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Bibliometric analysis of ethnobotanical research in Brazil (1988-2013) Acta Botanica
Ritter,Mara Rejane; Silva,Taline Cristina da; Araújo,Elcida de Lima; Albuquerque,Ulysses Paulino.
This study aimed to define the current status of ethnobotanical research in Brazil based on published scientific articles and to detect current knowledge gaps in Brazil's ethnobotany. A database, including articles published in national and international scientific journals from 1988 to 2013, was gathered for this purpose. This report discusses the growing number of publications in ethnobotanical research and the main techniques used in the discipline. To identify current knowledge gaps, his report emphasizes the main focus of the different studies, target regions, and communities targeted or involved in the original study. Most publications focused on the northeast and southeast Brazil, and the most frequently studied biomes were the Caatinga and Atlantic...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Economic botany; Ethnobiology; Ethnoecology; Scientometrics; Traditional knowledge.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-33062015000100113
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Can socioeconomic factors explain the local importance of culturally salient plants in a social-ecological system? Acta Botanica
Sousa,Rosemary da Silva; Medeiros,Patrícia Muniz de; Albuquerque,Ulysses Paulino.
ABSTRACT The aim of this work was to determine whether socioeconomic factors explain the importance of culturally salient plants to social-ecological systems. Extractive communities of the Araripe-Apodi Environmental Protection Area in Northeast Brazil were studied, and a random sample of the population was selected. Quantitative variables (education, age and income) were analyzed using Spearman correlations, while categorical variables (gender and occupation) were analyzed using Mann-Whitney tests. Relationships between socioeconomic factors and the importance of culturally salient plants were all weak. Nevertheless, age influenced the local importance of the largest number of species. Other factors not considered in this study (historical, cultural,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Culturally salient plants; Ethnobiology; Ethnobotany; Plant extraction; Socioeconomic factors.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-33062019005003104
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Can socioeconomic factors explain the local importance of culturally salient plants in a social-ecological system? Acta Botanica
Sousa,Rosemary da Silva; Medeiros,Patrícia Muniz de; Albuquerque,Ulysses Paulino.
ABSTRACT The aim of this work was to determine whether socioeconomic factors explain the importance of culturally salient plants to social-ecological systems. Extractive communities of the Araripe-Apodi Environmental Protection Area in Northeast Brazil were studied, and a random sample of the population was selected. Quantitative variables (education, age and income) were analyzed using Spearman correlations, while categorical variables (gender and occupation) were analyzed using Mann-Whitney tests. Relationships between socioeconomic factors and the importance of culturally salient plants were all weak. Nevertheless, age influenced the local importance of the largest number of species. Other factors not considered in this study (historical, cultural,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Culturally salient plants; Ethnobiology; Ethnobotany; Plant extraction; Socioeconomic factors.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-33062019000200283
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Ethnobiology and health among the Kulina People from the Upper Envira River, State of Acre, Brazil. Repositório Alice
HAVERROTH, M.; NEGREIROS, P. R. M.; BARROS, L. C. P..
This article is about an ethnobiological and ethnoecological research among Kulina People from the Upper Envira River, located in the Amazon Region, State of Acre, Brazil. The data was collected during two work trips to 10 villages of three Indian Lands (IL) in 2008 and 2009. The field work was based on participant observation, open, semi-structured and structured interviews and walk-in-the-woods technique. The total population was 423 distributed in 77 dwellings. The gender proportion is 49,7% of women to 50,3% of men. Fifty one per cent are under 15 years old. The most important health problems are respiratory and digestive signs and symptoms, dermatosis and ophidian attacks. Kulina diet is based on cultivated foods, hunt and fishes. There is a variety...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Índios Kulina; Etnobiologia; Ethnobiology; Conhecimento tradicional; Alto rio Envira; Acre; Amazônia Ocidental; Western Amazon; Amazonia Occidental; Pesquisa; Planta medicinal; Traditional medicine; Indigenous knowledge; Medicinal plants; Medicina tradicional; Plantas medicinales; Conocimiento tradicional.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/856186
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Ethnobotany and antioxidant evaluation of commercialized medicinal plants from the Brazilian Pampa Acta Botanica
Teixeira,Marianne Pinheiro; Cruz,Litiele; Franco,Jeferson Luis; Vieira,Renara Bittencourt; Stefenon,Valdir Marcos.
