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ASSESSMENT OF BENZOPHENANTHRIDINE AND PROTOPINE ALKALOIDS IN BROILER CHALLENGED AND NOT BY SALMONELLA HEIDELBERG Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Previato do Amaral,PFG; Otutumi,LK; Rodrigues,GV; Lima,ET; Fernandes,JIM; Vendrame,A; Mezalira,TS; Suenaga,SS; Sestari,DAO; Cestari,IED; Martins,LA.
ABSTRACT Salmonellosis is a globally important zoonosis, and Salmonella Heidelberg is one of the most prevalent serovars in poultry production worldwide, as well as in food poisoning cases. Antimicrobial drugs were previously widely used to face health challenges in animal production; however, since their ban as performance enhancers, many alternative strategies have been proposed. One of these strategies is the use of plant extracts, such as those containing the alkaloids benzophenanthridine and protopine. These compounds have antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulation, and nutritional effects. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of the supply of a product containing benzophenanthridine and protopine (Sangrovit(r)WS 100...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Alkaloids; Broilers; Intestinal morphology; Performance; Sanguinarine.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2016000300525
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Comparative Effect of The Inclusion of Zootechnical Additives in the Feed of Japanese Quails in Two Productive Phases Anais da ABC (AABC)
LEMOS,MARINA J.; CALIXTO,LÍGIA F.L.; SOUZA,DANIELE S.; REIS,TÚLIO L.; NASCIMENTO,APARECIDA A.; OLIVEIRA,CARLOS A..
Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the intestinal morphology, performance and financial analysis of the inclusion of additives in the feed during the productive period of 360 Japanese quails distributed in a completely randomized design in a split plot scheme in time with five treatments and eight repetitions of nine birds each. The treatments were: control, antibiotic, prebiotic, probiotic and synbiotic. The variables were: height, width and width/height ratio of the villi, crypt depth and villus/crypt ratio, feed intake, egg production, egg weight average, egg mass, feed conversion per mass and per dozen eggs and viability, internal rate of return, net present value and cost benefit. The additives in the feed increased height and width of the villi,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Antibiotic; Intestinal morphology; Prebiotic; Probiotic; Symbiotic.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652018000703313
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Dietary Supplementation of Different Levels of Phytogenic Feed Additive in Broiler Diets: The Dynamics of Growth Performance, Caecal Microbiota, and Intestinal Morphometry Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Ahsan,U; Kuter,E; Raza,I; Köksal,BH; Cengiz,Ö; Yıldız,M; Kızanlık,PK; Kaya,M; Tatlı,O; Sevim,Ö.
ABSTRACT The present study was conducted to investigate the influence of different levels of dietary phytogenic feed additive (PFA) on growth performance, caecal microbiota, and intestinal morphology of broilers. A total of 480 Ross-308 one-day-old male broilers chicks (body weight 43±3 g) were randomly assigned to 32 replicate pens of four experimental groups, each experimental group consisting of 8 replicates (each replicate pen consisting of 15 chicks). A basal diet was formulated based on corn and soybean meal that was fed to the control group. Other dietary treatments received a commercial PFA at 100 mg/kg (PFA100), 125 mg/kg (PFA125), and 150 mg/kg (PFA150). Body weight gain, feed intake, and feed conversion rate of broilers were recorded on 1-21,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Broilers; Intestinal microbiota; Intestinal morphology; Performance; Phytogenic feed additive.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2018000400737
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Effect of incubation system on the development of intestinal villi, metabolism, and performance of one- to forty-day-old broiler chickens R. Bras. Zootec.
Villanueva,Araceli Pacheco; Ebling,Patrícia Diniz; Pontalti,Gabriel Colombo; Ribeiro,Andréa Machado Leal.
ABSTRACT An experiment was performed to evaluate the effect of the incubation system ― multiple-stage (MS) and single-stage (SS) ― on the characteristics at hatching, intestinal morphology, metabolism, and performance of Cobb-500 chickens from 1 to 40 d of age. A total of 1,968 fertile eggs were incubated in two setters under commercial conditions. Birds hatched in SS were longer than those hatched in MS, and the females had higher relative intestinal weight compared with males. However, at hatching, there were no differences in BW and yolk-free body mass from incubation system or sex. In the period from 1-40 d, the birds hatched in SS were heavier, had higher weight gain and better adjusted feed conversion, without differences in feed intake and feed...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Hatching; Intestinal morphology; Multi-stage; Single-stage.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982016000900524
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Effects of cereal type, enzyme and sodium butyrate addition on growth performance, carcass traits and intestinal morphology of broilers Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Shahir,MH; Moradi,S; Afsarian,O; Esmaeilipour,O.
