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Desempenho do comércio exterior em Minas Gerais: estrutura, vantagem comparativa e comércio intraindústria 31
Martins, Alexandra Pereira; Silva, Fernanda Aparecida; Gomes, Marilia Fernandes Maciel; Rosado, Patricia Lopes.
The globalization, an international process evidenced in the 80's decade, has requested the government and economic agents an orientation to reach international levels of competitiveness by the various sectors of the economy. Besides this fact, Minas Gerais state is the second state exporter in Brazil. It emphasizes the importance of the analysis of the structure and behavior of the export sector, as well as their effects on different economic sectors in the period 1996 to 2008. The objective of this paper is to identify and analyze groups of products that Minas Gerais state has revealed comparative advantages, degree of concentration of products and destinations of exports, and intra-industry or inter-industry trade. The theoretical model is based on...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Revealed comparative advantage; Trade intra-industry; Exports; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95071
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MARKET ACCESS FOR HIGH-VALUE FOODS 31
Regmi, Anita; Gehlhar, Mark J.; Wainio, John; Vollrath, Thomas L.; Johnston, Paul V.; Kathuria, Nitin.
Market access remains a major impediment for expansion of global trade in high-value foods, particularly processed foods. Countries use tariffs and other measures that effectively stimulate imports of relatively unprocessed agricultural commodities at the expense of processed products. Tariff escalation, in which tariffs rise with the level of processing, discourages trade in high-value foods, and trade remedy measures, such as antidumping duties, are concentrated among high-value products. Globalization has provided countries with easier access to capital and technology needed to produce processed food, further affecting trade patterns and markets for high-value foods. A uniform cut in tariffs increases trade in high-value foods more than trade in raw...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food trade; Processed food; High-value foods; Tariff; Tariff escalation; Trade remedy measures; Sanitary and phytosanitary measures; Safeguard measures; Revealed comparative advantage; Trade complementarities; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33999
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MEASURING COMPETITION FOR TEXTILES: DOES THE U.S. MAKE THE GRADE? 31
Lyford, Conrad P.; Welch, J. Mark.
U.S. textile manufacturing is coming under increasing pressure from foreign competition. This paper evaluates the U.S. competitive position in the yarn segment using established quantifiable measures and provides an overall competitive assessment. The study found the industry in a relatively weak competitive position but that U.S. competitive position is improving.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Competitiveness; Cotton yarn; Revealed comparative advantage; Tariff equivalent; International Relations/Trade; F29; L67; O57.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34616
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The Changing Trade and Revealed Comparative Advantages of Asian and Latin American Manufacture Exports 31
Bender, Siegfried; Li, Kui-Wai.
Changes in comparative advantage should reflect changes in factor endowment, but increasingly, changes in trade policies also affect a region’s trade performance. Based on the arguments in Balassa’s stages of comparative advantage thesis, this paper looks at the performance of manufacture exports in a number of Asian and Latin American economies over the period 1981-1997 and examines the revealed comparative advantage indices between economies in East Asia, Southeast Asia and Latin America. Although the RCA measurement may not distinguish between the factor endowment effects from the trade policy effect, we argue that RCA measures provide indication on the movement in a region’s comparative advantage. The evidence strongly suggests that despite the strong...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International trade; Revealed comparative advantage; Manufacture exports; International Relations/Trade; F14.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28478
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THE DYNAMICS OF AGRI-FOOD TRADE PATTERNS - THE HUNGARIAN CASE 31
Ferto, Imre; Hubbard, Lionel J..
We analyse the evolving pattern of Hungary's agri-food trade using recently developed empirical procedures based on the classic Balassa index and its symmetric transformation. The extent of trade specialisation exhibits a declining trend; Hungary lost comparative advantage for a number of product groups over the 1990s. The indices of specialisation have also tended to converge. For particular product groups, the picture is mixed: indices are reasonably stable for product groups with comparative disadvantage, but those with weak to strong comparative advantage show significant variation. The results reinforce the finding of a general decrease in specialisation, but do not support the idea of self-reinforcing mechanisms, emphasised strongly in much of the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International trade; Revealed comparative advantage; Hungary; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25851
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