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A Dietary Assessment of the U.S. Food Supply: Comparing Per Capita Food Consumption with Food Guide Pyramid Serving Recommendations AgEcon
Kantor, Linda Scott.
Most American diets do not meet Federal Food Guide Pyramid dietary recommendations. On average, people consume too many servings of added fats and sugars and too few servings of fruits, vegetables, dairy products, lean meats, and foods made from whole grains compared with a reference set of Food Guide Pyramid serving recommendations appropriate to the age and gender composition of the U.S. population. In addition, while the healthfulness of diets has improved over time, the pace of improvement has been uneven. For example, while Americans consumed record amounts of fruits and vegetables in 1996, consumption of caloric sweeteners also reached a 27-year high. This report is the first dietary assessment to use ERSís time-series food supply data to compare...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food; Food consumption; CSFII; Food Guide Pyramid; Dietary Guidelines for Americans; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34079
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A domesticação de plantas nativas do Pantanal. Infoteca-e
JORGE, M. H. A..
Os interesses do homem em domesticar certos vegetais que fariam parte do seu dia-a-dia, sejam em rituais, sessões de cura, ou até mesmo como parte da sua dieta, estão registrados desde milhares de anos. Estas plantas passaram então por um processo conhecido como seleção, e durante vários anos, foram cultivadas e melhoradas para atender os interesses do homem, no caso de grãos tamanho e número. Atualmente, o homem ainda utiliza a domesticação para muitas espécies que possuem potencial econômico de exploração, seja medicinal, alimentício, verterinário, entre outros. Técnicas mais modernas impulsionaram esse processo de seleção, agilizando assim a condução e obtenção de resultados. Considerando que o Pantanal possui imensa diversidade de plantas que na sua...
Tipo: Documentos (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Alimento; Domesticação; Espécies nativas; Pantanal; Cultivo; Espécies domesticadas; Food; Domestication; Native species; Cultivation; Domesticated species.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/812063
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A importância da agroindustrialização na preservação e distribuição de alimentos. Infoteca-e
GORGATTI NETTO, A..
1982
Tipo: Outras publicações técnicas (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Alimento; Industrializacao; Preservacao; Distribuicao; Food; Industrialization; Conservation.
Ano: 1982 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/83825
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A Strategic Perspective on the Impact of Food Safety Standards on Developing Countries AgEcon
Henson, Spencer J.; Jaffee, Steven.
This paper explores the competing concepts of 'standards as barriers' and standards as catalysts' in the context of food safety standards in international trade in agricultural and food products. It is suggested that food safety standards can act as both a barrier to trade and the basis of competitive positioning for developing countries in international markets. This suggests that the application of a strategic framework to analyze and assess alternative responses to evolving food safety standards can throw some light on the circumstances under which standards act to prohibit trade or, alternatively, create competitive trade opportunities. The use of such a framework is illustrated through a brief case study of fish and fishery product exports from...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Food; Trade; Food Safety; Standards; Technical barriers to Trade; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Q18; K32; F13.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25456
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A study on the Gut contents of live Juvenile Loggerhead Turtles, Caretta Caretta (Linnaeus) (Reptilia, Cheloniidae), from the South-Eastern part of the North Atlantic Ocean, with emphasis on Coelenterate Identification Naturalis
Nierop, M.M. van; Hartog, J.C. den.
The gut contents of five juvenile individuals of the loggerhead turtle Caretta caretta (L.) from waters around Madeira, Selvagem Grande (Selvagens Islands) and São Miguel (Azores) were analysed macro- and microscopically. Macroscopic investigations showed that epipelagic salps (e.g., Pyrosoma atlanticum Péron) and gastropods (e.g., Ianthina spp. and Pterotrachea spp.) constituted an important part of the food remains present in these loggerheads. To a lesser extent this also holds for organisms such as goose-barnacles (Lepas spp.). and Idotea metallica Bosc, which live on drifting materials, including algae. Microscopic examination revealed the presence in all turtles of large numbers of nematocysts, deriving mainly from Siphonophora and to a lesser extent...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Cheloniidae; Caretta caretta; Food; Nematocysts; Siphonophora; Hydromedusae; Scyphozoa; Crustacea; Mollusca; Tunicata; South-eastern North Atlantic; 42.82.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/319311
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A study on the Gut contents of six Leathery Turtles Dermochelys Coriacea (Linnaeus) (Reptilia: Testudines: Dermochelyidae) from British waters and from the Netherlands Naturalis
Hartog, J.C. den; Nierop, M.M. van.
