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Registros recuperados: 10
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Does the WTO Increase Trade? The Case of U.S. Cocoa Imports from WTO-Member Producing Countries AgEcon
Yeboah, Osei-Agyeman; Shaik, Saleem; Wozniak, Shawn J.; Allen, Albert J..
Replaced with revised version of paper 06/08/2010.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Gravity models; Exports; Market liberalization; Cocoa; Fixed Effects; Random Effects and Pooled Models; International Relations/Trade; F10; F13.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61647
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EU market access for Mediterranean fruit and vegetables: A gravity model assessment AgEcon
Emlinger, Charlotte; Lozza, Emmanuelle Chevassus; Jacquet, Florence.
Since 1995, a liberalization process - the so- called Barcelona Process - has begun in the Mediterranean area. It aims at establishing a free trade area for 2010 in the Mediterranean Basin. For the moment the full liberalization concerns industrial product s trade whereas agriculture remains sensitive. Among agricultural product s, the fruit and vegetables (F&V) sector is essential for Mediterranean countries and the EU is their first trading partner. In this context, two questions arise: Firstly, to what extent protection influence trade for the med countries, compared to the other countries? Secondly, what would be the impacts of a greater liberalization on F&V trade between the EU and Mediterranean Countries? Our model, based on the new...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Fruit and Vegetables; EU-Med agreement; Gravity models; Transport cost; Tariffs; International Relations/Trade; Marketing.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10098
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European Trade Integration in the Baltic Sea Region - A Gravity Model Based Analysis AgEcon
Paas, Tiiu; Tafenau, Egle.
The paper explores regional trade integration of the countries involved in the EU eastward enlargement (EU-25) processes distinguishing the possible regional trade clusters within EU-25 that may support integration of the EU-15 and the new member states. We examine whether the gravity equation based on the new trade theory describes trade integration of the EU-25 countries, and whether the results of a gravity model based analysis may be different in the case of the Baltic Sea region (BSR). The gravity models are estimated based on panel data for the years 1993 to 2002. The results of our analysis indicate that the BSR is forming an exception within EU-25. The BSR trade cannot be explained as much with New Trade Theories as in the case of the whole EU. The...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Gravity models; International trade; Regional integration; Baltic Sea region; International Relations/Trade; F15; R1; C5.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26263
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Gravity Approach for Exploring Baltic Sea Regional Integration in the Field of International Trade AgEcon
Paas, Tiiu.
The paper is inviting a reader to think to what extent we can use the knowledge resulting from laws of nature for exploring economic processes. In order to look for the answers on this question, the paper is going to explore international trade flows between the Baltic Sea region countries using a gravity approach. Attention is paid to analyzing forces that attract foreign trade flows and to exploring the influence of distance as an indicator that expresses both transportation costs and cultural proximity of the countries. The results of modeling support the statement that the size of economy has statistically significant and positive influence on the bilateral trade relations of the region. The influence of economic development level that is expressed by...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International trade; Gravity models; Baltic Sea region; International Relations/Trade; F10; C10.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26379
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Identifying fisheries dependent communities in EU coastal areas ArchiMer
Natale, Fabrizio; Carvalho, Natacha; Harrop, Michael; Guillen Garcia, Jordi; Frangoudes, Katia.
The importance of local communities relying on fisheries is constantly emphasised in the European Union's Common Fishery Policy. Previous studies have analysed fishery employment for the entire EU based on statistical figures aggregated by administrative units at the regional or provincial level. This paper adopts a geographical approach to identify EU coastal communities relying on fisheries using accessibility analysis, principles at the basis of gravity models and disaggregated population and employment statistics. The dependency on fisheries is calculated comparing estimated employment from fisheries at each port with general employment in the areas of accessibility surrounding the port. By considering spatially disaggregated statistics the importance...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fisheries employment; Coastal communities; Accessibility; GIS; Gravity models.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00141/25206/26624.pdf
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Increased Cocoa Bean Exports under Trade Liberalization: A Gravity Model Approach AgEcon
Yeboah, Osei-Agyeman; Shaik, Saleem; Wozniak, Shawn J.; Allen, Albert J..
