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Registros recuperados: 13
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A 1991 social accounting matrix (SAM) for Zimbabwe AgEcon
Thomas, Marcelle; Bautista, Romeo M..
"January 1999." "Macro Economic Reforms and Regional Integration in Southern Africa (MERRISA)". Includes bibliographical references (p. 30-31).
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Macroeconomics; Social accounting -- Zimbabwe; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97556
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Agriculture and macro-economic reforms in Zimbabwe: a political-economy perspective AgEcon
Muir-Leresche, Kay.
"August 1998." Includes bibliographical references (p. 58-60).
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agriculture -- Economic aspects; Macroeconomics; Zimbabwe -- Economic policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97551
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Discussion: Revisiting Macroeconomic Linkages to Agriculture: The Impact of Macroeconomic Variables and the Oil Sector on Farm Prices and Income AgEcon
Penson, John B., Jr..
Periodically, events occur in the domestic and global economies that remind agricultural economists that macroeconomics matter. This was evident in the early 1980s when the Federal Reserve responded to double-digit inflation by driving interest rates to post–World War II period highs. The Asian financial crisis in the late 1990s, rising oil prices this past decade, and current stress in domestic and overseas financial markets serve to remind us again that externalities can have an effect on the economic performance and financial strength of U.S. agriculture. These effects are transmitted through interest rates, inflation, unemployment, real gross domestic product, and exchange rates.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Macroeconomics; Linkages; Net farm income; Exchange rates; Interest rates; Real GDP; Agribusiness; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Political Economy; Public Economics; E31; E44; Q41; Q43.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92583
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Evaluating the Dynamic Nature of Market Risk AgEcon
Hubbs, Todd; Kuethe, Todd H.; Baker, Timothy G..
This study examines the systematic risk present in major crops for the United States and three corn-belt states. An index of commodities is used in conjunction with cash receipts to generate dynamic estimates of the systematic risk for each crop and state. In our study, we find that beta estimates from a time varying parameter model (FLS) and OLS formulation are substantially different. From our graphs of betas over time, one gains insight into the changing nature of risk and the impact of institutional and macroeconomic events. Systematic risk is shown to increase for most crops over the analyzed period with significant changes in volatility after the collapse of the Bretton Woods Accord.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Systematic risk; Flexible least squares; Single index model; Farm policy; Macroeconomics; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Marketing; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53037
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Global Growth, Macroeconomic Change, and U.S. Agricultural Trade AgEcon
Gehlhar, Mark J.; Dohlman, Erik; Brooks, Nora L.; Jerardo, Alberto; Vollrath, Thomas L..
After a decade of uneven export growth and rapidly growing imports, U.S. agriculture has begun to reassert its position in global trade markets. Rising exports and signs of moderating demand for imports mark a departure from previous trends. This report places past trends and emerging developments in perspective by spotlighting the role of two specific factors that help steer U.S. agricultural trade patterns: global growth and shifts in foreign economic activity that affect U.S. exports, and macroeconomic factors underlying the growth of U.S. imports. Consistent with actual changes in the level and destination of U.S. exports, model simulations corroborate the contention that renewed export growth can be sustained by expanding incomes and growing food...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural trade; Trade balance; Income growth; Economic development; Population; Macroeconomics; Exchange rates; Current account; Growth projections.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; International Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55963
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Global Macroeconomic Developments and Poverty AgEcon
Bonilla, Eugenio Diaz.
In the second half of the 1990s, a series of developments led to a renewed academic and policy interest in the intersection of macroeconomic policy and poverty issues in developing countries. The focus of that work was domestic macroeconomic policies. This paper, however, focuses on the international dimension and discusses the links between global macroeconomic conditions and poverty in developing countries since the 1960s. Of course, when analyzing policy impacts, both domestic and international aspects must be considered. However, debates about domestic policies, macro or otherwise, and their impacts on poverty cannot provide an accurate analysis of developing countries’ alternatives and predicaments if they ignore the role, in many cases overwhelming,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Macroeconomics; Poverty; Development; Agriculture; Food Security and Poverty; International Development.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42324
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Impactos macroeconomicos do desempenho agropecuário AgEcon
Silva, Jose Maria Alves da.