Microscopical investigations of the gut contents of six individuals of Dermochelys coriacea from southern England and the North Sea revealed the presence in all of these of numerous nematocysts, mainly scyphozoan. Only six species of Scyphozoa occur in British shallow waters and in the North Sea, viz., Pelagia noctiluca (Forskål), Chrysaora hysoscella (L.), Aurelia aurita (L.), Cyanea capillata (L.), C. lamarckii (L.) and Rhizostoma octopus (L.). For the purpose of comparison and identification an inventory was made of the cnidom of these six species (based on preserved material). Nematocysts of one or more of these species appeared to be present in each of the turtles, all six species being represented. One of the turtles in addition appeared to have...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Scyphozoa; Leptomedusae; Siphonophora; Testudines; Dermochelys; Nemato- cysts; British Isles; Netherlands; Food; Digestive tract; Anatomy; Functional morphology.; 42.82.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/317798
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Abundance, feeding and reproduction of Salminus sp. (Pisces: Characidae) from mountain streams of the Andean piedmont in Venezuela Neotropical Ichthyology
Rodríguez-Olarte,Douglas; Taphorn B.,Donald C..
To obtain basic information for management, aspects of the ecology of Salminus sp. (Pisces: Characidae), were studied in piedmont rivers of the southwestern flank of the Andes in Venezuela. Collections were made with seines of various lengths and mesh sizes, and both underwater and terrestrial observations were recorded to estimate abundance and feeding events. Interviews with local fishermen and inhabitants were made to obtain data on use. The species is present along the entire length of the Andean piedmont in Venezuela, although in some rivers it is now scarce. Small individuals form mixed schools with Brycon whitei, but larger Salminus sp. usually only school with others of the same species. Average abundance was greater in larger rivers, and didn't...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Food; Sexual Maturity; Andes Mountains; Subsistence fishery; Ecology; Management.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1679-62252006000100007
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Adaptation of digestive enzymes to dietary protein, carbohydrate and fibre levels and influence of protein and carbohydrate quality in Penaeus vannamei larvae (Crustacea, Decapoda) ArchiMer
Le Moullac, Gilles; Van Wormhoudt, A; Aquacop, Aquacop.
Activity of digestive enzymes (trypsin, chymotrypsin and amylase) was studied in relation with food in Penaeus vannamei larvae first stages. Microparticles containing casein involved the decrease of soluble protein content and enzyme activities. Specific trypsin activity but not chymotrypsin was correlated (p<1%) to casein level between 10 and 60% in microparticles. Cellulose fibres in food seemed to have little effect on digestive enzymes. Starch, between 1 and 20% in microparticles, had no influence on specific amylase activity. The effect of different feeding conditions were also tested on growth. No clear relationship between growth and enzyme is established since only trypsin is concerned in the case of a casein dose effect in the food. The protein...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Amylase; Chymotrypsin; Trypsin; Digestive enzymes; Food; Larvae; Penaeus vannamei; Amylase; Chymotrypsine; Trypsine; Enzymes digestives; Alimentation; Larve; Penaeus vannamei.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1994/publication-4431.pdf
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Agri-food supply chains and sustainability-related issues: evidence from across the Scottish agri-food economy AgEcon
Leat, Philip M.K.; Lamprinopoulou-Kranis, Chrysa; Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Kupiec-Teahan, Beata.
This paper examines the influence of agri-food supply chains on the sustainability-related activities and decisions of Scottish farmers, as well as the treatment of sustainability issues by food processors and retailers themselves. It is based on 8 whole chain case studies covering some of Scotland’s major agricultural products. The cases identify differing levels of understanding and activities related to sustainability, but widespread acknowledgement that sustainability involves the development of chains within which all parties can achieve acceptable profits. Indeed, collaborative supply chains, which seek improved economic performance, frequently assist environmental and social sustainability. The main drivers of sustainability are found to be the cost...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Sustainability; Food; Supply chain; Agribusiness; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109424
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Agri-food supply chains and sustainability-related issues: evidence from across the Scottish agri-food economy AgEcon
Leat, Philip M.K.; Lamprinopoulou-Kranis, Chrysa; Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Kupiec-Teahan, Beata.
This paper examines the influence of agri-food supply chains on the sustainability-related activities and decisions of Scottish farmers, as well as the treatment of sustainability issues by food processors and retailers themselves. It is based on 8 whole chain case studies covering some of Scotland‘s major agricultural products. The cases identify differing levels of understanding and activities related to sustainability, but widespread acknowledgement that sustainability involves the development of chains within which all parties can achieve acceptable profits. Indeed, collaborative supply chains, which seek improved economic performance, frequently assist environmental and social sustainability. The main drivers of sustainability are found to be the cost...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Sustainability; Food; Supply chain; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Q13; Q18.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108952
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ALBERTA AGRICULTURE AND FOOD TRADE: RECENT TRENDS AgEcon
Rosario, Joe A..
