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Registros recuperados: 11
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ANALYSES OF GENETIC VARIABILITY IN LENTINULA EDODES THROUGH MYCELIA RESPONSES TO DIFFERENT ABIOTIC CONDITIONS AND RAPD MOLECULAR MARKERS BJM
Maki,Cristina Sayuri; Teixeira,Flavia França; Paiva,Edilson; Paccola-Meirelles,Luzia Doretto.
The growth of thirty-four Lentinula edodes strains submitted to different mycelial cultivation conditions (pH and temperature) was evaluated and strain variability was assessed by RAPD molecular markers. The growth at three pH values (5, 6 and 7) and four different temperatures (16, 25, 28 and 37ºC) was measured using the in vitro mycelial development rate and water retention as parameters. Mycelial cultivation was successful at all pH tested, while the ideal temperature for mycelial cultivation ranged between 25 and 28ºC. The water content was lower in strains grown at 37ºC. Among 20 OPA primers (Operon Technologies, Inc.) used for the RAPD analyses, seventeen presented good polymorphism (OPA01 to OPA05, OPA07 to OPA14, OPA17 to OPA20). The clustering...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Edible mushroom; RAPD; Mycelial growth.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822001000300002
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Bioaccumulation of insecticide in Agaricus subrufescens Horticultura Brasileira
Carvalho,Maiara A; Marques,Simone C; Martos,Emerson T; Rigitano,Renê LO; Dias,Eustáquio S.
Agaricus subrufescens, known as Sun Mushroom, is a high-value mushroom because of its medicinal properties, used as nutraceutical food to stimulate the immune system and to prevent some diseases, including cancer. Mushrooms are generally characterized by their great ability to bioaccumulate heavy metals and other toxic substances from the mushroom compost. Sugarcane bagasse is a common raw material used in mushroom compost production for Agaricus subrufescenscultivation, whereas insecticides, such as fipronil, can be applied to combat several pests in sugarcane crops. For this reason, we aimed to assess mushroom yield and fipronil bioaccumulation in Sun Mushroom, regarding different concentrations added to the mushroom compost (0, 8, 16 and 32 mg kg-1) and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Sun mushroom; Edible mushroom; Fipronil; Pest control.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-05362014000200159
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Centesimal composition and physical-chemistry analysis of the edible mushroom Lentinus strigosus occurring in the Brazilian Amazon Anais da ABC (AABC)
SALES-CAMPOS,CECI; ARAUJO,LIDIA M.; MINHONI,MARLI T.A.; ANDRADE,MEIRE C.N..
The centesimal composition and the physical and chemical analyses of Lentinus strigosus, an edible mushroom occurring in the Brazilian Amazon and produced in alternative substrates based on wood and agroindustrial residues, were evaluated. For this purpose, the C, N, pH, soluble solids, water activity, protein, lipids, total fiber, ash, carbohydrate, and energy levels were determined. The substrates were formulated from Simarouba amara Aubl. (“marupá”), Ochroma piramidale Cav. Ex. Lam. (“pau-de-balsa”) and Anacardium giganteum (“cajuí”) sawdust and Bactris gasipaes Kunth (“pupunheira”) stipe and Saccharum officinarum (sugar cane bagasse). The results indicated that the nutritional composition of L. strigosus varied with the substrate of cultivation; the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Edible mushroom; Nutritional value; Minerals; Protein; Fibers.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652013000401537
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Chemical composition of Pleurotus pulmonarius (Fr.) Quél., substrates and residue after cultivation BABT
Silva,Sueli Oliveira; Costa,Sandra Maria Gomes da; Clemente,Edmar.
