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Registros recuperados: 40
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Anatomy of Stigmatized Behavior: Peer Influence and Relative Concern AgEcon
Chen, Xi.
This paper is based on an ongoing joint work with David Sahn and Xiaobo Zhang.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Social Stigma; Peer Influences; Relative Concern; Blood Donation; China; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Development; Labor and Human Capital; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Risk and Uncertainty; JEL: I32; J22; D13; D63.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103644
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Blood for Social Status: Preliminary Evidence from Rural China AgEcon
Chen, Xi; Zhang, Xiaobo.
Xi Chen acknowledges generous Doctoral Research Grant from the Institute for the Social Sciences at Cornell University and precious data set provided by the Development Strategy and Governance Division at IFPRI. Conference Travel Grant provided by the Department of Applied Economics and Management at Cornell is also acknowledged. We are grateful to Ravi Kanbur for invaluable comments, guidance and encouragement. This paper also benefited from helpful discussion and invaluable comments from Robert Frank, David Sahn, Marc Rockmore, and seminar participants in the Department of Economics at Cornell. Due to time limit, I have not incorporated all helpful comments and suggestions in this early draft paper. The views expressed herein and any remaining errors...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Blood Donation; Social Status; Poverty; Inequality; Relative Deprivation; Rural China; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Health Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Development; Labor and Human Capital; Political Economy; Production Economics; Public Economics; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Risk and Uncertainty; I32; J22; D13; D63.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49411
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Causes and Consequences of Supply-Demand Gap for Labour in Sugarcane in India AgEcon
Sharma, Ashwani K.; Prakash, Brahm.
The paper has estimated the demand for human labour use in sugarcane and other competing crops and changes over time in its use in major cane-growing states. It has also examined the supply-demand gap in human labour for sugarcane and has provided some coping strategies. The study, based on the primary as well as secondary data on the use of human labour for sugarcane for the past 30 years (1980 to 2010), has found that sugarcane cultivation is least mechanized and most labour-intensive in almost all major canegrowing states of India. The labour-use per hectare has increased in all the cane-growing states, except Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra. Study has revealed that the proportion of casual labour has increased over the years in sub-tropical states because...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Labour supply; Supply-demand gap; Labour demand; Sugarcane; Agricultural and Food Policy; J22; J23.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119389
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Conservation Payments, Liquidity Constraints and Off-Farm Labor: Impact of the Grain for Green Program on Rural Households in China AgEcon
Uchida, Emi; Rozelle, Scott; Xu, Jintao.
This study evaluates the off-farm labor response of rural households participating in the Grain for Green program in China, the largest conservation set-aside program in the developing world. Using a panel data set that we designed and implemented, we examine the impact of the program on changes in off-farm labor participation between 1999 (pre-program) and 2004 (post-program) using a difference-in-differences approach and several extensions that account for program intensity. We also test whether the program impact is diverse depending on level of physical and human capital of participants. We find that on average the Grain for Green program has a positive effect on off-farm labor participation. Importantly, however, we find that program effects vary...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Payments for environmental services; Off-farm labor supply; Grain for Green program; China; Program evaluation; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; J22; O13; Q23.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9698
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Coping with the Supply-Demand Gap of Agricultural Labourers: A Case Study of Uttar Dinajpur District of West Bengal AgEcon
Roy, Tapan Kumar; Bagchi, Kanak Kanti; Sarkar, Chinmoy.
The present paper has analyzed the mechanism by which farmers try to cope with the supply-demand gap of agricultural labourers during busy agricultural seasons in the face of growing shortage of agricultural labourers. The traditional mechanism of patron-client relationship between farmers and agricultural labourers has been dealt with in this regard. In this paper an attempt has been made to find answer to the following questions: What is the degree of attachment of the agricultural labourers with the employer? Is there any patron-client relationship between the employer and the employee? How effective is this relationship as a coping mechanism to mitigate the problem of supply-demand gap of agricultural labourers? The paper is based on a micro level...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Patron-client relationship; Supply-demand gap; Farmer-labourer attachment; Agricultural labourers; Agricultural and Food Policy; J22; J23; J43.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119404
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Designing REDD+ Schemes to Address Permanence Concerns: Empirical Evidence from Kenya AgEcon
Veronesi, Marcella; Schlondorn, Tim; Zabel, Astrid; Engel, Stefanie.
Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) is an important topic in the debate on policies to mitigate climate change. This is the first study to test and compare the environmental impact of different REDD+ payment schemes in the field, and provide some insights on the effectiveness of different policies with respect to the permanence of forest-based emission reductions. This study implements a stated preference experiment of time allocation in the unique setting of the Kasigau Corridor REDD+ Project in Kenya, where charcoaling is a major source of forest degradation. The impact on time allocation is analyzed under the presumption that a hypothetical agricultural policy or an eco-charcoaling policy was introduced. We find that a...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: REDD; Permanence; Deforestation; Labor; Kenya; International Development; I38; J22; O13; Q18; Q23; Q28; Q56.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124131
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Determinants of the Extension of Part-time Farming--Results from a Probit Approach AgEcon
Harsche, Johannes.
This paper presents a Probit model explaining the employment decisions of farmers located in the German State of Hesse. The model is based on a cross-section analysis including data from 74 Hessian farmers. It indicates empirically a strong impact from wages on employment decisions of farmers. It also verifies the importance of the personal type of entrepreneur for their working behaviour. Finally, we can conclude that, regarding working behaviour, farmers react to signals from the labour market conditions as well as to the structural transformation process in the agricultural sector.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Probit models; Part-time farming; Microeconomic household models; Employment behaviour; Labour markets; Farm Management; C25; D13; Q12; J22.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24491
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Employment, Income and Labour Supply Decision of Rural Households : An Economic Analysis of MGNREGS in Tamil Nadu AgEcon
Devi, T. Sivasakthi; Balasubramanian, R.; Kumar, B. Ganesh.
In India, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGMGNREGS) is one of the major rural development programmes. It provides guaranteed employment to the rural households for 100 days in a year. This paper has attempted to find out the employment status, income and labour supply decision of the participants and non-participants of MGNREGS in Tamil Nadu. It has also studied the household nutritional security of these households. The study has revealed that the number of migrants in the family, number of livestock units owned, and number of person-days employed in agriculture, nonagriculture and MGNREGS are significantly influenced by the household income of the participants and non-participants of MGNREGS. The analysis of household...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: MGNREGS; Employment; Income; Labour supply; Agricultural and Food Policy; J21; J22; H23; I31.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119400
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EU policy reform simulation based on panel data estimation of on- and off-farm labour supply equations for Dutch dairy farmers AgEcon
Ooms, Daan L.; Hall, Alastair R..
This research focuses on the estimation of labour supply equations for Dutch dairy farmers that are suitable for policy simulations. Data availability leads to the fact that we can not estimate structural labour supply equations. We show how to derive reduced form equations suitable for policy simulations. In this research we use the panel data sample selection estimation approach of Kyriazidou (1997) and Wooldridge (1995) to estimate the off-farm labour supply equation. The two lead to different estimation results and different simulation results based on these.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Econometrics; Panel Data; Sample Selection; Labour Supply; CAP Reform; Labor and Human Capital; C23; C24; C51; C53; D13; J22; Q12; Q18.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19434
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FARM HOUSEHOLD LABOR ALLOCATION AND HIRED LABOR DEMANDS IN THE MIDWEST U.S.: THE IMPACT OF GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AgEcon
Roucan-Kane, Maud; Keeney, Roman.
In addition to farm work, most farm households in developed countries have at least one person working off-farm. The purpose of this paper is to examine if, and how, government payments, personal characteristics and household characteristics affect labor allocation of farm operators and their spouses, and the decisions to hire labor. We estimate an 8-regime multinomial logit model and a three equation multivariate probit model to quantify these impacts. Results indicate that age of household members is consistent with the life-cycle hypothesis on increasing then decreasing labor market par, and is positively associated with demand for hired labor. Hired farm labor and off farm activities increase with the operator education levels. As household size...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Government subsidies; Government programs; Time allocation; Labor allocation; Off-farm labor; Farm labor; Hired labor; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Labor and Human Capital; J22; Q12; Q18.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6711
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Fatter Attraction: Marital Status and the Relationship between BMI and Labor Supply AgEcon
Oreffice, Sonia; Quintana-Domeque, Climent.
