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Can owners afford humanitarian donations in agbiotech - The case of genetically engineered eggplant in India Electron. J. Biotechnol.
Kolady,Deepthi; Lesser,William.
Are humanitarian donations in agbiotech economically feasible for the donor? We address this question by conducting an ex ante analysis of genetically engineered (GE) eggplant in India. Our analysis indicates that it is economically viable for a firm to donate the technology for poor farmers’ use by restricting use to open pollinated varieties while selling hybrid verities. By extension, this means of segmenting markets would likely apply in cases where different levels of production technologies are used based on access to market, irrigation, and credit, at least for perishable crops.
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Bt eggplant; Market segmentation; Public-private partnership.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-34582008000200002
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Estimating the Adoption of Bt Eggplant in India: Who Benefits from Public-Private Partnership? AgEcon
Krishna, Vijesh V.; Qaim, Matin.
The study analyzes ex-ante the adoption of insect resistant Bt eggplant in India. Farmers' willingness to pay (WTP) is estimated using the contingent valuation method. Given the economic importance of insect pests, the average WTP for proprietary Bt hybrids is more than four times the current price of conventional hybrids. Since the private innovating firm has shared its technology with the public sector, it is likely that public open-pollinated Bt varieties will also be released after a small delay. This will reduce farmers' WTP for Bt hybrids by 35%, thus decreasing the scope for corporate pricing policies. Nonetheless, ample profit potential remains. Analysis of factors influencing farmers' adoption decisions demonstrates that public Bt varieties will...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Public-private partnership; Biotechnology; Bt eggplant; Adoption; Willingness to pay; India; Crop Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25311
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Potential Impacts of Bt Eggplant on Economic Surplus and Farmers’ Health in India AgEcon
Krishna, Vijesh V.; Qaim, Matin.
In this article, the potential impacts of Bt eggplant technology in Indian agriculture are analyzed. Several proprietary Bt hybrids are likely to be commercialized in the near future. Based on field trial data, it is shown that the technology can significantly reduce insecticide applications and increase effective yields. Comprehensive farm survey data are used to project farm level effects and future adoption rates. Simulations show that the aggregate economic surplus gains of Bt hybrids could be around US $108 million per year. Consumers will capture a large share of these gains, but farmers and the innovating company will benefit too. As the company has also shared its technology with the public sector, Bt open-pollinated varieties might become...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Biotechnology; Bt eggplant; Economic surplus; Health costs; Pesticides; Public-private partnership; Health Economics and Policy; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9909
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PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP AND GAME THEORY AgEcon
Kargol, Aneta; Sokol, Ewa.
Due to a lot of entities engaged in PPP, such as government (central state or local) authority or a government-owned enterprise, project sponsors, construction companies, providers of necessary equipment, plant operators, insurers, etc., they must to co-operate one another. This co-operation in some cases could be examining as a game. The better understanding of PPP games can decrease costs and potential losses. Because of relatively short time of functioning of PPP we should carefully prescribe obligations and rights of every partner and think about PPP as a co-operation, not rivalry.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Public-private partnership; Co-operation; Game theory; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Development.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58911
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PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS IN AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH: AN ANALYSIS OF CHALLENGES FACING INDUSTRY AND THE CONSULTATIVE GROUP ON INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AgEcon
Spielman, David J.; von Grebmer, Klaus.
Public-private partnerships offer potentially important opportunities for pro-poor agricultural research in developing countries. Yet in the international agricultural research community--and with regard to the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) itself--we see few examples of successful public-private partnerships, and fewer examples where such collaborations have contributed to food security, poverty reduction and economic growth. This study assesses the opportunities for, and challenges to, creating and sustaining public-private partnerships between the international agricultural research centers of the CGIAR and leading multinational, research-based agribusiness companies. The study hypothesizes that the willingness and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Public-private partnership; Collaborative research; Private sector; Multinational firms; Agricultural research and development; Agricultural biotechnology; Intellectual property rights; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16089
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STIMULATING COOPERATION AMONG FARMERS IN A POST-SOCIALIST ECONOMY: LESSONS FROM A PUBLIC-PRIVATE MARKETING PARTNERSHIP IN POLAND AgEcon
Gramzow, Andreas; Petrick, Martin.
This paper shows how the involvement of local governments and individuals allowed the successful creation of a public-private partnership for agricultural marketing in South-Eastern Poland, despite a generally negative perception of cooperation among the rural population. While the regional distribution network for agricultural products is largely market-based, the partnership only emerged due to collective action between local leaders. The partnership does not require farmers to become shareholders, uses a small decision making body and offers complementary services to farmers. However, there has been little stimulation of broader development activities within the local society, and the involvement of local governments has become unstable over time.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Public-private partnership; Endogenous initiatives; Rural development; Poland; Agribusiness; Marketing.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7580
Registros recuperados: 6
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