The cultivation of Pleurotus pulmonarius was carried out on different substrate: cotton waste (A) leaves of Cymbopogon citratus (B) and leaves of Panicum maximum Jacq. (C). The mushroom had a varied chemical composition; nevertheless they contained a good composition for to be used as a good source of protein for human kind. The results showed the higher protein content (29.19%) and fibre (9.0%) for the mushroom that were cultivated on cotton peel. The substrate composition and the residue composition after the mushroom harvest were: Protein for the substrate "A" (10.63% and 9.35%), "B" (7.87% and 4.24%) and "C" (7.55% and 5.90 %); Lipids "A" (4.17% and 2.03%), "B"(2.77% and 3.20%) and "C" (0.91% and 2.05%); Fibres "A" (49.02% and 37.02%), "B" (28.40% and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Edible mushroom; Chemical composition; Panicum maximum Jacq.; Cymbopogon citratus; Cotton waste.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132002000600018
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Huitlacoche yield in some maize varieties in the Mediterranean region of Turkey Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment.
Aydoğdu,Mehmet.
Huitlacoche is the Aztecs name given to the smut galls on ears of maize caused by the pathogenic plant fungus Ustilago maydis [(DC) Corda.)]. It is known as maize mushroom, and it has been considered a delicacy and in Mesoamerica. The aim of the present study was to determine the responses of some maize varieties to the growth of the fungus in order to evaluate the prospect production of these smutty ears as a maize mushroom. A 2-year study was conducted in the Mediterranean region of Turkey in 2010 and 2011. Inoculations were performed by injecting inoculum into the ear through the silk channel of plants in plots. Each treatment had control plots. Average ear-gall (huitlacoche) severity and incidence of all the varieties were at the rates of 4.0 and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Maize; Smutty ears; Edible mushroom; U. maydis.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-20612015000200386
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Invariant Vα14 Natural Killer T Cell Activation by Edible Mushroom Acidic Glycosphingolipids OAK
NOZAKI, Hirofumi; ITONORI, Saki; SUGITA, Mutsumi; NAKAMURA, Kimihide; OHBA, Kiyoshi; OHNISHI, Masao; IMAI, Kunitoshi; IGARASHI, Yasuyuki; SUZUKI, Akemi; KUSHI, Yasunori; 中村, 公英; 大西, 正男; 今井, 邦俊.
https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/bpb/33/4/33_4_580/_article
Palavras-chave: Alpha-galactosylceramide; Glycosphingolipid; Edible mushroom; Natural killer T cell; Mouse.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/3599
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Macro and trace elements in edible mushrooms, Shiitake, Shimeji and Cardoncello from Petrópolis, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Ciência Rural
Gonçalves,Jaylei Monteiro; Souza,Monique Dias Corrêa de; Rocha,Rafael Christian Chavez; Medeiros,Renata Jurema; Jacob,Silvana do Couto.
The concentrations of twenty-five elements (Al, As, Ba, Bi, Ca, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Ga, K, Li, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Ni, Pb, Rb , Sb, Se, Sn, Sr, V and Zn) were determined in three edible mushrooms, Shiitake (Lentinula edodes), Black Shimeji (Pleurotus ostreatusi) and Cardoncello (Pleurotus eryngyii) from Petrópolis, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Samples were collected along the year 2010 and their preparations were made after drying, milling, an acid pre-digestion and a decomposition procedure in a muffle furnace. The analytical techniques employed for the elements determination were Mass Spectrometry with Inductively Coupled Plasma and Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry. Two certified reference materials, Apple Leaves and Mussel Tissue, were used for the evaluation of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Edible mushroom; Nutrients; Contaminants.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782014000500029
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Nutritional value of huitlacoche, maize mushroom caused by Ustilago maydis Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment.
AYDOĞDU,Mehmet; GÖLÜKÇÜ,Muharrem.