A 2 × 2 × 2 factorial arrangement was conducted to evaluate the effects of cereal type (corn vs. wheat), enzyme supplementation (0 or 0.4 g/kg diet), and sodium butyrate addition (0 or 2 g/kg diet) on growth performance, carcass traits and intestinal morphology of male broilers from 10 to 42 d. A total of 600 male Arbor Acres chickens were assigned to eight dietary treatments in a completely randomized design, providing five replicate pens per treatment. Diets were formulated to meet or exceed NRC nutrient recommendations. When compared with birds fed corn-based diets, chickens fed wheat-based diets had inferior weight gain (1978 vs. 1807 g, p < 0.01) and feed per gain ratio (1.81 vs. 1.93; p < 0.01). Both weight gain (1870 vs. 1915 g; p < 0.01)...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Enzyme; Sodium butyrate; Performance; Intestinal morphology.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2013000300003
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Effects of methionine source, arginine: lysine ratio and sodium chloride level in the diets of grower broilers reared under high-temperature conditions Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Montanhini Neto,R; Ceccantini,ML; Fernandes,JIM.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of methionine sources (DL-methionine 99% powder (DLM) or methionine hydroxy analog liquid 88% (HMTBA)), arginine:lysine (Arg:Lys) ratio and sodium chloride (NaCl) content in the diet of broilers on their performance, carcass yield, serum biochemistry, duodenal mucosal morphology, and immune response. Birds were kept under high temperature conditions during the grower phase and were inoculated or not with an antigen. The use of HMTBA promoted better live performance and carcass yield than the use of DLM. Diets with 1.05 Arg:Lys ratio resulted in better live performance, higher carcass and breast meat yields, longer villi, shallower crypts, and stronger immune response when broilers were challenged...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: DL-methionine; Methionine hydroxy analog; Intestinal morphology; Immunity.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2013000200012
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Effects of Nutrient Density and exogenous enzymesin Starter Diet on Performance, Intestinal Microflora, Gut Morphology and Immune Response of Broiler Chickens Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Nabizadeh,A; Golian,A; Hassanabadi,A; Zerehdaran,S.
ABSTRACT A total of 810 one-day-old, straight-run broilers were used to evaluate the effects of dietary nutrient density and feed additives included in the starter diet on their performance, intestinal microbiota, gut morphology, and immune response. A 3×3 factorial arrangement with three nutrient densities (100, 103.75 and 107.5%, as recommended) and three feed additives (no additives, 0.5 g/kg diet Maxi-Gen, and Maxi-Gen + Superzyme + Bio-Phytase at the rate of 0.5, 0.25 and 0.1 g/kg diet, respectively), fed from 1 to 10 d of age. Similar commercial corn-soy grower and finisher diets fed to all birds from 10-24 and 24-42 d of age, respectively. There was higher (p<0.05) body weight gain and lower (p<0.05) feed conversion ratio in chicks fed starter...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Amino acid density; Intestinal morphology; Microbiota; Growth performance.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2017000300509
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Effects of pre-slaughter fasting on broiler welfare, meat quality, and intestinal integrity Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Pereira,REP; Martins,MRFB; Mendes,AA; Almeida,PAZ ICL; Komiyama,CM; Milbradt,EL; Fernandes,BC da S.
The Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture (MAPA) regulations establish 12 hours as the maximum pre-slaughter fasting period for broilers; however, many processing plants have considered this time is not sufficient, and consequently return the birds to the farms, with consequent economic losses and welfare problems. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the possible effects of longer pre-slaughter fasting times. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of pre-slaughter fasting times longer than those established by MAPA on broiler welfare, breast meat quality, and intestinal integrity. Forty 42-d-old broilers were submitted to different pre-slaughter fasting times: group I: 6 hours, group II 9h, group III 12h, and group IV 15h. Bird...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Broiler industry; Stress; Intestinal morphology; Intestinal morphometrics.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2013000200007
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Evaluation of Anherbal Compound, a Commercial Probiotic, and an Antibiotic Growth Promoter on the Performance, Intestinal Bacterial Population, Antibody Titers, and Morphology of the Jejunum and Ileum of broilers Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Hedayati,M; Manafi,M.
