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Registros recuperados: 16
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A 5.3‐million‐year history of monsoonal precipitation in northwestern Australia ArchiMer
Stuut, Jan‐berend W.; De Deckker, Patrick; Saavedra‐pellitero, Mariem; Bassinot, Franck; Drury, Anna‐joy; Walczak, Maureen H.; Nagashima, Kana; Murayama, Masafumi.
New proxy records from deep‐sea sediment cores from the northwestern continental margin of Western Australian reveal a 5.3 million‐year (Ma) history of aridity and tropical‐monsoon activity in northwestern Australia. Following the warm and dry early Pliocene (~5.3 Ma), the northwestern Australian continent experienced a gradual increase in humidity peaking at about 3.8 Ma with higher than present‐day rainfall. Between 3.8 and about 2.8 Ma, climate became progressively more arid with more rainfall variability. Coinciding with the onset of the northern hemisphere glaciations and the intensification of the northern hemisphere monsoon, aridity continued to increase overall from 2.8 Ma until today, with greater variance in precipitation and an increased...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Paleoclimate; Monsoon; Australia; Runoff; Pliocene; Quaternary.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00502/61384/65035.pdf
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Analysis of the Holocene climate variability using a data assimilation method in the model LOVECLIM ArchiMer
Mairesse, Aurélien.
The study of past climates and of mechanisms that have influenced their evolution is the key to anticipate the future climate changes. This doctoral thesis focusses on the Holocene climate, the ongoing interglacial, that starts about 11,700 years ago. The current paleoclimate knowledge is based on the one hand, on the climate models results and, on the other hand, on the reconstruction of physical variables derived from climate archives as the ice cores, the marine cores or the pollens for instance. These two types of information are complementary. Here we have combined them to obtain reconstructions of past climates using data assimilation. This technique is standard in many disciplines but not yet in paleoclimatology. The data assimilation method applied...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Climate; Data assimilation; Paleoclimate; Holocene; LOVECLIM model; Proxy record.
Ano: 2014 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00506/61719/65687.pdf
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Analyzing Large Paleoclimate Datasets: Implications for Past and Future Climate Change. ArchiMer
Shakun, Jeremy D.
This dissertation presents the results of statistical analyses of large climate datasets from two time intervals – the 20th century instrumental record and the proxy record of the last deglaciation – in order to understand the forcings and mechanisms of past climate variability. A longstanding question in climate dynamics concerns the origin of Pacific decadal variability (PDV). This issue is addressed by calculating the Southern Hemisphere equivalent of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) index from Pacific sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies over the 20th century, which is found to be similar to its Northern Hemisphere counterpart. The Northern and Southern PDO indices both exhibit pronounced seasonality in autocorrelation with interannual...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: El Nino-Southern Oscillation; Pacific Decadal Oscillation; Paleoclimate; Deglaciation; Ocean circulation; Milankovitch; Greenhouse gases.
Ano: 2010 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00495/60654/64151.pdf
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Antarctic Sea Ice Proxies from Marine and Ice Core Archives Suitable for Reconstructing Sea Ice over the past 2000 Years ArchiMer
Thomas, Elizabeh R; Allen, Claire S; Etourneau, Johan; King, Amy Cf; Severi, Mirko; Winton, V. Holly L.; Mueller, Juliane; Crosta, Xavier; Peck, Victoria L..
Dramatic changes in sea ice have been observed in both poles in recent decades. However, the observational period for sea ice is short, and the climate models tasked with predicting future change in sea ice struggle to capture the current Antarctic trends. Paleoclimate archives, from marine sedimentary records and coastal Antarctic ice cores, provide a means of understanding sea ice variability and its drivers over decadal to centennial timescales. In this study, we collate published records of Antarctic sea ice over the past 2000 years (2 ka). We evaluate the current proxies and explore the potential of combining marine and ice core records to produce multi-archive reconstructions. Despite identifying 92 sea ice reconstructions, the spatial and temporal...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sea ice; Antarctica; Paleoclimate; Ice cores; Marine sediments.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00595/70709/68916.pdf
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Black Sea "Lake" reservoir age evolution since the Last Glacial - Hydrologic and climatic implications ArchiMer
Soulet, Guillaume; Menot, Guillemette; Garreta, Vincent; Rostek, Frauke; Zaragosi, Sebastien; Lericolais, Gilles; Bard, Edouard.
