Sabiia Seb
PortuguêsEspañolEnglish
Embrapa
        Busca avançada

Botão Atualizar


Botão Atualizar

Ordenar por: RelevânciaAutorTítuloAnoImprime registros no formato resumido
Registros recuperados: 14
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Agricultural land tax and farm-level resource use and output supply response AgEcon
Olubode-Awosola, Femi.
This study develops and uses a programming model for farm-level resource use and output supply response to estimate the effects of agricultural land tax in South Africa: A case study of Free State, a region of extremely large commercial farms that gained their size and economic heft during the apartheid years of aggressive subsidies, favorable tax treatment, lucrative state grants and gifts, and all manner of financial assistance. The results indicate that changes in land use and output supply are marginal. The highest effects are observed on irrigated farming. Relevant policy responses raised by the findings are discussed.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural land tax; Farm-level; Resource use; Output supply; Land reform; South Africa; Case study; Programming model; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; Land Economics/Use; Political Economy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51664
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Assentamentos rurais sustentáveis: o processo de construção participativa do conhecimento agroecológico e o monitoramento de unidades de referência no Assentamento Sepé Tiaraju-SP. Infoteca-e
CANUTO, J. C.; ÁVILA, P. C.; CAMARGO, R. C. R. de.
Relato das experiências de instalação e monitoramento do assentamento Sepé Tiaraju, primeira iniciativa no estado de São Paulo na modalidade projeto de desenvolvimento sustentável preconizada pela portaria nº 477/99 do INCRA. Trata-se de uma experiência inovadora na construção de um modelo alternativo de assentamento, tendo a Agroecologia como centro da matriz tecnológica e a cooperação como eixo da organização produtiva. Nesse sentido, um grupo de famílias assentadas, em conjunto com uma equipe da Embrapa Meio Ambiente e outras instituições parceiras, deu início em 2005, ao processo de construção coletiva do conhecimento agroecológico no assentamento. O eixo condutor dos trabalhos no Assentamento Sepé Tiaraju foi pautado a partir dos sistemas...
Tipo: Documentos (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Agroecologia; Sistemas agroflorestais; Construção participativa do conhecimento; Agricultura sustentável; Agrossilvicultura; Assentamento; Agroecology; Agroforestry; Land reform.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/961840
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Farm Size and Land Use Changes in Vietnam Following Land Reforms AgEcon
Marsh, Sally P.; MacAulay, T. Gordon.
Over the last decade the Vietnamese government has instigated land reforms that recognise the household as the basic unit of production and allocate land use rights to households. Under the 1993 Land Law these rights can be transferred, exchanged, leased, inherited, and mortgaged. This Land Law provided the foundation for the development of a market for land use rights. During 2001, 400 farm households were surveyed in four provinces in Vietnam. Along with production and consumption data, evidence was sought of land accumulation and consolidation, land use changes, and attitudes to land reform issues. Analysis of the data shows that there is an active market for land use rights, but the level of activity varies considerably between provinces. Some...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy; Land reform; Land market; Vietnam; Agricultural and Food Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57919
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Land Privatisation and Farm Restructuring in Ukraine: The Political Economy Perspective AgEcon
Stupak, Nataliya.
Upon request this paper is available from the author.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land reform; Decollectivization; Privatization.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7841
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
LAND REFORM AND DEFORESTATION IN THE BRAZILIAN AMAZONIA AgEcon
Araujo, Claudio; Bonjean, Catherine Araujo; Combes, Jean Louis; Motel, Pascal Combes; Reis, Eustaquio Jose.
No processo de reforma agrária brasileiro é comum a redistribuição de terra ocorrer por meio de invasões das grandes proprieades pelos sem terra. Esse mecanismo introduz insegurança no direito de propriedade fundiária e, na Regîão Amazônica, tem como consequência o excesso de desflorestamento. Esse trabalho utiliza um jogo não-cooperativo para mostrar que as interações estratégicas entre proprietários e posseiros em um contexto instittucional onde as florestas naturais são consideradas como recursos de livre acesso implicam o excesso de desflorestamento. A principal implicação analítica do modelo é que a taxa de desflorestamento de determinada área tende a aumentar com o número de posseiros na área. Essa implicação é confirmada quando testada em...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Reforma agrária; Desflorestamento; Insegurança dos direitos de propriedade; Econometria de painel; Land reform; Deforestation; Land tenure insecurity; Panel estimation; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108618
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Land Reform and Development of Agricultural Land Markets in Russia AgEcon
Lerman, Zvi; Shagaida, Natalya.
Russia has experienced dramatic changes in land ownership and tenure since 1991: agricultural land has been largely privatized, individual landowners now have legal rights to most agricultural land in the country, and prohibitions on buying and selling of land have been recently removed. The necessary pre-conditions for the development of agricultural land markets have been met and we are beginning to witness transactions that involve individual landowners, and not only the state. Further development of the land market is circumscribed by the inadequacy of the administrative and technical infrastructure. The paper discusses the evolving legal framework for land reform, considers the impacts on privatization and ownership structure of agricultural land, and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land reform; Land market; Land leasing; Transition; Land Economics/Use; P23; P26; P31; P32; Q15.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24604
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Land reform and farm performance in Europe and Central Asia: a 20 year perspective AgEcon
Lerman, Zvi.
The rural sector in nearly all the countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) has undergone a shift from predominantly collective to more individualized agriculture. At the same time, most of the land in the region has shifted from state to private ownership. These two shifts – a shift in tenure and a shift in ownership – were part of the transition from a centrally planned economy to a more marketoriented economy that began around 1990 in the huge post-Soviet space stretching from Prague to Vladivostok. The transition reforms in the region were unprecedented in their scope and pace. Some 150 million hectares of agricultural land transferred ownership in these countries in just one decade of reform...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Land reform; Farm performance; Europe; Asia; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120260
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Land Reform and Farm-Household Income Inequality: The Case of Georgia AgEcon
Kimhi, Ayal.