Gravity models were developed to estimate the potential bilateral exports of cocoa under trade liberalization by the sixteen major cocoa producing countries to the US using panel data from 1989 to 2003. The results indicate that differences between resource endowment, relative size of economies, and the sum of bilateral GDP of U.S. and exporting countries are the major determinants. Thus, as trade is liberalized, farmers share of the world price of cocoa increases and this raises exports.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Gravity models; Bilateral exports; Market liberalization; Cocoa; Fixed Effects Model; Random Effects Model; Pooled O.L.S.; International Relations/Trade; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; F10; F13.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6819
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Organic certification systems and international trading of agricultural products in gravity models AgEcon
Cantore, Nicola; Canavari, Maurizio; Pignatti, Erika.
Recent literature about gravity models points out the importance of institutional frictions in the international market of agricultural products beyond the traditional economics variables as transport costs reducing the mass of trade in bilateral relationships. In particular, previous contributions stress that harmonization of food standards could decrease transaction costs in trading relationships by stimulating international market. In a previous work we hypothesized that the acknowledgment of equivalence in organic standards may represent a reliable signal of affinity in bilateral relationships which may be useful to identify areas in which transaction costs for both conventional and organic standards are lower. This article represents a step forward,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Gravity models; Organic standards; Transaction costs; International market; Agricultural trade; Food products; Agricultural and Food Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Q11; Q13.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6159
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Reciprocal Trade Agreements: Impacts on Bilateral Trade Expansion and Contraction in the World Agricultural Marketplace AgEcon
Vollrath, Thomas L.; Hallahan, Charles B..
The rapid increase in the number of bilateral and regional free-trade agreements since 1995 is a striking development. The proliferation of these agreements has raised questions about whether they have, in fact, opened markets, created trade, promoted economic growth, and/or distorted trade. This study uses panel data from 1975 to 2005 and a gravity framework model to identify the influence of reciprocal trade agreements (RTAs) on bilateral trade in the world agricultural marketplace. A benchmark, Heckman sample-selection and two generalized models, one of which accounts for RTA phase-in effects, are used to gauge the impact on partner trade of mutual as well as asymmetric RTA membership. Empirical results show that RTAs increase agricultural trade between...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Trade policy; Reciprocal trade agreements; Bilateral; Regional; Missing trade; Gravity models; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/102755
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Regional Integration and International Trade in the Context of EU Eastward Enlargement AgEcon
Paas, Tiiu.
The paper aims to explore international trade flows of the countries involved in the EU eastward enlargement processes - the current EU members (EU15) and the candidate countries (CC12). The empirical results of the study allow us to conclude that the behaviour of bilateral trade flows within the countries involved in EU eastward enlargement accords to the normal rules of gravitation, having statistically significant spatial biases caused by the trade relations, between the Baltic Sea Region (BSR) countries (the BSR bias), the border countries (the border bias) and the EU member and candidate countries (the East-West bias). The East-West trade relations are still rather weakly developed and there is a statistically significant difference in international...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: EU enlargement; The Baltic Sea Region; Integration; International trade; Gravity models; International Relations/Trade; F15; C5; R15.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26223
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The Impact of Historical and Regional Networks on Trade Volumes within the Western Hemisphere: A Gravity Analysis across Sectors AgEcon
Sandberg, H. Mikael; Seale, James L., Jr..
This paper identifies and analyzes the effects of existing trade networks on bilateral trade volumes in the Western Hemisphere by applying the gravity model of international trade to two data-sets, one encompassing bilateral trade volumes of agricultural products and one encompassing bilateral trade volumes of manufactured goods.
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: International trade; Gravity models; History; Regional trade agreements.; International Relations/Trade; F1 (International trade); F15 (Economic integration); F54 (Post-colonialism); F55 (International institutional arrangements)..
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120071
Registros recuperados: 10
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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