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Ordenar por: RelevânciaAutorTítuloAnoImprime registros no formato resumido
Registros recuperados: 10
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A Hybrid Approach to the Valuation of Climate Change Effects on Ecosystem Services: Evidence from the European Forests AgEcon
Ding, Helen; Silvestri, Silvia; Chiabai, Aline; Nunes, Paulo A.L.D..
In this paper we present a systematic attempt to assess economic value of climate change impact on forest ecosystems and human welfare. In the present study, climate change impacts are downscaled to the different European countries, which in turn constitute the elements of our analysis. First, we anchor the valuation exercise in the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MEA) Approach and therefore the link between the different forest ecosystem goods and services, including provisioning, regulating and cultural services, human well-being and climate change. Second, climate change is operationalized by exploring the different storylines developed by the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and applied, downscaled, for each of the European countries under...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Wood Products; Biodiversity; Climate Change; Market and Non-market Valuation Methods; Ecosystem Goods and Services; Millennium Ecosystem Assessment; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q57.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61373
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Discovering Resilient Pathways for South African Water Management: Two Frameworks for a Vision Ecology and Society
Bohensky, Erin L; University of Pretoria and CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems; erin.bohensky@csiro.au.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Adaptive cycle; Millennium Ecosystem Assessment; Resilience; Resilient pathways; South Africa; Water management..
Ano: 2008
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Ecosystem Services and Abrupt Transformations in a Coastal Wetland Social-Ecological System: Tubul-Raqui after the 2010 Earthquake in Chile Ecology and Society
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptation; Millennium Ecosystem Assessment; Natural disasters; Perceptions; Transformations; Well-being.
Ano: 2014
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Ecosystem Services and Human Well-Being: a Participatory Study in a Mountain Community in Portugal Ecology and Society
Queiroz, Cibele; Universidade de Lisboa; ciqueiroz@clix.pt; Pereira, Henrique Miguel; Universidade de Lisboa; hpereira@stanfordalumni.org; Vicente, Luis; Universidade de Lisboa; lmvicente@fc.ul.pt.
Ecosystem services are essential for human well-being, but the links between ecosystem services and human well-being are complex, diverse, context-dependent, and complicated by the need to consider different spatial and temporal scales to assess them properly. We present the results of a study in the rural community of Sistelo in northern Portugal that formed part of the Portugal Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. The main purpose of our study was to assess the linkages between human well-being and ecosystem services at the local level, as perceived by the community. We used a range of tools that included participatory rural appraisal and rapid rural appraisal as well as other field methods such as direct observation, familiarization and participation in...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Ecosystem services; Human well-being; Participatory rural appraisal; Rapid rural appraisal; Participatory study; Biodiversity; Rural community; Land abandonment; Mountain landscape; Millennium Ecosystem Assessment.
Ano: 2005
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Ecosystem Services of Tropical Dry Forests: Insights from Long-term Ecological and Social Research on the Pacific Coast of Mexico Ecology and Society
Daily, Gretchen C; Stanford University; gdaily@stanford.edu; Mooney, Harold A; Stanford University; hmooney@jasper.stanford.edu; Ehrlich, Paul; Stanford University; pre@stanford.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Chamela Region; Ecological economics; Ecosystem services; Integrative research; Mexico Pacific Coast; Millennium Ecosystem Assessment; Socioecological systems; Tropical dry forest.
Ano: 2005
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Foghorns to the Future: Using Knowledge and Transdisciplinarity to Navigate Complex Systems Ecology and Society
Cundill, Georgina N. R.; Rhodes University; gcundill@rides.cl; Fabricius, Christo; Rhodes University; c.fabricius@ru.ac.za; Marti, Neus; Autonomous University; neus@amauta.rcp.net.pe.
Complex systems are shaped by cross-scale interactions, nonlinear feedbacks, and uncertainty, among other factors. Transdisciplinary approaches that combine participatory and conventional methods and democratize knowledge to enable diverse inputs, including those from local, informal experts, are essential tools in understanding such systems. The metaphor of a “bridge” to overcome the divide between different disciplines and knowledge systems is often used to advocate for more inclusive approaches. However, there is a shortage of information and consensus on the process, methodologies, and techniques that are appropriate to achieve this. This paper compares two case studies from Peru and South Africa in which community-level assessments...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Ecological assessment; Community-based assessment; Complexity; Scale; Epistemology; Methodology; Millennium Ecosystem Assessment; Complex systems; Uncertainty; Peru; South Africa; Case studies; Transdisciplinary research.