The income inequality implications of land reform are examined for the case of Georgia using regression-based inequality decomposition techniques. An egalitarian land redistribution is likely to equalize per-capita income among farm households, implying that continuing the land reform process in Georgia is likely to benefit poorer households, relatively speaking. However, land fragmentation was found to be disequalizing, and therefore land market developments that enable plot consolidation are not less important for inequality than the land redistribution itself. Both landholdings and farm assets have favorable inequality implications not only through farm income but also through non-farm income, implying that these productive assets increase the economic...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Income inequality; Land reform; Inequality decomposition; Agricultural Finance; Consumer/Household Economics; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54159
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
LAND REFORM IN MOLDOVA: HOW VIABLE ARE EMERGING PEASANT FARMS? AN ASSESSMENT REFERRING TO A RECENT WORLD BANK STUDY AgEcon
Petrick, Martin.
Based on a case study of two Moldovan regions, the paper challenges the favourable assessment of recently established peasant farms in a World Bank study by LERMAN et al. (1998). The main arguments in favour of a more critical view of the results of land privatisation and farm restructuring are that a) private farmers produce only on a minimal fraction of land with almost no machinery or purchased inputs at all, b) the income of a typical farm household is below a poverty line based on national standards, c) private farmers face substantial production and marketing risks, d) at present, it is unlikely that short- or long-term investment projects in agriculture can be credit funded. Currently, peasant farms are mainly run to produce a minimum diet for the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agriculture in transition; Land reform; Poverty; Subsistence farming; Moldova; Agricultural and Food Policy; Land Economics/Use; Q12; Q15; P36.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14882
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Landless workers and rice farmers: peasant subclasses under agrarian reform in two-Philippine villages International Rice Research Institute
Ledesma, Antonio J.; International Rice Research Institute.
xix, 214 p. : ill.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Land reform; Agrarian reform; Farmers; Villages; Philippines.
Ano: 1982 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10269/234
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
“MAS QUAL REFORMA AGRÁRIA?” – REVISITANDO UM INCONCLUSO DEBATE AgEcon
Valente, Ana Lucia Eduardo Farah.
O tema da reforma agrária é examinado por três ângulos: a ação do Estado, a demanda existente e o debate acadêmico. A partir da análise de diferentes perspectivas em jogo, indica-se como possível resposta ao título do texto, que sejam concentrados recursos humanos, financeiros e logísticos numa região que cubra a metade norte de Minas Gerais e se estenda até o Maranhão. Os mecanismos de desapropriação e aquisição ali ainda são possíveis por serem mais baratas as terras do Nordeste, levando em conta a escassez de recursos e a necessidade de maximizar a eficácia governamental. Devido à expressiva presença negra, também essa escolha estabelece a transversalidade com a questão étnica. A reforma agrária poderia, assim, torna-se uma política expressiva no...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Reforma agrária; Foco regional e étnico; Land reform; Regional and ethnic focus; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108929
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Policies, Natural Resource Governance and Local Development AgEcon
Massuanganhe, Israel Jacob.
The role that agriculture should play in economic development has been recognised for years. In recent years, concern has been expressed over rising agricultural and food prices. The world market prices for major food commodities have risen sharply to historic highs of more than 60 percent above levels just two years ago. Many factors have contributed to the rise in food commodity prices. Some factors reflect trends of slower growth in production and more rapid growth in demand that have contributed to a tightening of world balances of grains and oilseeds over the last decade. Other factors that have added to global food commodity price inflation include the declining value of the US dollar, rising energy prices, increasing agricultural costs of...
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation Palavras-chave: Data envelopment analysis; Efficiency; Decentralisation; Natural resource management; Land reform; Agricultural development; Governance; Participation; Local development; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Development; Political Economy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53061
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Strategies for Successfully Settling Farmers in South Africa AgEcon
Mokhatla, P.Z.; Nell, Wilhelm T..
The South African government initiated the land reform program in 1994, which is facilitated by the Department of Land Affairs. The land reform programme has three divisions, namely redistribution, restitution and land tenure. The main objectives of land reform since its inception are poverty alleviation, justice, food security, rural transformation, economic growth and to readdress the landless, the poor, women, the disposed and the previously disadvantaged to acquire land. The question can be asked: Has land reform achieved its goals in the past 10 years since its inception? This paper outlines the concept of a strategic approach as described by Nell and. Napier (2005) to help successfully establish farmers in South Africa and also other strategies that...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land reform; Strategic approach; Emerging farmers; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Development; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24261
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
The profession of (agricultural) economists and the experience of transition AgEcon
Koester, Ulrich.
The objective of the paper is to survey the state of knowledge of economists and agricultural economists at the onset of transition and seventeen years later. The "standard" economic reasoning in the early nineties were based on neoclassical economics and documented was has been termed the Washington Consensus. It is shown that the discrepancy between expectations and reality as well as the evolution of institutional economics has challenged economists. A "blue print" favoured in the early nineties seems to be opposed by many economist nowadays. Agricultural economists have been influenced by the lines of thought in the main profession, but there approach became country-specific in early years of the transition period. Nevertheless, there are some open...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Washington Consensus; Land reform; Farm organization; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8519
Registros recuperados: 14
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária - Embrapa
Todos os direitos reservados, conforme Lei n° 9.610
Política de Privacidade
Área restrita

Embrapa
Parque Estação Biológica - PqEB s/n°
Brasília, DF - Brasil - CEP 70770-901
Fone: (61) 3448-4433 - Fax: (61) 3448-4890 / 3448-4891 SAC: https://www.embrapa.br/fale-conosco

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional