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Registros recuperados: 36
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A Diagrammatic Approach to Understanding Complex Eco-Social Interactions in Kathmandu, Nepal Ecology and Society
Neudoerffer, R. Cynthia; University of Guelph; rneudoer@uoguelph.ca; Waltner-Toews, David; University of Guelph; dwaltner@uoguelph.ca; Kay, James J.; Deceased 05/30/ 2004. Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Waterloo;; Joshi, D. D.; NZFHRC;; Tamang, Mukta S.; SAGUN;.
As part of developing an international network of community-based ecosystem approaches to health, a project was undertaken in a densely populated and socio-economically diverse area of Kathmandu, Nepal. Drawing on hundreds of pages of narrative reports based on surveys, interviews, secondary data, and focus groups by trained Nepalese facilitators, the authors created systemic depictions of relationships between multiple stakeholder groups, ecosystem health, and human health. These were then combined to examine interactions among stakeholders, activities, concerns, perceived needs, and resource states (ecosystem health indicators). These qualitative models have provided useful heuristics for both community members and research scholars to understand the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Complex systems theory; Ecosystem approaches; Human health; Kathmandu; Nepal; Social-ecological systems..
Ano: 2005
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A review on biogenic amines in food and feed: toxicological aspects, impact on health and control measures. Repositório Alice
FEDDERN, V.; MAZZUCO, H.; FONSECA, F. M. da; LIMA, G. J. M. M. de.
Abstract: Biogenic amines (BAs) represent a considerable toxicological risk in some food and feed products. They are formed under unhygienic conditions during storage and processing; therefore, an increase in the concentrations of those metabolites is related to putrefaction. Because BAs are thermostable, they remain in food and feed that have undergone heat treatment. There are several toxicological effects, especially caused by histamine, when high concentrations of BAs are ingested by humans, depending on the food itself and also on individual susceptibility and individual health status. The present paper reviews the main BAs in meat products, their use as spoilage indicators, the risk on human health and also the contamination of by-product meals....
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Aminas bioativas; Aminas biogênicas; Saúde humana; Risco toxicológico; Bioactive amines; By-products; Ave Domestica; Frango de Corte; Ração; Toxicologia de Alimento; Amina; Carne; Processamento; Saúde Pública; Human health; Chicken meat; Poultry meat; Rendering.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1113693
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Bioaccumulation of mercury, cadmium, zinc, chromium, and lead in muscle, liver, and spleen tissues of a large commercially valuable catfish species from Brazil Anais da ABC (AABC)
Arantes,Fábio P.; Savassi,Lourenço A.; Santos,Hélio B.; Gomes,Marcos V.T.; Bazzoli,Nilo.
The increasing amounts of heavy metals entering aquatic environments can result in high accumulation levels of these contaminants in fish and their consumers, which pose a serious risk to ecosystems and human health. We investigated the concentrations of mercury (Hg), cadmium (Cd), zinc (Zn), chromium (Cr), and lead (Pb) in muscle, liver, and spleen tissues of Pseudoplatystoma corruscans specimens collected from two sites on the Paraopeba River, Brazil. The level of heavy metals concentrations in the tissues was often higher in viscera (i.e. liver and spleen) than in muscle, and thus, the viscera should not be considered for human consumption. Correlations between metal concentrations and fish size were not significant. Although the levels of muscle...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Contamination; Freshwater fish; Heavy metal; Human health.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652016000100137
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Cadmium availability and accumulation by lettuce and rice Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo
Pereira,Bruno Fernando Faria; Rozane,Danilo Eduardo; Araújo,Suzana Romeiro; Barth,Gabriel; Queiroz,Rafaela Josemara Barbosa; Nogueira,Thiago Assis Rodrigues; Moraes,Milton Ferreira; Cabral,Cleusa Pereira; Boaretto,Antonio Enedi; Malavolta,Eurípedes.
Among the toxic elements, Cd has received considerable attention in view of its association with a number of human health problems. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the Cd availability and accumulation in soil, transfer rate and toxicity in lettuce and rice plants grown in a Cd-contaminated Typic Hapludox. Two simultaneous greenhouse experiments with lettuce and rice test plants were conducted in a randomized complete block design with four replications. The treatments consisted of four Cd rates (CdCl2), 0.0; 1.3; 3.0 and 6.0 mg kg-1, based on the guidelines recommended by the Environmental Agency of the State of São Paulo, Brazil (Cetesb). Higher Cd rates increased extractable Cd (using Mehlich-3, Mehlich-1 and DTPA chemical extractants) and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Lactuca sativa L.; Oryza sativa L.; Soil pollution; Chemical extractants; Heavy metals; Human health.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-06832011000200033
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Características da água disponível para uso doméstico nos Assentamento 72, Ladário, Mato Grosso do Sul. Repositório Alice
OLIVEIRA, M. D. de; OLIVEIRA, J. C. de; FEIDEN, A..
