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Registros recuperados: 65
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Ackerfuchsschwanz in Wintergetreide durch Hacken regulieren Organic Eprints
Dierauer, Hansueli; Siegrist, Franziska; Weidmann, Gilles.
Der Striegel, das übliche Gerät zur Unkrautregulierung in Getreide, ist gegen den Ackerfuchsschwanz oft zu wenig wirksam. Dieser Praxistipp regt an, das Getreide in breite Reihen zu säen, damit zur Unkrautregulierung nebst dem Striegel auch die effektivere Hacke eingesetzt werden kann.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Weed management.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/32751/1/Ackerfuchsschwanz%20in%20Wintergetreide%20durch%20Hacken%20regulieren.pdf
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Advance automation technologies for sustainable agricultural production Organic Eprints
To advance the generic science of advanced automation in agriculture with a view to providing the underlying science necessary for increasing productivity, lowering inputs and reducing environmental impact. To solve the generic scientific problems associated with precision vision guidance spanning multiple drill/planter bouts. To verify our hypothesis that the proposed sensing and tracking technologies will when developed and integrated form a robust basis for crop protection based on mechanical and chemical precision-banded treatments. It is our ambition to make vision guided banded treatment the preferred technique for most post emergence crop protection operations. Objective 1. To develop generic integrated image analysis and Kalman...
Tipo: Project description Palavras-chave: Crop health; Quality; Protection Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Weed management.
Ano: 2019
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Amélioration de l’approvisionnement en protéines indigènes avec des cultures associées Organic Eprints
Clerc, Maurice; Klaiss, Matthias; Messmer, Monika; Arncken, Christine; Dierauer, Hansueli; Hegglin, Django; Böhler, Daniel.
Les cultures associées de légumineuses à graines et de céréales sont une option très prometteuse pour produire des protéagineux indigènes de manière rentable et en utilisant efficacement les ressources. Depuis 2009, le FiBL effectue des essais pratiques en collaboration avec des agriculteurs bio, afin de développer avec eux des procédés de culture adaptés aux conditions suisses. Un grand nombre d’espèces et de variétés différentes ont été associées et testées dans différentes proportions. Des procédés standardisés de cultures associées de pois protéagineux/orge et de féverole/avoine ont été mis au point. En ce qui concerne les proportions des différents partenaires, il s’est avéré que les proportions suivantes étaient judicieuses et utilisables par la...
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Weed management.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/29474/1/clerc-etal-2015-AFS-11-12-p508-515_FR.pdf
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Anbau von Erbsen, Sommerweizen und -gerste in Reinsaaten und in Gemengen Organic Eprints
Hänsel, Martin.
Two varieties of peas and two species of cereals have been tested sole and inter-cropped during three years with respect to yield and weed competition on a fruitful soil in saxony. A randomized complete block design with four replications was used. Yield of grain was highest with sole cropped spring wheat and lowest with a variety of pea. Intercropping of peas with wheat or barley did not increase total grain yield signifi-cantly compared to the pure stands of cereals. In mixed crops grain yield of pea seed was low at harvest and weed competition was only slightly enhanced. Nitrogen yield was highest with sole cropped peas.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Weed management.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/9563/1/9563_H%C3%A4nsel_Vortrag.pdf
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Anbau von Körnerleguminosen im Ökologischen Landbau Organic Eprints
Böhm, Herwart.
Der Beitrag gibt einen Überblick über den Anbauumfang von Körnerleguminosen in Deutschland und speziell im Ökologischen Landbau. Hierbei wird deutlich, dass der Körnerleguminosenanbau seit Jahren stark rückläufig ist. Der Anteil der ökologisch angebauten Körnerleguminosen an der Gesamtfläche steigt dabei kontinuierlich an und betrug im Jahr 2007 bei Ackerbohnen 47 % bzw. bei Lupinen 35 %. Deutlich wird jedoch, dass der Körnerleguminosenanbau im Ökologischen Landbau hinsichtlich des prozentualen Anteils an der ökologisch bewirtschafteten Ackerfläche seit Jahren ebenfalls stark rückläufig ist und in 2007 nur noch 6,2 % der Öko-Ackerfläche einnahm. Vorgestellt werden weiterhin Ergebnisse aus verschiedenen pflanzenbaulich ausgerichteten Forschungsprojekten...
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Weed management.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/16532/1/K%C3%B6rnerleguminosen_B%C3%B6hm_2008_Landbauforsch_SH_%C3%96ko%2DLandbau.pdf
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Anbauwürdigkeit von Wintererbsen - Ein Vergleich zu Sommererbsen in Rein- und Gemengesaat unter den Bedingungen des Ökologischen Landbaus Organic Eprints
Urbatzka, Peer.