Exports have been an integral and essential feature of the agriculture and food industry in Alberta. This is a product of the province’s relatively low population and consumption base on the demand side juxtaposed with a large resource base of prime agriculture land for crop production and an abundance of range and pasture for grazing and forage for raising livestock on the supply side. A host of factors influence the disposition of surplus production or exports including global supply/demand balances, relative cost/price relations, structural changes through farm consolidation and scale economies, market access, exchange rates, sanitary and phyto‐sanitary standards and regulations, disease and pest related issues. The inherent nature of agriculture means...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Alberta; Agriculture; Food; Trade; Food trade; Food industry; Commodities; Food production; Policy; Performance; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade; Public Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60426
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Alimentacao de peixes carnivoros da planicie inundavel do Rio Miranda, Pantanal, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. Infoteca-e
RESENDE, E.K. de; PEREIRA, R.A.C.; ALMEIDA, V.L.L. de; SILVA, A.G. da..
E analisada a alimentacao de 15 especies de peixes carnivoros de quatro ambientes na planicie de inundacao do baixo rio Miranda, na regiao do Pantanal de Mato Grosso do Sul. Estas especies carnivoras sao generalistas e se alimentam de peixes e outras presas que estejam disponiveis no ambiente, como camaroes, na Baia Cinza. Meandros abandonados, vazantes e baias constituem lares de alimentacao de especies carnivoras de pequeno porte, bem como de formas jovens de grande porte.
Tipo: Boletim de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Peixe carnivoro; Alimentacao; Rio Miranda; Pantanal; Carnivorous fishes; Feeding; Floodplain; Fish; Food; Miranda river.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/789740
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Alimentos com agrotóxicos ou de base agroecológica: o jogo simbólico de atores sociais: food with pesticides or agroecologically-based food: symbolic game on the field. Repositório Alice
FIGUEIREDO, V. O.; CARVALHO, M. C. V. S.; FERREIRA, F. R.; COLARES, L. G. T.; CASTRO, I. M. de; CARVALHO, L. M. J. de.
Destacamos os agrotóxicos como um elemento que pode influenciar no habitus dos sujeitos que participam do contexto da agricultura brasileira assumindo, geralmente, uma posição favorável ou contra o uso desses insumos. Este artigo busca alguns elementos ocultos no universo do alimento com agrotóxicos e, para tanto, apoiamo-nos nas ferramentas metodológicas de Bourdieu, que insurge contra o agir mecânico dos sujeitos e desvela mecanismos de dominação a partir de um jogo de ocultação. Nesse contexto, o produtivismo e a competitividade parecem contribuir para o fortalecimento da crença do desenvolvimento socioeconômico. No campo social, onde há um jogo de disputas em torno do alimento produzido ou não com agrotóxicos, a sustentabilidade surge como um valor...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Alimento; Tecnologia de alimento; Agrotóxicos; Jogo Simbólico; Sustentabilidade; Food; Pesticides; Symbolic Power; Sustainable.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1062741
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Alte und neue Wege des Gemeinschaftsmarketings für Agrarprodukte und Lebensmittel AgEcon
Kliebisch, Christoph; Rugge, Matthias.
Gemeinschaftsmarketing für Agrarprodukte und Lebensmittel ist spätestens seit der Einführung des Absatzfondsgesetzes im Jahr 1969 das zentrale Instrument zur Absatzförderung in der Agrar- und Ernährungswirtschaft. Institutionalisiert in der Centralen Marketing-Gesellschaft der Deutschen Agrarwirtschaft (CMA) ist das Gemeinschaftsmarketing jedoch vor allem in der jüngeren Vergangenheit zunehmender Kritik ausgesetzt. Mit dem vorliegenden Beitrag soll daher neben einem historischen Abriss zum Gemeinschaftsmarketing für Agrarprodukte und Lebensmittel und dem derzeitigen Organisationsaufbau ein Blick auf andere Organisationsformen des Gemeinschaftsmarketing gelenkt werden. Exemplarisch geschieht dies anhand des Modells der „Levy Boards“ in Großbritannien....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Lebensmittel; Gemeinschaftsmarketing; Marketing; Landwirtschaft; Centrale Marketinggesellschaft der Deutschen Agrarwirtschaft; Werbung; Food; Agriculture; Central Marketing Organization of German Agricultural Industries; Sales promotions; Co-operative food promotion; Management; Agricultural and Food Policy; Marketing.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93860
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AN ECONOMETRIC MODEL OF THE DEMAND FOR FOOD AND NUTRITION AgEcon
LaFrance, Jeffrey T..