Embora com baixa aptidão para a agricultura e pouca disponibilidade hídrica, na borda Oeste do Pantanal, nos municípios de Corumbá e Ladário, foram estabelecidos assentamentos rurais, onde a falta de água representa uma das principais limitações à produção de alimentos, e até à dessedentação, tanto para humanos, como para animais domésticos vem do lençol freático, por poços perfurados em rochas calcárias, o que confere à água característica ?salobra?. Neste estudo caracterizamos a química da água disponível para uso doméstico no assentamento 72, em Ladário, MS, visando dar informação à população sobre qual o tipo de água disponível e os riscos que o seu consumo apresenta à saúde. A água de 17 postos, coletada no próprio poço ou em torneira próxima, foi...
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Qualidade de água; Dureza da água; Saude humana; Nitrato; Water quality; Hardness water; Human health; Nitrate.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1065840
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Cellular profile of mares colostrum: a preliminary study MV&Z
Simon, Bruna Busianov Zaharov; Roncati, Neimar Vanderlei; Hoge, Alma Yasodhara Alexandra; Porto, Ana Carolina Rusca Correa.
There are few reports on which leukocytes are present in the colostrum and milk of mares. Recent studies in farm animals suggest a role for colostral leukocytes in the transfer of passive immunity from dam to neonate. The aim of this study was to characterize the population of leukocytes presentin colostrum from clinically healthy mares, using the light microscopy. Colostrum samples were collected from 20 mares,12 Mangalarga Marchador and 8 Quarter Horse. Macrophages were the predominant cell type in most samples studied followed by neutrophils and lymphocytes. These results may be a starting point for future studies investigating the role of colostral leukocytes in the transfer of immunity from mare to foal.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Tuberculosis; Zoonoses; Human health; Mycobacterium bovis Colostro; Potros; Transferência de imunidade passiva; Leucócitos.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.revistamvez-crmvsp.com.br/index.php/recmvz/article/view/253
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Corn silage with and without enzyme-bacteria inoculants on performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality in feedlot finished crossbred bulls R. Bras. Zootec.
Fugita,Carlos Alberto; Prado,Ivanor Nunes do; Jobim,Clóves Cabreira; Zawadzki,Fernando; Valero,Maribel Velandia; Pires,Maria Carla de Oliveira; Prado,Rodolpho Martin do; Françozo,Mônica Chaves.
Two height cuttings of corn silage with or without enzyme inoculants were evaluated for 68 days on performance, carcass characteristics, meat quality and chemical composition of the Longissimus muscle in crossbred bulls (F1 - ½ Nellore vs. ½ Angus) finished in feedlot. Thirty-two 20-month-old bulls, with initial average weight of 374±25 kg, were kept in individual pens (10 m²). Diets consisted of 50% roughage and 50% concentrate, with an expected 1.80 kg/day weight gain. The experimental design with four diets and eight replications was completely randomized. Different cutting heights, low (25 cm) and high (45 cm), with or without enzyme inoculants, were studied. Live weight, average daily gain, feed intake, feed efficiency, carcass characteristics,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Feed efficiency; Feed intake; Finishing system; Forage conservation; Human health; Meat quality.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982012000100023
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Cyanobacterial toxins in Portugal: effects on aquatic animals and risk for human health BJMBR
Vasconcelos,V.M..
Toxic cyanobacteria are common in Portuguese freshwaters and the most common toxins are microcystins. The occurrence of microcystin-LR (MCYST-LR) has been reported since 1990 and a significant number of water reservoirs that are used for drinking water attain high levels of this toxin. Aquatic animals that live in eutrophic freshwater ecosystems may be killed by microcystins but in many cases the toxicity is sublethal and so the animals can survive long enough to accumulate the toxins and transfer them along the food chain. Among these, edible mollusks, fish and crayfish are especially important because they are harvested and sold for human consumption. Mussels that live in estuarine waters and rivers where toxic blooms occur may accumulate toxins without...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cyanobacteria; Toxins; Risk; Human health; Microcystins; Accumulation.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X1999000300001
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Differences in the skeletal muscle transcriptome profile associated with extreme values of fatty acids content. Repositório Alice
CESAR, A. S. M.; REGITANO, L. C. de A.; POLETI, M. D.; ANDRADE, S. C. da S.; TIZIOTO, P. C.; OLIVEIRA, P. S. N. de; FELICIO, A. M.; NASCIMENTO, M. L. do; CHAVES, A. S.; LANNA, D. P. D.; TULLIO, R. R.; NASSU, R. T.; KOLTES, J. E.; WATERS, E. F.; MOURAO, G. B.; ZERLOTINI NETO, A.; REECY, J. M.; COUTINHO, L. L..