Der Anbau von Sommerkörnererbsen ist im Ökologischen Landbau häufig aufgrund einer geringen Beikrautunterdrückung und daraus resultierender Druschprobleme sowie spezifischen Pilzkrankheiten schwierig. Zusätzlich wird dieser Kultur oft eine mangelnde Wettbewerbsfähigkeit gegenüber anderen Produktionsverfahren attestiert. Als Folge wurde in den letzten Jahren der An-bauumfang in der landwirtschaftlichen Praxis deutlich reduziert. Einerseits ist im ökologischen Pflanzenbau neben einer schwierigen Beikrautregulierung die Stickstoffversorgung der Fruchtfolge einer der größten Problembereiche. An-dererseits besteht in der ökologischen Tierhaltung ein großer Bedarf an ei-weißreichen Futtermitteln. Daher wurde in Rein- und Gemengesaat mit Getreide die...
Tipo: Thesis Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Weed management.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/17367/1/DissKurzfassung.doc
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Beregning af konkurrenceindeks (KI) Organic Eprints
Hansen, Preben Klarskov.
Dokumentet indeholder en beskrivelse af hvordan konkurrenceindekset beregnes i vinterhvede og vårbyg.
Tipo: Report chapter Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Weed management.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://orgprints.org/3422/1/3422.pdf
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Blackgrass control in winter cereals with hoeing Organic Eprints
Dierauer, Hansueli; Siegrist, Franziska; Weidmann, Gilles.
The practice abstract explains the use of the duckfoot-bladed hoe or a device combination of harrow and bladed hoe for effective weed control between the rows.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Weed management.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/32750/1/Blackgrass%20control%20in%20winter%20cereals%20with%20hoeing.pdf
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Comb harrow: efficient weed control in cereals Organic Eprints
Apostolov, Stoylko; Kirov, P; Tihov, N.
In the beginning, weeds with shallow roots were successfully eradicated by the harrow. Others (e.g., burdock and stork’s bill) were controlled to a certain extent. The results of FAO "Bioselena" show that the application of the comb harrow had a significant impact on the yield, with an increase of 12.7 % for wheat, 16.7 % for spelt and 23.4 % for ein-korn. The weeds decreased by 51.15 %, 58.14 % and 36.37 %, respectively. Practical recommendations • Drill winter cereals in rows with an increased sowing rate of 7-10 % compared to conventional cereal crops during the most appropriate period (September 25 to October 5 for Northern Bulgaria, 5 to 15 October for Southern Bulgaria). • When the crop is in the „3-leaf“ stage, control the emerging weeds with a...
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Weed management.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/32614/1/PA_024_BIOSELENA_comb_harrow_bg_final.pdf
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Controle de plantas daninhas em cultivos orgânicos de soja por meio de descarga elétrica Organic Eprints
Brighenti, Alexandre Magno; Brighenti, Deodoro Magno.
Dois experimentos foram instalados em semeadura direta, em área de cultivo orgânico de soja, no município de São Miguel do Iguaçu, Paraná (PR), com o objetivo de avaliar o controle de plantas daninhas na cultura da soja (BRS 232) por meio de descarga elétrica. O delineamento experimental foi blocos casualizados, com quatro repetições. No experimento 1, fixou-se a voltagem de 4400V e,no experimento 2, de 6800V. Em ambos os experimentos,os tratamentos consistiram das variações de rotação do motor do trator (i) 2200rpm (rotações por minutos); (ii) 2000rpm;(iii)1600rpm e as testemunhas(iv) capinada e (v) sem capina. O equipamento utilizado para aplicação dos tratamentos foi o Eletroherb (Sayyou do Brasil). As plantas daninhas existentes na área experimental...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Weed management.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/20353/4/20353.pdf
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Cost-efective inter-row hoeing and band spraying systems for weed control in integrates and organic cereal production Organic Eprints
Background Early in a season the crop covers only part of total field area. Treating that area uniformly can therefore be wasteful. An ability to differentiate between crop rows and inter-row spaces would provide opportunities for increased treatment efficacy, reduced environmental impact and reduced input costs. Banded treatments on, or between crop rows, requires a level of precision that is difficult to achieve in practice. So, despite the potential advantages inter-row cultivation and band spraying are limited to use in high value crops. Recent advances pioneered by some of the consortium partners now offer automatic guidance systems for inter-row cultivation. These are currently used in intensive vegetable production and by those growing cereals...