ABSTRACT The current study was conducted to examine the effects of an herbal compound, a probiotic and an antibiotic growth promoter (AGP) on the performance, intestinal bacterial population, antibody titers, and morphology of the jejunum and ileum of broilers. A number of 240 male Ross 308 broilers were distributed into four treatments, with five replicates of 12 bird each. The experimental period was 42 days. Treatments includes: 1) basal diet; 2) basal diet supplemented with an AGP (phospho-flavomycin at 450 mg/kg of diet); 3) basal diet supplemented with a Lactobacillus-containing probiotic (250 mg/kg of diet); and 4) basal diet supplemented with an herbal compound (containing thyme, oregano, chamomile, and peppermint essential oils at 1 g/kg of diet)....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Antibody titers; Broilers; Herbal compound; Intestinal morphology; Probiotic.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2018000200305
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Food restriction beginning at lactation interferes with the cellular dynamics of the mucosa and colonic myenteric innervation in adult rats Anais da ABC (AABC)
SCHOFFEN,JOÃO PAULO F.; VICENTINI,FERNANDO A.; MARCELINO,CAROLINA G.; ARAÚJO,EDUARDO J.A.; PEDROSA,MARIA M.D.; NATALI,MARIA R.M..
The effects of food restriction (FR) on the morphoquantitative aspects of the wall and myenteric neurons of the proximal colon in adult rats were analysed. FR was imposed by duplication of the experimental brood size in relation to the control brood during lactation. The FR group received a 50% reduction of food from weaning until 90 days of age. Samples of the colon underwent histological processing to morphometrically analyze the crypts, muscularis mucosae, tunica mucosa, and muscularis externa. We determined the number of goblet cells and serotoninergic enteroendocrine cells, and morphoquantitatively studied the myenteric neuronal population. FR caused hypertrophy in the tunica mucosa, increase in crypt depth and in the muscular layer of the mucosa, a...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Enteroendocrine cells; Food restriction; Goblet cells; Intestinal morphology; Myenteric neurons; Serotonin.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652014000401833
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Influence of Levels of Dietary Fiber Sources on the Performance, Carcass Traits, Gastrointestinal Tract Development, Fecal Ammonia Nitrogen, and Intestinal Morphology of Broilers Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Sittiya,J; Yamauchi,K; Nimanong,W; Thongwittaya,N.
ABSTRACT The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary fiber source levels on the fecal ammonia nitrogen, growth performance, carcass traits, gastrointestinal tract development, and intestinal morphology of broilers. A total of 420 one-day-old unsexed broiler chicks were individually weighed and randomly divided into 5 groups, each with seven replicates of twelve chicks. Rice hulls (RH) and soybean hulls (SH) were ground through a hammer mill with a 2-mm screen. The RH and SH experimental diets were as follows: 0% (control); 2.5% RH; 2.5% SH; 5% RH; and 5% SH. No significant differences were found in growth performance and fecal ammonia nitrogen among the dietary treatment groups (p>0.05). Compared with the control, the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Rice hulls; Soybean hulls; Broilers; Intestinal morphology; Ammonia nitrogen.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2020000100315
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Intestinal mucosa development in broiler chickens fed natural growth promoters Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Pelicano,ERL; Souza,PA; Souza,HBA; Figueiredo,DF; Boiago,MM; Carvalho,SR; Bordon,VF.
This study evaluated the use of probiotics and prebiotics on the histological and morphological indexes of the intestinal mucosa of broilers at 21 days of age. Thirty-six birds were randomly distributed in a 3 x 3 factorial arrangement, considering 3 probiotics and prebiotics sources in the diet. There were 9 treatments with 4 repetitions. Diet treatments were: 1 - Control (without growth promoters); 2 - Bacillus subtilis-based probiotic (Pro 1); 3 - Probiotic (Pool) based on Lactobacillus acidophilus and casei, Streptococcus lactis and faecium, Bifidobacterium bifidum and Aspergillus oryzae (Pro 2); 4 - Prebiotic based on Phosphorylated Mannanoligosaccharide (MOS) and Organic Acidifier (OA) (Pre 1); 5 - MOS-based prebiotic (Pre 2); 6 - Pro 1 + Pre 1; 7 -...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Broilers; Crypt depth; Growth promoters; Intestinal morphology; Villus density; Villus height.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2005000400005
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Mananoligossacarídeo em dietas para juvenis de tilápias do Nilo - doi: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v32i2.7724 Animal Sciences
Schwarz, Kátia Kalko; FAFIPAR/UEM; Furuya, Wilson Massamitu; Universidade Estadual de Maringá; Natali, Maria Raquel Marçal; Universidade Estadual de Maringá; Michelato, Mariana; Programa de Pós Graduação em Zootecnia/UEM; Gualdezi, Mirian Cristina; Faculdade Estadual de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Paranaguá.