bitstream/item/153206/1/artigo5-Cesar-BMCGenomics-2016.pdf
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Bos Indicus; Human health; Lipids.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1060542
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Efeitos da associação do farelo de aveia e barra de soja no perfil lipídico de indivíduos dislipidêmicos. Repositório Alice
CAMARGO, A. E. I.; LOBATO, L. P.; BORTOLASCI, C. C.; CARREIRA, C. M.; MOSMANN, Y.; MANDARINO, J. M. G.; RODRIGUES, R. J.; GROSSMANN, M. V. E.; BARBOSA, D. S..
2010
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Proteína de soja; Soja; Nutrição humana; Saude; Soybeans; Food and Human Nutrition; Human health.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/877425
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ESTIMATION OF EXTERNAL COSTS OF ELECTRICITY GENERATION USING EXTERNE MODEL AgEcon
Molnar, Sandor; Debrecin, N.; Kovacevic, T.; Molnar, Melinda.
The external costs of electricity generation can be characterised by the resulting social and environmental impacts. The most significant impacts are the air pollutions impact on health, built in environment, crops, forests, agricultural areas and on global warming. The primary impact considered is the air pollution’s effect on human health. The monetised value of the health impact, the external costs are calculated for two regional coal power plants, the effects are examined on the EU level with the ExternE methodology.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: External costs; Human health; Monetized environmental impacts; Energy production; Coal power plants; Air pollution; Environmental Economics and Policy; Health Economics and Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47553
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Factors Affecting Biotechnology Innovation in Canada: Analysis of the 2001 Biotechnology Use and Development Survey AgEcon
van Moorsel, Daryl; Cranfield, John A.L.; Sparling, David.
Advancement in biotechnology requires continued innovative activity by firms. To grow, biotechnology firms must understand the factors affecting their innovative activity. Such understanding also informs policy makers, and supports the development of policies promoting one's biotechnology sector. This study explores factors which determine innovative activity within the Canadian biotechnology industry. Innovative activity is measured as the natural log of the number of products/processes a firm has at different stages of the innovation spectrum. A model is developed to regress this measure on several determinants of innovation. Significant drivers of innovation include: collaborative arrangements, transfer of intellectual property, firm size and age,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Innovation; Biotechnology; Canada; Agriculture; Food; Human health; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34121
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Future challenges for good health and well-being. Infoteca-e
KIILL, L. H. P.; PORTO, D. D..
Challenges and solutions; Contributions of Embrapa.
Tipo: Capítulo em livro técnico (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Bem estar; Alimentação biofortificada; Saúde; Qualidade de Vida; Alimentação; Population; Human health; Healthy diet; Health foods.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/1129111
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Growth performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality of finishing bulls fed crude glycerin-supplemented diets BABT
Françozo,Mônica Chaves; Prado,Ivanor Nunes do; Cecato,Ulysses; Valero,Maribel Velandia; Zawadzki,Fernando; Ribeiro,Ossival Lolato; Prado,Rodolpho Martin do; Visentainer,Jesuí Vergílio.
This study was conducted to evaluate the performance, carcass characteristics and chemical composition of Longissimusmuscle (LM) of the bulls. Twenty-four Nellore bulls were used in a complete randomised design. The bulls were randomly assigned to one of the three diets containing 0, 5 or 12% glycerin. Final BW and ADG were similar (P&gt;0.05) between the bulls fed with 5 or 12% of glycerin but were higher (P<0.10) compared to the bulls fed without glycerin. DMI and feed efficiency was not affected (P&gt;0.05) by glycerin level. Hot carcass weight increased (P<0.10) when glycerin was fed at 5%. Glycerin level did not affect (P<0.05) the dressing percentage and fat thickness. LM increased (P<0.10) when glycerin was fed at 12%. Dietary...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cattle; Fat; Glycerin; Human health; Silage corn.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132013000200019
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In vitro antioxidant properties and characterization in nutrients and phytochemicals of six medicinal plants from the Portuguese folk medicine IPB - Escola Superior Agrária
Barros, Lillian; Oliveira, Sónia; Carvalho, Ana Maria; Ferreira, Isabel C.F.R..