Tipo: Project description Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Weed management.
Ano: 2019
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Cover Crop Productivity in Contrasting Growing Conditions and Influence on the Subsequent Crop Organic Eprints
Wendling, Marina; Büchi, Lucie; Jeangros, Bernard; Walter, Achim; Charles, Raphael.
In arable systems, cover crops provide multiple ecosystem services involved in soil protection and fertility. They can efficiently compete against weeds, control erosion or recycle nutrients. The supply of these services is however largely dependent on cover crop growth as most of the services are related to biomass production. The choice of a cover crop adapted to the growing conditions is thus essential. Growing mixtures instead of sole crops is expected to be a way to overcome variable growing conditions and to insure high biomass production.Different field trials have been conducted from 2013 to 2016 in Nyon, Switzerland to assess cover crop biomass production and stability, and their influence on the following crop. Indian mustard, field pea, black...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Weed management.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34562/1/wendling-etal-2018-ESA2018_FinalAbstractBook_p47.pdf
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Désherbage mécanique des grandes cultures Organic Eprints
Dierauer, Hansueli; Clerc, Maurice.
La palette des machines de désherbage augmente sans cesse, et ces machines deviennent de plus en plus performantes: un facteur qui facilite le travail des producteurs bio. Un désherbage performant est une condition essentielle pour le développement de la grande culture bio en Suisse romande. Or, les fabricants de machines offrent aujourd'hui un assortiment très complet. Chaque agriculteur cherchera donc à disposer (en propre, en CUMA ou via les entrepreneurs de travaux pour tiers) d’un parc diversifié de machines adaptées à ses diverses utilisations.
Tipo: Web product Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Weed management.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34912/1/Dierauer-Clerc-2018-Desherbage-mecanique-des-grandes-cultures.pdf
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Dinâmica populacional de plantas daninhas na cultura do milho em função de adubação e manejo. Organic Eprints
Corrêa, Maria Lita Padinha; Galvão, João Carlos Cardoso; Fontanetti, Anastácia; Ferreira, Lino Roberto; Miranda, Glauco Vieira.
O objetivo do trabalho foi avaliar o estabelecimento populacional das comunidades das plantas daninhas, durante seis anos agrícolas consecutivos de milho cultivado no sistema plantio direto orgânico e tradicional, intermediado por um sistema de plantio convencional. Os experimentos foram conduzidos nos anos agrícolas 2003/04 até 2008/09. O delineamento experimental adotado foi o de blocos casualizados com quatro repetições. Os tratamentos avaliados foram: SDT1 (semeadura direta sem adubação e com aplicação de herbicidas no manejo das plantas daninhas); SDT2 (semeadura direta com adubação mineral na dose de 300 kg ha-1 do formulado 8-28-16 + 100 kg ha-1 de nitrogênio em cobertura, e com aplicação de herbicidas); SDT3 (semeadura direta, adubação com composto...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Weed management.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/20382/1/Corr%C3%AAa_din%C3%A2mica.pdf
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Direct Sowing of Maize Organic Eprints
Alföldi, Thomas; Böhler, Daniel; Dierauer, Hansueli; Hegglin, Django; Böhler, Josef; Breiter, Hanspeter.
In organic farming, the plough is generally used in maize cultivation because it provides a simple way to control weed. Unfortunately, regarding soil erosion, compaction and runoff, ploughing is especially harmful in maize cultivation. Direct sowing of maize could largely solve these problems. The video presents the technique of direct sowing of maize, for example in a field of rolled field pea. In the last years, FiBL tests have shown that under optimal conditions, the direct sowing of maize in organic farming is possible without significant yield losses.
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Production systems Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Weed management.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/30998/1/video.php_y%3Dhttps_%252F%252Fwww.youtube.com%252Fwatch_v%3DTFxNdCZes60%26index%3D64%26list%3DPL1dOum9RiVPiVw2Acuc7vg9MfPdEtqM1i
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Direkte Kontrolle von Vicia hirsuta (L.) S.F. GRAY in Getreidebeständen des Organischen Landbaus. Organic Eprints
Lukashyk, P.; Berg, M.; Köpke, U..
