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Registros recuperados: 19
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An Examination of Gender Wage Differences Among Graduates of the Agribusiness Department, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, California AgEcon
Wolf, Marianne McGarry; Qenani-Petrela, Eivis.
Utilizing an original and extended data set containing information on annual wages, demographic and personal characteristics, we examine gender differences in the wages of the graduates of the agribusiness department. The regression analysis suggests that after controlling for the main characteristics that affect earnings, significant differences in wages of men and women still remain present. This study provides new empirical evidence on the gender wage gap in the labor market for the agricultural graduates.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Wages; Gender; Decomposition; Labor market; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20412
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Determinantes de la elección de participación e ingresos en diferentes categorías de empleo en sectores rurales de Chile AgEcon
Rodriguez, C.; Lopez de Lerida, J..
Published by Asociación de Economistas Agrarios de Chile
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Labor market; Multivariate probit; Rural nonfarm employment; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97372
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Equity, quality and relevance in higher education in Brazil Anais da ABC (AABC)
Schwartzman,Simon.
Brazilian higher education has doubled its size in the 1990s, going from 1.5 million to more than 3 million students in the period. This expansion was mostly due to the growth of private education, which, in 2002, accounted for about two thirds of the enrollment. Is expansion making higher education more accessible to persons coming from the poorer segments of society? Is the quality of higher education suffering by the speed of this expansion? Is Brazil educating enough qualified persons to attend to the country's needs to participate in the new, knowledge-intensive and global economy? What public policies should be implemented, in order to foster the values of social equity and relevance? What are the policy implications of these developments? This...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Higher education; Human capital; Equity; Labor market; Education policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652004000100015
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Estimating Labor and Fiscal Impacts using Louisiana Community Impact Model: Comparing Panel Model and Three Stage Least Squares (3SLS) AgEcon
Adhikari, Arun; Fannin, James Matthew.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Labor market; COMPAS model; Forecasting performance; 3sls; Panel; Community/Rural/Urban Development; R1.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103831
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Labor and Employment in Brazilian Northeastern Agriculture: a look at the 2004-2014 period Rev. Econ. Sociol. Rural
Balsadi,Otavio Valentim; DelGrossi,Mauro Eduardo.
Abstract: The labor market in the Brazilian Northeastern agriculture is characterized by many forms of occupation, ranging from the salaried work to the various forms of family work. In a heterogeneous and diverse agriculture, there is a complex labor market, with changes in recent times. Therefore, it is necessary to keep a watchful eye on important structural features. As a result, this paper aims to analyze the main aspects related to work and employment relations in the Brazilian Northeastern agriculture in the 2004-2014 period. The sources of information are special tabulations from the National Survey by Household Sample (PNAD), conducted by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). The results pointed to a continuing decline in...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Labor market; Agriculture; Agricultural occupations; PNAD; Northeast.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-20032018000100019
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LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS AND SOCIAL PROTECTION IN KAZAKHSTAN AgEcon
Baijolova, Raisa.
The paper discusses topical problems of labor market in Kazakhstan and issues on social protection of population. Main measures taken by the government on social protection of population, also major social protection policy directions are observed. In addition, the author indicates on issues demanding specific attention of the government social regulation.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Labor market; Unemployment; Social protection; International Development; Public Economics; J20; J28.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94542
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Labor markets and labor allocative efficiency among farm households in western Kenya AgEcon
Kamau, Mercy W.; Burger, Kees; Giller, Ken E.; Kuyvenhoven, Arie.
This paper evaluates how efficiently farm households allocate labor between farm and off-farm activities. It estimates farm and off-farm labor supply functions to determine the factors that influence labor allocation. Both the shadow wage and the off-farm wage rate are included as regressors in the supply functions. The study reveals that, on average, farm households are inefficient, but when linked to labor markets their productivity and internal efficiency increase. The decision to sell labor is influenced by location, and off-farm employment is difficult to find, particularly for the better educated. Interventions should aim to increase opportunities for off-farm employment for persons with skills or with higher than the basic level of education, and to...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Labor market; Allocative efficiency; Labor supply; Kenya; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56926
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Modeling Price Response of Farm Households Under Imperfect Labor Markets: A Farm Household Approach to Family Farms in Poland AgEcon
Henning, Christian H.C.A.; Henningsen, Arne.