O presente estudo foi realizado com o objetivo de avaliar a inclusão de mananoligossacarídeo (MOS) em dietas para juvenis de tilápias do Nilo. Foram utilizados 224 peixes (25 g &plusmn;1,0 g), em um período de 53 dias e os peixes foram distribuídos em um delineamento em blocos ao acaso, sendo considerado como bloco cada tanque de 1.000 L com 16 gaiolas de 0,12 m3 cada. Foi utilizada dieta-controle com 28,5% de proteína bruta e 2.855 kcal de energia digestível kg-1 e adicionado MOS nas proporções de 0, 1, 2 e 3%. Não foi observado efeito (p > 0,05) dos níveis de inclusão de MOS sobre o consumo, índice hepatossomático, sobrevivência, umidade, cinzas corporal, coeficiente de digestibilidade aparente da máteria seca, energia bruta, proteína bruta,...
Tipo: Experimento científico, pesquisa de campo; análise laboratorial Palavras-chave: Ciências Agrárias Desempenho; Mucosa intestinal; Peixe; Prebiótico 5.06.03.00-0 Aquicultura Performance; Intestinal morphology; Fish; Prebiotic.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/7724
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Performance, Intestinal Morphology and Microbiology of Broiler Chickens Fed Egg Powder in the Starter Diet Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Esmailzadeh,L; Shivazad,M; Sadeghi,AA; Karimitorshizi,M.
ABSTRACT The effect of egg powder inclusion in the pre-starter diet (1-7 days of age) on the performance, and intestinal morphology and microbiology of male broiler chickens was evaluated in a completely randomized design. Starter diets with equal metabolizable energy and crude protein levels were formulated to contain 0, 20, 40, or 60 g egg powder/kg diet. Results showed that body weight, feed intake, feed conversion ratio, and European efficiency index were positively affected (p≤0.05) by egg powder inclusion in the starter diet. Inclusion of 40 g egg powder/kg diet in the starter diet promoted the best performance results. Jejunal villus height and villus to crypt ratio increased (p≤0.05) and intestinal length decreased (p≤0.05) as a result of egg...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Broilers; Egg powder; Intestinal microbiology; Intestinal morphology; Performance; Starter diet.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2016000400705
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Sugarcane yeast inclusion for broilers at post-hatch R. Bras. Zootec.
Lopes,Cláudia da Costa; Rabello,Carlos Bôa-Viagem; Silva,Jaqueline de Cássia Ramos da; Arruda,Emmanuele Maria Florêncio de; Ludke,Maria do Carmo Mohaupt Marques; Dutra Junior,Wilson Moreira.
ABSTRACT A total of 450 one-day-old male broiler chicks were used to evaluate the effect of the sugarcane yeast on performance, body composition, and development of the intestinal mucosa. The experiment was carried out in a completely randomized design with five treatments and six replicates of 15 birds. Sugarcane yeast was included in the experimental diets at the levels of 0, 12.5, 25.0, 37.5, and 50.0 g kg−1. Body weight, weight gain, feed intake, and feed conversion were determined. At the end of the experiment, four broiler chicks were slaughtered per experimental unit: two were used for evaluation of moisture content, crude protein, fat, and body ash and the other two were used in the collection of small-intestine segments for evaluation of villus...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Body composition; Broiler; Intestinal morphology; Performance; Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982017001200924
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The Benefit of L-Threonine Supplementation on Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics, Intestinal Morphology and Litter Quality of Broilers. Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Al-Sagan,AA; Khalil,S; Smith,MP.
ABSTRACT This study was carried out to investigate the effect of dietary L-Threonine supplementation on broiler performance, carcass characteristics, duodenal histo-morphology and litter analysis. It was hypothesised that the overall broiler performance would be improved in threonine adequate diets with reduced environmental impact when using L-threonine supplementation. A total of 144-sexed Ross 308 broiler chicks were randomly allocated into 3 dietary treatments. Each treatment was replicated 6 times with 8 birds per replicate (4 male and 4 female). Treatment group 1 served as threonine deficient group, fed with a diet with all limiting amino acids met except threonine as no synthetic form was supplied. Treatment group 2 served as threonine adequate high...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Crude protein; Threonine; Broilers; Carcass characteristics; Litter quality; Intestinal morphology.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2018000400753
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