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Registros recuperados: 16
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AGE DIFFERENCES AND MACROECONOMIC EFFECTS ON FOOD STAMP PROGRAM PARTICIPATION AgEcon
Lim, So Yeong; Chen, Susan E.; Waldorf, Brigitte S..
This study examines Food Stamp Program (FSP) participation patterns with an emphasis on macroeconomic effects and age differences. Entry into and exit out of the program are examined with data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation 2004 panel using probit techniques. The results indicate that young adults easily enter the FSP but quickly move out. Older people are hesitant to enter the FSP but they stay on longer compared to their younger counterparts. The estimation results confirm the common belief that economic dynamics and FSP participation are negatively related. When the unemployment rates rise, the likelihood of entry and continuation on food stamps increases. This study also documents that the macroeconomic effects on FSP transitions...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food stamps; Age; Macroeconomy; Transition; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty; I38; J64.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108558
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Could Behavioral Economics Help Improve Diet Quality for Nutrition Assistance Program Participants? AgEcon
Just, David R.; Mancino, Lisa; Wansink, Brian.
Findings from behavioral and psychological studies indicate that people regularly and predictably behave in ways that contradict some standard assumptions of economic analysis. Recognizing that consumption choices are determined by factors other than prices, income, and information illuminates a broad array of strategies to influence consumers’ food choices. These strategies expand the list of possible ideas for improving the diet quality and health of participants in the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Food Stamp Program; the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC); and the National School Lunch and School Breakfast Programs.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Behavioral economics; Food consumption; Obesity; Food stamps; National School Lunch Program; Nutrition assistance; WIC; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6391
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Does SNAP Decrease Food Insecurity? Untangling the Self-Selection Effect AgEcon
Nord, Mark; Golla, Anne Marie.
Self-selection by more food-needy households into the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly called the Food Stamp Program) makes it difficult to observe positive effects of the program in survey data. This study investigates self-selection and ameliorative program effects by examining households’ food security month by month for several months prior to initial receipt of SNAP benefits and for several months after joining the program. Two-year panels are constructed by matching the same households interviewed in the Current Population Survey Food Security Supplement in 2 consecutive years using data from 2001 to 2006. Food security is observed to deteriorate in the 6 months prior to beginning to receive SNAP benefits and to improve...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food insecurity; Food stamps; Food security; Hunger; Very low food security; SNAP; Longitudinal analysis; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55955
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Does the Food Stamp Program Affect Food Security Status and the Composition of Food Expenditures? AgEcon
Pan, Suwen; Jensen, Helen H..
This article considers interaction among participation in the Food Stamp Program (FSP), food security status, and the composition of food expenditures. A quadratic almost ideal demand system with a bootstrapping two-step method of estimation is applied to data from the Current Population Survey–Food Security Supplement data and used to estimate the model and account for endogeneity between the FSP participation and food insecurity. The results show that FSP participation is endogenously related with food security status and significantly affects total food expenditure and food-away-from-home expenditures.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food away from home; Food insecurity; Food stamps; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Q18; R21; I32.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45043
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ECONOMIC INCENTIVES FOR DIETARY IMPROVEMENT AMONG FOOD STAMP RECIPIENTS AgEcon
Lin, Biing-Hwan; Yen, Steven T.; Dong, Diansheng; Smallwood, David M..
Most Americans need to consume more fruits, vegetables, and dairy products. This need is particularly acute among low-income individuals. The objective of this study is to examine the cost effectiveness of two economic policies that use alternative policy levers available within the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (formerly Food Stamp Program) to increase consumption of these under-consumed foods. Data from three nationally representative surveys are used to estimate demand elasticities, marginal propensity to spend on food out of food stamp benefits, and consumption amount of and spending on under-consumed foods among food stamp recipients. Results of the analyses suggest that a 10% price subsidy would curtail consumption deficiencies by 4–7% at...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CEX; SNAP; Price subsidy; NHANES; NFSPS; Vegetables; Milk; Fruits; Food stamps; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; C34; D12; Q18.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53339
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Food and Nutrition Assistance Programs and Obesity: 1976-2002 AgEcon
Ver Ploeg, Michele; Mancino, Lisa; Lin, Biing-Hwan.
