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Registros recuperados: 7
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EFICIÊNCIA ECONÔMICA DAS POLÍTICAS DE MICROCRÉDITO RURAL NO ESTADO DE MATO GROSSO DO SUL AgEcon
Gomes, Paulo Cesar Oliveira; Lima, Deise Guadalupe.
O estudo teve como objetivo geral mostrar que há uma relação histórica e teórica para explicar a dificuldade de implementar uma política de crédito para a agricultura familiar e que isso incorre em limitação de seu acesso e aumenta os custos da intermediação financeira. Verificou-se que os programas de crédito como essenciais assim como em qualquer atividade produtiva, mas que especificamente no caso das atividades produtivas rurais tomam características próprias dadas à especificidade do público alvo dos programas e a difícil acessibilidade aos modos comuns de crédito existente no mercado financeiro; procurou-se averiguar que assimetrias de informação nesse contexto está associada ao próprio risco da atividade e fortalece a lógica de exclusão do mercado....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Microcrédito; Assimetrias de Informação; Dispêndio Público; Microcredit; Lack of information symmetry; Public expenditure; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109582
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Financiamiento de la educación en el Perú AgEcon
Saavedra Chanduvi, Jaime; Melzi Rios, Roberto; Miranda Blanco, Arturo.
Durante los últimos 25 años el gasto educativo público real en el Perú se ha mantenido relativamente constante, aunque con fluctuaciones relacionadas con el ciclo económico. Sin embargo, en un contexto de marcado crecimiento de la matrícula, esto ha implicado una caída significativa en el gasto por alumno, en particular, en la educación básica. Como parte de este proceso se observó un aumento del número de docentes y de personal administrativo - en particular a partir de 1985 - con una caída en los ingresos reales de los mismos. El gasto por alumno así como la variabilidad del gasto educativo en el Perú es similar al promedio latinoamericano. Sin embargo, el gasto es menos de un sexto del observado en países de la OECD. El gasto público en educación...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Financiamiento de la educacion; Gastos publicos; Educational financing; Public expenditure; Peru; Financial Economics; H52; I22.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37984
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Fiscal Policies in Highly Unequal Societies: Implications for Agricultural Growth AgEcon
Lopez, Ramon E..
The paper discusses the economic effects of misallocation of public expenditures in favor of private goods rather than public goods. It first lays out certain key hypotheses regarding the consequences of the apparent public sector allocation inefficiency and the factors that explain this phenomenon. It then discusses existing empirical evidence that lends at least indirect support to these hypotheses. Finally, it presents new empirical evidence for the rural sector in Latin America which documents the extent of the misallocation of public expenditures, its consequences for agricultural growth and rural poverty, and the role of certain key politico-institutional factors in explaining the misallocation.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Public expenditure; Public goods; Agricultural growth; Subsidies; Social equity; International Development; H40; H41; H42; O13; Q15; Q18.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/112595
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Gasto publico en educacion y distribucion del ingreso en el Peru AgEcon
Rodriguez Gonzalez, Jose.
El estudio evalúa los efectos que el gasto público en educación ha tenido sobre la distribución del ingreso en el Perú. Las transferencias desde el presupuesto público son analizados revisando el destino del gasto en educación por estratos socioeconómicos, y su impacto de corto plazo en términos de la mejora del ingreso familiar y la modificación de la estructura distributiva.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Educacion publica; Gastos publicos; Distribucion del ingreso; Public education; Public expenditure; Income distribution; Peru; Public Economics; H52; E62; D33.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42248
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Public Expenditure and International Specialisation AgEcon
Brulhart, Marius; Trionfetti, Federico.
It is widely recognised that public-sector purchasers tend to discriminate in favour of domestic suppliers. We study the consequences of home-biased public procurement on international specialisation. In the theoretical analysis we find two effects. First, a country will specialise in the sector for which it has relatively large home-biased procurement (the "pull" effect). Second, home-biased procurement can counter agglomeration forces and thereby attenuate the overall degree of international specialisation (the "spread" effect). Our empirical analysis, conducted on input-output data for the European Union, yields supporting evidence for the pull effect and some support for the spread effect. Es ist hinlänglich bekannt, dass Käufer aus dem öffentlichen...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Public expenditure; International specialisation; Economic geography; European Union; Input-output analysis; Public Economics; H5; F1; R3; R15.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26299
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Public spending composition and public sector efficiency: Implications for growth and poverty reduction in Uganda AgEcon
Sennoga, Edward B.; Matovu, John Mary.
The paper examines the interrelationships between public spending composition and Uganda's development goals including economic growth and poverty reduction. We utilize a dynamic CGE model to study these interrelationships. This paper demonstrates that public spending composition does indeed influence economic growth and poverty reduction. In particular, this study shows that improved public sector efficiency coupled with re-allocation of public expenditure away from the unproductive sectors such as public administration and security to the productive sectors including agriculture, energy, water and health leads to higher GDP growth rates and accelerates poverty reduction. Moreover, the rate of poverty is faster in rural households relative to the urban...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Sennoga; Matovu; EPRC; Public expenditure; Economic growth - Uganda; Poverty reduction; Computable General Equilibrium; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Financial Economics; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Production Economics; Public Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; C68; D58; E62; F15; H62; 132.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93808
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Why African governments under-invest in agriculture: results from an expert survey AgEcon
Headey, Derek D.; Benson, Todd; Kolavalli, Shashidhara; Fan, Shenggen.
Agricultural productivity growth is widely seen as an essential instrument of poverty reduction, food security and broader economic growth. Paradoxically, however, the agricultural sector is often neglected by African governments in what is often termed ‘urban bias’. This paper explores what appears to be a very contemporary form of urban bias: that despite open acknowledgement of the importance of agriculture, public expenditure allocations to the agricultural sector remain very low in Africa. An innovation of the paper is to go beyond the broad cross-country picture about why this might be the case to instead examine more complex country stories through the use of expert surveys. Specifically, we interview senior policymakers in ministries of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural development; Urban bias; Public expenditure; Expert surveys.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Political Economy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51818
Registros recuperados: 7
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