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Dynamical modelling of a reactive extrusion process: Focus on residence time distribution in a fully intermeshing co-rotating twin-screw extruder and application to an alginate extraction process ArchiMer
Baron, Regis; Vauchel, Peggy; Kaas, Raymond; Arhaliass, Abdellah; Legrand, Jack.
The context of this study is the modelling of reactive extrusion process based on an alginate extraction protocol. Residence Time Distribution (RTD) is one important part to predict the kinetics of reactive compounds. A simple model is proposed to predict RTD in fully intermeshing co-rotating twin-screw extruders without reaction. This model, which can be easily extended to reactive case in a future work, is based on the extension of an axial dispersion model, including control parameters (screw speed and flow rate) and geometrical parameters (screw profile and die design). Simulations were performed for various operating and geometrical conditions so as to illustrate possibilities offered by the proposed model. Validation was conducted for two different...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Alginate; Extraction; Extrusion; Mathematical modelling; Residence time distribution; Simulation; Laminaria digitata.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00005/11592/8985.pdf
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Optimisation de procédés innovants pour l'obtention de phycocolloïdes ArchiMer
Vauchel, Peggy.
Alginates are polysaccharides which are naturally present in the cell wall of brown algae and extracted because of their rheological properties. The alginate industry uses an extraction protocol, which central step, the carbonatation, is conducted in batch reactors. It is a high water, reagent and time demanding process. The main objective of this thesis is to optimize the alginate extraction process. A study of the existing process, focused on carbonatation step, enabled to highlight points which could be enhanced to optimize the extraction yield and the quality of extracted alginates. Stirring intensity and algae pieces size have been identified as parameters having an influence on the carbonatation reaction kinetics. A specific analysis on medullar and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Alginate; Extraction; Laminaria digitata; Extrusion réactive; Optimisation; Modélisation; Distribution des temps de séjour; Cinétique; Rendement; Propriétés rhéologiques; Alginate; Extraction; Laminaria digitata; Reactive extrusion; Optimization; Modeling; Residence time distribution; Kinetics; Extraction yield; Rheological properties.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00002/11364/7937.pdf
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