The Food Stamp Program and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) address poor nutrition among low-income adults, infants, and children in the United States. Higher rates of obesity among the populations these programs serve have led to concern that the programs may, ironically, contribute to the problem. To analyze the relationships between program participation and body weight, the study used cross-sectional data spanning the period 1976-2002. The authors compared participants with nonparticipants subdivided into three income categories: income-eligible for food and nutrition assistance, moderate income, and higher income. Results were most striking for adult women receiving food stamps. The most recent data...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food and nutrition assistance programs; Food stamps; WIC; Overweight; Obesity; Body Mass Index; Weight trends; National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55965
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FOOD ASSISTANCE AND NUTRITION RESEARCH SMALL GRANTS PROGRAM: EXECUTIVE SUMMARIES OF 2001 RESEARCH GRANTS AgEcon
Tiehen, Laura.
This report summarizes research findings from the Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Small Grants Program. The Economic Research Service created the program in 1998 to stimulate new and innovative research on food assistance and nutrition issues and to broaden the participation of social science scholars in these issues. The report includes summaries of the research projects that were awarded 1-year grants in summer and fall 2000. The results of these research projects were presented at the 2001 Small Grants Program conference. The projects focus on food insecurity and hunger, nutritional outcomes, and the causes and consequences of food assistance program participation. Some projects focus on specific populations,such as people living in the rural...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food assistance; Nutrition; Vulnerable populations; Food security; Food insecurity; Hunger; Hungry; Food assistance; Food spending; Well-being; Food Stamp Program; Food stamps; National School Lunch Program; WIC; Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Program; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33815
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FOOD ASSISTANCE AND NUTRITION RESEARCH SMALL GRANTS PROGRAM: EXECUTIVE SUMMARIES OF 2002 RESEARCH GRANTS AgEcon
Tiehen, Laura.
This report summarizes research findings from the Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Small Grants Program. The Economic Research Service created the program in 1998 to stimulate new and innovative research on food assistance and nutrition issues and to broaden the participation of social science scholars in these issues. The report includes summaries of the research projects that were awarded 1-year grants in summer and fall 2001. The results of these research projects were presented at the October 2002 Small Grants Program conference. The projects focus on food insecurity and hunger, nutritional status and diet quality, Federal food assistance program participation, and the role of private-sector organizations in the provision of food assistance. Some...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food assistance; Nutrition; Vulnerable populations; Food security; Food insecurity; Hunger; Hungry; Food assistance; Food spending; Well-being; Food Stamp Program; Food stamps; National School Lunch Program; WIC; Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Program; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33829
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FOOD ASSISTANCE AND NUTRITION RESEARCH SMALL GRANTS PROGRAM: EXECUTIVE SUMMARIES OF 2003 RESEARCH GRANTS AgEcon
This report summarizes research findings from the Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Small Grants Program. The Economic Research Service created the program in 1998 to stimulate new and innovative research on food assistance and nutrition issues and to broaden the participation of social science scholars in these issues. The report includes summaries of the research projects that were awarded 1-year grants in summer and fall 2002. The results of these research projects were presented at the November 2003 Small Grants Program conference. The projects focus on food assistance and child well-being, food insecurity and hunger, the dynamics of food assistance program participation, obesity, and the role of community factors in dietary intake and food...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food assistance; Nutrition; Vulnerable populations; Food security; Food insecurity; Hunger; Hungry; Food assistance; Food spending; Well-being; Food Stamp Program; Food stamps; National School Lunch Program; WIC; Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Program; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33849
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FOOD STAMP BENEFITS AND CHILD POVERTY IN THE 1990s AgEcon
Jolliffe, Dean; Tiehen, Laura; Gundersen, Craig; Winicki, Joshua.
In 2000, 8.8 million children received food stamps, making the Food Stamp Program a crucial component of the social safety net. Despite its importance, little research has examined the effect of food stamps on children's overall well-being. Using the Current Population Survey from 1989 to 2001, we consider the impact of food stamps on three measures of poverty - the headcount, the poverty gap, and the squared poverty gap. These measures portray the incidence, depth, and severity of poverty. We find that in comparison to the headcount measure, food stamp benefits lead to large reductions in the poverty gap and squared poverty gap measures. We then simulate the effects of several changes in the distribution of food stamps and find that a general...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food stamps; Children; Poverty; Current Population Survey; Sample design; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33833
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MEASURING THE WELL-BEING OF THE POOR: DEMOGRAPHICS OF LOW-INCOME HOUSEHOLDS AgEcon
Blisard, Noel; Harris, James Michael.
