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Registros recuperados: 16
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DETERMINANTS OF INVESTMENT FLOWS IN U.S. MANUFACTURING AgEcon
Brown, Jason P.; Florax, Raymond J.G.M.; McNamara, Kevin T..
The purpose of the paper is to test the long-run steady state of growth factors hypothesized to influence U.S. manufacturing investment flows. These factors include agglomeration, market structure, labor, infrastructure, and fiscal policy. Spatial cross-regressive and spatial Durbin models are used to measure the spatial interaction of investment flows. Spatial spillovers are found to be of a competitive nature at the state level, implying that a factor which attracts more investment to a particular state is associated with lower investments in neighboring states. Investment flows to states with higher market demand, more productive labor, and more localized agglomeration of manufacturing activity.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Manufacturing; Investment; Spatial Durbin model; Community/Rural/Urban Development; L60; R11; R30.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54835
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Environmental Innovations, Local Networks and Internationalization AgEcon
Cainelli, Giulio; Mazzanti, Massimiliano; Montresor, Sandro.
This paper investigates the drivers of the environmental innovations (EI) introduced by firms in local production systems (LPS). The role of firm network relationships, agglomeration economies and internationalization strategies is analysed for a sample of 555 firms in the Emilia-Romagna region, North-East of Italy. Cooperating with ‘qualified’ local actors – i.e. universities and suppliers – is the most important driver of EI for most firms, along with their training policies and IT innovations. The role of agglomeration economies is less clear and seems to depend on the EI propensity of more locally oriented firms playing in district areas, which might even turn agglomeration into dis-economies. Networking effects and agglomeration economies are instead...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Eco-Innovation; Foreign Ownership; Networking; District; Agglomeration Economics; Local Production Systems; Environmental Economics and Policy; C21; L60; O13; O30; Q20; Q58; F23.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/101298
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EVOLUTION OF INVESTMENT FLOWS IN U.S. MANUFACTURING: A SPATIAL PANEL APPROACH AgEcon
Brown, Jason P.; Florax, Raymond J.G.M.; McNamara, Kevin T..
This paper is updated by the file at http://purl.umn.edu/54835
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Manufacturing; Investment; Location factors; Community/Rural/Urban Development; L60; R11; R30.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42502
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Export Intensity and Plant Characteristics: What Can We Learn from Quantile Regression? AgEcon
Wagner, Joachim.
Using quantile regression and a rich cross section data set for German manufacturing plants this paper documents that the impact of plant characteristics on export activities varies along the conditional size distribution of the export/sales ratio.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Exports; Quantile regression; Heterogeneous firms; International Relations/Trade; F10; D21; L60.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26390
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Firm Birth and Death in U.S. Manufacturing: A Regional Adjustment Model AgEcon
Brown, Jason P.; Lambert, Dayton M.; Florax, Raymond J.G.M..
Attracting manufacturing investment is a frequently used rural development policy. Previous research in the location literature has informed policymakers which factors are most important for attracting new firm investment. Far less is known about the interaction of birth and death of establishments. A conceptual model of county-level investment in the U.S. manufacturing sector is developed from location theory and subsequent literature. Specifically, we test the relative importance of location factors influencing firm investment, and if these factors influence firm birth and death differently. Local factors include agglomeration due to localization, urbanization, and internal economies, market structure, labor quality, availability, and cost, market...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Location determinants; Manufacturing; Count models; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; L60; R11; R12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49467
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Firms’ International Status and Heterogeneity in Performance: Evidence From Italy AgEcon
Casaburi, Lorenzo; Gattai, Valeria; Minerva, G. Alfredo.
This paper revisits the empirical evidence about the link between firms’ performance and their international status, based on a large sample of Italian enterprises. To this purpose, we merged two waves of the Capitalia survey (1998-2000, and 2001-2003) retrieving firm level data for roughly 7,000 units. Three results stand out from our empirical exercise. First, firms that engage in the foreign production of final goods, in addition to export activities, are more productive than firms that only export abroad. Second, firms that engage in final goods off-shoring are more productive than firms that engage in inputs off-shoring. Third, in terms of the productivity dynamics over the period 1998-2003, exporters’ performance in Italy was not any better than the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Export; Heterogeneous Firms; Italy; Off-shoring; Productivity; International Relations/Trade; Productivity Analysis; F10; F20; L10; L20; L60.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6360
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Impact of EPA's Voluntary 33/50 Program on Pollution Prevention Adoption and Toxic Releases AgEcon
Bi, Xiang; Khanna, Madhu.
