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Ammonia Volatilization from Soil-Applied Organic Fertilizers Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo
Rocha,Adriano Alvim; Araújo,Ednaldo da Silva; Santos,Silvio da Silva; Goulart,Jhonatan Marins; Espindola,José Antonio Azevedo; Guerra,José Guilherme Marinho; Alves,Bruno José Rodrigues; Rouws,Janaina Ribeiro Costa.
ABSTRACT: A reliable quantification of nitrogen (N) losses by ammonia (NH3) volatilization can contribute to identifying optimized strategies of fertilizer management. The objective of this study was to quantify ammonia volatilization from several organic N sources incorporated into or applied onto the soil surface. Two cultivation areas, under snap bean and corn, were evaluated at Embrapa Agrobiology, Seropédica, Rio de Janeiro (RJ). Both experiments used a randomized complete block design in split-plots, with four replications. The main plots consisted of four organic fertilizers (castor bean cake, bokashi, legume fertilizers, cattle manure), at rates of 200 kg ha-1 N, and a control treatment (without fertilization), and the subplots corresponded to the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: NH3 volatilization; Organic fertilization; Nitrogen dynamics.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-06832019000100518
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As, Cu AND Zn CONCENTRATION IN SANITARY SEWAGE SLUDGE FERTILIZED SOIL AND IN CRAMBE AND CORN GRAINS REA
Cardoso,Paulo H. S.; Sousa,Izabelle de P.; Junio,Geraldo R. Zuba; Gonçalves,Paula W. B.; Sampaio,Regynaldo A..
ABSTRACT This study aimed to evaluate the total contents of As, Cu and Zn in the profile of a Haplic Cambisol cultivated with crambe and corn and fertilized with sanitary sewage sludge and to compare them with those obtained in other forms of fertilization, as well as the content of metals in the grain of these crops. Two experiments were carried out in the field, one with maize cultivation and another with crambe, both were delineated as randomized blocks with four treatments and six replicates, which were: without fertilization, fertilization with sewage sludge dewatered and dried in the sun, with dry sewage sludge and with mineral fertilizers. At the end of the experiments soil samples were collected at 15, 50, 100, 150 and 200 cm depth for analysis of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biosolid; Crambe abyssinica; Organic fertilization; Zea mays.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-69162018000300426
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Características anatômicas foliares de plantas de orégano (Origanum vulgare L.) submetidas a diferentes fontes e níveis de adubação orgânica - DOI: 10.4025/actasciagron.v31i3.690 Agronomy
Corrêa, Ricardo Monteiro; IFMG; Pinto, José Eduardo Brasil Pereira; UFLA; Reis, Érika Soares; IFMG; Oliveira, Cynthia de; UFLA; Castro, Evaristo Mauro de; UFLA; Brant, Renata da Silva; UFLA.
Objetivou-se avaliar a influência de níveis de adubos orgânicos bovino e avícola no teor de clorofila e características anatômicas de folhas de plantas de orégano cultivadas em casa-de-vegetação. Foram conduzidos dois ensaios separadamente, sendo um com esterco bovino e o outro com esterco de aves. Plantas de orégano (Origanum vulgare L.) foram cultivadas em vasos de 10 L, submetidas aos seguintes tratamentos: Ensaio I: esterco bovino: 1) solo sem adubação (controle); 2) solo + 3,0 kg m-2 de esterco bovino; 3) solo + 6,0 kg m-2 de esterco bovino; 4) solo + 9,0 kg m-2 de esterco bovino; 5) solo + 12,0 kg m-2 de esterco bovino; Ensaio II – esterco avícola: 1) solo sem adubação (Controle); 2) solo + 1,5 kg m-2 de esterco de galinha; 3) solo + 3,0 kg m-2 de...
Palavras-chave: 5.01.00.00-9 Agronomia Origanum vulgare L.; Planta condimentar; Fertilização orgânica; Anatomia foliar; Clorofila Origanum vulgare L.; Spice plant; Organic fertilization; Leaf anatomy; Chlorophylls.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAgron/article/view/690
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Changes in leaf nutrient content and quality of pear fruits by biofertilizer application in northeastern Italy Rev. Bras. Frutic.
Perazzoli,Barbara Elen; Pauletti,Volnei; Quartieri,Maurizio; Toselli,Moreno; Gotz,Lenir Fátima.
Abstract The aim of this study was to verify the influence of biofertilizer application resulting from energy production from corn biomass on nutrient uptake by pear plants during the growing cycle, and on fruit quality. The experiment was carried out on a Siltic Haplic Calcisol in the Italian province of Ferrara, in a medium-density Abbé Fétel commercial orchard. Treatments consisted of control (no application) and biofertilizer (30 m3 ha-1 biofertilizer application on the row), with four replicates. The following variables were evaluated: mineral N, microbial biomass and respiration in soil; nutrient content in leaves; and fruit quality. Biofertilizer application increased soil mineral N availability; soil microbial biomass and respiration, but the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Soil nitrate; Pyrus communis; Organic fertilization; Biodigester effluent; Corn biomass biofertilizer.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-29452020000103001
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Chemical attributes of soil and dry mass accumulation of maize fertilized with cassava wastewater REA
Magalhães,Adriana G.; Rolim,Mario M.; Duarte,Anamaria S.; Pedrosa,Elvira M. R.; Silva,Enio F. de F. e.
The aim of this study was to evaluate chemical attributes alterations of a clay-loam textured soil and dry mass accumulation of maize submitted to application of cassava wastewater doses in three assessment periods. The experiment was conducted under greenhouse using a completely randomized experimental design in a factorial 5 × 3, with four replicates. The analyzed factors of research were doses of cassava wastewater (0; 12.6; 25.2; 50.4; 75.6 m3 ha-1) andassessment periods (20, 40 and 52 days after germination). The following parameters were determined: electric conductivity of soil saturation extract, pH in water, content of available P, content of exchangeable K+, Ca2+, Mg2+ and Na+ of soil, dry mass of leaves and stem. The application of cassava...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Residue; Starch; Nutrients; Organic fertilization; Zea mays.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-69162015000300458
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Composted sewage sludge in replacement of mineral fertilization on wheat production and development REA
KUMMER,ANA C. B.; GRASSI FILHO,HELIO; LOBO,THOMAZ F.; LIMA,RODOLLPHO A. DE S..
ABSTRACT Several research lines are required to ensure a proper disposal of sewage sludge in Brazil; among them, we may highlight agricultural use. In this sense, this study aimed at assessing the effect of exchanging nitrogen sourcing via conventional fertilization (chemical) with growing doses of composted sewage sludge (CSS) on wheat crop performance. The experiment was performed in a completely randomized design with seven treatments and ten replications, being defined as T0 (control – without fertilization); T1 (100% mineral fertilization); T2 (50% mineral + 50% CSS); T3, T4, T5, and T6 (100, 150, 200, and 250% nitrogen fertilizing from CSS). Results showed that the use of CSS increased wheat production and development, therefore enhancing its...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Nitrogen; Organic fertilization; Production; Triticum aestivum.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-69162016000400706
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Crescimento de Dalbergia miscolobium em substrato de rejeito da mineração de quartzito fertilizado PFB - Pesquisa Florestal Brasileira
Amaral, Cristiany Silva; Silva, Enilson de Barros; Pereira, Israel Marinho; Nardis, Bárbara Olinda; Gonçalves, Neubert Homem.
O objetivo desse trabalho foi avaliar o comportamento de Dalbergia miscolobium Benth sob a influência da adubação mineral e orgânica quando cultivada em rejeito da mineração de quartzito, visando subsidiar ações voltadas para a recuperação de áreas de exploração. O experimento foi conduzido em casa de vegetação, em delineamento experimental inteiramente casualizado com quatro repetições. Os tratamentos consistiram de cinco combinações de adubação orgânica (AO) e mineral (AM) e um tratamento adicional do rejeito sem AO e AM (controle). As combinações foram: 100%AM; 25%AO+75%AM; 50%AO+50%AM; 75%AO+25%AM; 100%AO. As doses de 100% de AM e AO foram de 25 mg N, 25 mg P2O5, 20 mg K2O e 5 g de esterco de curral por dm³ de rejeito. As plantas de D. miscolobium...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Recursos florestais adubação orgânica Área degradada; Adubação mineral; Adubação orgânica; Acúmulo de nutrientes Degraded area; Chemical fertilization; Organic fertilization; Nutrient accumulation.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://pfb.cnpf.embrapa.br/pfb/index.php/pfb/article/view/423
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Dry matter production and nitrogen use efficiency of giant missionary grass in response to pig slurry application R. Bras. Zootec.
Miranda,Mario; Scheffer-Basso,Simone Meredith; Escosteguy,Pedro Alexandre Varella; Lajús,Cristiano Reschke; Scherer,Eloi Erhard; Denardin,Rosiane Berenice Nicoloso.
This study assessed the effect of successive applications of pig slurry on the dry matter (DM) production and the nitrogen use efficiency of giant missionary grass along two years. A total of 55, 110, 165, 220 and 275 m³ of pig slurry/ha/year were applied in order to supply 100, 200, 300, 400 and 500 kg of total N/ha/year, respectively. These treatments were compared with the ammonium nitrate (200 kg of N/ha/year) source of N and with a control (no nitrogen application). Annually, nitrogen was applied in four divided doses, after the cutting of forage grasses, which takes place five times a year. The total DM yield did not differ between years and increased linearly as a function of pig slurry application, ranging from 2,698 kg of DM/ha/year (control) to...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: A. jesuiticus × A. scoparius; Organic fertilization; Pasture.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982012000300009
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Effects of pig slurry application on the diversity and activity of soil biota in pasture areas Ciência Rural
Silva,Danni Maisa da; Jacques,Rodrigo Josemar Seminoti; Silva,Diego Armando Amaro da; Santana,Natielo Almeida; Vogelmann,Eduardo; Eckhardt,Daniel Pazzini; Antoniolli,Zaida Inês.
ABSTRACT: The successive application of pig slurry to pastures is a common practice in southern Brazil, serving as a method of waste disposal as well as an important alternative to chemical fertilization. Although there are economic benefits to the use of manure as fertilizer, it may be associated with environmental hazards and cause changes to composition and activity of soil fauna. This study aimed to study the effects of pig slurry on the soil biota of pastures. Composition and biological activity of pastures where manure was applied successively for 2 years (A2) and 14 years (A14) were evaluated, and native forest (NF) was analyzed as a reference area. Successive application of pig slurry to the soil changed its biological characteristics according to...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Organic fertilization; Soil fauna; Bait lamina.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782016001001756
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Eggplant growth as affected by bovine manure and magnesium thermophosphate rates Scientia Agricola
Cardoso,Marinice Oliveira; Pereira,Walter Esfrain; Oliveira,Ademar Pereira de; Souza,Adailson Pereira de.
Plant growth is influenced by nutrient availability. The objective of this research was to study, under greenhouse conditions, eggplant growth as affected by rates of bovine manure and magnesium thermophosphate (g kg-1 and mg kg-1, respectively), according to a "Box central composite" matrix: 4.15-259; 4.15-1509; 24.15-259; 24.15-1509; 0.0-884; 28.3-884; 14.15-0,0; 14.15-1768; 14.15-884. Potassium sulfate (170 mg kg-1) and 200 mL per pot of cow urine solution were applied four times, but the concentration of the last two applications (200 mL/H2O L) was twice of that of the first two. Additional treatments: magnesium thermophosphate without cow urine and triple superphosphate with urea, both with nutrient levels equivalent to the bovine manure, P2O5 and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Solanum melongena; Organic fertilization; Phosphorus; Cow urine.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-90162008000100011
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Extended use of poultry manure as a nutrient source for flood-irrigated rice crop PAB
Schmidt,Fabiana; Knoblauch,Ronaldir.
Abstract: The objective of this work was to evaluate changes in the soil chemical properties, nitrogen use efficiency, and grain yield of flood-irrigated rice fields after the addition of poultry manure during five years. Trials were carried out in a randomized complete block design, with three replicates. The treatments were: chemical fertilizers, N-P2O5-K2O; control, no fertilizers; and poultry manure doses, 2.5, 5.0, and 10.0 Mg ha-1. Poultry manure increased soil pH, base saturation, and phosphorus, potassium, calcium, and zinc contents more than the chemical fertilizers. Adding poultry manure to the soil increased N ammonification (35 mg kg-1 NH4 +-N) from the first to the fourth week after rice was sown. The exclusive use of poultry manure was not...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Oryza sativa; Nutrient availability; Organic fertilization.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-204X2020000103900
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Fertilización orgánica Vs mineral en el rendimiento y contenido de capsaicina en chile manzano (Capsicum pubescens R. y P.). Colegio de Postgraduados
Carlos Marcelo, Rufina.
El chile manzano (Capsicum pubescens R. y P.) es originario de Perú y Bolivia, fue introducido a México a principios del siglo XX. Este tipo de chile se produce a altitudes de 1700 a 2500 m. En La Sierra Norte de Puebla la producción de este cultivo se hace a nivel de traspatio, con manejo insuficiente de fertilización y control de plagas. Como parte de una propuesta para mejorar el manejo de este cultivo, y hacer uso de los recursos disponibles en la región, que también se dedica a la ganadería para producción de leche, se compararon dos sistemas de producción, uno con fertilización orgánica y otro con fertilización química, en rendimiento y la calidad del fruto de chile. En el sistema con fertilización química la dosis 200-100-200 (NPK), se fracciono en...
Palavras-chave: Capsicum pubescens; Fertilización orgánica; Indice de cosecha; Diámetro; °Brix; Organic fertilization; Harvest index; Diameter; Edafología; Maestría.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/772
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Gas exchange and leaf contents in bell pepper under energized water and biofertilizer doses AGRIAMBI
Borges,Francisca R. M.; Viana,Thales V. de A.; Marinho,Albanise B.; Pinheiro Neto,Luis G.; Azevedo,Benito M. de.
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of energized water and bovine biofertilizer doses on the gas exchange and NPK contents in leaves of yellow bell pepper plants. The experiment was conducted at the experimental area of the Federal University of Ceará, in Fortaleza-CE, Brazil, from June to November 2011. The experiment was set in a randomized block design, in a split-plot scheme; the plots were composed of treatments with energized and non-energized water and the subplots of five doses of liquid biofertilizer (0, 250, 500, 750 and 1000 mL plant-1 week-1). The following variables were analyzed: transpiration, stomatal conductance, photosynthesis and leaf contents of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K). Water...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Capsicum annuum L.; Organic fertilization; Photosynthesis.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-43662016000600533
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Green manure and spatial arrangement in the sustainability improvement of lettuce-beet intercrops AGRIAMBI
Silva,Ítalo N.; Bezerra Neto,Francisco; Barros Júnior,Aurélio P.; Lima,Jailma S. S. de; Batista,Thaíza M. de V.; Lins,Hamurábi A..
ABSTRACT Beet and lettuce are industrial vegetable crops valued for their high mineral, vitamin and fiber contents and for their additional health benefits. These crops are usually grown in intercrops in family production systems in a sustainable manner in semi-arid regions. This work aimed to evaluate the effects of incorporating different levels of hairy woodrose, as a green manure, on the agro-economic sustainability indicators of lettuce-beet intercrops, planted in different spatial arrangements and involving two successive croppings. The experimental design was a randomized complete blocks with treatments arranged in a 4 x 3 factorial scheme, corresponding to four hairy woodrose levels incorporated into the soil (6, 19, 32 and 45 t ha-1, dry basis)...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Organic fertilization; Planting configuration; Tuberous-leafy vegetable intercropping; Agronomic performance and economic efficiency.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-43662018000700451
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Growth, nutrition and yield of eggplant as affected by doses of cattle manure and magnesium thermophosphate plus cow urine Horticultura Brasileira
Cardoso,Marinice O; Oliveira,Ademar P de; Pereira,Walter E; Souza,Adailson P de.
The stem growth, nutrition, and fruit yield of eggplant grown with different doses of cattle manure (CM) and magnesium thermophosphate (MT) were studied, according to the Central Composite Matrix of Box (8.3-518; 8.3-3,018; 48.3-518; 48.3-3,018; 0.0-1,768; 56.6-1,768; 28.3-0.0; 28.3-3,536; 28.3-1,768). Potassium sulfate (KS) was also used (24 g plant-1), as well as a cow urine (COU) solution (10 L 100 L-1 H2O, 500 mL plant-1), applied five times in topdressing. Two additional treatments were used: MT without COU and triple superphosphate + urea (TS plus Ur), both with nutrient levels (CM, P2O5, and KS) corresponding to the combination 28.3-1,768. The experimental design was blocks at random, with three replications. CM doses improved plant height (PH)...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Solanum melongena; Organic fertilization; Alternative fertilization management; Unconventional fertilization.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-05362009000300008
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Growth of seedlings and young plants of coffee in composts of textile industry residues AGRIAMBI
Neiva Júnior,Eudes; França,André C.; Grazziotti,Paulo H.; Porto,Douglas W. B.; Araújo,Fausto H. V.; Leal,Felipe D. S..
ABSTRACT The final destination of solid industrial waste is one of the main environmental problems currently facing, due to its potential for contamination. With the evolution of environmental policy and awareness, the proper destination of these wastes is stimulated, seeking new technologies to fulfil the demand for the products generated. One of the solutions to this environmental problem is to use these residues as fertilizers in agriculture. The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of toxic textile residues as a substrate component of coffee seedlings and as fertilizer in the initial growth of coffee plants. The study was divided into three experiments: production of seedlings, initial growth of potted plants and in the field. In the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Organic fertilization; Coffea arabica; Composting.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-43662019000300188
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Impact of pig slurry application on soil and water losses: Comparison with a historical series AGRIAMBI
Bandeira,Douglas H.; Bertol,Ildegardis; Vázquez,Eva V.; Ramos,Júlio C.; Bertol,Camilo.
ABSTRACT Water erosion in soil is influenced by several factors, including rain, relief, cover, and management and conservation practices. Also, erosion is affected by pig slurry (PS) applied to the soil as a fertilizer. The objectives of this research were i): to evaluate water erosion in a Humic Cambisol cultivated with Zea mays L., Avena strigosa, Glycyne max L., and Raphanus sativus in rotation after PS dispersal under different tillage treatments, namely: no-tillage (NT), minimum tillage (MT), rotation tillage (RT) and conventional tillage (CT) , and ii): to compare erosion before and after PS application in a single dose of 50 m3 ha-1 in each crop, soon after the germination of the crops. NT had lower soil and water loss, which were reduced by 81 and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Conservation tillage; Erosivity; Crop rotation; Organic fertilization.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-43662019000600425
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Impacts of Pig Slurry Applied to Two Different Soils on Nutrient Transport by Runoff Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo
Kaufmann,Danieli Schneiders; Bertol,Ildegardis; Santos,Maria Aparecida do Nascimento dos; Bagio,Barbara; Mecabô Júnior,José; Borg,Heinz.
ABSTRACT: Runoff in agricultural areas with intensive application of pig slurry can transport significant amounts of nutrients. This study evaluates the effects of different pig slurry (PS) application rates (0, 50, 100, and 200 m3 ha-1) on nutrient loss through runoff during soybean cultivation under no-tillage. It was conducted at two sites in southern Brazil, one on an Alfisol (27° 43' south and 50° 3' west) and one on an Inceptisol (27° 47' south and 50° 18' west). The PS was applied to the soil once at the beginning of the soybean cycle. Each plot was 11 m long in the direction of the slope and 3.5 m wide. To induce runoff, artificial rainfall was applied in four different tests (T1, T2, T3, T4), with an intensity of 65 mm h-1 for 90 minutes. The...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Organic fertilization; Artificial rainfall; Nutrient loss.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-06832019000100502
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Influence of inorganic and organic fertilization on microbial biomass carbon and maize yield in two soils of contrasting pH Agrociencia
Arrieche-Luna,Elena; Ruiz-Dager,Magaly.
Inappropriate soil management practices that have been applied in the Yafacuy River basin, Venezuela, have led to the loss of soil organic matter and crop productivity. The incorporation of composted organic residues has been suggested as an alternative management practice in order to increase organic matter (OM) content and crop yield in these soils. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of different application fates of an organic fertilizer obtained from sugarcane industry wastes, filter cake and bagasse with or without inorganic fertilizers, on microbial biomass carbon (MB-C), soil organic carbon (SOC), maize (Zea mays L.) yield and N, P, K content in the maize leaves, in Yafacuy River basin. The experiments were established in an...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Maize yield; Organic fertilization; Soil microbial biomass carbon; Soil organic carbon; Sugar cane filter cake.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.org.mx/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1405-31952010000300001
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Initial growth of physic nut as a function of sources and doses of organic fertilizers Ciência e Agrotecnologia
Schulz,Deisinara Giane; Fey,Rubens; Ruppenthal,Viviane; Malavasi,Marlene de Matos; Malavasi,Ubirajara Contro.
Organic fertilization provides low cost, supplemental nutrition for plant production. This study aimed to determine the best source and dose of organic fertilizer on the growth of physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.), a potential biodiesel producer. Physic nut seedlings were transplanted to 18 dm³ black plastic pots filled with soil mixed with four sources of organic fertilizer (chicken, fish, cattle manure or urban waste compost) at four dose levels (50, 100, 200 or 400 L m-3). Fertilized and control (no fertilization) plants were grown under shadehouse conditions and morphological plant features were assessed at 30, 60, 90 and 120 days after transplanting. Doses higher than 100 L m-3 of poultry manure mixed with claysoil should be avoided. The use of other...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Organic fertilization; Jatropha curcas L.; Seedling production.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-70542012000600003
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