Chronologies of sediments that document the last glacial history of the Black Sea "Lake" are hampered by issues relating to reservoir age. Regulated by basin hydrology, reservoir ages represent a tool that could potentially be used to better understand the response of Black Sea "Lake" hydrology to climate change. Therefore, deciphering reservoir age evolution is crucial both for better constraining the basin chronological framework and for providing new insights into our understanding of Black Sea "Lake" hydrology. By tuning a meaningful new high-resolution geochemical dataset (obtained from core MD04-2790) to a climate reference record, here, we propose a reliable chronology spanning the last 32 kyr BP. The chronology is compared to a large AMS...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Black Sea; Reservoir age; Radiocarbon; Last Glacial; Last Deglaciation; Paleoclimate.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00043/15379/12817.pdf
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Contribution to Early Holocene vegetation and climate history of Eastern Orinoco Llanos, Venezuela, from a paleoecological record of a Mauritia L.f. swamp Acta Amazonica
Leal,Alejandra; Perez,Tibisay; Bilbao,Bibiana.
A palynological analysis of an organic paleosol found at 150-125 cm depth in a Mauritia swamp from the Eastern Orinoco Llanos is presented. The 25 cm pollen record summarizes the vegetation history during the Early Holocene, from 10,225 to 7,800 calendar yr BP. The vegetation was characterized by a Poaceae marsh, where Asteraceae, Melastomataceae, Schefflera-type and Phyllanthus were the most abundant shrubs and trees. Pollen-types richness was lower than that recorded today in similar environments, and Mauritia pollen was absent. Results suggest that climate was as humid as present during the beginning of the Holocene, with a decreasing trend in humidity from around 8,000-7,000 yr BP, in coincidence with the beginning of the "Early-Mid-Holocene Dryness"...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Orinoco Llanos; Mauritia swamp; Early Holocene; Paleoclimate; Early-Mid Holocene Dryness.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0044-59672011000400009
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Cycles sédimentaires dans le système turbiditique du Congo : nature et origine ArchiMer
Picot, Marie.
Turbidite systems are huge submarine sedimentary fans located off rivers, at the foot of the continental slope. They constitute the most distal terrigeneous deposits of a fluvial system. Their internal structure, defined as a stacking of channel-levee systems, show architectural changes through time. Forcing factors of these architectural changesare still poorly understood, and the respective role of internal (related to the own functioning of the system) or external forcing factors (climate, seal-level variations, tectonics) remains debated. To better understand the role of these controlling factors, a detailed study of the Congo system architecture was carried out. This study was conducted as part of the Reprezaï research project (Ifremer/IUEM, since...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Système turbiditique; Congo; Quaternaire terminal; Cycles sédimentaires; Progradation et rétrogradation; Avulsion; Lobes; Paléoclimat; Sismique; Carottes sédimentaires; Turbidite system; Congo; Quaternary; Sedimentary cycles; Progradation; Retrogradation; Avulsion; Lobes; Paleoclimate; Geophysical data; Sedimentary cores Thèse.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00312/42275/41599.pdf
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Eastern Tropical Pacific Climate And El Niño Variability During The Past Millennium ArchiMer
Rustic, Gerald Thomas.
The El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) has been implicated in large-scale climate shifts of the past millennia, but paleoclimate records from the dynamically vital eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean (EEP) spanning the past millennium are sparse. This has limited our understanding of tropical Pacific dynamics, leaving questions regarding the source of ENSO variability unanswered. Here I seek to address some of these questions regarding relationship between ENSO and tropical Pacific mean state, and the relationship between the tropical Pacific and large-scale climate. Mean EEP sea surface temperature (SST) for the past millennium was reconstructed using Mg/Ca ratios in Globigerinoides ruber from a sub-centennially resolved sediment core collected near the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Eastern tropical pacific; ENSO; Foraminifera; Paleoceanography; Paleoclimate.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00495/60657/64154.pdf
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Fossil record of Pomacea (Caenogastropoda: Ampullariidae) in Argentina and its paleoenvironmental implications Biocell
Martín,Pablo R.; de Francesco,Claudio G..
