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Registros recuperados: 9
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An Economic Analysis of MGNREG Programme in Mysore District of Karnataka AgEcon
Vanitha, S.M.; Murthy, P.S. Srikantha.
An economic analysis of MGNREG programme has been made in the Mysore district of Karnataka during the year 2009-10. The women participation among total registered workers in MGNREGS has been found significant at 47.8 per cent. Among the total number of works executed under MGNREGS in the sample villages, 96.8 per cent have been natural resource management works and 74.2 per cent community works. More number of natural resource management works are needed to be taken up on individual farmers’ fields to make MGNREGS complementary to agriculture. Among the total participants and non-participants of MGNREGS, 70 per cent in each case were agricultural labourers. In the total income earned by participants and non participants, a major proportion was from...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: MGNREGA; Economic analysis; Women in MGNREGS; Economics of MGNREGS; Agricultural and Food Policy; I38; H53.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119392
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Economic Analysis of MGNREGA in the Drought–prone States of Karnataka, Rajasthan and Irrigation–dominated State of Andhra Pradesh AgEcon
Murthy, P.S. Srikantha; Indumati, S..
Using macro level data on MGNREGA performance in drought-prone states of Karnataka and Rajasthan as well as in irrigation-dominated state of Andhra Pradesh, this study has revealed that the impact of MGNREGA wage on the economic scarcity of labour is relatively modest when compared with the impact of hike in non-farm wages. Even though the provision of food security through public distribution system has contributed to the economic scarcity of labour, the relative hike in non-farm wages is contributing to higher economic scarcity of labour rather than PDS and MGNREGA wages. The study has suggested subsidies for farm mechanization should be provided in order to sustain food and livelihood security in the droughtprone as well as irrigation-dominant states of...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: MGNREGA; Economic analysis; MGNREGA impact on labour supply; Economic scarcity of labour; Agricultural and Food Policy; I38; H53.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119405
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Effects on School Enrollment and Performance of a Conditional Transfers Program in Mexico AgEcon
Dubois, Pierre; de Janvry, Alain; Sadoulet, Elisabeth.
We study the effects of a conditional transfers program on school enrollment and performance in Mexico. We provide a theoretical framework for analyzing the dynamic educational decision and process including the endogeneity and uncertainty of performance (passing grades) and the effect of a conditional cash transfer program for children enrolled at school. Careful identification of the program impact on this model is studied. This framework is used to study the Mexican social program Progresa in which a randomized experiment has been implemented and allows us to identify the effect of the conditional cash transfer program on enrollment and performance at school. Using the rules of the conditional program, we can explain the different incentive effects...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Education demand; Schooling decisions; School performance; Dynamic decisions; Treatment effects; Transfer program; Randomized experiment; Mexico.; Labor and Human Capital; C14; C25; D91; H52; H53; I21; I28; J24.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25064
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Integration, social distress, and policy formation AgEcon
Stark, Oded.
I study the integration of regions in the form of a merger of populations, which I interpret as a revision of people’s social space and their comparison set; I illustrate the way in which a merger can aggravate social distress; and I consider policy responses. Specifically, I view the merger of populations as a merger of income vectors; I measure social distress by aggregate relative deprivation; I demonstrate that a merger increases aggregate relative deprivation; and I show that a social planner is able to reverse this increase by means of least-cost, post-merger increases in individual incomes, but is unable to counter it by relying exclusively on a self-contained income redistribution that retains individual levels of wellbeing at their pre-merger...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Integration of regions; Merger of populations; Revision of social space; Aggregate relative deprivation; Social distress; Policy responses; Community/Rural/Urban Development; International Relations/Trade; D04; D63; F55; H53; P51.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120179
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Moral Hazard in a Mutual Health-Insurance System: German Knappschaften, 1867-1914 AgEcon
Guinnane, Timothy W.; Streb, Jochen.
This paper studies moral hazard in a sickness-insurance fund that provided the model for social-insurance schemes around the world. The German Knappschaften were formed in the medieval period to provide sickness, accident, and death benefits for miners. By the mid-nineteenth century, participation in the Knappschaft was compulsory for workers in mines and related occupations, and the range and generosity of benefits had expanded considerably. Each Knappschaft was locally controlled and self-funded, and their admirers saw in them the ability to use local knowledge and good incentives to deliver benefits at low cost. The Knappschaft underlies Bismarck’s sickness and accident insurance legislation (1883 and 1884), which in turn forms the basis of the German...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Sickness insurance; Moral hazard; Knappschaft; Social insurance; Health Economics and Policy; Political Economy; Public Economics; N33; N43; H55; H53; I18.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54533
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Policy responses to a dark side of the integration of regions and nations AgEcon
Stark, Oded.
In this paper I study policy responses to an increase in post-merger distress. I consider the integration of regions and nations as a merger of populations which I view as a revision of social space, and I identify the effect of the merger on aggregate distress. The paper is based on the premise that the merger of groups of people alters their social landscape and their comparators. Employing a specific measure of social distress that is based on the sensing of relative deprivation, a merger increases aggregate distress: the social distress of a merged population is greater than the sum of the social distress of the constituent populations when apart. In response, policies are enacted to ensure that aggregate distress and/or that of individuals does not...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Merger of populations; Revision of social space; Aggregate relative deprivation; Societal distress; Policy responses; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Labor and Human Capital; D04; D63; F55; H53; P51.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122036
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The Effects of the Food Stamp Program on Energy Balance and Obesity AgEcon
Parks, Joanna C.; Smith, Aaron D.; Alston, Julian M..
The Effects of the Food Stamp Program on Energy Balance and Obesity
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Stamp Program (FSP); Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP); Obesity; Body mass index (BMI); Nutrition assistance; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Q18; H53; I12; I18; I38.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100692
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The Effects of the Food Stamp Program on Energy Balance and Obesity AgEcon
Parks, Joanna C.; Smith, Aaron D.; Alston, Julian M..
The Food Stamp Program (FSP) administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) is the cornerstone of the U.S. federal income and food safety net policy. The FSP has subsidized the food budget for millions of American households for over forty years, spending more than $60 billion per year in recent times. Prior research has demonstrated that women who participate in the FSP are more likely to be overweight or obese than eligible non-participants. This finding raises the concern that the additional income provided by FSP benefits induces participants to eat significantly more calories and gain weight, contributing to the U.S. obesity epidemic. Previous studies of the FSP have yielded mixed results. In this study we develop new conceptual and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Stamp Program (FSP); Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP); Obesity; Body mass index (BMI); Nutrition assistance; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; Q18; H53; I12; I18; I38.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103537
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The Role of Media Outreach and Program Modernization in the Growth of the SNAP Caseload AgEcon
Dickert-Conlin, Stacy; Fitzpatrick, Katie; Tiehen, Laura.
This research seeks to understand the role of information, in the form of media campaigns, and changes in transaction costs, in the form of online applications and call centers, in the growth in county-level SNAP caseloads. We find that SNAP radio advertisements are associated with a small increase in the SNAP caseload, though the magnitude of the estimates are sensitive to the econometric specification. The SNAP television ads, which were run only in 2006, are negatively correlated with caseloads. We find evidence of endogeneity in the placement of the advertising campaigns, leading to a positive bias in the estimated effect of the radio ad campaigns and a negative bias in the estimated effect of the TV ad campaigns. We also find the modernization...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program; SNAP; Food stamps; Food assistance; Outreach; Advertising; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; H53; I3.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103215
Registros recuperados: 9
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