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Registros recuperados: 7
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Activité magmatique, tectonique et hydrothermale actuelle sur la Dorsale Est Pacifique entre17°-et 19°S(campagne NAUDUR) ArchiMer
Auzende, Jean-marie; Ballu, Valerie; Batiza, R; Bideau, Daniel; Cormier, Mh; Fouquet, Yves; Geistdoerfer, Patrick; Lagabrielle, Yves; Sinton, J; Spadea, P.
The submersible-study of four segments of the East Pacific Rise between 17 degrees and 18 degrees 40'S, where the spreading rate is greater than 150 mm/a, allows us to confirm the variability of the accretion processes. The segment between 17 degrees and 17 degrees 30'S shows an intense present-day magmatic activity. The one between 18 degrees 10' and 18 degrees 22'S shows a mainly tectonic activity. The segment between 18 degrees 22' and 18 degrees 37'S is an intermediate stage with an axial graben in which fresh lavas were emplaced by an extremely young eruption. On all the segments the hydrothermal activity exists ranging from shimmering water up to black smokers, It is associated with different stages of animal colonization.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Océan Pacifique; Dorsale ultra-rapide; Magmatisme; Tectonique; Hydrothermalisme.; PACIFIC OCEAN; ULTRA-FAST SPREADING RIDGE; MAGMATISM; TECTONICS; HYDROTHERMALISM.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00183/29458/27840.pdf
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Bilan de l'état des stocks et des mesures de gestion de l'espadon (xiphias gladius) dans les océans Atlantique, pacifique et indien et en mer Méditerranée ArchiMer
Le Couls, Sarah; Bourjea, Jerome.
Cette synthèse bibliographique présente les différentes commissions internationales de gestion des grands pélagiques dans les océans Indien, Atlantique et Pacifique, respectivement la CTOI, la CICTA et l'IATTC/WCPFC. De plus, cette synthèse focalise sur le cas de l'espadon Xiphias gladius et détaille pour chaque stock, les captures, l'état du stock ainsi que les mesures de gestion passées et en cours. Le stock de la Méditerranée est l'unique stock en état de surexploitation avéré et fait l'objet de mesures de gestion (interdiction des filets dérivants, fermeture saisonnière de la pêche) mais pas de TAC. Les stocks de l'Atlantique Nord, du Pacifique Sud-est, et de l'Océan Indien sont proches de la pleine exploitation voir en pleine exploitation. Parmi ces...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Espadon; Évaluation de la ressource; Océan Atlantique; Océan Pacifique; Océan indien; Mediterranée; Pleine exploitation; TAC; Quota; Swordfish; Resources assessment; Atlantic ocean; Pacific ocean; Indien ocean; Mediterranean sea; Full exploitation; TAC; Quota.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00001/11211/7565.pdf
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Commercial fish assemblages on New Caledonian fringing reefs submitted to different levels of ground erosion ArchiMer
Letourneur, Y; Labrosse, Pierre; Kulbicki, M.
A comparative study was conducted in two zones of the Northern Province of New Caledonia, one located windward (east coast) and the other located leeward (west coast). In each zone, three major sectors were investigated: fringing reefs close to areas of important mining activities, fringing reefs close to areas of moderate mining activities, and fringing reefs close to areas free of mining activities. In addition, on the west coast, fringing reefs close to areas of high natural ground erosion were also studied. Only commercial fish species sensus late were censused on a total of 163 stations, concerning 165 fish species. Substrate characteristics were not different between zones and sectors. However, significant differences were observed for living...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ichtyofaune; Récif corallien; Activité minière; Apport terrigène; Océan Pacifique; Ichthyofauna; Fringing reefs; Mining activities; Terrigeneous runoff; Pacific Ocean.
Ano: 1999 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00325/43586/44026.pdf
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Comparative analysis of oxygen consumption rates between cupped oyster spat of Crassostrea gigas of French, Japanese, Spanish and Taiwanese origins ArchiMer
Goulletquer, Philippe; Wolowicz, Maciej; Latala, Adam; Geairon, Philippe; Huvet, Arnaud; Boudry, Pierre.
Respiration rates of various geographical strains of Crassostrea gigas were compared to assess the respiratory expenditure as a physiological indicator of catabolism (cost of maintenance). Parental oysters, sampled in France (Marennes-Oleron), Japan (Hiroshima), Taiwan (Tunkang) and Spain (Cadix), were differentiated by both their geographic origin and by mitochondrial DNA markers, allowing the distinction between the two closely related taxa Crassostrea gigas and Crassostrea angulata. After reproduction of these parental oysters, respiration rates of spat of each strain, reared under common controlled conditions, were individually estimated at 20 degrees C by using a volumetric microrespirometer. Our results demonstrated that physiological variability...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pacific Ocean; NE Atlantic; Oyster strains; Hybrids; Crassostrea angulata; Crassostrea gigas; Metabolism; Respiration rates; Océan Pacifique; Atlantique NE; Souches génétiques; Hybrides; Crassostrea angulata; Crassostrea gigas; Métabolisme; Taux de respiration.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1999/publication-859.pdf
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Estimation des stocks de poisson des lagons de Nouvelle-Calédonie : 1 – Structure et stocks des communautés des poissons de récifs. ArchiMer
Letourneur, Y; Kulbicki, M; Labrosse, Pierre.
Lagoon fish in New Caledonia are mainly caught by artisanal fisheries and subsistence fishing. Reef fish are the major component of this catch. The present study aimed at estimating these reef fish standing stocks and at finding the main factors influencing the distribution of these fish. Sampling of 904 stations was stratified according to three zones (north, east and west) and three reef types (barrier, intermediate and fringing). Fish communities exhibited strong heterogeneity in their distribution, showing higher biomass (maximum of 447 g.m(-2)) and total standing stock (43 000 tonnes) in the north zone than in the east and west zones. Similarly, observed patterns were dependent on reef types: higher biomass and total standing stock being observed on...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Poissons de récifs; Poissons démersaux commerciaux; Structure de population; Nouvelle-Calédonie; Océan Pacifique; Reef fish; Commercial demersal fish; Population structure; New Caledonia; SW Pacific Ocean.
Ano: 2000 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00608/71968/70658.pdf
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Estimation des stocks de poissons des lagons de Nouvelle-Calédonie : 2 – Stocks des poissons de fond et des poissons associés aux récifs coralliens ArchiMer
Kulbicki, M; Labrosse, Pierre; Letourneur, Y.
Fish stocks found on lagoon bottoms and near reefs are characterized by a high diversity and heterogeneous habitat which make stock estimation difficult. In particular, it is necessary to combine several methods in order to evaluate the major components of these stocks. The present study aimed at estimating reef fish stocks in the Northern Province of New Caledonia, a region where they represent a major target for the local fishermen. These estimates were based on experimental fishing with handlines and bottom longlines. Handlines were used to assess the stocks near reefs, and longlines for those in areas away from reefs and on lagoon soft bottoms. Handline stations (363) were sampled in three different regions (west, north and east lagoons) and three...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Poissons démersaux; Évaluation de stocks; Palangrottes; Lignes à main; Fonds meubles; Récifs; Nouvelle-Calédonie; Océan Pacifique; Demersal fish; Stock assessment; Handline; Longline; Soft bottoms; Reefs; SW New Caledonia; Pacific Ocean.
Ano: 2000 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00608/71969/70659.pdf
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Estimation des stocks de poissons des lagons de Nouvelle-Calédonie : 3 – Pression de pêche, rendements potentiels et impact sur les options d’aménagement ArchiMer
Labrosse, Pierre; Letourneur, Y; Kulbicki, M; Paddon, Jr.
The potential yields of demersal reefal and lagoonal finfish, which are valuable for trade or consumption in the Northern Province of New Caledonia, are unknown. Fishing pressure was estimated from tally-sheets of professional fishermen to assess trade fishing and a household consumption survey to assess subsistence fishing. Total yield was estimated to be 1 326 tonnes in 1995, 94 % of which correspond to subsistence fishing. Most of the catches were taken from the east and west coasts; in the north zone (Belep Archipelago) catches were very low. From this fishing pressure and the total stock values, the maximum sustainable yield (MSY) was estimated to be 12 600 t, which was about 10 % of the total stocks assessed in the Northern Province (138 300 t). This...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pêcheries lagonaires; Captures; Prises maximales soutenues; Pêche de subsistance; Nouvelle-Calédonie; Océan Pacifique; Lagoon fisheries; Fishery resources; Current yields; Maximum sustainable yields; Subsistence fishing; New Caledonia; Pacific Ocean.
Ano: 2000 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00608/71970/70660.pdf
Registros recuperados: 7
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