A flexible, full rank two model of food consumption that is globally consistent with economic theory, aggregates across income, demographic variables, and variations in micro demand parameters, and accommodates tradeoffs between tastes and nutrition is derived. The econometric demand model is estimated with per capita U.S. consumption of 21 foods on the time period 1919-1994, excluding the World War II years 1942-1946. An approach for inferring the percentage of nutrients available from individual commodities in the U.S. food supply is derived and implemented empirically on the time period 1949-1995 for the nutrients energy, protein, total fat, carbohydrates, and cholesterol. The two sets of model results are combined to generate time paths for income...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Aggregation; Demand; Food; Nutrition; Hicksian Compensated Price Elasticities; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25004
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Análise microbiológica de doces de leite vendidos em feiras livres de Pelotas, Estado do Rio Grande do Sul - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v31i2.676 Biological Sciences
Destri, Kelli; UFPEL; Bairros, Jacqueline; UFPEL; Vargas, Bianca Languer; UFPEL; Nascente, Patrícia da Silva; UFPEL; Del Pino, Francisco Augusto Burkert; UFPEL; Lund, Rafael Guerra; UFPEL.
O consumo de doce de leite caseiro, vendido em feiras livres, é comum no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Geralmente, estes produtos não são fabricados em acordo com as boas normas de fabricação e podem constituir perigo à saúde do consumidor. O objetivo do presente estudo foi analisar, microbiologicamente, amostras de doce de leite comercializado nas feiras livres da cidade de Pelotas, Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, conforme legislação em vigor da Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária – Anvisa, e, dessa forma, verificar as condições sanitárias do produto em questão. Foram adquiridas, aleatoriamente, amostras de doce de leite de feiras livres existentes na cidade de Pelotas, Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Das 12 feiras cadastradas na prefeitura de...
Palavras-chave: 2.00.00.00-6 Ciências Biológicas contaminação bacteriana; Saúde pública; Alimentos Microbiologia Aplicada contamination by bacteria; Public health; Food.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciBiolSci/article/view/676
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Análisis de la literatura científica publicada en la revista ciencia y tecnología de los alimentos en el período 1986-2007 OceanDocs
Cámara, Y.; Ramos, A..
El Instituto de Investigaciones para la Industria Alimenticia (IIIA) es la única institución científica que posee el Ministerio de la Industria Alimenticia (MINAL). Su actividad fundamental comprende la investigación de los alimentos y sus tecnologías, el desarrollo de nuevos productos, la docencia y la producción a escala piloto de determinados alimentos. Para este trabajo se analizaron como fuente de estudio los artículos contenidos en los 31 números publicados hasta el año 2007. Para el análisis de las temáticas abordadas se utilizó el Tesauro de Tecnologías de Alimentos. Se determinó la producción científica por año y además un conteo de frecuencia de aparición de autores. En los 22 años objeto de estudio se publicaron 31 números con un total de 452...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Food; Materials science; Bibliometric.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/5025
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Análisis de una política pública de combate a la pobreza y desarrollo rural: Proyecto estratégico para la seguridad alimentaria en el estado de Puebla 2010. Colegio de Postgraduados
González Ramos, Efraín.
El problema de la pobreza y el desarrollo rural en nuestro país es un tema que debe estar presente en la agenda de investigación de las universidades y centros de investigación especializada, así como ser un problema de atención prioritaria de los gobiernos en sus distintos niveles. El desarrollo de investigaciones en la materia que conduzcan al rediseño o elaboración de nuevas políticas públicas, constituirían el mejor binomio para logar superar dichos retos. El presente trabajo hace una revisión del Proyecto Estratégico para la Seguridad Alimentaria (PESA) desde la perspectiva del Análisis de las Políticas Públicas, mostrando los mecanismos de focalización del programa, la correspondencia con los postulados teóricos que respaldaron su elaboración y los...
Palavras-chave: Alimentación; México; Políticas públicas; Seguridad alimentaria; Food; Public policy; Security food; Estrategias para el Desarrollo Agrícola Regional; EDAR; Maestría.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/1843
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Analysis of Country of Origin Labeling for Food Products in Taiwan Using Auction Experiment with Tasting AgEcon
Chern, Wen S.; Lin, Huei-Ching.
This study attempts to evaluate the economic benefits of the country of origin labeling (COOL) in Taiwan. A Vickrey second-price sealed-bid auction was conducted to estimate the consumer’s willingness to pay for Taiwan products vs. those from China and Vietnam. Our experiment was designed to investigate the impacts of product tasting on bidding behavior. The regression results show that tasting raised bids for Taiwan and China teas, but lowered bids for Vietnam tea. The econometric results show very high premiums for Taiwan products. Taiwanese consumers and food producers stand to benefit greatly with COOL.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Auction Experiment; Country of Origin Labeling; Tobit; Willingness to Pay; Bid Premium; Taiwan; China; Vietnam; Tea; Plum; Import; Food; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Q13; D12..
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103219
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Analyze the conflicts between Bioenergy and food: The case Brazil and Germany. Repositório Alice
AZEVEDO, D. B. de; PEDROZO, E. A.; MALAFAIA, G. C.; CAMARGO, M. E..
2013
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Dialogues; Stakeholders; Conventions; Bioenergy; Food.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/981802
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