Replaced with revised version of paper 07/25/08.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: 33/50 program; Toxic release inventory; Releases; Program evaluation; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q58; Q53; L60.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6258
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Industrial specialisation and geographic concentration: Two sides of the same coin? Not for the European Union AgEcon
Aiginger, Karl; Davies, Stephen W..
Some recent studies have shown that specialisation of countries has tended to increase, while regional concentration of countries has tended to decrease. This seems to be counterintuitive at first glance. In this paper, we use the entropy index - as the indicator of structural change with the neatest aggregation properties to show how this divergence can happen. The main purpose of the paper is methodological, but we also apply the methodology to a specific case study: Manufacturing in the European Union since 1985. We confirm for this interesting period that increasing industrial specialisation has been offset by faster growth in the smaller Member States, with the net effect that industries have become somewhat less geographically concentrated. In terms...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Structural change; Geographical concentration; Industrial specialisation; European integration; Entropy; F02; F15; L60.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37627
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Inter-sectoral Water Use in South Africa: Efficiency Versus Equity AgEcon
Juana, James S.; Kirsten, Johann F.; Strzepek, Kenneth M..
While water supply sources are dwindling in South Africa, the demand for the scarce water resource is increasing. This situation requires a switch from supply to demand management of water in the country. The study updates the 1999 social accounting matrix for South Africa, using the Trade and Industrial Policy Strategies (TIPS) time series data, STATSA's 2001 census report and 2000 water accounts, the 2002 national income accounts, published by the South African Reserve Bank (SARB) and the Water Resource Management Strategy (WRMS) registration data. Using the updated SAM, the contribution of water to economic development in South Africa is estimated through the traditional SAM multiplier analysis. The paper then investigates the impact of reallocating...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: SAM multipliers; Output growth; Factor remuneration; Income generation; Efficiency; Equity; R20; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; C67; D57; L60; Q25.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25486
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Manufacturing Transition in Local Economies: A Regional Adjustment Model AgEcon
Brown, Jason P.; Lambert, Dayton M.; Florax, Raymond J.G.M..
This paper addresses changes in capital formation by testing the importance of location factors with respect to the rate of establishment births and deaths in U.S. manufacturing, 2000–2004. A theoretical concept called “localized creative destruction” is tested as a mechanism to explain the dynamics impacting the spatial distribution of manufacturing establishment birth and death rates. While no support of this process was found, results identify a convergence process occurring where counties with high initial birth/death rates have smaller changes in firm birth and death rates. The interpretation is that counties become more equally competitive in terms of firm formation dynamics in lieu of successful counties increasing their lead in the short run. This...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Location determinants; Manufacturing; Adjustment models; Community/Rural/Urban Development; L60; R11; R12.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61130
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Short-run Birth and Death of U.S. Manufacturing Firms: 2000 - 2005 AgEcon
Brown, Jason P.; Lambert, Dayton M..
Attracting manufacturing investment remains a viable regional development policy. Previous research in the location literature has informed policymakers which factors are most important for attracting new firm investment. Far less is known about the dynamics of firm death and the possible interaction with firm birth. A conceptual model of county-level investment in the U.S. manufacturing sector is developed from location theory and subsequent literature. Specifically, we test the relative importance of location factors influencing firm investment, and if these factors influence firm birth and death differently. Local factors include labor quality, availability, and cost, market conditions, agglomeration due to localization and urbanization economies,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Location factors; Manufacturing; Creative destruction; Community/Rural/Urban Development; L60; R11; R12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46739
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SMEs in Argentina: Who are the Exporters AgEcon
Ottaviano, Gianmarco I.P.; Volpe Martincus, Christian.