Ano: 2005
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Linking Futures across Scales: a Dialog on Multiscale Scenarios Ecology and Society
Biggs, Reinette; University of Wisconsin; biggs@wisc.edu; Raudsepp-Hearne, Ciara; McGill University; ciara.rh@gmail.com; Atkinson-Palombo, Carol; Arizona State University; cmatkin@mainex1.asu.edu; Bohensky, Erin; University of Pretoria; CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems; erin.bohensky@csiro.au; Boyd, Emily; Stockholm University; boyd@ctm.su.se; Cundill, Georgina; Rhodes University; g.cundill@ru.ac.za; Fox, Helen; World Wildlife Fund; helen.fox@wwfus.org; Ingram, Scott; Arizona State University; singram@asu.edu; Kok, Kasper; Wageningen University; kasper.kok@wur.nl; Spehar, Stephanie; New York University; stephanie.spehar@gmail.com; Timmer, Dagmar; Resourceful Solutions Consulting; timmer.dagmar@gmail.com; Zurek, Monika; FAO; monika.zurek@fao.org.
Scenario analysis is a useful tool for exploring key uncertainties that may shape the future of social-ecological systems. This paper explores the methods, costs, and benefits of developing and linking scenarios of social-ecological systems across multiple spatial scales. Drawing largely on experiences in the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, we suggest that the desired degree of cross-scale linkage depends on the primary aim of the scenario exercise. Loosely linked multiscale scenarios appear more appropriate when the primary aim is to engage in exploratory dialog with stakeholders. Tightly coupled cross-scale scenarios seem to work best when the main objective is to further our understanding of cross-scale interactions or to assess trade-offs between...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Multiscale scenarios; Cross-scale scenarios; Stakeholder engagement; Millennium Ecosystem Assessment; Environmental assessment; Scenario analysis.
Ano: 2007
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Powerless Spectators, Coping Actors, and Adaptive Co-managers: a Synthesis of the Role of Communities in Ecosystem Management Ecology and Society
Fabricius, Christo; Rhodes University, South Africa; christo.fabricius@gmail.com; Folke, Carl; Stockholm University; calle@ecology.su.se; Cundill, Georgina; Rhodes University, South Africa; g.cundill@ru.ac.za; Schultz, Lisen; Stockholm University; lisen@ecology.su.se.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Adaptive co-management; Community-based ecosystem management; Governance; Livelihoods; Millennium Ecosystem Assessment.
Ano: 2007
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The Relevance of Local Participatory Scenario Planning for Ecosystem Management Policies in the Basque Country, Northern Spain Ecology and Society
Palacios-Agundez, Igone; Plant Biology and Ecology Department, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU; igone.palacios@ehu.es; Casado-Arzuaga, Izaskun; Plant Biology and Ecology Department, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU; Izaskun.casado@ehu.es; Madariaga, Iosu; Environment Department, County Council of Biscay; Plant Biology and Ecology Department, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU; iosu.madariaga@bizkaia.net; Onaindia, Miren; Plant Biology and Ecology Department, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU; miren.onaindia@ehu.es.
As part of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment in Biscay, Basque Country, we described scenarios for Biscay through 2050 in an integrated and participatory way by downscaling the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) global scenarios, analyzed how ecosystem services and human well-being might change in a range of plausible futures, identified management strategies for the territory through a backcasting process, and explored the relevance of scenarios to policy making. Our intention was to strengthen the link to policy making and to achieve a real implementation of our research results in ecosystem management policies. We also aimed to provide more insights on how large-scale scenario developments can be translated to the local level. In doing so, we...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Biscay subglobal assessment (EEMBiscay); Ecosystem service; Millennium Ecosystem Assessment; Multiscale scenarios; Policy impact; Scenario planning; Stakeholder participation.
Ano: 2013
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Trade-offs across Space, Time, and Ecosystem Services Ecology and Society
Beard, Jr., T. Douglas; U.S. Geological Survey; Dbeard@usgs.gov; Bennett, Elena M; McGill University; elena.bennett@mcgill.ca; Cumming, Graeme S.; University of Florida; cummingg@wec.ufl.edu; Cork, Steven J; Land & Water Australia; steve.cork@lwa.gov.au; Agard, John; University of the West Indies; johnagard@yahoo.com / jagard@fsa.uwi.tt; Dobson, Andrew P.; Princeton University; dobber@princeton.edu; Peterson, Garry D.; McGill University; garry.peterson@mcgill.ca.
Ecosystem service (ES) trade-offs arise from management choices made by humans, which can change the type, magnitude, and relative mix of services provided by ecosystems. Trade-offs occur when the provision of one ES is reduced as a consequence of increased use of another ES. In some cases, a trade-off may be an explicit choice; but in others, trade-offs arise without premeditation or even awareness that they are taking place. Trade-offs in ES can be classified along three axes: spatial scale, temporal scale, and reversibility. Spatial scale refers to whether the effects of the trade-off are felt locally or at a distant location. Temporal scale refers to whether the effects take place relatively rapidly or slowly. Reversibility expresses the likelihood...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Ecosystem services; Millennium Ecosystem Assessment; Space; Time; Synergisms; Trade-offs.
Ano: 2006
Registros recuperados: 10
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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