Despite the importance of medicinal plants for the healthcare of local people, the knowledge about medicinal species used in the Pampa biome has been neglected over the years. In this study, an ethnobotanical survey was employed aiming to characterize the species richness and diversity of commercialized medicinal plant species in five cities within the Brazilian Pampa. Additionally, among the listed plants, ten species were selected for in vitro testing of their potential antioxidant activity. A total of 56 plant species belonging to 33 botanical families were listed by the 115 interviewees. No significant difference in commercialized medicinal plant species, and very similar species richness was observed among the cities, indicating that the local...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Ethnobiology; Ethnopharmacology; Gaúcho; Oxidative stress; Pampa biome.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-33062016000100047
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Etnobiologia e conservação do bovino pantaneiro. Repositório Alice
MAZZA, M. C. M.; MAZZA, C. A. da S.; SERENO, J. R. B.; SANTOS, S. A.; PELLEGRIN, A. O..
O livro relata a historia do bovino Pantaneiro, mais conhecido como "tucura", animal domestico introduzido no Pantanal ha mais de dois seculos, resultado de um longo processo de selecao natural e exemplo de adaptacao as condicoes adversas do Pantanal. Entretanto, por questoes culturais e economicas, ele foi sendo preterido pela maioria dos pecuaristas pantaneiro em favor do zebu no inicio deste seculo. No Pantanal Sul, o unico nucleo de criacao existente e o da EMBRAPA-CPAP - Centro de Pesquisa Agropecuaria do Pantanal, localizado na fazenda Nhumirim. Esta publicacao, tambem, e um resgate da historia da colonizacao e da cultura do homem que desbravou e se fixou no Pantanal, pois nela estao contidas informacoes sobre a expansao da pecuaria na bacia do rio...
Tipo: Livro científico (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Pecuaria; Bovino pantaneiro; Conservacao; Etnobiologia; Historia; Pantanal; Bovine; Conservation; Ethnobiology; History; Animal husbandry.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/783931
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Etnozoología del ejido Sinaloa 1ra Sección Cárdenas Tabasco, México. Colegio de Postgraduados
Martínez Márquez, Carlos Alberto.
La utilización de la fauna ha estado ligada a la humanidad desde sus inicios, convirtiéndose en una de las actividades principales de las comunidades rurales. El objetivo de este trabajo fue conocer el uso de la fauna y su valoración en el ejido Sinaloa 1ra sección del municipio de Cárdenas, Tabasco. Se utilizó el método etnográfico, informantes claves y entrevistas semi-estructuradas. Para conocer el número de personas a entrevistar se determinó el tamaño de muestra, seguidamente se identificaron las especies utilizadas, se calculó la diversidad de uso y se cotejaron las especies con la NOM-059-ECOL-2001. Se identificaron 124 especies utilizadas, de las cuales tres fueron moluscos, seis crustáceos, cuatro anfibios, siete mamíferos, 10 reptiles, 41 aves y...
Palavras-chave: Etnobiología; Tropical; Etnozoología; Conocimiento tradicional; Ethnobiology; Ethnozoology; Traditional knowledge; Maestría; Producción Agroalimentaria en el Trópico.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/405
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Etnozoología del ejido Sinaloa 1ra Sección Cárdenas Tabasco, México. Colegio de Postgraduados
Martínez Márquez, Carlos Alberto.
La utilización de la fauna ha estado ligada a la humanidad desde sus inicios, convirtiéndose en una de las actividades principales de las comunidades rurales. El objetivo de este trabajo fue conocer el uso de la fauna y su valoración en el ejido Sinaloa 1ra sección del municipio de Cárdenas, Tabasco. Se utilizó el método etnográfico, informantes claves y entrevistas semi-estructuradas. Para conocer el número de personas a entrevistar se determinó el tamaño de muestra, seguidamente se identificaron las especies utilizadas, se calculó la diversidad de uso y se cotejaron las especies con la NOM-059-ECOL-2001. Se identificaron 124 especies utilizadas, de las cuales tres fueron moluscos, seis crustáceos, cuatro anfibios, siete mamíferos, 10 reptiles, 41 aves y...
Palavras-chave: Etnobiología; Tropical; Etnozoología; Conocimiento tradicional; Ethnobiology; Ethnozoology; Traditional knowledge; Maestría; Producción Agroalimentaria en el Trópico.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/405
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Fishermen's local ecological knowledge on Southeastern Brazilian coastal fishes: contributions to research, conservation, and management Neotropical Ichthyology
Silvano,Renato A. M.; Begossi,Alpina.
