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Cytotoxicity, Fractionation and Dereplication of Extracts of the Dinoflagellate Vulcanodinium rugosum, a Producer of Pinnatoxin G ArchiMer
Geiger, Marie; Desanglois, Gwenaelle; Hogeveen, Kevin; Fessard, Valerie; Lepretre, Thomas; Mondeguer, Florence; Guitton, Yann; Herve, Fabienne; Sechet, Veronique; Grovel, Olivier; Pouchus, Yves-francois; Hess, Philipp.
Pinnatoxin G (PnTX-G) is a marine toxin belonging to the class of cyclic imines and produced by the dinoflagellate Vulcanodinium rugosum. In spite of its strong toxicity to mice, leading to the classification of pinnatoxins into the class of “fast-acting toxins”, its hazard for human health has never been demonstrated. In this study, crude extracts of V. rugosum exhibited significant cytotoxicity against Neuro2A and KB cells. IC50 values of 0.38 µg mL−1 and 0.19 µg mL−1 were estimated on Neuro2A cells after only 24 h of incubation and on KB cells after 72 h of incubation, respectively. In the case of Caco-2 cells 48 h after exposure, the crude extract of V. rugosum induced cell cycle arrest accompanied by a dramatic increase in double strand DNA breaks,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Dereplication; Cyclic imine; HRMS; Bioactivity; Pinnatoxins.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00156/26723/24802.pdf
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Liquid Chromatography Coupled to High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry for the Confirmation of Caribbean Ciguatoxin-1 as the Main Toxin Responsible for Ciguatera Poisoning Caused by Fish from European Atlantic Coasts ArchiMer
Estevez, Pablo; Sibat, Manoella; Leão-martins, José Manuel; Reis Costa, Pedro; Gago-martínez, Ana; Hess, Philipp.
Ciguatera poisoning (CP) is a common seafood intoxication mainly caused by the consumption of fish contaminated by ciguatoxins. Recent studies showed that Caribbean ciguatoxin-1 (C-CTX1) is the main toxin causing CP through fish caught in the Northeast Atlantic, e.g., Canary Islands (Spain) and Madeira (Portugal). The use of liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) combined with neuroblastoma cell assay (N2a) allowed the initial confirmation of the presence of C-CTX1 in contaminated fish samples from the abovementioned areas, nevertheless the lack of commercially available reference materials for these particular ciguatoxin (CTX) analogues has been a major limitation to progress research. The EuroCigua project allowed the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ciguatoxins; HRMS; Q-TOF; Ciguatera poisoning; C-CTX1; Fragmentation pathways.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00624/73630/73067.pdf
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Use of Mass Spectrometry to Determine the Diversity of Toxins Produced by Gambierdiscus and Fukuyoa Species from Balearic Islands and Crete (Mediterranean Sea) and the Canary Islands (Northeast Atlantic) ArchiMer
Estevez, Pablo; Sibat, Manoella; Leão-martins, José Manuel; Tudó, Angels; Rambla-alegre, Maria; Aligizaki, Katerina; Diogène, Jorge; Gago-martinez, Ana; Hess, Philipp.
Over the last decade, knowledge has significantly increased on the taxonomic identity and distribution of dinoflagellates of the genera Gambierdiscus and Fukuyoa. Additionally, a number of hitherto unknown bioactive metabolites have been described, while the role of these compounds in ciguatera poisoning (CP) remains to be clarified. Ciguatoxins and maitotoxins are very toxic compounds produced by these dinoflagellates and have been described since the 1980s. Ciguatoxins are generally described as the main contributors to this food intoxication. Recent reports of CP in temperate waters of the Canary Islands (Spain) and the Madeira archipelago (Portugal) triggered the need for isolation and cultivation of dinoflagellates from these areas, and their...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Maitotoxins; Ciguatoxins; Gambierdiscus; Fukuyoa; LC-MS; MS; HRMS; QToF; Ciguatera poisoning.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00629/74081/73530.pdf
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