In the paper a flexible FHM approach is estimated to model price responses of farm households under imperfect labor markets. In contrast to former studies the model explicitly incorporates simultaneously fixed and variable transaction costs as well as heterogeneity. Main results are: (i) In the general approach non-separability not only occurs if households are autarkic, but also when households participate in labor markets. (ii) Under imperfect labor markets, price responses are ambiguous and differ for the non-separable and separable model. However, econometric analysis indicates only moderate differences between the two models except for crop production for which an inverse supply response is estimated.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm household model; Labor market; Market imperfection; Farm Management.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24431
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O mercado de trabalho rural: evolução recente, composição da renda e dimensão regional AgEcon
Campolina, Bernardo; Silveira, Fernanado Gaiger.
O objetivo deste trabalho é investigar as mudanças no mercado de trabalho rural brasileiro nos últimos dez anos. Este trabalho está dividido em três partes além de uma breve introdução. A primeira parte mostra o desempenho do mercado de trabalho e da renda rural brasileira com base nas informações das PNAD e das RAIS. São analisados o comportamento da população rural brasileira e a evolução da PEA rural, destacando-se a importância das ocupações não-agrícolas, a taxa de desocupação e a composição da mão-de-obra segundo a posição na ocupação. Em seguida, discuti-se a evolução dos rendimentos da população rural, decompondo-os segundo sua origem – trabalho, aposentadorias e pensões, transferências e outras fontes –, bem como da desigualdade da renda pessoal...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultura; Mercado de trabalho; Renda; Perfil; PNAD; Agriculture; Labor market; Income; Profile; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108158
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Poverty Effects of the Minimum Wage: The Role of Household Employment Composition AgEcon
Fields, Gary S.; Han, Baran; Kanbur, Ravi.
sector employment, uncovered sector employment, and unemployment. The impact of these labor market adjustments on absolute poverty will depend on how the pattern of employment composition changes within households and on how income is shared within households. An earlier paper (Fields and Kanbur, 2007) focused on the income-sharing dimension of the problem. The present paper focuses on household employment composition. For a particular structure of the labor market— one with good jobs, bad jobs, unemployment, and adult and youth workers— and with a particular model of how the sectoral patterns of employment are translated into household employment composition, we analyze the impact of minimum wages on a class of absolute poverty measures. The precise...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Minimum wage; Poverty; Labor market; Financial Economics; Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51147
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REGIONAL DIFFERENCES AT THE HUNGARIAN LABOUR MARKET AgEcon
Csehne Papp, Imola.
In present paper presenting the regional differences of the Hungarian labor market on the basis of individual survey, data collecting, and the statistics from the State Labor office was analyzed by the author. Also, The trends in the rate of unemployment and its structure in the past 13 years was also analyzed (computer based data collecting started in 1994.) The paper presenting the situation of unemployment from three points of view: regional, county and settlement. There is a significant difference between the two parts of Hungary. As we pas from the West to the East, the number of unemployment is rising as much. The research compares the different types of towns as well. There are county towns, two small towns near Budapest, an average developed...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Differences; Labor market; Regions; Unemployment; Labor and Human Capital; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47542
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Rural labor market adjustment to differential technical change International Rice Research Institute
Bautista, Ernesto D..
204 l. : ill. Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of the Philippines
Tipo: Thesis Palavras-chave: Rice; Labor; Rural areas; Labor market; Technological change; Migrant workers; Philippines.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1239
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Serbian labor market with special emphasis on defining marketing strategy in tourism AgEcon
Dakic, Stojanka; Fabian, Ksenija.
In addition to clear negative impact of the global economic crisis, which we witness, the labor market in Serbia has been faced with the transition problems accumulated through many years. Tourism and hospitality are among the those activities which have capacity to induce the entire system of other complementary activities that contribute to coping with the problem of high unemployment. The paper discusses role of developing marketing strategies in tourism sector of Serbia. As the author, it is important for the country to define a clear marketing strategy that includes adequate directing capabilities and resources in this industry in order to response to changes in the environment.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Labor market; Marketing strategy; Human resources in tourism.; Labor and Human Capital; J21; L38.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94655
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The Brazilian agribusiness labor market: measurement, characterization and analysis of income differentials Rev. Econ. Sociol. Rural
Castro,Nicole Rennó; Barros,Geraldo Sant’Ana de Camargo; Almeida,Alexandre Nunes; Gilio,Leandro; Morais,Ana Carolina de Paula.