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Apple snails; Distribution; Paleontology; Paleoecology; Paleoclimate.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0327-95452006000200011
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Micromorphology of Paleosols of the Marília Formation and their Significance in the Paleoenvironmental Evolution of the Bauru Basin, Upper Cretaceous, Southeastern Brazil Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo
Silva,Márcio Luiz da; Batezelli,Alessandro; Ladeira,Francisco Sérgio Bernardes.
ABSTRACT Deduction of associated paleoenvironments and paleoclimate, definition of the chronosequence of paleosols, and paleogeographic reconstruction have become possible through the application of micromorphology in paleopedology. Micromorphology has also been useful in recognition of weathering processes and definition of minerals formed in succession. In this respect, the objective of this study was to identify the development of pedogenic processes and discuss their significance in the paleoclimate evolution of the Marília Formation (Maastrichtian) of Bauru Basin. Three sections of the Marília Formation (A1, A2, and A3) were described, comprising nine profiles. Micromorphologic al analysis was carried out according to the specialized literature. In...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Calcrete; C/f-related distribution; B-fabric; Pedofeatures; Paleoclimate.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-06832017000100304
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Nd isotope constraints on ocean circulation, paleoclimate, and continental drainage during the Jurassic breakup of Pangea ArchiMer
Dera, Guillaume; Prunier, Jonathan; Smith, Paul L.; Haggart, James W.; Popov, Evgeny; Guzhov, Alexander; Rogov, Mikhail; Delsate, Dominique; Thies, Detlev; Cuny, Gilles; Puceat, Emmanuelle; Charbonnier, Guillaume; Bayon, Germain.
The breakup of Pangea and onset of growth of the Pacific plate led to several paleoenvironmental feedbacks, which radically affected paleoclimate and ocean chemistry during the Jurassic. Overall, this period was characterized by intense volcanic degassing from large igneous provinces and circum-Panthalassan arcs, new oceanic circulation patterns, and changes in heat and humidity transports affecting continental weathering. Few studies, however, have attempted to unravel the global interactions linking these processes over the long-term. In this paper, we address this question by documenting the global changes in continental drainage and surface oceanic circulation for the whole Jurassic period. For this purpose, we present 53 new neodymium isotope values...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Neodymium isotopes; Jurassic; Paleoclimate; Paleoceanography; Continental drainage.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00179/29015/27443.pdf
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Ocean Temperature Variability during the Late Pleistocene ArchiMer
Hoffman, Jeremy Scott.
This dissertation explores one overarching question relevant to the paleoclimate of the latest Pleistocene glacial cycle (approximately the last 130,000 years): “How did spatial and temporal evolution of ocean temperature, both at the surface and interior, relate to other parts of the climate system in the late Pleistocene?” Results from three studies are presented that seek to address longstanding questions in paleoceanography and paleoclimatology for the late Pleistocene using a combination of novel and accepted statistical and geochemical analysis techniques and leveraging comparisons with available global climate model data. The last interglaciation (LIG; ~129-116 ka) was the most recent period in Earth’s history with higher-than-present global sea...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Paleoclimate; Interglacial; Heinrich events; Deglacial; Paleoceanography; Climate.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00505/61702/65670.pdf
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Probing connections between deep earth and surface processes in a land-locked ocean basin transformed into a giant saline basin: the Mediterranean GOLD project ArchiMer
Rabineau, Marina; Cloetingh, S.; Kuroda, J.; Aslanian, Daniel; Droxler, A.; Gorini, C.; Garcia-castellanos, D.; Moscariello, A.; Burov, E.; Sierro, F.; Lirer, F.; Roure, F.; Pezard, P. A.; Matenco, L.; Hello, Y.; Mart, Y.; Camerlenghi, A.; Tripati, A..
