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Registros recuperados: 5
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Effects of the WTO and Free Trade Agreements on Japonica Rice Markets AgEcon
Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Daniel A..
Three trade policy changes underway and on the horizon have the prospect to alter global markets for japonica rice. This paper considers likely global market effects of expansion of access into the market in Japan and Korea, and reduced subsidy for japonica rice (among other crops) in the United States. We consider these policy changes in the context of a proposed Doha Development Agenda WTO agreement and one potential outcome of the proposed Free Trade Agreement between Korea and the United States (KUS-FTA). We use an equilibrium displacement model to ask how market prices, quantities and other aggregates change as a result of policy changes. The global model includes six aggregates in the world market, China, Korea, Japan, the United States, other...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Japonica rice; WTO; Import access; FTA; Domestic subsidies; Policy simulation; International Development; Q17; Q18; F13.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25460
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Modelling Agricultural Commodity Markets under Imperfect Competition AgEcon
Soregaroli, Claudio; Sckokai, Paolo.
In this paper, we develop a model that explains the exporters’ behaviour in international commodity markets considering explicitly the case of an imperfectly competitive structure of these markets. More specifically, drawing from the imperfect competition and trade literature, we derive price transmission equations between producer and consumer prices and between producer and export prices that can be included in large commodity models in order to verify how results of these models change assuming the imperfect competition hypothesis. The results obtained carrying out a simple simulation exercise, with two competing exporting countries and one importing region, show the relevance of assuming imperfect competition in commodity markets.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Imperfect Competition; State Trading Enterprises; Policy simulation; Cereal markets; International Relations/Trade; Marketing; Q12; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116012
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On- and Off-Farm Labour Supply of Dutch Dairy Farmers: Estimation and Policy Simulations AgEcon
Ooms, Daan L.; Hall, Alastair R..
This research focuses on the effect of decoupled payments on labour supply of Dutch dairy farmers. Data availability leads to the fact that we can not estimate structural labour supply equations. We show how to derive reduced form equations suitable for policy simulations. We use the panel data sample selection estimation approach Wooldridge (1995) to estimate the off-farm labour supply equation. This method is based on Mundlak's (1978) linear panel data estimation approach, which we use to estimate the on-farm labour supply equations. Even though, simulations show a significant negative effect of decoupled payments on labour supply, the economic significance of this effect is very limited.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Decoupled payments; Labour supply; Panel data; Sample selection; Policy simulation; Labor and Human Capital; Livestock Production/Industries; C23; C24; C51; C53; D13; J22; Q12; Q18.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24506
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Regression-Based Simulation of Anti- Poverty Policies in Uganda AgEcon
Kraybill, David S.; Bashaasha, Bernard.
In this paper, we investigate factors affecting total household consumption and poverty in Uganda using household survey data. Our analysis indicates that household wellbeing can be improved by expanding education at all levels (primary, secondary, and university), expanding formal employment, increasing the number of microenterprises, reducing the average household size, expanding the number of schools and health facilities so that distance to these facilities is reduced, and by providing electricity, marketing outlets, credit, and telephone service in more communities. To help policymakers assess the effects of particular policies on the national poverty rate, we developed a simulation model from our regression estimates. The simulations translate the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Poverty; Household survey; Policy simulation; Political Economy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19203
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The potential gains from geographical targeting of anti-poverty programs in Uganda AgEcon
Kraybill, David S.; Bashaasha, Bernard.
Governments do not have enough resources to make anti-poverty programs available to everyone in many African countries. Targeting the poorest populations could increase the efficiency of available program resources. Anti-poverty programs could target either households or geographical areas. This study compares the potential poverty reduction impact of these two approaches in Uganda. The impact of various policy changes on the poverty rate in Uganda is simulated using the estimated parameters of an econometric model of household consumption. The policies examined are family-planning, increased primary school attendance, increased secondary school attendance, expansion of formal employment and micro-enterprise expansion. The results reveal gains in poverty...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Poverty; Geographical targeting; Household targeting; Policy simulation; Uganda; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57020
Registros recuperados: 5
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