Traditional ethnomedical use of plants is recognized as an important potential source of compounds used in mainstream medicine. Herein, the in vitro antioxidant properties, nutrients and phytochemical composition of six medicinal plants widely used in the north-eastern Portuguese region were evaluated. The antioxidant activity was screened through: radical scavenging effects, reducing power, and inhibition of lipid peroxidation in brain homogenates. Nutrients and phytochemical characterization included determination of sugars by HPLC-RI, fatty acids by GC-FID, tocopherols by HPLC-fluorescence, phenolics, flavonoids, carotenoids and ascorbic acid, by spectrophotometric techniques. Rubus ulmifolius flowers revealed the highest antioxidant activity, and the...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Human health; Phytochemicals; Carotenoids; Antioxidants properties; MAP; Portuguese ethnobotany.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/3039
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Incidência de fumonisinas totais em diferentes genótipos de sorgo granífero. Repositório Alice
CONCEIÇÃO, R. R. P. da; QUEIROZ, V. A. V.; GUIMARAES, L. J. M.; MIGUEL, R. A.; FERREIRA, P..
2015
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: FumoniTest; Sorghum bicolor; Micotoxina; Saúde; Human health; Mycotoxins.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1019954
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Inclusão de gordura na alimentação de caprinos e seu efeito sobre o perfil lipídico no leite: revisão. Repositório Alice
FONTELES, N. L. de O.; SOUSA, R. T. de; GONÇALVES, J. de L.; BARBOSA, J. dos S. R.; SANTOS, S. F. dos; BOMFIM, M. A. D..
Resumo: Objetivou-se com este trabalho fazer uma revisão acerca da importância da suplementação de fontes de lipídeos e seu efeito sobre a modificação do perfil lipídico do leite. A utilização de lipídios na dieta de ruminantes representa uma forma de atender as demandas energéticas, bem como uma estratégia de manipular o perfil de ácidos graxos do leite, aumentando a participação dos ácidos poli-insaturados e reduzindo os ácidos graxos saturados. Diversas fontes de lipídios estão sendo utilizadas nas dietas para ruminantes, sob forma de óleo vegetal, gordura protegidas ou inertes e sementes de oleaginosas, favorecendo assim o maior aporte de ácidos graxos poli-insaturados (linoleico e linolênico) na melhoria do perfil lipídico do leite. A agregação de...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Saúde humana; Caprino; Cabra; Ácido Linoléico; Goats; Human health; Linoleic acid.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1107130
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Integrating Research on Food and the Environment: an Exit Strategy from the Rational Fool Syndrome in Agricultural Science Ecology and Society
Ashby, Jacqueline A; Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical; J.ASHBY@CGIAR.ORG.
The thesis of this paper is that the "rational fool" syndrome can be applied to mainstream public sector agricultural research that is conducted in a way that is rational in the short term, but acts against its own long-term viability. Historically, a main concern of such research has been to maximize high levels of food production together with low prices to consumers. As a result, mainstream agricultural science has ignored negative impacts or externalities, which has contributed to a crisis of credibility with the general public and politically sensitive decision makers. A long-term strategic research agenda for the public sector is being defined that is new and relevant to present efforts to integrate natural resource management and sustainable...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Ecosystem health; Human health; Natural resource management; Rational fool syndrome; Strategic research; Sustainable agricultural production.
Ano: 2001
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Maquiladoras, Air Pollution, and Human Health in Ciudad Juarez and El Paso AgEcon
Blackman, Allen; Batz, Michael B.; Evans, David A..
Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua, is home to the U.S.-Mexico border's largest maquiladora labor force, and also its worst air pollution. We marshal two types of evidence to examine the link between maquiladoras and air pollution in Ciudad Juarez, and in its sister city, El Paso, Texas. First, we use a publicly available sector-level emissions inventory for Ciudad Juarez to determine the importance of all industrial facilities (including maquiladoras) as a source of air pollution. Second, we use original plant-level data from two sample maquiladoras to better understand the impacts of maquiladora air pollution on human health. We use a series of computational models to estimate health damages attributable to air pollution from these plants, we compare these damages...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Maquiladora; Air pollution; Human health; Environmental justice; U.S.-Mexico border; Ciudad Juarez; El Paso; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q01; Q25; O13.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10807
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Milk fatty acid composition of unsupplemented dairy cows grazing on a tropical pasture. Repositório Alice
DIAS, K. M.; GAMA, M. A. S. da; SCHMITT, D.; SBRISSIA, A. F..
bitstream/item/208141/1/Milk-fatty.pdf
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Rumenic acid; Dairy fat; Elephantgrass; Pennisetum Purpureum; Functional foods; Human health.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1118146
Registros recuperados: 36
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