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Registros recuperados: 15
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An Analysis of the Recent Evolution of Mali’s Maize Subsector AgEcon
Diallo, Amadou Sekou.
In most developing countries, historically, the main strategy for improving the food sector has focused on increasing farm-level production. But in recent years, with the emphasis on value chain analysis, there has been much more focus on subsector studies, demand-driven approaches, and improving vertical coordination to assure product quality to final consumption markets. Millet, sorghum, and later rice were the traditional leading three cereal crops produced and consumed in Mali. Maize has trailed them for more than two decades, but from mid 1990s on, it has been produced and consumed in much larger quantities. Given the potentials of maize, developing and better organizing its subsector has the potential to not only increase revenues for maize farmers,...
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation Palavras-chave: Maize; Value chain; Mali; Cereals; Food security; Agricultural marketing; Livestock feed; Industrial organization; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Marketing; L11-Production; Pricing; And Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms; N57-Africa; Oceania; O17-Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements; O33-Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes; Q12-Micro Analysis of Farm Firms; Farm Households; And Farm Input Markets; Q13-Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness; Q18-Agricultural Policy; Food Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/101316
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Análise da estrutura do mercado brasileiro de carros populares, 1990-2005 AgEcon
Mattos, Leonardo Bornacki de; Barros, Áther de Miranda.
The objective of this paper was to analyze the evolution of the Structure of the Brazilian market of popular cars in the period from 1990 to 2005. Information on the number of units sold by each firm in the domestic market have been used to determine each firm’s market-share, levels of concentration and the Herfindahl- Hirschman Index. The results have pointed that, although reduction in the concentration of this market during the period have occurred, the market is still strongly concentrated according to the levels established by the Office of Economic Investigation (SEAE) and by the Office of Economic Defense (SDE) for the exercise of the coordinated market power.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Industrial organization; Market structure Popular cars; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55186
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Commodity Price Pass-Through in Differentiated Retail Food Markets AgEcon
Richards, Timothy J.; Allender, William J.; Pofahl, Geoffrey M..
Prices for nearly all basic commodity rose at unprecedented rates throughout early 2008, only to fall nearly as fast as financial markets and global economies began to collapse. Rising food prices in 2008 led to concerns that commodity price spikes would lead to more general food inflation, but by early 2009 interest focused more on the seeming inability of food prices to fall back down with commodity prices. This study provides an empirical investigation into the pass-through of commodity prices to retail prices for two different types of food products: potatoes and fluid milk. The results show that pass-through depends on the nature of the food in question, but is generally consistent with theoretical models of pricing by sellers of multiple,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Commodity prices; Conduct; Industrial organization; Inflation; Market power; Nested logit; Pass-through; Random parameters model; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Industrial Organization; C35; D12; D43; L13; L41; Q13.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61187
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Explaining Quality Differences at the Procurement Stage in the Polish Milk Sector AgEcon
Pieniadz, Agata; Hockmann, Heinrich.
The challenge of implementing EU quality and safety standards for food production and trading is one of the driving forces behind the restructuring of the agrofood chains in Central and Eastern European Countries (CEEC). The progress made in the compliance process not only varies amongst sectors and countries, but also among particular chains due to differences in their internal structure and strategies, and features of their political and economic surroundings. We construct a models to identify determinants of the diffusion rate of standards in a food chain under pre-accession conditions. We argue that adoption decisions in the food chain are determined by farmers' and processors' economic considerations. Factors such as pricing behavior, compliance costs...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Product quality; Standards; EU enlargement; Industrial organization; Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25315
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La industria de la leche en México : conductas y tendencias. Colegio de Postgraduados
Caballero García, Marco Antonio.
Con el enfoque de red de valor – organización industrial, se analizó la industria de la leche en México, desarrollando un juego estratégico (empresarial) y el ajuste de un modelo de elección discreta: Logit multinomial. Se encontró que la industria de la leche no es ajena a las tendencias mundiales en la elaboración de alimentos, mismas que están yendo hacia: una preocupación constante por la salud y la necesidad de conveniencia, encontrando en el mercado nacional leches fortificadas con vitaminas y minerales; bajo contenido de azúcar y grasas; agregado de Fibra y Omega 3; enriquecidas con prebióticos que reducen los niveles de colesterol y para conciliar el sueño. La estructura de la industria de la leche es de tipo “Oligopolio”, caracterizada por un...