Abstract Smutty maize cobs, caused by Ustilago maydis ((DC) Corda.), a fungus belonging to Basidiomycetes, can be seen wherever maize is grown. It is considered as a fungal disease limiting maize yield worldwide. However, in Mesoamerica, it is called as “huitlacoche” and evaluated as an edible mushroom. The present study was conducted to examine nutritional characteristics of this mushroom. In the study, smutty cobs naturally infected by U. maydis were randomly gleaned from plants in maize producing areas in the Mediterranean region of Turkey, in 2015. Huitlacoche was analyzed in terms of proximate composition, fatty acids, mineral elements, total phenolic and flavonoid matters and antioxidant activity. Average protein content was 12%, while fatty acids...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Edible mushroom; Food properties; Maize smut fungus.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-20612017000400531
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Physiochemical analysis and centesimal composition of Pleurotus ostreatus mushroom grown in residues from the Amazon Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment.
Sales-Campos,Ceci; Araujo,Lidia Medina; Minhoni,Marli Teixeira de Almeida; Andrade,Meire Cristina Nogueira de.
The objective of the present work was to evaluate the nutritional composition of mushrooms produced in alternative substrates in agricultural and agro-industrial residues from the Amazon. C, N, pH, moisture, soluble solids, protein, lipids, total fibers, ashes, carbohydrates and energy were determined. Substrates were formulated from Simarouba amara Aubl. and Ochroma piramidale Cav. ex. Lam. Sawdust and from Bactris gasipaes Kunth and Saccharum officinarum stipe. Results showed that the nutritional composition of P. ostreatus varied according to the cultivation substrate and that it can be considered important food due to its nutritional characteristics such as: high protein content; metabolizable carbohydrates and fiber; and low lipids and calories...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Edible mushroom; Nutritional value; Minerals; Protein; Fiber.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-20612011000200027
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Sawdust and fruit residues of Central Amazonian for Panus strigellus spawn’s production PFB - Pesquisa Florestal Brasileira
Vargas-Isla, Ruby; Hanada, Rogério Eiji; Ishikawa, Noemia Kazue.
The objective of this work was to perform a screening of residues of forest species of the Central Amazon to prepare spawn of the edible mushroom Panus strigellus. Sawdust substrates from 11 forest species were tested. Then supplementation with beer yeast, cereal bran and regional fruit residues in sawdust:supplementation relation (5:1 and 10:1) were evaluated. Mycelial growth of P. strigellus occurred in all the substrates composed of the Amazonian forests species, suggesting that all have potential for use in spawn formulation and/or cultivation of this edible mushroom. Among these species the substrate formulated with Simarouba amara sawdust promoted higher mycelial growth (P<0.05). The formulation of S. amara supplemented with Astrocaryum aculeatum...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Basidiomycetes; Edible mushroom; Lentinus strigellus; Lentinus strigosus; Simarouba amara; Astrocaryum aculeatum Basidiomicetos; Cogumelo comestível; Lentinus strigellus; Lentinus strigosus; Simarouba amara; Astrocaryum aculeatum.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://pfb.cnpf.embrapa.br/pfb/index.php/pfb/article/view/314
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Suplementacao da cana-de-acucar com guandu no cultivo de Pleurrotus sp. 'Florida'. Repositório Alice
ZANETTI, A.L.; RANAL, M.A..
A suplementacao da cana-de-acucar com guandu (Cajanus cajan) foi efetuada com o objetivo de avaliar a velocidade de miceliacao do cogumelo comestivel Pleurotus sp. 'Florida' na ausencia e na presenca de luz, bem como avaliar o tempo medio de miceliacao, a producao, a produtividade e a eficiencia biologica sob luz continua. As temperaturas minima e maxima durante o cultivo foram de 22.C e 26.C e o valor medio da umidade relativa do ar foi de 73%. O componente basico foi a cana-de-acucar (testemunha), suplementada com guandu a 5%, 10% e 15%. A velocidade de miceliacao foi estimada pela luz. A suplementacao com guandu, nos tratamentos mantidos sob luz continua, nao influenciou a velocidade de miceliacao. No escuro as maiores velocidades foram verificadas nos...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Basidiomycetes; Cogumelo comestivel; Eficiencia de colonizacao; Edible mushroom; Colonization efficiency.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/98845
Registros recuperados: 11
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