The current global economic crisis is helping to dispel misconceptions of neoliberalism. The moment is favorable to rescue other theoretical views. Among these are those that can be used to question the preaching in favor of exploiting the agricultural potential of Brazil as a strategy for integration into the global economy. This is the main objective of this article. In that sense, it was used a model of "two-sectors" for identification and analysis of the macroeconomic consequences of changes in parameters of the agricultural market. The results of the exercises performed served well to show objectively the misconceptions contained in some views of great presence in the Brazilian economic debate.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Macroeconomics; Agriculture; Model of two-sectors; Brazil; Political Economy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53851
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Macroeconomia e estratégias de desenvolvimento. Infoteca-e
MATTOS, L.; MADI, M. A. C.; HERCOWITZ, M..
2009
Tipo: Boletim de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Macroeconomia; Macroeconomics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/579875
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MACROECONOMIC FACTORS AND THE THOROUGHBRED INDUSTRY AgEcon
Karungu, Peter; Reed, Michael R.; Tvedt, Douglas D..
A capitalization approach is used to estimate econometrically the effects of exchange rate, interest rate and tax law changes on thoroughbred yearling prices. The analysis found that exchange rate and tax law changes have significantly influenced yearling prices since the early 1980s. Another serious price-reducing event was the 1986 tax law change. Both of these factors have counteracted the positive impact of increased purse rates on yearling prices.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Exchange rate; Macroeconomics; Tax laws; Purse rates; Thoroughbreds; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15208
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Macroeconomic Policy and Sustainability AgEcon
Harris, Jonathan M..
The trend in mainstream economic thought about macroeconomic policy has been towards minimalism. In the optimistic Keynesian phase of the 1960's, it was assumed that both fiscal and monetary policy were effective tools for macroeconomic management. But the influence of monetarist and New Classical critiques has led to a gradual erosion of theoretical support for activist government policy. First fiscal policy fell by the wayside, perceived as too slow and possibly counterproductive in its impacts. Then New Classical and rational expectations critiques suggested that even monetary policy was ineffective. Thus the role of government policy has been reduced to a cautious effort not to make things worse - in effect a return to an economics of laissez-faire. In...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Macroeconomics; Growth; Equity; Sustainable development; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15573
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Macroeconomics and Forest Sustainability in the Developing World AgEcon
Sedjo, Roger A..
Governments often use fiscal, exchange rate, monetary policy as well as export promotion tax increases, privatization, and land reform as part of comprehensive adjustments packages for addressing economic imbalances, balance of payments, and structural weaknesses. Such approaches, however, have come under heavy criticism for failing to recognize the social and environmental costs associated with them. Critics have argued that economic growth, trade liberalization, and increased primary product exports increase pressure on many sectors, including the agricultural and forestry land use sectors. This paper examines a number of these types of external shocks. This paper makes two arguments. First, from a theoretical economic perspective, although in many cases...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Forests; Sustainability; Macroeconomics; Trade; Exchange rates; Structural adjustment; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10458
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Relationship of Development and Fiscal Indicators with Agricultural Producer Support in the OECD Economies AgEcon
Siudek, Tomasz; Zawojska, Aldona.
The paper seeks to quantify the effects of macro development and fiscal indicators on the agricultural producer support in the OECD countries during the period 1986-2009. The study is complementary to the body of microeconomic research that highlights the importance of support to agriculture industry. Data were obtained from the OECD’s Producer and Consumer Support Estimates database and the World Bank’s Word Development Indicators 2010 database. Producer Support Estimate (expressed in absolute value, in percent of total farm receipts - %PSE and per 1 ha of agricultural land) was taken as the dependent variable, whereas selected indicators describing performance of the economies were the independent variables. Simple linear regression analysis was...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Producer support estimate; High-income countries; Macroeconomics; Public finance; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116009
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Retomando o estruturalismo AgEcon
Silva, Jose Maria Alves da.
The global economic crisis rescued Keynesianism. The current trends of the Brazilian economy, in what has been called "reprimarization", make timely reinvest structuralism in a position of greater prominence in the national economic debate. This is the main objective of this article. For this, we discuss a version of the macroeconomic model of "two-sectors," whereby it sought to show its relevance as a guide to thinking for a number of relevant socioeconomic issues, especially for third world countries. We seek also to demonstrate its consistency with certain empirical evidence and how it can be used as a basis for objective criticism of certain economic strategies that have been proposed for Brazil.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Structuralism; Macroeconomics; Two sector model; Brazil; Political Economy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94794
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