Palavras-chave: Red de valor; Organización industrial; Modelo de elección discreta; Net of value; Industrial organization; Model of discreet election; Doctorado; Economía.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/83
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La industria de la leche en México : conductas y tendencias. Colegio de Postgraduados
Caballero García, Marco Antonio.
Con el enfoque de red de valor – organización industrial, se analizó la industria de la leche en México, desarrollando un juego estratégico (empresarial) y el ajuste de un modelo de elección discreta: Logit multinomial. Se encontró que la industria de la leche no es ajena a las tendencias mundiales en la elaboración de alimentos, mismas que están yendo hacia: una preocupación constante por la salud y la necesidad de conveniencia, encontrando en el mercado nacional leches fortificadas con vitaminas y minerales; bajo contenido de azúcar y grasas; agregado de Fibra y Omega 3; enriquecidas con prebióticos que reducen los niveles de colesterol y para conciliar el sueño. La estructura de la industria de la leche es de tipo “Oligopolio”, caracterizada por un...
Palavras-chave: Red de valor; Organización industrial; Modelo de elección discreta; Net of value; Industrial organization; Model of discreet election; Doctorado; Economía.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/83
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Making a market for Miscanthus: Can new contract designs solve the biofuel investment hold-up problem? AgEcon
Wu, Steven Y.; Rosch, Stephanie D.; Alexander, Corinne E.; Tyner, Wallace E.; Yoder, Joshua.
We present designs for optimal contracts to solve the investment hold-up problem for perennial crops for the biofuel industry. A fixed-price contract is ex-ante efficient but renegotiation-proof for a limited range of discount parameters. A perfectly- indexed contract is both renegotiation-proof and ex-post efficient. Provided long-run land prices are stationary, the expected cost for both contracts converges to the long-run expected price of land for a risk-neutral farmer.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Biofuels; Miscanthus; Contract theory; Industrial organization; Renegotiation-proof contract; Marketing.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61743
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Market Power and/or Efficiency: An Application to U.S. Food Processing AgEcon
Lopez, Rigoberto A.; Azzam, Azzeddine M.; Liron-Espana, Carmen.
This article separates oligopoly-power and cost-efficiency effects of changes in industrial concentration and assesses their impact on output prices in 32 food-processing industries. Empirical results indicate that although concentration induces cost efficiency in one-third of the industries, oligopoly-power effects either dominate cost efficiency or reinforce inefficiency, resulting in higher output prices in most industries. The article also provides fresh econometric estimates of oligopoly power and economies of size for the industries in question.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Industrial concentration; Economies of scale; Industrial organization; Oligopoly power; Food processing; Agribusiness; Industrial Organization; Productivity Analysis; L00; L11; L13; L66.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25160
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MEASURING STRATEGIC INTENT IN THE SOUTH TEXAS FOOD MARKETING INDUSTRY AgEcon
McBryde, Gary L..
Binomial and multinomial logit analysis is applied to data collected from questionnaires to measure strategic intent in the food marketing industry. Questions were framed based on data from the U.S. Department of Commerce's "County Business Patterns" reports and from best-practice studies. Question topics were placed into a competitive strategy framework following the 1998 work of Porter. Results indicate a strategic focus on outbound logistics and market pricing at the direct value level. Indirect activities focus on human capacity and firm infrastructure, particularly expanding internationally. Firms are adopting information technologies as a competitive strategy, and are doing so as part of a combined strategy to develop human assets.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food marketing; Industrial organization; Information technology; Strategy; Marketing.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14658
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Measuring the Benefits to Advertising under Monopolistic Competition AgEcon
Boland, Michael A.; Crespi, John M.; Silva, Jena; Xia, Tian.
This paper determines the benefits and costs of firm-level advertising in a monopolistically competitive industry. The model is useful in an environment in which firm-level costs may be absent or imprecise. The empirical example uses data on the advertising for a new line of prune snacks by Sunsweet Growers between 2008 and 2010, revealing average benefit-cost estimates from $1.26 to $4.35 for every dollar allocated to the new product line.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Advertising; Benefit-cost analysis; Industrial organization; Monopolistic competition; Agricultural marketing; Agricultural Finance; Financial Economics; Marketing.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122308
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National Brand and Private Label Pricing and Promotional Strategy AgEcon
Volpe, Richard J., III.
In this paper I use a unique and rich data set on prices and promotions from major US supermarkets to examine the nature of National Brand and Private Label interaction. Private labels are priced and promoted competitively with NBs, in a manner suggesting that retails are careful not to lose private label market share during times of national brand promotions. The price margin between the two types of products continues to fall in US supermarkets, and the major determinants of the price differences between the two are promotional frequency and market concentration.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food retail; Industrial organization; Food prices; Promotional activity; Agribusiness; Demand and Price Analysis; Industrial Organization; Marketing.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60986
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Patterns of competition and strategic groups in the special cheese industry in Brazil AgEcon
Rezende, Daniel Carvalho de; Castro, Cleber Carvalho de.
The aim of this study is to identify the competition pattern in the Brazilian special cheese industry, and the strategic groups of this market. Based mainly on the Industrial Organization Theory, a qualitative study was conducted, supported by primary and secondary data. The primary data were obtained through interviews with six managers of Brazilian special cheese companies, and the secondary data were obtained from websites, company documents and specialized publications. The results point to the increasing importance of the price variable, related to market growth in recent years, which attracted companies with more effective production and logistics structures. Based on the characteristics and strategies of companies, four strategic groups were...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Fine cheese; Industrial organization; Strategic groups; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/62143
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Share, Price and Category Expenditure -- Geographic Market Effects and Private Labels AgEcon
Putsis, William P., Jr.; Cotterill, Ronald W..
Focusing on the interaction between national brands and private labels, this paper has two main empirical contributions: i) a simultaneous system of demand (share), price and expenditure equations is estimated, and ii) differences in the structure of the local geographic market are incorporated into the analysis. The former represents an important step in understanding the complete nature of private label and national brand interaction, while the latter is important for understanding the impact of the local retail environment on market behavior. IRI scanner data from 1991 and 1992 are used to estimate the three-equation system across 135 food product categories and 59 geographic markets. The results suggest that concentration at both the manufacturer and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Competition; Private labels; Industrial organization; Demand and Price Analysis; Industrial Organization; Marketing.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25166
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Structural Change in the Meat and Poultry Industry and the Pathogen Reduction Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point Rule AgEcon
Ollinger, Michael.
This paper uses plant-level micro-data covering the 1987-2002 and a translog cost function to estimate long-run costs in the meat and poultry industry in order to evaluate the impact of the Pathogen Reduction Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point Rule on cattle, hog and chicken slaughter and prepared pork products and sausage-making industries. Results suggest that costs rose in the cattle and hog slaughter and prepared pork products industries and the cost shares of meat declined and of labor and capital rose. There is little evidence that events over the period favored large or small plants.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food safety; Structural change; Regulation; Industrial organization; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36747
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Too Connected to Fail: The Effect of Alliance Network Structure on Farm Survival AgEcon
Kirwan, Barrett E.; Martens, Andrea.
Exogenous, unobserved factors often confound the effects of alliance networks. More capable farmers might be less likely to exit and more likely to have a large number of alliances. In this case the negative correlation between alliance network size and exit likelihood is due to the unobserved confounder--farmer ability--not the effect of network size on exit likelihood. Recognizing the endogeneity of alliance network size when determining a farm’s survival likelihood, we employ an empirical model that accounts for the bias caused by unobserved effects. We account for time-invariant unobserved effects with individual fixed effects. We control for county-level confounding factors with a time-varying county effect. Finally, we address unobserved,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Networks; Alliances; Agriculture; Policy; Organizational structure; Industrial organization; Finance; Entrepreneurship; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Industrial Organization; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Risk and Uncertainty; L1; L14; L26; Q1; Q14; Q18.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103573
Registros recuperados: 15
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