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Registros recuperados: 9
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Agriculture, Structural Change and Socially Responsible Development in China and Vietnam AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A..
The gradualism of economic reforms in China and Vietnam (especially in China, which has led the way in this regard) has been commented on favourably by many analysts studying transitional economies. Early market reforms in China and Vietnam were constrained by political considerations and consequently, began in agriculture and in China’s case, in rural areas with the development of town-and-village enterprises as well. It is argued that at the time when the reforms began, they were socially responsible. However, they have created a legacy which has resulted in agricultural land disputes and many town-and-village enterprises now face new economic challenges resulting in social conflict as the structure of China’s economy alters and greater market...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: China; Commercialisation of agriculture; Economic reform; Land rights; Town-and-village enterprises; Transitional economies; Vietnam.; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy; P21; P25; P31; P32.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123022
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Land Reform and Development of Agricultural Land Markets in Russia AgEcon
Lerman, Zvi; Shagaida, Natalya.
Russia has experienced dramatic changes in land ownership and tenure since 1991: agricultural land has been largely privatized, individual landowners now have legal rights to most agricultural land in the country, and prohibitions on buying and selling of land have been recently removed. The necessary pre-conditions for the development of agricultural land markets have been met and we are beginning to witness transactions that involve individual landowners, and not only the state. Further development of the land market is circumscribed by the inadequacy of the administrative and technical infrastructure. The paper discusses the evolving legal framework for land reform, considers the impacts on privatization and ownership structure of agricultural land, and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land reform; Land market; Land leasing; Transition; Land Economics/Use; P23; P26; P31; P32; Q15.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24604
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Major methodological challenges for the economic theory of the firm in the economies of Central and Eastern Europe AgEcon
Boehlke, Jerzy.
This paper presents the major methodological challenges in microeconomic theory of the firm in the economies of Central and Eastern Europe. The methodological weaknesses of the theory are not only the cause of cognitive limitation but also an important condition for an effective economic policy during the transition period.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Transition; Theory of the firm; Post-socialist economies; Countries of Central and Eastern Europe; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; B52; L20; P31.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95952
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Optimal Farm Size in Russian Agriculture AgEcon
Svetlov, Nikolai M.; Hockmann, Heinrich.
A set of dynamic DEA models is applied to investigate the determinants of farm size of Moscow oblast corporate farms in the period 1996-2004. New institutional economics is found to be more relevant to explaining farm sizes and their changes than the neo-classical framework. The results prove the hypothesis that the development of farm size is mainly caused by reducing transaction costs associated with getting access to product markets.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm size; Returns to scale; Dynamic DEA; Farm Management; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Production Economics; P31; Q12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51667
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Productivity and Efficiency of Corporate and Individual Farms in Ukraine AgEcon
Lerman, Zvi; Sedik, David J..
The paper presents a comparative analysis of the productivity of corporate and individual farms in Ukraine based primarily on cross-section data from a farm survey conducted by FAO in 2005. We calculate partial land and labor productivity, total factor productivity, and technical efficiency scores (using Stochastic Frontier Analysis) for farms of different organizational forms. Our results demonstrate with considerable confidence that, contrary to established convictions among the Ukrainian decision makers, the large corporate farms are not more productive than the smaller family farms. This finding is not restricted to Ukraine, as a similar result has been obtained by in Moldova, Russia, and the U.S. Policies encouraging a shift from large corporate farms...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Family farms; Corporate farms; Comparative performance; Technical efficiency; Total factor productivity; Agrarian reforms; Transition countries; Farm Management; Productivity Analysis; D24; J24; P27; P31; P32; Q12; Q15; R14.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9985
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PRODUCTIVITY AND EFFICIENCY OF SMALL AND LARGE FARMS IN MOLDOVA AgEcon
Lerman, Zvi; Sutton, William R..
The paper presents a comparative analysis of the productivity of small and large farms in Moldova based primarily on cross-section data from three farm surveys conducted by the World Bank and USAID in 2000 and 2003. The survey data are supplemented where feasible with time series from official national-level statistics. We calculate partial land and labor productivity, total factor productivity, and technical efficiency scores (using Stochastic Frontier and Data Envelopment Analysis algorithms) for the two categories of small individual farms and large corporate farms. Our results demonstrate with considerable confidence that small individual farms in Moldova are more productive and more efficient than large corporate farms. This finding is not restricted...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Family farms; Corporate farms; Comparative performance; Technical efficiency; Total factor productivity; Agrarian reforms; Transition countries; Farm Management; D24; J24; P27; P31; P32; Q12; Q15; R14.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7133
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SOCIAL CAPITAL, TRANSITION IN AGRICULTURE, AND ECONOMIC ORGANISATION: A THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVE AgEcon
Valentinov, Vladislav.
ABSTRACT Social capital is defined as the shared knowledge, trust, and culture, embodied in the structural forms of networks and other stable inter-agent relationships. Social capital has been shown to be more difficult to build than economic capital, and to have greater beneficial effects for community as a whole. The relevance of the social capital concept for transitional agenda is explained by the increasing responsibility of private collective action and grass-roots decisions in managing the business activities in agriculture, since this is required by the more democratic foundations of the market economy. Different forms of business organisations are shown to be differentially but consistently associated with social capital, with the major social...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Social capital; Agricultural cooperative; Economic organisation; Sozialkapital; Agrargenossenschaft; Ökonomische Organisation; Agribusiness; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; D23; P31.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14935
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Sources of Agricultural Productivity Growth in Central Asia AgEcon
Lerman, Zvi; Sedik, David J..
The paper examines agricultural production and productivity growth in two Central Asian countries – Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Both countries are characterized by a significant shift of resources from the traditional Soviet model of collective agriculture to more market-compliant individual and family farming. In both countries, the beginning of the policy-driven switch to family farming around 1997 coincided with the beginning of recovery in agriculture, namely resumption of agricultural growth after a phase of transition decline since 1991. In addition to growth in total agricultural production, we also observe significant increases in productivity of both land and labor since 1997. These observations suggest that productivity growth may be attributable...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural productivity; Agricultural growth; Family farms; Corporate farms; Comparative performance; Agrarian reforms; Transition countries; Central Asia; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Agricultural and Food Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; Productivity Analysis; P27; P31; P32; Q15; R14.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49312
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Sources of Agricultural Productivity Growth in Central Asia: The Case of Tajikistan and Uzbekistan AgEcon
Lerman, Zvi; Sedik, David J..
The paper examines agricultural production and productivity growth in two Central Asian countries – Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Both countries are characterized by a significant shift of resources from the traditional Soviet model of collective agriculture to more market-compliant individual and family farming. In both countries, the beginning of the policy-driven switch to family farming around 1997 coincided with the beginning of recovery in agriculture, namely resumption of agricultural growth after a phase of transition decline since 1991. In addition to growth in total agricultural production, we also observe significant increases in productivity of both land and labor since 1997. These observations suggest that productivity growth may be attributable...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural productivity; Agricultural growth; Family farms; Corporate farms; Comparative performance; Agrarian reforms; Transition countries; Central Asia; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Land Economics/Use; Productivity Analysis; P27; P31; P32; Q15; R14.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54713
Registros recuperados: 9
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