Abstract: Although the Brazilian agribusiness sector’s relevance to the country has been widely recognized nowadays, to date, no study has been developed to evaluate the level of employment in this sector as a whole for Brazil. Therefore, the first objective of this study is to access the Brazilian agribusiness labor market, and to measure it, analyze its structure and characterize its workers. Agribusiness worker income differentials were also contrasted with income differentials in the aggregated non-agribusiness labor force. The main results from the study are as follows: a) in 2017, 18.2 million individuals, 20.1% of the country’s labor force, worked in the Brazilian agribusiness sector; b) agribusiness workers were predominately unskilled or...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Earnings regression; Labor market; Methodological approach.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-20032020000100203
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The Integration of Palestinian-Israeli Labour Markets: A CGE Approach AgEcon
Flaig, Dorothee; Siddig, Khalid H.A.; Grethe, Harald; Luckmann, Jonas; McDonald, Scott.
Replaced with revised version of paper 07/12/11.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Labor market; CGE; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103861
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The paradigmatic field of usage of the theoretical category of pluriactivity in Brazil Ciência Rural
Silva,Márcia Danielly Cavalcanti; Fiúza,Ana Louise De Carvalho; Pinto,Neide Maria de Almeida.
ABSTRACT: The lack of interpretive convergence around an analytical category or concept generates a field of disputes around the understanding of a certain phenomenon. This is also the case with “pluriactivity”, on which there remain interpretive divergences derived from its conception. This research aims to identify the interpretive tendencies that are gaining traction in Brazil. For that, the research used as a database the Brazilian Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (BDTD - “Biblioteca Digital Brasileira de Teses e Dissertações”), since this type of database compiles and updates the state of the art on the subject. The research universe consisted of 115 dissertations and theses were systematized and analyzed using IRAMUTEQ software. Results...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Pluriactivity; Reproduction strategy; Survival strategy; Labor market; State of the art.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782019000500800
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Trabalho assalariado na agricultura paulista: evolução e importância no período 2004?2014. Repositório Alice
BALSADI, O. V.; BELIK, W.; DELGROSSI, M. E..
Em 2014, do total de 702 mil pessoas com mais de 10 anos de idade e ocupadas em atividades agrícolas no estado de São Paulo, 460 mil eram empregados (permanentes e temporários). Também vale ressaltar que, no período 2004?2014, a população economicamente ativa (PEA) agrícola paulista ocupada sofreu fortíssima redução de 328 mil pessoas (taxa de -3,7% ao ano). E deste total, 187 mil (ou 57,1%) eram empregados. Em virtude disso, o objetivo do artigo é analisar a evolução e a importância desta categoria de trabalhadores na agricultura paulista no período 2004?2014, tendo como base de informações os dados primários da Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios (PNAD), realizada pelo Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). Especial ênfase será...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Assalariamento; Força de trabalho; Remuneration; Workforce; Mercado de Trabalho; Labor market.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1108894
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Trabalho e emprego na agricultura sulina em 2004-2014. Repositório Alice
BALSADI, O. V..
Em 2004-2014, um contingente de 933 mil pessoas deixou de estar ocupado nas atividades agrícolas, pecuárias e florestais do Sul do Brasil. Como em outras regiões, o mercado de trabalho na agricultura sulina é caracterizado por diversos tipos de ocupação, desde as relações de assalariamento até as modalidades de trabalho familiar. Por isso, deve-se manter um olhar atento para aspectos estruturais importantes: contingente de pessoas ocupadas; grau de formalidade das relações de trabalho assalariado; cobertura da previdência social; nível de escolaridade; 'envelhecimento' dos trabalhadores e agricultores; trabalho infantil; e distribuição dos ocupados nas principais atividades agropecuárias, por exemplo. O objetivo do texto é analisar os principais aspectos...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Ocupação agrícola; Pnad; Agricultural occupations; Desenvolvimento rural; Mercado de trabalho; Rural development; Labor market.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1089142
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Vietnam’s New Environmental Tax Law: What Will it Cost? Who Will Pay? AgEcon
Coxhead, Ian A.; Van Chan, Nguyen.
We examine the effects of a proposed environmental tax in a small open developing economy, using an applied general equilibrium model linked to a household survey database. The burden of the tax, applied primarily to fossil fuels, is passed forward by non-traded industries and backward by industries selling into the world market. It causes efficiency and competitiveness losses equivalent to those of a real exchange rate appreciation, and since export industries are in general highly labor-intensive, is regressive and thus poverty-increasing. The budget-neutral use of increased tax revenues to raise spending on anti-poverty programs can offset most of the losses of poor households, but does not create new jobs. The extent of overall losses and their...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Carbon tax; Environmental tax; Poverty; Labor market; General equilibrium; Vietnam; Environmental Economics and Policy; D58; H23; O53; Q52.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116704
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