We empirically analyze the labor supply choices of married men and women according to their body size (BMI), using data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics on anthropometric characteristics of both spouses, and unmarried men and women as comparison group. Heavier husbands are found to work significantly more hours and earn more labor income, controlling for both spouses’ demographic and socioeconomic characteristics. Conversely, no such effect is found for either unmarried individuals or for married women. We suggest a marriage market mechanism through which male BMI and earnings are positively related. Heavier married men compensate for their negative physical trait by providing their wives with more disposable income, working more hours and earning...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Body Size; Labor Supply; Earnings; Marriage; Labor and Human Capital; D1; I1; J1; J22.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56209
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Female Schooling, Non-Market Productivity, and Labor Market Participation in Nigeria AgEcon
Aromolaran, Adebayo B..
Economists have argued that increasing female schooling positively influences the labor supply of married women by inducing a faster rise in market productivity relative to non-market productivity. I use the Nigerian Labor Force Survey to investigate how own and husband’s schooling affect women’s labor market participation. I find that additional years of postsecondary education increases wage market participation probability by as much as 15.2%. A marginal increase in primary schooling has no effect on probability of wage employment, but could enhance participation rates in self-employment by about 5.40%. These effects are likely to be stronger when a woman is married to a more educated spouse. The results suggest that primary education is more productive...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Nigeria; Female schooling; Women’s labor market participation; Non-market productivity; Labor and Human Capital; I21; J22; J24; O15.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28451
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Fertility and Female Work Force Participation in Bangladesh: Causality and Cointegration AgEcon
Hossain, Mohammad; Tisdell, Clement A..
This paper examines the causal links between fertility and female labor force participation in Bangladesh over the period 1974-2000 by specifying a bivariate and several trivariate models in a vector error correction framework. The three trivariate models alternatively include average age at first marriage for females, per capita GDP and infant mortality rate, which control for the effects of other socio-economic factors on fertility and female labor force participation. All the specified models indicate an inverse long-run relationship between fertility and female labor force participation. While the bivariate model also indicates bidirectional causality, the multivariate models confirm only a unidirectional causality – from labor force participation...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Fertility; Female Labor Force Participation; Causality; Labor and Human Capital; C32; J13; J22.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/106947
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Fertility, Child Work and Schooling Consequences of Family Planning Programs: Evidence from an Experiment in Rural Bangladesh AgEcon
Sinha, Nistha.
Despite the attractiveness of experiments from the perspective of program evaluation, there have been very few program experiments in the area of family planning. This paper evaluates an ongoing family planning program experiment in rural Bangladesh. The paper estimates the effect of mothers'’ program exposure on fertility and children’'s time allocation. The results show that while the program was effective in reducing fertility, it had no significant impact on children’'s school enrollment. However, the program appears to have significantly raised boys'’ participation in the labor force.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Fertility; Child labor; School enrollment; Program evaluation; Labor and Human Capital; J13; J22; I21.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28457
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Health and Labor Force Participation of the Elderly in Taiwan AgEcon
Mete, Cem; Schultz, T. Paul.
Estimates are reported of the consequences of health on participation in the labor force of elderly men and women in Taiwan from 1989 to 1996. Three survey indicators of individual health are examined, and two are estimated by instrumental variables (IV), using as instruments parent longevity, birthplace, and childhood conditions. IV estimates of health’s effect on participation are in most cases significant and always positive, and about twice the magnitude of the ordinary least squares estimates, and the hypothesis that health is exogenous and measured without error is rejected. Implementation in 1995 of a National Health Insurance (NHI) shifted to the state the growing cost of elderly health care, and reduced the incentive for elderly to work to receive...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Labor force participation; Elderly; Health status; National Health Insurance; Taiwan; Labor and Human Capital; J22; J26; I10; I18.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28470
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Health Insurance and Joint Off‐Farm Labor Allocation Decisions of Farm Families AgEcon
D'Antoni, Jeremy M.; Mishra, Ashok K..