We analyzed fishermen's local ecological knowledge (LEK) about the feeding habits, trophic interactions, habitats, fishing grounds, migration, and reproduction of nine coastal fishes in Búzios Island, southeastern Brazilian coast. We interviewed 39 fishermen using standardized questionnaires. Fishermen's LEK on habitat use and trophic interactions for the studied fishes agreed with the scientific literature, allowing the organization of reef and pelagic food webs. The interviewed fishermen mentioned that submerged rock formations would be important habitats for some large commercial fishes, such as Seriola spp., Caranx latus and Epinephelus marginatus. In some instances there was no scientific data to be compared with fishermen's LEK, and thus this kind of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Ethnobiology; Fish behavior; Fish ecology; Human ecology; Small-scale fisheries.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1679-62252012000100013
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Learning from Traditional Knowledge of Non-timber Forest Products: Penan Benalui and the Autecology of Aquilaria in Indonesian Borneo Ecology and Society
Donovan, D. G.; ;; Puri, R. K.; University of Kent; R.K.Puri@kent.ac.uk.
Traditional knowledge, promoted to make conservation and development more relevant and socially acceptable, is shown to have an important role in identifying critical research needs in tropical ecology. Botanists, foresters, and phytochemists, among others, from many countries have sought for decades to understand the process of resin formation in the genus Aquilaria, a tropical forest tree of South and Southeast Asia. Not every tree develops the resin and, despite extensive scientific research, this process remains poorly understood. Attempts at cultivating the valuable aromatic resin, gaharu, have been uneven at best. Thus, gaharu remains largely a natural forest product, increasingly under threat as the trees are overexploited and forest is cleared. In...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Aquilaria; Ethnobiology; Forestry; Gaharu; Kalimantan; Non-timber forest products; Penan; Sandalwood.
Ano: 2004
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O ensino e a pesquisa em etnoecologia e etnobiologia na Região Norte do Brasil. Repositório Alice
HAVERROTH, M..
Este trabalho traça um panorama geral do ensino e da pesquisa em etnoecologia na Região Norte, fazendo um levantamento dos trabalhos feitos até aqui e das perspectivas para o futuro próximo.
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Etnoecologia; Ethnoecology; Etnoecología; Etnobiologia; Ethnobiology; Etnobiología; Região Norte; North Region; Amazônia; Amazon; Ensino; Pesquisa; Educational methods; Research; Métodos educacionales; Investigación.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/855022
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Percursos da Etnobiologia portuguesa, dez anos de história, projectos e actividades IPB - Escola Superior Agrária
Carvalho, Ana Maria; Frazão-Moreira, Amélia.
Na sequência de projecto de investigação no domínio da Etnobotânica, financiado pela FCT, foi feito um historial do desenvolvimento desta disciplina em Portugal e um levantamento dos trabalhos de índole etnobiológica passíveis de serem referenciados
Tipo: ConferenceObject Palavras-chave: Portuguese Ethnobotany; Etnobotânica portuguesa; Ethnobiology; PALOP.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/4478
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Pesca do apaiari, Astronotus ocellatus (Agassiz, 1831), e perfil socioeconômico dos pescadores artesanais de uma região da Amazônia brasileira. Repositório Alice
DAADDY, M. D. V.; SANTOS, C.; BRANDÃO, R. M. L.; AMANAJÁS, R. D.; RIBEIRO, A. B. N..
A pesca artesanal é uma importante atividade econômica e de subsistência para as populações tradicionais da região amazônica. O objetivo deste estudo foi caracterizar a pesca do apaiari, Astronotus ocellatus (Agassiz, 1831), e o perfil socioeconômico dos pescadores artesanais da região dos lagos de Pracuúba, Amapá. De maio a agosto de 2011, foram realizadas entrevistas, através de formulários padronizados, com pescadores selecionados por meio do método 'bola de neve', com idade acima de 18 anos. Dos 68 pescadores selecionados, 55 eram do sexo masculino e 13 do feminino. A partir dos resultados, observou-se que os pescadores possuem um amplo conhecimento da atividade na região, incluindo a pesca do apaiari. Tanto a vida social quanto a econômica desta...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Etnobiologia; Ethnobiology; Peixe de água doce; Operação pesqueira; Freshwater fish; Artisanal fishery.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1066151
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Remote Sensing and Ethnobotanical Assessment of the Mangrove Forest Changes in the Navachiste-San Ignacio-Macapule Lagoon Complex, Sinaloa, Mexico Ecology and Society
Koedam, Nico; Vrije Universiteit Brussel; nikoedam@vub.ac.be; Ruiz Luna, Arturo; CIAD-Mazatlan; arluna@victoria.ciad.mx; Troell, Max; Beijer Institute; max@beijer.kva.se; Dahdouh-Guebas, Farid; Vrije Universiteit Brussel; fdahdouh@vub.ac.be.
