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DISTINGUISHING THE SOURCE OF MARKET POWER: AN APPLICATION TO CIGARETTE MANUFACTURING AgEcon
Raper, Kellie Curry; Love, H. Alan; Shumway, C. Richard.
We compare nonparametric and nonstructural market power tests using data from the cigarette manufacturing industry. Tests are implemented to examine both monopoly and monopsony power exertion by cigarette manufacturers. Results indicate that market power in the tobacco industry, previously attributed to monopoly power exertion, should at least in part be attributed to monopsony market power in the upstream tobacco market.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Market power; Nonparametric; Nonstructural; Monopsony; Monopoly; Cigarette manufacturing; Agribusiness.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24021
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Gains from trade liberalization with imperfectly competitive world markets. A note. AgEcon
Anania, Giovanni.
The paper shows how analyses assuming perfect competition can yield a distorted estimation of the expected effects of a trade liberalization when market imperfections exist. The analytical framework adopted is very simple and three extreme imperfect market structures are considered. In the first case, the exporting country maximizes its producer and consumer surplus by intervening in the world market. The second market imperfection considered is the existence of a private firm playing the role of "pure middleman" in the world market. Then the case of a producer-owned marketing board which is granted exclusive export authority is addressed. It is shown that estimates of the impact of a tariff reduction in terms of prices and volume traded obtained assuming...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Trade liberalization; Imperfect markets; Monopoly; Monopsony; Marketing board; International Relations/Trade; F12; F13; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28798
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Gains from Trade Liberalization with Imperfectly Competitive World Markets. A Note. AgEcon
Anania, Giovanni.
The paper shows how analyses assuming perfect competition can yield a distorted estimation of the expected effects of a trade liberalization when market imperfections exist. The analytical framework adopted is very simple and three extreme imperfect market structures are considered. In the first case, the exporting country maximizes its producer and consumer surplus by intervening in the world market. The second market imperfection considered is the existence of a private firm playing the role of "pure middleman" in the world market. Then the case of a producer-owned marketing board which is granted exclusive export authority is addressed. It is shown that under all three scenarios, if perfect competition is assumed when market imperfections exist, the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trade liberalization; Imperfect markets; Monopoly; Monopsony; Marketing board; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24971
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Local Monopsony Power in the Market for Broilers - Evidence from a Farm Survey AgEcon
Key, Nigel D.; MacDonald, James M..
The exercise of monopsony power by broiler processing firms is plausible because production occurs within localized complexes, which limits the number of integrators with whom growers can contract. In addition, growers face distinct hold-up risks as broiler production requires a substantial investment in specific assets and most production contracts do not involve long-term purchasing commitments by integrators. This paper provides an initial exploration of the links between the local concentration of broiler integrators and grower compensation under production contracts using data from the 2006 broiler version of USDA’s Agricultural Resource Management Survey. Results of this preliminary study, which accounts for characteristics of the operation and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Poultry; Broilers; Market power; Monopsony; Production contracts; Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6073
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MANUFACTURING SPECIALIZATION IN THE SOUTHEAST: RURAL NECESSITY, RURAL POSSIBILITY OR RURAL VESTIGE? AgEcon
Lackey, Steven Brent; Wojan, Timothy R..
This paper examines three alternative explanations for manufacturing specialization in rural areas: 1) the greater efficiency of very large plants; 2) the "localization" advantages identified with a number of firms in the same industry locating near each other; or 3) a strategy to gain bargaining power by a dominant employer in the county.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural manufacturing; Specialization; Economies of scale; Localization; Monopsony; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21605
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MONOPSONY POWER IN MULTIPLE INPUT MARKETS: A Nonparametric Approach AgEcon
Raper, Kellie Curry; Love, H. Alan.
Cigarette manufacturers' monopsony power exertion in procuring domestic and imported tobacco is investigated using nonparametric methods. While it is often assumed that tobacco program rents are captured by growers, results indicate the opposite actually occurs. Cigarette manufacturers appear to exert significant monopsony power in the domestic leaf tobacco market and capture a large portion of program rents. Cigarette manufacturers appear to exert monopsony power of much smaller magnitude in the international leaf tobacco market, but with increasing magnitude in more recent years.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Market power; Tobacco; Nonparametric; Monopsony; Imports.; International Relations/Trade; L1.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11656
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