Contact author to request a copy of this paper.
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Health insurance coverage; Endogeneity; Copula; Off-farm labor supply; Dependence; Bivariate tobit; Coupled farm programs payments; Decoupled farm program payments; Agribusiness; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital; Public Economics; C34; I13; J12; J22; J38; J43; Q12; Q18.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119646
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Household Responses to Individual Shocks: Disability and Labor Supply AgEcon
Gallipoli, Giovanni; Turner, Laura.
What are idiosyncratic shocks and how do people respond to them? This paper starts from the observation that idiosyncratic shocks are experienced at the individual level, but responses to shocks can encompass the whole household. Understanding and accurately modeling these responses is essential to the analysis of intra-household allocations, especially labor supply. Using longitudinal data from the Canadian Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics (SLID) we exploit information about disability and health status to develop a life-cycle framework which rationalizes observed responses of household members to idiosyncratic shocks. Two puzzling findings associated to disability onset motivate our work: (1) the almost complete absence of `added worker' effects...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Idiosyncratic Risk; Disability; Life Cycle Labor Supply; Intrahousehold Insurance; Labor and Human Capital; D13; I10; J12; J22.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55323
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Impact of Program Payments on Time Allocation and Farm Household Income AgEcon
Dewbre, Joe; Mishra, Ashok K..
Using a model farm household resource allocation and data from the USDA-ERS Agricultural Resources Management Survey (ARMS), this study compares the effects of various categories of farm program payments on time allocation by farm operators and spouses. Results suggest that agricultural market transition payments (AMTA) increase leisure hours of both farm operators and spouses. Loan deficiency payments (LDP) and payments that combine market loan assistance (MLA) and disaster payments are shown to reduce leisure. The study also finds that AMTA payments exhibit a much higher degree of income transfer efficiency than the LDP and MLA payments.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural Resource Management Survey; Decoupled payments; Government programs; Income transfer efficiency; Time allocation; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; D13; J22; Q12; Q22.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6296
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Impact of Risk and Time Preferences on Responses to Forest Tenure Land Reform: Empirical Evidence from Fujian, China AgEcon
Sullivan, Karen A.; Uchida, Emi; Xu, Jintao.
This research examines the effect of risk and time preferences on forest management responses to forest tenure land reforms in Fujian, China that began in 2002. The different extent of the reform and its different timing across regions provide a natural experiment to test how time and risk preferences affect a households’ forest investment response to the reform. Empirically, we combine original field experiment data on time and risk preferences collected among 103 households with an original panel survey data set collected among the same 103 households, which contains data for three years: 2000 (before the reform), 2005 and 2008 (after the reform) in a difference-in-differences framework. We examine three measures of forest management activity, including:...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Tenure reform; Property rights; Risk preference; Time preference; Poverty; China; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Risk and Uncertainty; Q2; D8; D9; D13; J22; Q15.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61536
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Impact of Rural Development Scheme on Availability of Agricultural Labour — A Study of Dairy Farmers in Thanjavur District of Tamil Nadu AgEcon
Maheshwari, M. Selva; Gangwar, L.S..
This study conducted in the Thanjavur district of Tamil Nadu, has indentified the problems being faced by dairy farmers due to scarcity of farm labour for agricultural and livestock production. The study is based on the data collected from 40 selected respondents involved in crop production and dairying in the study area during the year 2008-09 through primary survey. The study has revealed that the implementation of Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) has provided employment opportunities to rural workers and has checked the migration of farm labour from villages to cities and nearby industrial townships. All the eligible family member of landless dairy farmers had the job cards, but medium and large dairy farmers...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: MGNREGS; Agricultural labour; Labour demand; Labour wage rates; Rural – urban migration; Agricultural and Food Policy; J22; J23; J38; J39.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119390
Registros recuperados: 40
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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