The economic well-being of the U.S. population with incomes below 130 percent of the official poverty guideline is of special interest to policymakers and food assistance program administrators. For example, the Food Stamp Program uses gross income below this level as one of several criteria for determining eligibility for program benefits. This study employs alternative welfare measures, including the Sen index, to assess the economic status of the low-income population and to track changes in welfare status over time. In general, welfare measures of households with income no greater than 130 percent of the poverty line improved slightly between 1981 and 1995. The study also assesses which demographic characteristics that describe these low-income...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food stamps; Demographics; Low-income households; Welfare measures; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33582
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Regional Differences in Use of Food Stamps and Food Pantries by Low Income Households in the United States AgEcon
Duffy, Patricia A.; Bhattarai, Gandhi Raj; Irimia-Vladu, Marina.
The purpose of this paper is to examine the use of food stamps and private food assistance in different regions of the country during 1999, a year when food stamp use dropped to its lowest point in the recent past. Our results show that impoverished families in the South are less likely than those in other regions to obtain private food assistance, although they are more likely than those in the West or Midwest to use food stamps. Low-income families in the Northeast are also more likely than those in the West or Midwest to use food stamps.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food insecurity; Food stamps; Food pantries; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19420
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Restricted Opportunities, Personal Choices, Ineffective Policies: What Explains Food Insecurity in Oregon? AgEcon
Edwards, Mark Evan; Weber, Bruce A.; Bernell, Stephanie L..
This study examines the extent to which household demographics, local economic and social conditions, and federal food security programs explain the likelihood of household food insecurity in Oregon. Between 1999 and 2001, Oregon had the highest average rate of hunger in the nation and ranked in the top five states with respect to food insecurity. Statistical analyses using a multivariate logit model reveal that food insecurity is influenced by much more than demographics and individual choices. County-level factors such as residential location (urban versus rural) and housing costs significantly affect the likelihood that families will be food insecure.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food insecurity; Food stamps; Hunger; Rural residence; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8615
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The Changing Food Assistance Landscape: The Food Stamp Program in a Post-Welfare Reform Environment AgEcon
Gundersen, Craig; LeBlanc, Michael; Kuhn, Betsey A..
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA) dramatically transformed and continues to transform the food assistance landscape in the United States. The Act cut more funds from the Food Stamp Program than it did from any other program, through reductions in benefits per person and restrictions in eligibility. Despite these cuts, food stamps now have a more prominent role in the post-welfare reform social safety net because the largest cash-assistance entitlement program, Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), was replaced with the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) program, a nonentitlement program. This leaves the Food Stamp Program as one of the only remaining entitlement programs available to...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food stamps; Transfer payments; Food consumption; Nutrition; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33993
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The Role of Media Outreach and Program Modernization in the Growth of the SNAP Caseload AgEcon
Dickert-Conlin, Stacy; Fitzpatrick, Katie; Tiehen, Laura.
This research seeks to understand the role of information, in the form of media campaigns, and changes in transaction costs, in the form of online applications and call centers, in the growth in county-level SNAP caseloads. We find that SNAP radio advertisements are associated with a small increase in the SNAP caseload, though the magnitude of the estimates are sensitive to the econometric specification. The SNAP television ads, which were run only in 2006, are negatively correlated with caseloads. We find evidence of endogeneity in the placement of the advertising campaigns, leading to a positive bias in the estimated effect of the radio ad campaigns and a negative bias in the estimated effect of the TV ad campaigns. We also find the modernization...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program; SNAP; Food stamps; Food assistance; Outreach; Advertising; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; H53; I3.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103215
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TRACING THE IMPACTS OF FOOD ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS ON AGRICULTURE AND CONSUMERS: A COMPUTABLE GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM MODEL AgEcon
Hanson, Kenneth; Golan, Elise H.; Vogel, Stephen J.; Olmsted, Jennifer.
Changes in food assistance policy can have impacts on economic activity and household income across the economy. Using a Computable General Equilibrium model focusing on food assistance, we found that both a hypothetical cut in food stamp benefits and a hypothetical cash-out of the Food Stamp Program led to reductions in food demand and farm production. In addition, this hypothetical cut in food stamp benefits resulted in a decline in transfer income for low-income households that was not compensated for by increased labor income. The cash-out triggered general equilibrium effects that led to higher taxes and reductions in labor income, chiefly for high-income households. The Food Assistance Computable General Equilibrium model includes modeling...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: General equilibrium analysis; Computable general equilibrium model; Food stamps; Food stamp cash-out; Food assistance policy; Agricultural linkages; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33831
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