During the last decade, the interaction of deep processes in the lithosphere and mantle with surface processes (erosion, climate, sea-level, subsidence, glacio-isostatic readjustment) has been the subject of heated discussion. The use of a multidisciplinary approach linking geology, geophysics, geodesy, modelling, and geotechnology has led to the awareness of coupled deep and surface processes. Deep earth dynamics (topography, erosion, tectonics) are strongly connected to natural hazards such as earthquakes, landslides, and tsunamis; sedimentary mass transfers have important consequences on isostatic movements and on georesources, geothermal energy repartitions. The ability to read and understand the link between deep Earth dynamics and surface processes...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Deep drilling; Geodynamics; Passive margins; Paleoclimate; Messinian erosional and salinity crisis; Deep biosphere; Georesources.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00256/36741/35342.pdf
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Reconstruction of late Quaternary marine and terrestrial environmental conditions of Northwest Africa and Southeast Australia. A multiple organic proxy study using marine sediments ArchiMer
Lopes Dos Santos, Raquel A.
NW Africa and SE Australia are regions which are particularly vulnerable to climate change. In this thesis, organic proxies are used from marine sediment cores to reconstruct past environmental conditions from these areas. In sediments from NW Africa, the UK'37 showed an efficient proxy for sea surface temperature (SST) reconstruction, while the TEXH86 reconstructed thermocline temperatures. The UK'37 and TEXH86 records for the last 192 ka showed that periods of reduced AMOC coincide with a reduction in the vertical temperature gradient. Thus, variations in AMOC strength is a driver of the thermocline structure in the tropical Atlantic. Three independent organic proxies (UK’37,TEXH86 and LDI) were used to reconstruct SSTs for the last 135 ka in sediments...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Keywords: organic proxies; Paleoclimate; NW Africa; SE Australia; SST; Productivity; Vegetation.
Ano: 2012 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00494/60594/64078.pdf
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The 100-ka and rapid sea level changes recorded by prograding shelf sand bodies in the Gulf of Lions (western Mediterranean Sea) ArchiMer
Bassetti, Maria-angela; Berne, Serge; Jouet, Gwenael; Taviani, M; Dennielou, Bernard; Flores, J; Gaillot, Arnaud; Gelfort, R; Lafuerza, S; Sultan, Nabil.
Thick forced regressive units on the wide continental shelf of the Gulf of Lions (western Mediterranean) recorded the composite effect of sea level changes during the Quaternary. They are mostly composed of coastal siliciclastic and bioclastic wedges showing clinoform geometry. These deposits have been intensively explored through high-resolution seismic investigations, but only recently it was possible to ground truth seismic interpretations, based on a long (100 m) borehole that crossed the succession and recovered a large part of the mainly sandy deposits (similar to 84% recovery). A multiproxy analysis of the sedimentary succession shows that (1) the stratal architecture of the shelf margin is defined by major bounding surfaces that are polygenic...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Paleoclimate; Mediterranean; Quaternary; Shoreface.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4929.pdf
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West Pacific climate and circulation over the last 160 kyr: A palaeontological and geochemical multiproxy reconstruction within the inflow path of the Indonesian Throughflow ArchiMer
Bolliet, Timothé Geoffroy.
Understanding the Earth´s present day climate and predicting its future evolution require investigation of high resolution sedimentary archives providing critical information of past oceanic and atmospheric variability. This study is based on two continuous marine sedimentary successions (Cores MD06-3067 and MD06-3075), recovered close to Mindanao Island (Philippines). The Indo-Pacific region represents a major source of heat and moisture, which are redistributed to the high latitudes by atmospheric and oceanic circulations; thus this region is a major actor in regulating global climate. The two cores investigated in this work are located within the inflow path of the Indonesian Throughflow. This ocean current provides a critical link within the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: West Pacific; Paleoclimate; Circulation; Indonesian Throughflow.
Ano: 2010 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00495/60658/64155.pdf
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