The present study focuses on the Navachiste-San Ignacio-Macapule lagoon complex in northwest Mexico and evaluates the spatiotemporal change in the mangrove area over the last three decades using Landsat MSS and TM imagery. Local ethnobotanical uses of the mangrove forest and local perceptions about the status and recent development of the mangrove forest cover are also analyzed. The results of interviews with 54 inhabitants of four fishing villages in the study area indicated that, overall, Laguncularia racemosa is the most frequently used species in this region of the Mexican Pacific coast, where it serves as firewood and a construction material, particularly for walls and fences. The next-ranked species were Avicennia germinans, which is used for tea,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Mangrove; Ethnobiology; Remote sensing; Time series; Thematic Mapper; Multi-Spectral Scanner; Mexico.
Ano: 2005
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Saberes tradicionais em uma unidade de conservação localizada em ambiente periurbano de várzea: etnobiologia da andirobeira (Carapa guianensis Aublet). Repositório Alice
SANTOS, M. N.; CUNHA, H. F. A.; LIRA-GUEDES, A. C.; GOMES, S. C. P.; GUEDES, M. C..
As interações entre povos e comunidades tradicionais que convivem com a floresta e com populações urbanizadas ameaçam a manutenção dos saberes tradicionais associados ao uso dos recursos naturais. A partir desse pressuposto, o artigo identifica o conhecimento ecológico local (CEL) sobre as andirobeiras (Carapa guianensis Aublet), o uso dos produtos provenientes da espécie, o conhecimento sobre a extração do óleo de andiroba e a manutenção desse hábito na Área de Proteção Ambiental (APA) da Fazendinha, Amapá. Os dados foram obtidos por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas com 84 moradores e três grupos focais. Os resultados mostram que, aproximadamente, 76% dos moradores possuem CEL sobre a espécie e indicam como seus principais produtos o óleo das sementes...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Conhecimento Ecológico Local; Percepção ambiental; Etnobiologia; Amazônia; Local Ecological Knowledge; Environmental perception; Ethnobiology; Amazon.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/986754
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Ten important questions/issues for ethnobotanical research Acta Botanica
Albuquerque,Ulysses Paulino; Nascimento,André Luiz Borba; Soldati,Gustavo Taboada; Feitosa,Ivanilda Soares; Campos,Juliana Loureiro Almeida; Hurrell,Julio Alberto; Hanazaki,Natalia; Medeiros,Patricia Muniz de; Silva,Rafael Ricardo Vasconcelos da; Ludwinsky,Rafaela Helena; Ferreira Júnior,Washington Soares; Reyes-García,Victoria.
ABSTRACT For at least 30 years researchers have called for a deeper reflection on the paths we desire for ethnobotanical research. Although the discipline of ethnobotany is growing, as measured by the number of publications in the area, there is still work to be done regarding the homogeneity of theoretical and methodological approaches and the implications of ethnobotanical research findings for society as a whole. In this article we present 10 questions/issues that we believe can guide the research and actions of ethnobotanists for the coming years.
Palavras-chave: Biocultural conservation; Ethnobiology; Local botanical knowledge; Local ecological knowledge; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-33062019000200376
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The use of firewood for home consumption and the fabrication of hand-crafted ceramics in a semi-arid region of Northeast Brazil Acta Botanica
Silva,Mariana Cavalcanti Gomes da; Ramos,Marcelo Alves; Alves,Angelo Giuseppe Chaves.
ABSTRACT This study aimed to identify, analyze and compare different uses of firewood for home consumption and for handicraft work in rural communities in Altinho, Pernambuco, Brazil. Semi-structured and free-listing interviews were performed to catalog the plants that were better known by locals and that were mostly used as firewood for home consumption and handicraft work. Two in situ inventories were performed at the homes of the study location in order document the plants that were actually used. A total of 39 species of woody plants belonging to 16 botanical families were registered. The most widely-known species for both uses were also the species that were most used and preferably-used-as-wood by the population. The plants most...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Caatinga; Dry forest; Ethnobotany; Ethnobiology; Ethnoecology; Local ecological knowledge.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-33062019000200331
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What matters in free listing? A probabilistic interpretation of the salience index Acta Botanica
Chaves,Leonardo da Silva; Nascimento,André Luiz Borba do; Albuquerque,Ulysses Paulino.
ABSTRACT Free listing is a data collection technique used in different subject areas to characterize a given cultural domain. Analysis of a set of lists from a human population allows inferences to be made about the cultural salience of the items in that domain. However, the challenge that the salience index presents is establishing a threshold value for determining whether an item can be considered salient or not. The present analysis reveals how to determine which items of a list have non-randomly determined citation frequency and order. Monte Carlo techniques were used to create a hypothetical null scenario. The present analysis not only objectively identifies which items stand out in relation to the others, it also reveals which items can be considered...
Palavras-chave: Cognitive anthropology; Ethnobiology; Ethnobotany; Free-list; Human ecology.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-33062019000200360
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