Eisuke; OHNISHI, Masao; KINOSHITA, Mikio; TOKUJI, Yoshihiko; 得字, 圭彦.
Oleanolic acid (OA) and ursolic acid (UA) are natural triterpenoids that have preventive properties such as anti-tumor and anti-hepatitis activities. These triterpenes are known to exist in several medicinal plants and fruit skins. Dried fruits are usually eaten without removing the skin; thus, they may be good resources for oral intake of OA and UA. HPLC analysis of OA and UA contents in a variety of dried fruits showed that raisins contained higher levels of OA than the other fruits investigated, with green raisins containing the highest levels (79.0 mg/100 g). While raisins were found to contain only OA, dried cranberries, blueberries and cherries were shown to contain both OA and UA. The highest level of UA (65.9 mg/100 g) was detected in cranberries,...
Palavras-chave: Oleanolic acid; Ursolic acid; Dried fruits; Raisins; Cranberries.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/3902
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