There exists a growing body of literature which looks at export decisions made by firms. Most studies focus on developed countries and do not explore whether different behavioral patterns prevail over the firm size distribution. This paper aims at filling this gap in the literature by analyzing the export behavior of a statistically representative sample of 192 Small and Medium-Size Enterprises (SMEs) in a developing country, Argentina, over the period 1996-1998. We find that the level of employment, sourcing from abroad, investment in product improvement and average productivity are associated with a higher probability of exporting. Training activities for employees are important to export outside of MERCOSUR.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: SME; Exports; Argentina; International Development; F10; F14; D21; L60.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55287
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The Causal Effects of Exports on Firm Size and Labor Productivity: First Evidence From a Matching Approach AgEcon
Wagner, Joachim.
This paper uses a large plant level panel data set from Germany and a matching approach to look for causal effects of starting to export on plant performance. We find positive effects on growth of employment, labor productivity, and wages. Dieses Diskussionspapier untersucht, welche Effekte der Exportstart auf die Performance von Betrieben hat. Es legt einen Matching-Ansatz zugrunde. Datenbasis ist ein großes deutsches Betriebspanel. Es werden positive Auswirkungen des Exportstarts auf Beschäftigung, Arbeitsproduktivität und Löhne nachgewiesen.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Exports; Causal effects; Firm performance; Matching approach; International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital; F10; D21; L60.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26189
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The Measurement of the Energy Intensity of Manufacturing Industries: A Principal Components Analysis AgEcon
Bernard, Jean-Thomas; Cote, Bruno.
Energy intensity is the ratio of energy use to output. Most industries deal with several energy sources and outputs. This leads to the usual difficulties of aggregating heterogeneous inputs and outputs. We apply principal components analysis to assess the information derived from six energy intensity indicators. We use two measures of total energy use (thermal and economic) and three measures of industry output (value added, value of production, and value of shipments). The data comes from manufacturing industries in Quebec, Ontario, Alberta, and British Columbia from 1976 to 1996. We find that the variation of the six energy intensity indicators that is accounted for by the first principal component is quite large. However, depending on how variables are...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Energy intensity; Aggregation; Principal components analysis; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q40; C43; L60.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10544
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Unobserved Firm Heterogeneity and the Size - Exports Nexus: Evidence from German Panel Data AgEcon
Wagner, Joachim.
This paper starts from the stylized fact that firm size and exporting tends to be positively related. Using large sets of establishment panel data for three different industries from official statistics evidence is presented that the familiar picture of an export/sales ratio that ceteris paribus increases (at a decreasing rate) with firm size vanishes if unobserved firm heterogeneity is controlled for in a fixed effects fractional logit regression model. This finding is well in line with the fact that many small firms are "hidden export champions". Das Papier geht von dem stilisierten Faktum aus, dass Unternehmensgröße und Exportorientierung positiv miteinander zusammenhängen. Auf der Grundlage eines umfangreichen Betriebsdatensatzes der amtlichen...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Exports; Firm size; Establishment panel data; Fractional logit regression; International Relations/Trade; F10; D21; L60.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26250
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Zur Mikrostruktur des Exportbooms AgEcon
Wagner, Joachim.
Dieser Aufsatz nutzt geheime Einzeldaten aus amtlichen Erhebungen in niedersächsischen Industriebetrieben, um einen Blick hinter die Kulissen des Exportbooms zu werfen. Hierbei zeigt sich eine ausgeprägte Heterogenität der Exportdynamik zwischen Betrieben innerhalb einer Hauptgruppe, Technologieklasse und Größenklasse. Weder die Betriebsgröße noch der Industriezweig noch die Lohnkostenentwicklung weisen einen statistisch signifikanten Zusammenhang mit der Wahrscheinlichkeit auf, dass ein Betrieb zur Kategorie der Exportsteigerer gehört. Zwischen der Arbeitsproduktivitätsund der Exportdynamik bestehen statistisch signifikante positive Abhängigkeiten - aus ökonomischer Sicht sind diese allerdings als sehr gering einzuschätzen This paper uses plant level...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Firm panel data; Export boom; Germany; International Relations/Trade; Productivity Analysis; F10; D21; L60.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26124
Registros recuperados: 16
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