Die Rauhaarige Wicke (Vicia hirsuta) kann in konkurrenzschwachen Wintergetreidebeständen des Organischen Landbaus in hoher Dichte und Masse auftreten. Die Folge sind Ertrags- und Qualitätsverluste sowie Ernteerschwernisse. Informationen zur erfolgversprechenden Regulierung von Vicia hirsuta fehlen bislang weitgehend. In faktoriellen Feldversuchen zu Winterweizen und Winterroggen wurden das Verätzen der Wicken durch Einsatz von Kainit, die thermische Kontrolle sowie die mechanische Kontrolle (Striegel) in frühen und späten Entwicklungsstadien geprüft. Erfasst wurden Anzahl und Deckungsgrad der Wicken, die Schäden an der Kulturpflanze, Ertragsparameter (Kulturpflanze) und die Samenproduktion der Wicken. Die Ergebnisse aus den Versuchsjahren 2002 und 2003...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Weed management.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/4298/1/P._Lukashyk__(Stuttgart_2004).pdf
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DSS "Weed Control in Organic Winter Wheat Production" Organic Eprints
Neuhoff, Daniel.
This tool is a decision support system (DSS). It is designed to optimise weed control in organic winter wheat production based on expert knowledge and experimental results. To start the tool JavaScript needs to be enabled in the browser. The tool requires the insertion of basic information regarding climate, type of soil and crop rotation. Requires more detailed information regarding weeds (species, relative abundance). The information provided about site conditions are evaluated to produce appropriate options for managing weeds. Indications are given on farming practices like, among others, soil tillage, seed population and wheat varieties phenotype. It is useful for organic farmers and advisers, both newcomers and skilled. The information it...
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Weed management.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/32579/3/32579.png
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Effect of Elymus repens on yield of winter wheat, spring barley and faba bean in an organic crop rotation experiment Organic Eprints
Rasmussen, Ilse A.; Sønderskov, Mette; Damgaard, Christian; Kristensen, Kristian.
The impact of crop rotation, nutrient levels and use of catch crops on effect of E. repens on a sandy soil at Jyndevad on yield of winter wheat (2006), spring barley (2007-2008) and faba bean (2006-2008) was studied in an existing organic crop rotation experiment (Olesen et al., 2000; Rasmussen et al., 2006). Some of the objectives were to determine the yield loss at different levels of infestation of the weed, and to determine whether this relationship was influenced by the treatments. For all crops, the treatments had a high impact on the yield. The two treatments that had no manure applied for up to 12 years consistently had the lowest yields. In spring barley, the two treatments with manure and with catch crops consistently had the highest yields. In...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Weed management.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/18379/1/18379a.pdf
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Eignung des Anbaues von Körnerleguminosen zur Humanernährung im Alpenvorland Organic Eprints
Lehner, Daniel; Mayr, Tobias; Starz, Walter; Gollner, Gabriele; Pfister, Rupert; Rohrer, Hannes; Friedel, Jürgen K..
Die Anbaueignung sechs verschiedener traditioneller Speisekörnerleguminosen (Alblinse, Berglinse, Rotholzer Trockenbohne, Black Turtle Buschbohne, Palerbse und blaue Lupine) im Alpenvorland wurde in diesem Versuch getestet. Die Versuchsfragen waren Anbaueignung, Unterschiede im Saatsystem (Breitsaat und Reihensaat) sowie Deckungsbeiträge. Unter allen Speisekörnerleguminosen erzielten die Bohnen die höchsten Erträge (1028 und 1628 kg/ha), gefolgt von der Palerbse (766 kg/ha) und den Linsen (457 und 537 kg/ha). Zwischen den beiden Saatsystemen zeigten sich keine signifikanten Unterschiede.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Vegetables Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Weed management.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://orgprints.org/36164/1/Beitrag_237_final_a.pdf
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Einsatz von Strohmulch zur Unkrautregulierung bei Sojabohnen Organic Eprints
Froschmeir, S.; Reents, Hans Jürgen; Jobst, Florian; Urbatzka, Peer.
There is a problem with water erosion in organic growing of soybeans. A possible solution is growing under a mulch layer or cover crop. While this is usual practice in parts of the US, there is little success in Germany. A new approach is the use of straw material as a mulch to prevent erosion and suppress weed. The interrelation between weeds, soybean growth, yield and crude protein content was determined in a field experiment. There were significant differences in weed covering and weed species as well as in the yield between variants with straw mulch and without. The weed density was highest in the variant without any treatment (21.0 % of surface) and lower in the variants with straw mulch (12.7 %). The highest yield was in the control variant (15.8...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Weed management.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31591/1/Einsatz%20von%20Strohmulch%20zur%20Unkrautregulierung%20bei.pdf
Registros recuperados: 65
Primeira ... 1234 ... Última
 

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