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Registros recuperados: 6
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Modelling the Fiscal Effects of Aid: An Impulse Response Approach for Ghana AgEcon
Morrissey, Oliver; Osei, Robert; Lloyd, Tim A..
An important feature of aid to developing countries is that it is given to the government. As a result aid has the potential to affect budgetary behaviour. Although the (albeit limited) aid-growth literature has addressed the effect of aid on policy, it has tended to neglect the effect of aid on the fiscal behaviour of governments. While fiscal response models have been developed to examine the effects of aid on fiscal aggregates - taxation, expenditure and borrowing - the underlying theory is ad hoc and empirical methods used are subject to severe limitations. This paper applies techniques developed in the "macroeconometrics" literature to estimate the dynamic structural relationship between aid and fiscal aggregates. Using vector autoregressive methods,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Aid; Fiscal Response; Ghana; International Development; International Relations/Trade; F35; O23; O11; O55.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26226
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Project Aid or Budget Aid? The Interests of Governments and Financial Institutions AgEcon
Hefeker, Carsten.
The paper compares different aid policy instruments and their effect on the target group. Starting from a situation where interest groups compete for the resources of the government, international financial institutions aim to change the policy outcome. They can either directly support one group or condition their financial help to the government on its policy. Apart from a normative analysis which policy is more adequate to help one group, the paper also asks what happens if the IFI is driven by bureaucratic selfinterest, and whether this distort policies.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Aid policy; Conditionality; International financial institution; Interest groups; D73; F35; O23; Financial Economics; Political Economy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26381
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Short and Long Run Determinants of Private Investment in Argentina AgEcon
Acosta, Pablo; Loza, Andres.
This study provides an empirical analysis of the macroeconomic factors that can potentially affect investment decisions in Argentina in a short, medium and long run perspective. Both the theory and the empirical literature are reviewed in order to identify a private investment function for the last three decades (1970-2000). The results suggest that investment decisions seem to be determined, in the short run, by shocks in returns (exchange rate, trade liberalization) and in aggregate demand. Besides, there is evidence of a “crowding-out” effect of public investment. In the long run, the capital accumulation path seems to be closely dependent on both well-developed financial and credit markets and on perspectives of fiscal sustainability.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Investment; Macroeconomic instability; Crowding-out; Argentina; E22; H54; O16; O23.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37161
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TAX INCENTIVES: AN EFFECTIVE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY FOR RURAL COMMUNITIES? AgEcon
Rainey, Daniel V.; McNamara, Kevin T..
As national and local economies become more globalized, many rural areas are going to find it more difficult to compete for private capital investments. A traditional tool, modifications to tax policy, of state and local governments will not be as effective (for many communities it has never been effective) in the future. These communities will need to seek other avenues of growth. However, for many rural communities even alternative avenues will not lead to enhanced economic opportunity.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agglomeration; Rural development; Tax policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; R51; R58; O21; O23; R11; R38.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15463
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The End of an Era? The Medium- and Long-Term Effects of the Global Crisis on Growth in Low-Income Countries AgEcon
Berg, Andrew; Papageorgiou, Chris; Pattillo, Catherine; Spatafora, Nikola.
This paper investigates the medium- and long-term growth effects of the global financial crises on Low-Income Countries (LICs). Using several methodological approaches, including impulse response function analysis, growth spells techniques and panel regressions, we show that external demand (ED) shocks are not historically associated with sharp declines in output growth. Given existing evidence that LICs were primarily impacted by such a shock in the global financial crisis, our analysis provides some optimism on the chances that LICs will avoid a protracted period of slow growth. However, we also show that there seem to be persistent output losses associated with ED shocks in the medium-run. In terms of policy implications, our analysis provides evidence...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Global financial crisis; External shocks; Low-income countries; Medium- and long-term growth; Impulse response functions; Growth spells; Panel growth regressions; Agribusiness; O11; O19; O23; O47.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115524
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The New Model of Foreign Aid Drawn from the Experiences of Japan and the United States AgEcon
Ranis, Gustav; Kosack, Stephen; Togo, Ken.
This paper compares Japan and the US as they provide different types of capital to the developing world, focusing especially on foreign aid and, to some extent, also on remittances and the role of NGOs. The main focus is on the quality of aid and on past conceptual differences and on an emerging convergence between these two major donors, with Japan having the potential advantage of being able to bring its own historical experience in development to bear.
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Foreign Aid; Remittances; NGO; Japan; U.S.; International Development; O11; O15; O16; O23.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118648
Registros recuperados: 6
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